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al-Ismāʿīliyya al-khāliṣa / al-Ismāʿīliyya al-wāqifa[1] or Seveners (Arabic: سبعية‎) was a branch of Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
Shīʻa. They became known as "Seveners" because they believe that Isma'il ibn Jafar was the seventh and the last Imam (hereditary leader of the Muslim community in the direct line of Ali). They believed his son, Muhammad
Muhammad
ibn Isma'il, would return and bring about an age of justice as Mahdi. Their most famous and active branch were the Qarmatians.

Contents

1 History, Shia schisms and, Sevener

1.1 Sevener
Sevener
and the Fatimid dynasty

2 Seven Imām
Imām
Imāmate of the Sevener
Sevener
al-Ismāʿīliyya al-khāliṣa[1]:90 3 Ismaili imams who were not accepted as legitimate by Seveners 4 See also 5 References

History, Shia schisms and, Sevener[edit]

Branching of Ismā'īlīsm within the Shi'a Islam
Islam
at a glance. ( Note: Kaysani's Imam Hanafiyyah is descendant of Ali
Ali
from Ali's wife Khawlah, not Fatimah)

Sevener
Sevener
and the Fatimid dynasty[edit]

Sevener
Sevener
and Fatimid Dynasty

Seven Imām
Imām
Imāmate of the Sevener
Sevener
al-Ismāʿīliyya al-khāliṣa[1]:90[edit]

Imām Sevener
Sevener
al-Ismāʿīliyya al-khāliṣa Imām Period

1 Ali
Ali
- First Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
Imām (632–661)

2 Hasan ibn Ali
Ali
- Second Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
Imām (661–669)

3 Husayn ibn Ali
Ali
- Third Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
Imām (669–680)

4 Ali
Ali
ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin - Fourth Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
Imām (680–713)

5 Muhammad al-Baqir
Muhammad al-Baqir
- Fifth Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
Imām (713–733)

6 Ja'far al-Sadiq
Ja'far al-Sadiq
- Sixth Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
Imām (733–765)

7 Isma'il ibn Jafar
Isma'il ibn Jafar
- Seventh Ismā'īlī
Ismā'īlī
Imām (765 - 775)

Sometimes "sevener" is used to refer to Ismā'īlīs overall, though several branches, such as the Nizari
Nizari
Ismailis, have far more than seven imams.[citation needed] Ismaili imams who were not accepted as legitimate by Seveners[edit] The following Ismaili imams after Mahdi
Mahdi
had been considered as heretics of dubious origins by certain Qarmatian
Qarmatian
groups[2] who refused to acknowledge the imamate of the Fatimids
Fatimids
and clung to their belief in the coming of the Mahdi.[3]

Ahmad al-Wafi (Abadullah)
Ahmad al-Wafi (Abadullah)
(813-829) Muhammad at-Taqi (Ahmed ibn Abadullah)
Muhammad at-Taqi (Ahmed ibn Abadullah)
(829-840) Radi Abdullah
Radi Abdullah
(840-881) Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah
Abdullah al-Mahdi Billah
(881-934) (Founder of Fatimid Caliphate)

See also[edit]

List of extinct Shia sects

References[edit]

^ a b Daftary, Farhad (2007). Cambridge
Cambridge
University, ed. The Isma'ilis: Their History and Doctrines. Cambridge: Cambridge University
Cambridge University
Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-521-42974-0.  ^ Encyclopedia Iranica, "ʿABDALLĀH B. MAYMŪN AL-QADDĀḤ" ^ Encyclopedia Iranica, "THE IMAMATE IN ISMAʿILISM"

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Abd al-Jabbar ibn Ahmad Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani Abdul Hosein Amini Abdulhakim Arvasi Abū Ḥanīfa Abu l-A‘la Mawdudi Abu Yusuf Ahmad ibn Hanbal Ahmad Sirhindi Ahmad Yasavi Ahmed Raza Khan Barelvi Akhtar Raza Khan al-Ash‘ari al-Ballūṭī al-Baydawi al-Dhahabi al-Ghazali al-Hilli al-Jahiz al-Jubba'i al-Kindi al-Masudi al-Maturidi al-Mufid Al-Qasim al-Qushayri al-Razi Al-Shafi‘i al-Shahrastani al-Shirazi al-Tirmidhi Allameh Majlesi Amr ibn Ubayd Dawud al-Zahiri Fazlur Rahman Malik Hasan of Basra Hacı Bayram-ı Veli Haji Bektash Veli Hüseyin Hilmi Işık ibn ‘Arabī ibn al-Jawzi ibn ‘Aqil ibn Hazm ibn Qudamah Ibn Taymiyyah Ja’far al-Sadiq Jalal al-Din Muhammad
Muhammad
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Muhammad
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