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Setaria is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family.[5][6] The name is derived from the Latin word seta, meaning "bristle" or "hair", which refers to the bristly spikelets.[7] The genus includes over 100 species distributed in many tropical and temperate regions around the world,[8] and members are commonly known as foxtail or bristle grasses.[2][9][10][11][12][13] Three species of Setaria have been domesticated and used as staple crops throughout history: foxtail millet (S. italica), korali (S. pumila) in India, and, before the full domestication of maize, Setaria macrostachya in Mexico.[14] Several species are still cultivated today as food or as animal fodder, such as foxtail millet (S. italica) and korali (S. pumila), while others are considered invasive weeds.[15] Setaria viridis is currently being developed as a genetic model system for bioenergy grasses.

Species[16][4][17][18]

Setaria acromelaena Setaria alonsoi Pensiero & A.M.Anton Setaria apiculata (Scribn. & Merr.) K.Schum. Setaria appendiculata (Hack.) Stapf Setaria arizonica Rominger Setaria atrata Hack. ex Engl. Setaria australiensis – scrub pigeon grass Setaria austrocaledonica Setaria barbata (Lam.) Kunth – bristly foxtail grass, corn grass, Mary grass Setaria barbinodis R.A.W.Herrm. Setaria bathiei A.Camus Setaria cernua Kunth Setaria chondrachne (Steud.) Honda Setaria cinerea T. Koyama Setaria clivalis (Ridl.) Veldkamp Setaria cordobensis R.A.W.Herrm. Setaria corrugata (Elliott) Schult. Setaria dielsii R.A.W.Herrm. Setaria elementii (Domin) R.D. Webster Setaria faberi R.A.W.Herrm. - giant foxtail, Chinese foxtail Setaria fiebrigii R.A.W.Herrm. Setaria finita Launert Setaria forbesiana (Nees ex Steud.) Hook.f. Setaria globulifera (Steud.) Griseb. Setaria gracillima Hook.f. Setaria grandis Stapf Setaria grisebachii E.Fourn. Setaria guizhouensis S.L.Chen & G.Y.Sheng Setaria hassleri Hack. Setaria homonyma (Steud.) Chiov. Setaria humbertiana A.Camus Setaria hunzikeri Anton Setaria incrassata (Hochst.) Hack. – Vlei bristlegrass Setaria intermedia Roem. & Schult. Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. – foxtail millet, dwarf setaria, Italian millet Setaria jaffrei Morat Setaria kagerensis Mez Setaria lachnea (Nees) Kunth Setaria latifolia (Scribn.) R.A.W.Herrm. Setaria leucopila (Scribn. & Merr.) K.Schum. – plains bristle grass, streambed bristle grass Setaria liebmannii E.Fourn. Setaria lindenbergiana (Nees) Stapf Setaria longipila E.Fourn. Setaria longiseta P.Beauv. Setaria macrosperma (Scribn. & Merr.) K.Schum. Setaria macrostachya Kunth Setaria madecassa A.Camus Setaria magna Griseb. – giant bristle grass Setaria megaphylla (Steud.) T.Durand & Schinz – broad-leaved bristle grass, ribbon bristle grass Setaria mendocina Phil. Setaria mildbraedii C.E.Hubb. Setaria montana Reeder Setaria nepalense (Spreng.) Müll. Stuttg. Setaria nicorae Pensiero Setaria nigrirostris (Nees) T.Durand & Schinz – black-seed bristle grass Setaria oblongata (Griseb.) Parodi Setaria obscura de Wit Setaria oplismenoides R.A.W.Herrm. Setaria orthosticha K.Schum. ex R.A.W.Herrm. Setaria palmeri Henrard Setaria palmifolia (J.Koenig) Stapf – palm grass, highland pitpit Setaria pampeana Parodi ex Nicora Setaria paraguayensis Pensiero Setaria parodii Nicora Setaria parviflora (Poir.) Kerguélen – knotroot bristle grass, slender pigeon grass Setaria paspalidioides Vickery Setaria pauciflora Linden ex Herrm. Setaria paucifolia (Morong) Lindm. Setaria perrieri A.Camus Setaria petiolata Stapf & C.E.Hubb. Setaria pflanzii Pensiero Setaria plicata Setaria poiretiana – grama negra, gramalote sacha Setaria pseudaristata (Peter) Pilg. Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roem. & Schult. – yellow foxtail Setaria queenslandica Domin Setaria restioidea (Franch.) Stapf Setaria rigida Stapf Setaria roemeri Jansen Setaria rosengurttii (Nicora) Setaria sagittifolia (A.Rich.) Walp. Setaria scabrifolia (Nees) Kunth Setaria scandens Schrad. Setaria scheelei (Steud.) Hitchc. – southwestern bristle grass Setaria scottii (Hack.) A.Camus Setaria seriata Stapf Setaria setosa (Sw.) P.Beauv. Setaria sphacelata (Schumach.) Stapf & C.E.Hubb. – African bristle grass, South African pigeon grass Setaria stolonifera Boldrini Setaria submacrostachya Luces Setaria sulcata Raddi Setaria surgens Stapf Setaria tenacissima Schrad. Setaria tenax (Rich.) Desv. Setaria texana Emery Setaria vaginata Spreng. Setaria vatkeana K.Schum. Setaria verticillata (L.) P.Beauv. – bristly foxtail Setaria villosissima (Scribn. & Merr.) K.Schum. Setaria viridis (L.) P.Beauv. – green foxtail Setaria vulpiseta (Lam.) Roem. & Schult. – plains bristle grass Setaria welwitschii Rendle Setaria yunnanensis Keng f. & K.D.Yu

formerly included[4]

numerous species once considered members of Setaria but now regarded as better suited to other genera: Brachiaria Dissochondrus Echinochloa Holcolemma Ixophorus Oplismenus Panicum Paspalidium Pennisetum Pseudoraphis Setariopsis Urochloa See also[edit]

Hendrik de Wit, a botanist who studied Setaria

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Setaria.

Wikispecies has information related to Setaria

^ Tropicos, Setaria Ach. ex Michx. ^ a b "Genus: Setaria P. Beauv". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2007-10-05. Retrieved 2013-11-16.  ^ lectotype designated by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 22(3): 156 (1920) ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families ^ Palisot de Beauvois, Ambroise Marie François Joseph. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie page 51 in Latin ^ Palisot de Beauvois, Ambroise Marie François Joseph. 1812. Essai d'une Nouvelle Agrostographie plate XIII (13), figure III (3) line drawing of Setaria viridis ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. Vol. 4: R-Q. CRC Press. p. 2470. ISBN 0-8493-2673-7.  ^ Aliscioni, S., et al. An overview of the genus Setaria (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paniceae) in the Old World: Systematic revision and phylogenetic approach. Abstract. Botany 2004. Salt Lake City. August 3, 2004. ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 1, 499, 531 狗尾草属 gou wei cao shu Setaria P. Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 51. 1812 ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps ^ Altervista Flora Italiana Archived 2015-02-01 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Atlas of Living Australia ^ Sanbi Red List of South African Plants ^ Diao, Xianmin; Jia, Guanqing (2017). "Origin and Domestication of Foxtail Millet". 19: 61–72. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-45105-3_4. ISSN 2363-9601.  ^ Dekker, Jack. "4". In Inderjit. Weed Biology and Management. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 65–67. ISBN 9781402017612.  ^ The Plant List search for Setaria ^ "Setaria". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2013-11-16.  ^ "GRIN Species Records of Setaria". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 

External links[edit]

Setaria.[permanent dead link] California Department of Food and Agriculture.

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q157389 APDB: 194862 EoL: 108098 EPPO: 1SETG FloraBase: 21081 FoC: 130214 GBIF: 2702955 GrassBase: gen00579 GRIN: 11106 IPNI: 19009-1 ITIS: 41229 NCBI: 4554 PLANTS: SETAR Tropicos: 40035951 VASCAN:

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