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SHABBIR AHMAD USMANI ( Urdu
Urdu
: شبیر احمد عثمانی‎, Shabbīr Aḥmad ‘Usmānī; October 11, 1887 – December 13, 1949) was an Islamic scholar
Islamic scholar
who supported the Pakistan
Pakistan
Movement in the 1940s. He was a theologian, writer, orator, politician, and expert in tafsir and Hadith
Hadith
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life * 2 Literary works * 3 Political career * 4 Death and legacy * 5 References * 6 Sources

EARLY LIFE

Born on October 11, 1887 in Bijnor
Bijnor
, a city in Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh
, British India
India
. His father, Fadhlur Rahman, was a deputy inspector of schools and had been sent on assignment to Bareilly , when his son Shabbir was born. He was educated at Darul Ulum Deoband , where he became a disciple of Mahmud ul Hasan , and graduated in 1908. After his graduation, he was appointed as a teacher at Darul Uloom Deoband.

In 1915, when Mahmud ul Hasan travelled to Hijaz
Hijaz
, Usmani filled his position as the teacher of Sahih Muslim , a book of teachings of prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
. In 1925, Sultan Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia scheduled a conference for prominent ulama from all over the world. A deputation of a number of 'ulama from India
India
participated in this conference, with Usmani among them. In 1926, he moved to Dabhel , a small predominantly Deobandi town in the Indian state of Gujarat
Gujarat
, and became a teacher at Jami\'a Islamiyyah Dabhel . In October 1929, when the foundation committee set for the foundation of Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University), New Delhi, he was elected as a member of the committee. Many such Islamic scholars was the member of Foundation Committee such as Maulana Hussein Ahmad Madani, Maulana Abdul Bari Farang Mahli, Sheikh ul Hind Maulana Mahmood Hasan, Maulana Mufti Kifayatullah, Maulana Abdul Haq etc. In 1933, when Anwar Shah Kashmiri died, Usmani became the teacher of Sahih al-Bukhari , a book of teachings by prophet Muhammad
Muhammad
.

LITERARY WORKS

Usmani's literary works are

* Tafsir-e-Usmani, an Urdu
Urdu
translation of the tafsir of the Quran written by Mahmud ul Hasan * Fathul Mulhim Sharh Sahih Muslim, a commentary on Sahih Muslim, a book of teachings by prophet Muhammad

POLITICAL CAREER

In 1944, he became a member of the Muslim League and was one of the Deobandis who supported the creation of Pakistan. In order to counteract the propaganda and activities of the Jamiat Ulema-e-Hind , he founded the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam in 1945. He served as JUI's president until his death in 1949. He is also notable for having led the funeral prayer of Muhammad
Muhammad
Ali Jinnah , the founder of Pakistan.

After the Partition of India
India
, Usmani became a member of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan
Pakistan
, and remained a member until his death. Although he was not given a cabinet position, he chose to remain a member of the 'Constituent Assembly of Pakistan' until his death.

He is best remembered for having spearheaded the Qarardad-i-Maqasid Objectives Resolution , which was passed by the constituent assembly on March 12, 1949.

DEATH AND LEGACY

Usmani died at Baghdadul Jadid in Bahawalpur State on December 13, 1949, and was buried at Islamia College, Karachi
Karachi
the next day.

Pakistan
Pakistan
Postal Services issued a commemorative postage stamp in his honor in 1990 in its 'Pioneers of Freedom' series.

REFERENCES

* ^ FIRST CONSTITUTE ASSEMBLY FROM 1947–1954 at Pakistan
Pakistan
National Assembly, Former members * ^ Constituent Assembly adopts Objectives Resolution (1949) in The Friday Times newspaper, Published August 26, 2011, Retrieved 8 Jan 2017 * ^ http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_SJrIiNNNtWI/SozygjD7KvI/AAAAAAAABAU/qjOmKwOsXtA/s1600-h/1990-7b.JPG, Commemorative postage stamp in honor of Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
issued by the Pakistan
Pakistan
Postal Services in 1990 in its 'Pioneers of Freedom' series, Retrieved 8 Jan 2017

SOURCES

* Rizwan Hussain. Pakistan
Pakistan
and the emergence of Islamic militancy in Afghanistan. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2005

ISBN 0-7546-4434-0 , ISBN 978-0-7546-4434-7

* v * t * e

Muslim scholars of the Hanafi
Hanafi
School

* by century (AH * CE )

2ND/8TH

* Abu Hanifa (founder of the school) * Abdullah ibn Mubarak * Abu Yusuf * Muhammad
Muhammad
al-Shaybani * Yahya ibn Ma\'in

3RD/9TH

* Abu Mansur al- Maturidi * Al-Tahawi * Isa ibn Aban * Yahya ibn Aktham

4TH/10TH

* Abu Laith * Al-Jaṣṣās

5TH/11TH

* Ali Hujwiri * Sarakhsi

6TH/12TH

* Abu Hafs Umar an-Nasafi * Burhan al-Din al-Marghinani

7TH/13TH

* Ibn al-Sa\'ati * Rumi
Rumi

8TH/14TH

* Al-Hakim al-Tirmidhi * Al-Ḫaṣṣāf * Badr al-Din al-Ayni * Ibn Abi al-Izz * Mulla Shams ad-Din al-Fanari * Uthman bin Ali Zayla\'i

9TH/15TH

* Ibn Humam

10TH/16TH

* Abdul-Haqq Dehlavi * Ahmad Sirhindi * Ali al-Qari * Ibrāhīm al-Ḥalabī

11TH/17TH

* Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi * Bari Imam * Khayr al-Din al-Ramli * Qazi Syed Rafi Mohammad

12TH/18TH

* Makhdoom Muhammad
Muhammad
Hashim Thattvi * Murtada al-Zabidi * Qazi Syed Inayatullah * Qazi Syed Mohammad Rafi * Qazi Syed Mohammad Zaman * Shah Abdul Aziz * Shah Waliullah Dehlawi * Syed Hayatullah * Syed Mohammad Ashraf

13TH/19TH

* Abd Allah ibn Abbas ibn Siddiq * Al-Maydani * Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi * Haji Dost Muhammad
Muhammad
Qandhari * Ibn Abidin * Khalil Ahmad Saharanpuri * Meher Ali Shah * Rashid Ahmad Gangohi
Rashid Ahmad Gangohi
* Shibli Nomani * Yusuf Ma Dexin

14TH/20TH

* Abd Allah Siraj * Abdul Hamid Qadri Badayuni * Abdul Haq * Kanthapuram A.P. Aboobacker Musliyar * Abul Hasan Ali Hasani Nadwi * Akhtar Raza Khan * Arshadul Qaudri * Asad Muhammad
Muhammad
Saeed as-Sagharji * Faraz Rabbani * Ghulam Rasool Jamaati * Hamid Raza Khan * Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi * Muhammad
Muhammad
Abdul Malek * Muhammad
Muhammad
Idrees Dahiri * Muhammad
Muhammad
Masihullah Khan * Muhammad
Muhammad
Taqi Usmani * Muhammad
Muhammad
Zahid Al-Kawthari * Muntakhib al-Haqq * Mustafa Raza