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Shabbir Ahmad Usmani (Urdu: شبیر احمد عثمانی‬‎, Shabbīr Aḥmad ‘Usmānī; October 11, 1887 – December 13, 1949) was an Islamic scholar who supported the Pakistan Movement in the 1940s. He was a theologian, writer, orator, politician, and expert in tafsir and Hadith.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Literary works 3 Political career 4 Death and legacy 5 References 6 Sources

Early life[edit] Born on October 11, 1887 in Bijnor, a city in Uttar Pradesh, British India. His father, Fadhlur Rahman, was a deputy inspector of schools and had been sent on assignment to Bareilly, when his son Shabbir was born. He was educated at Darul Ulum Deoband, where he became a disciple of Mahmud ul Hasan, and graduated in 1908. After his graduation, he was appointed as a teacher at Darul Uloom Deoband. In 1915, when Mahmud ul Hasan travelled to Hijaz, Usmani filled his position as the teacher of Sahih Muslim, a book of teachings of prophet Muhammad. In 1925, Sultan Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia scheduled a conference for prominent ulama from all over the world. A deputation of a number of 'ulama from India participated in this conference, with Usmani among them. In 1926, he moved to Dabhel, a small predominantly Deobandi town in the Indian state of Gujarat, and became a teacher at Jami'a Islamiyyah Dabhel. In October 1929, when the foundation committee set for the foundation of Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University), New Delhi, he was elected as a member of the committee. Many such Islamic scholars was the member of Foundation Committee such as Maulana Hussein Ahmad Madani, Maulana Abdul Bari Farang Mahli, Sheikh ul Hind Maulana Mahmood Hasan, Maulana Mufti Kifayatullah, Maulana Abdul Haq etc. In 1933, when Anwar Shah Kashmiri died, Usmani became the teacher of Sahih al-Bukhari, a book of teachings by prophet Muhammad. Literary works[edit] Usmani's literary works are

Tafsir-e-Usmani, an Urdu translation of the tafsir of the Quran written by Mahmud ul Hasan Fathul Mulhim Sharh Sahih Muslim, a commentary on Sahih Muslim, a book of teachings by prophet Muhammad

Political career[edit] Maulana Usmani was the founder member of Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi as he was the member of foundation committee of the University met on Friday, 29 October 1920. In 1944, he became a member of the Muslim League and was one of the Deobandis who supported the creation of Pakistan. He founded the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam in 1945. He served as JUI's president until his death in 1949. He is also notable for having led the funeral prayer of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. After the Partition of India, Usmani became a member of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, and remained a member until his death.[1] Although he was not given a cabinet position, he chose to remain a member of the 'Constituent Assembly of Pakistan' until his death. He is best remembered for having spearheaded the Qarardad-i-Maqasid Objectives Resolution, which was passed by the constituent assembly on March 12, 1949.[2] Death and legacy[edit] Usmani died at Baghdadul Jadid in Bahawalpur State on December 13, 1949, and was buried at Islamia College, Karachi the next day. Pakistan Postal Services issued a commemorative postage stamp in his honor in 1990 in its 'Pioneers of Freedom' series.[3] References[edit]

^ FIRST CONSTITUTE ASSEMBLY FROM 1947–1954 at Pakistan National Assembly, Former members ^ Constituent Assembly adopts Objectives Resolution (1949) in The Friday Times newspaper, Published August 26, 2011, Retrieved 8 Jan 2017 ^ Commemorative postage stamp in honor of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani issued by the Pakistan Postal Services in 1990 in its 'Pioneers of Freedom' series, Retrieved 8 Jan 2017

Sources[edit]

Rizwan Hussain. Pakistan and the emergence of Islamic militancy in Afghanistan. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2005

ISBN 0-7546-4434-0, ISBN 978-0-7546-4434-7

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Pakistan Movement

History of Pakistan (timeline: 1947–present)

History

East India Company Indian Rebellion of 1857 Aligarh Movement Urdu movement Partition of Bengal Lucknow Pact Khilafat Movement Shuddhi Movement Nehru Report Fourteen Points of Jinnah Allahabad Address Now or Never pamphlet World War II Two nation theory Round Table Conferences Lahore Resolution Direct Action Day Muslim nationalism in South Asia Cabinet Mission Indian Independence Act Partition of India Radcliffe Line Durand Line Pakistan Osmanistan Enlightened Moderation Objectives Resolution Independence Republic Day Kashmir conflict National symbols Constitution of Pakistan British heritage

Organisations

Muslim League

Punjab Branch Bengal Branch

Unionist Student Federations Khaksars Renaissance Society Philosophical Congress Dawn Daily War

Leaders

Sir Syed Ahmad Khan Aga Khan III Nawab Salimullah Syed Ameer Ali Muhammad Ali Jouhar Maulana Shaukat Ali Allama Muhammad Iqbal Muhammad Ali Jinnah Fatima Jinnah Liaquat Ali Khan Mian Muhammad Shafi Nawab Waqar-ul-Mulk Kamboh Mohsin-ul-Mulk Bahadur Yar Jung Baba-e-Urdu Maulvi Abdul Haq Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan Abdur Rab Nishtar Chaudhry Khaliquzzaman Choudhary Rahmat Ali A. K. Fazlul Huq G. M. Syed Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan Ghulam Bhik Nairang Hasrat Mohani Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy Jogendra Nath Mandal K. H. Khurshid Khawaja Nazimuddin Raja Sahib of Mahmudabad Muhammad Zafarullah Khan Qazi Muhammad Essa Ra'ana Liaquat Ali Khan Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani Sikandar Hayat Khan Maulana Zafar Ali Khan more

Activists

Hameed Nizami Abdullah Haroon Yusuf Haroon Altaf Husain (journalist) Adamjee Haji Dawood Mufti Muhammad Shafi Maulana Ahmed Ali Lahori Malik Barkat Ali Yusuf Khattak Mian Iftikharuddin Iftikhar Hussain Khan Mamdot Shaukat Hayat Khan Muhammad Asad Ziauddin Ahmad A. B. A. Haleem Maulana Ghulam Rasool Mehr Hakeem Mohammad Saeed Chaudhry Ghulam Abbas Sardar Muhammad Abdul Qayyum Khan Sardar Muhammad Ibrahim Khan Fida Mohammad Khan Sheikh Sir Abdul Qadir Professor M. M. Sharif J. A. Rahim of PPP Z. A. Suleri G. Allana Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi more

Literature

Idea of Pakistan Jinnah: India, Partition, Independence Notes on Afghanistan and Baluchistan A Short History of Pakistan Pakistan: A Personal History The Myth of Independence Pakistan: A Hard Country Now or Never; Are We to Live or Perish Forever? Causes of Indian Mutiny of 1857

Architecture

Minar-e-Pakistan Bab-e-Pakistan The Monument Mazar-e-Quaid Ziarat Residency Iqbal's Tomb Wazir Mansion National Library Deena Public Hall Bab-e-Khyber Jinnah Terminal

In Memory

Youm-e-Pakistan (23 March) Youm-e-Dastur (10 April) Youm-e-Takbir (28 May) Youm-e-Azadi (14 August) Youm-e-Difah (6 September) Youm-e-Tasees (24 October) Youm-e-Iqbal (9 November) Youm-e-Viladat (25 December)

v t e

Muslim scholars of the Hanafi School

by century (AH CE)

2nd/8th

Abu Hanifa (founder of the school) Abdullah ibn Mubarak Abu Yusuf Muhammad al-Shaybani Yahya ibn Ma'in

3rd/9th

Abu Mansur al-Maturidi Al-Tahawi Isa ibn Aban Yahya ibn Aktham

4th/10th

Abu Laith Al-Jaṣṣās

5th/11th

Ali Hujwiri Sarakhsi

6th/12th

Abu Hafs Umar an-Nasafi Burhan al-Din al-Marghinani

7th/13th

Rumi

8th/14th

Al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi Al-Ḫaṣṣāf Badr al-Din al-Ayni Ibn Abi al-Izz Mulla Shams ad-Din al-Fanari Uthman bin Ali Zayla'i

10th/16th

Abdul-Haqq Dehlavi Abu Sa'ud al-Ḥanafi Ahmad Sirhindi Ali al-Qari Ibrāhīm al-Ḥalabī

11th/17th

Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi Khayr al-Din al-Ramli Qazi Syed Rafi Mohammad

12th/18th

Makhdoom Muhammad Hashim Thattvi Murtada al-Zabidi Qazi Syed Inayatullah Qazi Syed Mohammad Rafi Qazi Syed Mohammad Zaman Shah Abdul Aziz Shah Waliullah Dehlawi Syed Hayatullah Syed Mohammad Ashraf

13th/19th

Abd Allah ibn Abbas ibn Siddiq Al-Maydani Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi Haji Dost Muhammad Qandhari Ibn Abidin Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri Meher Ali Shah Rashid Ahmad Gangohi Shibli Nomani Yusuf Ma Dexin Ashraf Ali Thanwi Husain Ahmad Madani Anwar Shah Kashmiri Shabbir Ahmad Usmani Muhammad Zakariya Kandhlawi Mahmud al-Hasan

14th/20th

Abd Allah Siraj Abdul Hamid Qadri Badayuni Abdul Haq Kanthapuram A.P. Aboobacker Musliyar Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi Akhtar Raza Khan Arshadul Qaudri Asad Muhammad Saeed as-Sagharji Azizul Haque Faraz Rabbani Ghulam Rasool Jamaati Hamid Raza Khan Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi Muhammad Abdul Malek Muhammad Idrees Dahiri Muhammad Masihullah Khan Muhammad Taqi Usmani Muhammad Zahid Al-Kawthari Muntakhib al-Haqq Mustafa Raza Khan Qadri Nurul Islam Farooqi Qamaruzzaman Azmi Qazi Mian Muhammad Amjad Shabbir Ahmad Usmani Shah Saeed Ahmed Raipuri Syed Shujaat Ali Qadri Yusuf Motala

Scholars of other Sunni Islamic schools of jurisprudence

Hanbali Maliki Shafi'i Zahiri

Authority control

WorldCat Identities ISNI: 0000 0001 1872 4187 LCCN: n85132672 V