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SHABBIR AHMAD USMANI ( Urdu
Urdu
: شبیر احمد عثمانی‎‎, Shabbīr Aḥmad ‘Usmānī; October 11, 1887 – December 13, 1949) was an Islamic scholar who supported the Pakistan
Pakistan
Movement in the 1940s. He was a theologian, writer, orator, politician, and expert in tafsir and Hadith
Hadith
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Literary works * 3 Political career * 4 Death and legacy * 5 References * 6 Sources

EARLY LIFE

Born on October 11, 1887 in Bijnor
Bijnor
, a city in Uttar Pradesh , British India
India
. His father, Fadhlur Rahman, was a deputy inspector of schools and had been sent on assignment to Bareilly
Bareilly
, when his son Shabbir was born. He was educated at Darul Ulum Deoband , where he became a disciple of Mahmud ul Hasan , and graduated in 1908. After his graduation, he was appointed as a teacher at Darul Uloom Deoband.

In 1915, when Mahmud ul Hasan travelled to Hijaz
Hijaz
, Usmani filled his position as the teacher of Sahih Muslim , a book of teachings of prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
. In 1925, Sultan Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia scheduled a conference for prominent ulama from all over the world. A deputation of a number of 'ulama from India
India
participated in this conference, with Usmani among them. In 1926, he moved to Dabhel , a small predominantly Deobandi
Deobandi
town in the Indian state of Gujarat
Gujarat
, and became a teacher at Jami\'a Islamiyyah Dabhel . In October 1929, when the foundation committee set for the foundation of Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University), New Delhi, he was elected as a member of the committee. Many such Islamic scholars was the member of Foundation Committee such as Maulana Hussein Ahmad Madani, Maulana Abdul Bari Farang Mahli, Sheikh ul Hind Maulana Mahmood Hasan, Maulana Mufti Kifayatullah, Maulana Abdul Haq etc. In 1933, when Anwar Shah Kashmiri died, Usmani became the teacher of Sahih al-Bukhari , a book of teachings by prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
.

LITERARY WORKS

Usmani's literary works are

* Tafsir-e-Usmani, an Urdu
Urdu
translation of the tafsir of the Quran written by Mahmud ul Hasan * Fathul Mulhim Sharh Sahih Muslim, a commentary on Sahih Muslim, a book of teachings by prophet Muhammad

POLITICAL CAREER

In 1944, he became a member of the Muslim League and was one of the Deobandis who supported the creation of Pakistan. In order to counteract the propaganda and activities of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind , he founded the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
in 1945. He served as JUI's president until his death in 1949. He is also notable for having led the funeral prayer of Muhammad
Muhammad
Ali Jinnah
Jinnah
, the founder of Pakistan.

After the Partition of India
India
, Usmani became a member of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan
Pakistan
, and remained a member until his death. Although he was not given a cabinet position, he chose to remain a member of the 'Constituent Assembly of Pakistan' until his death.

He is best remembered for having spearheaded the Qarardad-i-Maqasid Objectives Resolution , which was passed by the constituent assembly on March 12, 1949.

DEATH AND LEGACY

Usmani died at Baghdadul Jadid in Bahawalpur State on December 13, 1949, and was buried at Islamia College, Karachi
Karachi
the next day.

Pakistan
Pakistan
Postal Services issued a commemorative postage stamp in his honor in 1990 in its 'Pioneers of Freedom' series.

REFERENCES

* ^ FIRST CONSTITUTE ASSEMBLY FROM 1947–1954 at Pakistan
Pakistan
National Assembly, Former members * ^ Constituent Assembly adopts Objectives Resolution (1949) in The Friday Times newspaper, Published August 26, 2011, Retrieved 8 Jan 2017 * ^ Commemorative postage stamp in honor of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani issued by the Pakistan
Pakistan
Postal Services in 1990 in its \'Pioneers of Freedom\' series, Retrieved 8 Jan 2017

SOURCES

* Rizwan Hussain. Pakistan
Pakistan
and the emergence of Islamic militancy in Afghanistan. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2005

ISBN 0-7546-4434-0 , ISBN 978-0-7546-4434-7

* v * t * e

Pakistan
Pakistan
Movement

History of Pakistan
Pakistan
(timeline: 1947–present)

HISTORY

* East India
India
Company * Indian Rebellion of 1857
Indian Rebellion of 1857
* Aligarh Movement
Aligarh Movement
* Urdu
Urdu
movement * Partition of Bengal * Lucknow Pact * Khilafat Movement
Khilafat Movement
* Shuddhi Movement * Nehru Report * Fourteen Points of Jinnah * Allahabad Address * Now or Never pamphlet * World War II
World War II
* Two nation theory
Two nation theory
* Round Table Conferences * Lahore Resolution
Lahore Resolution
* Direct Action Day
Direct Action Day
* Muslim nationalism in South Asia
Muslim nationalism in South Asia
* Cabinet Mission * Indian Independence Act * Partition of India
India
* Radcliffe Line
Radcliffe Line
* Durand Line * Pakistan
Pakistan
* Osmanistan * Enlightened Moderation * Objectives Resolution * Independence * Republic Day * Kashmir conflict * National symbols * Constitution of Pakistan
Pakistan
* British heritage

ORGANISATIONS

* Muslim League * Punjab
Punjab
Muslim League * Unionist Muslim League * All India
India
Muslim Students Federation * Khaksars * East Pakistan
Pakistan
Renaissance Society

LEADERS

* Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
Syed Ahmad Khan
* Allama Muhammad
Muhammad
Iqbal * Aga Khan III
Aga Khan III
* Nawab Salimullah
Nawab Salimullah
* Mian Muhammad
Muhammad
Shafi * Syed Ameer Ali * Muhammad
Muhammad
Ali Jinnah
Jinnah
* Fatima Jinnah
Fatima Jinnah
* Liaquat Ali Khan
Liaquat Ali Khan
* Muhammad
Muhammad
Zafarullah Khan * Bahadur Yar Jung
Bahadur Yar Jung
* Nawab Waqar-ul-Mulk Kamboh * Mohsin-ul-Mulk * Hasrat Mohani * Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani * Baba-e- Urdu
Urdu
Maulvi Abdul Haq * G. M. Syed
G. M. Syed
* Abdur Rab Nishtar * Qazi Muhammad
Muhammad
Essa * Choudhary Rahmat Ali * Muhammad
Muhammad
Ali Jouhar * Maulana Shaukat Ali * A. K. Fazlul Huq
A. K. Fazlul Huq
* K. H. Khurshid * Sikandar Hayat Khan * Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan * Maulana Zafar Ali Khan
Zafar Ali Khan
* Khawaja Nazimuddin
Khawaja Nazimuddin
* Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan * Ghulam Bhik Nairang
Ghulam Bhik Nairang
* Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy
Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy
* Ra\'ana Liaquat Ali Khan
Liaquat Ali Khan
* Jogendra Nath Mandal
Jogendra Nath Mandal
* more

ACTIVISTS

* Z. A. Suleri * Hameed Nizami * Abdullah Haroon * Yusuf Haroon * Altaf Husain * Adamjee Haji Dawood * Yusuf Khattak * Mian Iftikharuddin * Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot * Shaukat Hayat Khan * Muhammad
Muhammad
Asad * Ziauddin Ahmad * A. B. A. Haleem * Maulana Ghulam Rasool Mehr * Hakim Said * Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas * Sardar Muhammad
Muhammad
Abdul Qayyum Khan * Sardar Muhammad
Muhammad
Ibrahim Khan * Fida Mohammad Khan * Sheikh Sir Abdul Qadir * Professor M. M. Sharif * more

LITERATURE

* Idea of Pakistan
Pakistan
* Jinnah: India, Partition, Independence * Notes on Afghanistan and Baluchistan * A Short History of Pakistan
Pakistan
* Pakistan: A Personal History * The Myth of Independence * Pakistan: A Hard Country * Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Forever? * Causes of Indian Mutiny of 1857

ARCHITECTURE

* Minar-e- Pakistan
Pakistan
* Bab-e- Pakistan
Pakistan
* The Monument * Mazar-e-Quaid * Ziarat Residency
Ziarat Residency
* Iqbal\'s Tomb * Wazir Mansion
Wazir Mansion
* National Library * Deena Public Hall * Bab-e-Khyber
Bab-e-Khyber
* Jinnah
Jinnah
Terminal

IN MEMORY

* Youm-e- Pakistan
Pakistan
(23 MARCH) * Youm-e-Dastur (10 APRIL) * Youm-e-Takbir (28 MAY) * Youm-e-Azadi (14 AUGUST) * Youm-e-Difah (6 SEPTEMBER) * Youm-e-Tasees (24 OCTOBER) * Youm-e-Iqbal (9 NOVEMBER) * Youm-e-Viladat (25 DECEMBER)

* v * t * e

Muslim scholars of the Hanafi School

* by century (AH * CE )

2ND/8TH

* Abu Hanifa
Abu Hanifa
(founder of the school) * Abdullah ibn Mubarak * Abu Yusuf
Abu Yusuf
* Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Shaybani * Yahya ibn Ma\'in

3RD/9TH

* Abu Mansur al- Maturidi * Al-Tahawi * Isa ibn Aban * Yahya ibn Aktham

4TH/10TH

* Abu Laith * Al-Jaṣṣās

5TH/11TH

* Ali Hujwiri * Sarakhsi

6TH/12TH

* Abu Hafs Umar an-Nasafi * Burhan al-Din al-Marghinani

7TH/13TH

* Rumi

8TH/14TH

* Al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi
Al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi
* Al-Ḫaṣṣāf * Badr al-Din al-Ayni * Ibn Abi al-Izz * Mulla Shams ad-Din al-Fanari * Uthman bin Ali Zayla\'i

10TH/16TH

* Abdul-Haqq Dehlavi * Abu Sa\'ud al-Ḥanafi * Ahmad Sirhindi
Ahmad Sirhindi
* Ali al-Qari * Ibrāhīm al-Ḥalabī

11TH/17TH

* Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi * Bari Imam * Khayr al-Din al-Ramli * Qazi Syed Rafi Mohammad
Qazi Syed Rafi Mohammad

12TH/18TH

* Makhdoom Muhammad
Muhammad
Hashim Thattvi * Murtada al-Zabidi * Qazi Syed Inayatullah * Qazi Syed Mohammad Rafi * Qazi Syed Mohammad Zaman * Shah Abdul Aziz * Shah Waliullah Dehlawi
Shah Waliullah Dehlawi
* Syed Hayatullah * Syed Mohammad Ashraf

13TH/19TH

* Abd Allah ibn Abbas ibn Siddiq * Al-Maydani * Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi
Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi
* Haji Dost Muhammad
Muhammad
Qandhari * Ibn Abidin * Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri * Meher Ali Shah * Rashid Ahmad Gangohi
Rashid Ahmad Gangohi
* Shibli Nomani
Shibli Nomani
* Yusuf Ma Dexin
Yusuf Ma Dexin
* Ashraf Ali Thanwi * Husain Ahmad Madani
Husain Ahmad Madani
* Anwar Shah Kashmiri
Anwar Shah Kashmiri
* Shabbir Ahmad Usmani * Muhammad Zakariya Kandhlawi * Mahmud al-Hasan
Mahmud al-Hasan

14TH/20TH

* Abd Allah Siraj * Abdul Hamid Qadri Badayuni
Abdul Hamid Qadri Badayuni
* Abdul Haq * Kanthapuram A.P. Aboobacker Musliyar * Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi * Akhtar Raza Khan * Arshadul Qaudri * Asad Muhammad
Muhammad
Saeed as-Sagharji * Azizul Haque * Faraz Rabbani * Ghulam Rasool Jamaati * Hamid Raza Khan
Hamid Raza Khan
* Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi
Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi
* Muhammad
Muhammad
Abdul Malek * Muhammad
Muhammad
Idrees Dahiri * Muhammad
Muhammad
Masihullah Khan * Muhammad
Muhammad
Taqi Usmani * Muhammad
Muhammad
Zahid Al-Kawthari * Muntakhib al-Haqq * Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri
Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri
* Nurul Islam Farooqi * Qamaruzzaman Azmi
Qamaruzzaman Azmi
* Qazi Mian Muhammad
Muhammad
Amjad * Shabbir Ahmad Usmani * Shah Saeed Ahmed Raipuri * Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri
Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri
* Yusuf Motala * Yunus Jaunpuri * Mufti Abdur Rahman ibn Yusuf Mangera * Mufti Muhammad
Muhammad
ibn Adam

Scholars of other Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence

* Hanbali * Maliki * Shafi\'i * Zahiri

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 3906672 * LCCN : n85132672

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