A settler is a person who has migrated to an area and established a permanent residence there, often to colonize the area. Settlers are generally from a sedentary culture, as opposed to nomads who share and rotate their settlements with little or no concept of individual land ownership. Settlements are often built on land already claimed or owned by another group. Many times settlers are backed by governments or large countries. They also sometimes leave in search of religious freedom.
1 Historical usage
1.1 Anthropological usage 1.2 Modern usage 1.3 Implications of Settlement 1.4 Livelihood 1.5 Other usages
2 Causes of emigration 3 See also 4 References
Chilean settlers in Baker River, 1935.
One can witness how settlers very often occupied land previously
residents to long-established peoples, designated as indigenous (also
called "natives", "Aborigines" or, in the Americas, "Indians"). In
some cases (such as Australia), as colonialist mentalities and laws
change, the legal ownership of some lands is contested by indigenous
people, who either claim or seek restoration of traditional usage,
land rights, native title and related forms of legal ownership or
The word "settler" was not originally usually used in relation to free
labour immigrants, such as slaves (e.g. in the United States),
indentured labourers (such as in Colonial America), or convicts
(such as in British America, c. 1615–1775;
A family of Russian settlers in the
In Imperial Russia, the government invited Russians or foreign
nationals to settle in sparsely populated lands. These settlers
were called "colonists". See, e.g., articles Slavo-Serbia, Volga
German, Volhynia, Russians in Kazakhstan.
Although they are often thought of as traveling by sea—the dominant
form of travel in the early modern era—significant waves of
settlement could also use long overland routes, such as the Great Trek
by the Boer-Afrikaners in South Africa, or the
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Early North American settlers from
In the Middle East, there are a number of references to various squatter and specific policies referred as "settler". Among those:
Implications of Settlement
Women and children experience violence in these highly dangerous areas
because of the conflict. Many natives face displacement when new
settlements are established. During 1948 Palestine war, in which
Settlements make it very difficult for native people to continue their work. For example, if the settlers take part of the land which the olive trees grow on then the natives no longer have access to those olive trees and their livelihood is compromised. Many are met with violence when they try to get the things they need from the land.
Settlers in hypothetical societies, such as on other planets, often feature in science fiction or fantasy fiction and/or video games. Mascot for Texas Woman's University, more specifically there called the "Pioneer."
Causes of emigration See also: Political migration The reasons for the emigration of settlers vary, but often they include the following factors and incentives: the desire to start a new and better life in a foreign land, personal financial hardship, social, cultural, ethnic, or religious persecution (e.g. the Pilgrims and Mormons), political oppression, and government incentive policies aimed at encouraging foreign settlement. The colony concerned is sometimes controlled by the government of a settler's home country, and emigration is sometimes approved by an imperial government. See also
Chinese settlements in Tibet
High Arctic relocations
Naturalized TRNC citizens
Phoenix Islands Settlement Scheme
Patriot (American Revolution)
^ Indentured Servitude in Colonial America ^  Online Etymological Dictionary ^ Denis, Jeffery. S. (2015). "Contact theory in a small-town settler-colonial context: The reproduction of laissez-faire racism in Indigenous-white Canadian relations". American Sociological Review. 80(1): 218–242 – via Sage Journals. ^ Robert Greenall, Russians left behind in Central Asia, BBC News, 23 November 2005. ^ Prehistoric Sources Technical Study, prepared for the city of Monterey by Bainbridge Behrens Moore Inc., May 23, 1977 ^ a b Olson, Pamela (2013). Fast Times in Palestine. Berkeley, California: Seal Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-1-580-05483-6.