HOME
The Info List - Sesame Street



--- Advertisement ---


_SESAME STREET_ is an American children\'s television series , produced by Sesame Workshop (formerly known as the Children's Television Workshop) and created by Joan Ganz Cooney and Lloyd Morrisett . The program is known for its educational content, and images communicated through the use of Jim Henson 's Muppets , animation, short films, humor, and cultural references. The series premiered on July 21, 1969, to positive reviews, some controversy, and high viewership; it has aired on the U.S.'s national public television provider ( PBS ) since its debut, with its first run moving to premium channel HBO on January 16, 2016.

The show has undergone significant changes throughout its history. The format of _Sesame Street_ consists of a combination of commercial television production elements and techniques which have evolved to reflect the changes in American culture and the audience's viewing habits. With the creation of _Sesame Street_, producers and writers of a children's television show used, for the first time, educational goals and a curriculum to shape its content. It was also the first time a show's educational effects were studied.

Shortly after creating _Sesame Street_, its producers developed what came to be called the "CTW model" (after the production company's previous name), a system of television show planning, production, and evaluation based on collaborations between producers, writers, educators, and researchers. The show was initially funded by government and private foundations but has become somewhat self-supporting due to revenues from licensing arrangements, international sales, and other media. By 2006, there were independently produced versions, or "co-productions ", of _Sesame Street_ broadcast in twenty countries. In 2001 there were over 120 million viewers of various international versions of _Sesame Street_, and by the show's 40th anniversary in 2009, it was broadcast in more than 140 countries.

By its 40th anniversary in 2009, _Sesame Street_ was the fifteenth-highest-rated children's television show in the United States. A 1996 survey found that 95% of all American preschoolers had watched the show by the time they were three years old. In 2008, it was estimated that 77 million Americans had watched the series as children. As of 2014, _Sesame Street_ has won 167 Emmy Awards and 8 Grammy Awards —more than any other children's show.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Format * 3 Educational goals * 4 Funding

* 5 Production

* 5.1 Research * 5.2 Writing * 5.3 Media

* 6 Cast, crew and characters

* 7 Reception

* 7.1 Ratings * 7.2 Influence * 7.3 Critical reception

* 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 Works cited * 12 External links

HISTORY

Main article: History of Sesame Street

_Sesame Street_ was conceived in 1966 during discussions between television producer Joan Ganz Cooney and Carnegie Foundation vice president Lloyd Morrisett. Their goal was to create a children's television show that would "master the addictive qualities of television and do something good with them", such as helping young children prepare for school. After two years of research the newly formed Children's Television Workshop (CTW) received a combined grant of US$8 million ($52 million in 2016 dollars) from the Carnegie Foundation, the Ford Foundation , and the U.S. Federal Government to create and produce a new children's television show. The program premiered on public television stations on November 10, 1969. It was the first preschool educational television program to base its contents and production values on laboratory and formative research. Initial responses to the show included adulatory reviews, some controversy, and high ratings. By its 40th anniversary in 2009, _Sesame Street_ was broadcast in over 120 countries, and 20 international versions had been produced. "I've always said of our original team that developed and produced _Sesame Street_: Collectively, we were a genius." —_Sesame Street_ creator Joan Ganz Cooney Co-creator Joan Ganz Cooney , in 1985 Lloyd Morrisett, Co-creator

_Sesame Street_ has evolved from its initial inception. According to writer Michael Davis, by the mid-1970s the show had become "an American institution". The cast and crew expanded during this time, with emphasis on the hiring of women crew members and the addition of minorities to the cast. The show's success continued into the 1980s. In 1981, when the federal government withdrew its funding, CTW turned to, and expanded, other revenue sources, including its magazine division, book royalties , product licensing, and foreign broadcast income. _Sesame Street_'s curriculum has expanded to include more affective topics such as relationships, ethics, and emotions. Many of the show's storylines were taken from the experiences of its writing staff, cast, and crew, most notably, the 1982 death of Will Lee —who played Mr. Hooper —and the marriage of Luis and Maria in 1988.

In recent years _Sesame Street_ has faced societal and economic challenges, including changes in viewing habits of young children, competition from other shows, the development of cable television, and a drop in ratings. After the turn of the 21st century, _Sesame Street_ made major structural changes. For example, starting in 2002, its format became more narrative and included ongoing storylines. After its thirtieth anniversary in 1999 and due to the popularity of the Muppet Elmo , the show also incorporated a popular segment known as "Elmo\'s World ". Upon its fortieth anniversary in 2009, the show received a Lifetime Achievement Emmy at the 36th Daytime Emmy Awards .

On August 13, 2015, as part of a five-year programming and development deal, Sesame Workshop announced that first-run episodes of _Sesame Street_ would move to premium television service HBO beginning with season 46, which premiered on January 16, 2016. HBO will hold first-run rights to all newer episodes of the series, after which they will air on PBS member stations following a nine-month exclusivity window, with no charge to the stations for airing the content. The agreement also gives HBO exclusive rights to stream past and future _Sesame Street_ episodes on HBO Go and HBO Now – assuming those rights from Amazon Video and Netflix ; on August 14, Sesame Workshop announced that it would phase out its in-house subscription streaming service, Sesame Go, as a standalone service; the service will remain in operation, likely with its offerings reduced to a slate content available for free or serving as a portal for _Sesame Street_'s website. The deal came in the wake of cutbacks that had affected the series in recent years, the changing viewer habits of American children in the previous ten years, and Sesame Workshop's dependence upon revenue from DVD sales.

In April 2017, _Sesame Street_ introduced Julia, a new Muppet who has autism , performed by Stacey Gordon, who has a son on the autism spectrum.

FORMAT

Main article: Format of Sesame Street

From its first episode, _Sesame Street_ has structured its format by using "a strong visual style, fast-moving action, humor, and music," as well as animation and live-action short films. When _Sesame Street_ premiered, most researchers believed that young children did not have long attention spans , therefore the new show's producers were concerned that an hour-long show would not hold their audience's attention. At first, the show's "street scenes"—the action taking place on its set—consisted of character-driven interactions and were not written as ongoing stories. Instead, they consisted of individual, curriculum-based segments which were interrupted by "inserts" consisting of puppet sketches, short films, and animations. This structure allowed the producers to use a mixture of styles and characters, and to vary the show's pace. By season 20, research had shown that children were able to follow a story, and the street scenes, while still interspersed with other segments, became evolving storylines. "We basically deconstructed the show. It's not a magazine format anymore. It's more like the _Sesame_ hour. Children will be able to navigate through it easier." —Executive producer Arlene Sherman, speaking of the show's restructuring in 2002

Upon recommendations by child psychologists , the producers initially decided that the show's human actors and Muppets would not interact because they were concerned it would confuse young children. When the CTW tested the appeal of the new show, they found that although children paid attention to the shows during the Muppet segments, their interest was lost during the "Street" segments. The producers requested that Henson and his team create Muppets such as Big Bird and Oscar the Grouch to interact with the human actors, and the Street segments were re-shot. _Sesame Street_'s format remained intact until the show's later decades, when the changing audience required that producers move to a more narrative format. In 1998 the popular segment "Elmo's World", a 15-minute-long segment hosted by the Muppet Elmo, was created. Starting in 2014, during the show's 45th season, the producers introduced a bonus half-hour version of the program. The new version, which complemented the full-hour series, was both broadcast weekday afternoons and streamed on the internet.

EDUCATIONAL GOALS

Main article: Educational goals of Sesame Street

As author Malcolm Gladwell has stated, "_Sesame Street_ was built around a single, breakthrough insight: that if you can hold the attention of children, you can educate them". Gerald S. Lesser , the CTW's first advisory board chair, went even further, saying that the effective use of television as an educational tool needed to capture, focus, and sustain children's attention. _Sesame Street_ was the first children's show to structure each episode, and the segments within them, to capture children's attention, and to make, as Gladwell put it, "small but critical adjustments" to keep it. According to CTW researchers Rosemarie Truglio and Shalom Fisch, _Sesame Street_ was one of the few children's television programs to utilize a detailed and comprehensive educational curriculum, garnered from formative and summative research.

The creators of _Sesame Street_ and their researchers formulated both cognitive and affective goals for the show. Initially, they focused on cognitive goals, while addressing affective goals indirectly, in the belief that doing so would increase children's self-esteem and feelings of competency. One of their primary goals was preparing very young children for school, especially children from low-income families, using modeling , repetition, and humor to fulfill these goals. They made changes in the show's content to increase their viewers' attention and to increase its appeal, and encouraged "co-viewing" to entice older children and parents to watch the show by including more sophisticated humor, cultural references, and celebrity guest appearances.

After _Sesame Street_'s first season, its critics forced its producers and researchers to address more overtly such affective goals as social competence, tolerance of diversity , and nonaggressive ways of resolving conflict. These issues were addressed through interpersonal disputes among its Street characters. During the 1980s, the show incorporated the real-life experiences of the show's cast and crew, including the death of Will Lee ( Mr. Hooper ) and the pregnancy of Sonia Manzano (Maria) to address affective concerns. In later seasons, _Sesame Street_ addressed real-life disasters such as the September 11 terrorist attacks and Hurricane Katrina .

The show's goals for outreach were addressed through a series of programs that first focused on promotion and then, after the first season, on the development of educational materials used in preschool settings. Innovative programs were developed because their target audience, children and their families in low-income, inner-city homes, did not traditionally watch educational programs on television and because traditional methods of promotion and advertising were not effective with these groups.

FUNDING

As a result of Cooney's initial proposal in 1968, the Carnegie Institute awarded her an $8 million ($52 million in 2016 dollars) grant to create a new children's television program and establish the CTW, renamed in June 2000 to Sesame Workshop (SW). Cooney and Morrisett procured additional multimillion-dollar grants from the U.S. federal government, The Arthur Vining Davis Foundations , CPB , and the Ford Foundation . Davis reported that Cooney and Morrisett decided that if they did not procure full funding from the beginning, they would drop the idea of producing the show. As Lesser reported, funds gained from a combination of government agencies and private foundations protected them from the economic pressures experienced by commercial broadcast television networks, but created challenges in procuring future funding.

After _Sesame Street_'s initial success, its producers began to think about its survival beyond its development and first season and decided to explore other funding sources. From the first season, they understood that the source of their funding, which they considered "seed" money, would need to be replaced. The 1970s were marked by conflicts between the CTW and the federal government; in 1978, the U.S. Department of Education refused to deliver a $2 million check until the last day of CTW's fiscal year. As a result, the CTW decided to depend upon licensing arrangements with toy companies and other manufacturers, publishing, and international sales for their funding.

In 1998, the CTW accepted corporate sponsorship to raise funds for _Sesame Street_ and other projects. For the first time, they allowed short advertisements by indoor playground manufacturer Discovery Zone , their first corporate sponsor, to air before and after each episode. Consumer advocate Ralph Nader , who had previously appeared on _Sesame Street_, called for a boycott of the show, saying that the CTW was "exploiting impressionable children".

PRODUCTION

RESEARCH

Main article: Sesame Street research

Producer Joan Ganz Cooney has stated, "Without research, there would be no _Sesame Street_". In 1967, when Cooney and her team began to plan the show's development, combining research with television production was, as she put it, "positively heretical". Shortly after creating _Sesame Street_, its producers began to develop what came to be called "the CTW model", a system of planning, production, and evaluation that did not fully emerge until the end of the show's first season. According to Morrow, the CTW model consisted of four parts: "the interaction of receptive television producers and child science experts, the creation of a specific and age-appropriate curriculum, research to shape the program directly, and independent measurement of viewers' learning".

Cooney credited the show's high standard in research procedures to Harvard professors Gerald S. Lesser , whom the CTW hired to design the show's educational objectives, and Edward L. Palmer , who was responsible for conducting the show's formative research and for bridging the gap between the show's producers and researchers. The CTW conducted research in two ways: in-house formative research that informed and improved production, and independent summative evaluations, conducted by the Educational Testing Service (ETS) during the show's first two seasons, which measuring its educational effectiveness. Cooney stated, "From the beginning, we—the planners of the project—designed the show as an experimental research project with educational advisers, researchers, and television producers collaborating as equal partners". Cooney also described the collaboration as an "arranged marriage".

WRITING

_Sesame Street_ has used many writers in its long history. As Dave Connell, one of _Sesame Street_'s original producers, has stated, it was difficult to find adults who could identify a preschooler's interest level. Fifteen writers a year worked on the show's scripts, but very few lasted longer than one season. Norman Stiles , head writer in 1987, reported that most writers would "burn out" after writing about a dozen scripts. According to Gikow, _Sesame Street_ went against the convention of hiring teachers to write for the show, as most educational television programs did at the time. Instead, Cooney and the producers felt that it would be easier to teach writers how to interpret curriculum than to teach educators how to write comedy. As Stone stated, "Writing for children is not so easy". Long-time writer Tony Geiss agreed, stating in 2009, "It's not an easy show to write. You have to know the characters and the format and how to teach and be funny at the same time, which is a big, ambidextrous stunt". _ The Kaufman Astoria Studios , where Sesame Street_ is taped.

The show's research team developed an annotated document, or "Writer's Notebook", which served as a bridge between the show's curriculum goals and script development. The notebook was a compilation of programming ideas designed to teach specific curriculum points, provided extended definitions of curriculum goals, and assisted the writers and producers in translating the goals into televised material. Suggestions in the notebook were free of references to specific characters and contexts on the show so that they could be implemented as openly and flexibly as possible.

The research team, in a series of meetings with the writers, also developed "a curriculum sheet" that described the show's goals and priorities for each season. After receiving the curriculum focus and goals for the season, the writers met to discuss ideas and story arcs for the characters, and an "assignment sheet" was created that suggested how much time was allotted for each goal and topic. When a script was completed, the show's research team analyzed it to ensure that the goals were met. Then each production department met to determine what each episode needed in terms of costumes, lights, and sets. The writers were present during the show's taping, which for the first twenty-four years of the show took place in Manhattan , and after 1992, at the Kaufman Astoria Studios in Queens to make last-minute revisions when necessary.

MEDIA

Main articles: Sesame Workshop funding sources , Music of Sesame Street , and International co-productions of Sesame Street

Early in their history _Sesame Street_ and the CTW began to look for alternative funding sources and turned to creating products and writing licensing agreements. They became, as Cooney put it, "a multiple-media institution". In 1970, the CTW created a "non-broadcast" division responsible for creating and publishing books and _ Sesame Street Magazine _. They decided that all materials their licensing program created would "underscore and amplify" the show's curriculum. In 2004, over 68% of _Sesame Street_'s revenue came from licenses and products such as toys and clothing. By 2008, the _Sesame Street_ Muppets accounted for between $15 million and $17 million per year in licensing and merchandising fees, split between the Sesame Workshop and The Jim Henson Company.

Jim Henson , the creator of the Muppets, owned the trademarks to those characters, and was reluctant to market them at first. He agreed when the CTW promised that the profits from toys, books, computer games , and other products were to be used exclusively to fund the CTW and its outreach efforts. Even though Cooney and the CTW had very little experience with marketing, they demanded complete control over all products and product decisions. Any product line associated with the show had to be educational and inexpensive, and could not be advertised during the show's airings. As Davis reported, "Cooney stressed restraint, prudence, and caution" in their marketing and licensing efforts.

Director Jon Stone, talking about the music of _Sesame Street_, said: "There was no other sound like it on television". For the first time in children's television, the show's songs fulfilled a specific purpose and supported its curriculum. In order to attract the best composers and lyricists, the CTW allowed songwriters like _Sesame Street_'s first musical director Joe Raposo to retain the rights to the songs they wrote, which earned them lucrative profits and helped the show sustain public interest. By 1991, _Sesame Street_ and its songwriters had received eight Grammys .

_Sesame Street_ used animations and short films commissioned from outside studios, interspersed throughout each episode, to help teach their viewers basic concepts like numbers and letters. Jim Henson was one of the many producers to create short films for the show. Shortly after _Sesame Street_ debuted in the United States, the CTW was approached independently by producers from several countries to produce versions of the show at home. These versions came to be called "co-productions". By 2001 there were over 120 million viewers of all international versions of _Sesame Street_, and in 2006, there were twenty co-productions around the world. By the show's 40th anniversary in 2009, _Sesame Street_ was broadcast in more than 140 countries. In 2005, Doreen Carvajal of _ The New York Times _ reported that income from the co-productions and international licensing accounted for $96 million.

CAST, CREW AND CHARACTERS

Main articles: Sesame Street characters and List of guest stars on Sesame Street Jim Henson , creator of the Muppets , in 1989 Caroll Spinney with Oscar the Grouch

Shortly after the CTW was created in 1968, Joan Ganz Cooney was named its first executive director. She was one of the first female executives in American television. Her appointment was called "one of the most important television developments of the decade". She assembled a team of producers, all of whom had previously worked on _ Captain Kangaroo _. Jon Stone was responsible for writing, casting, and format; Dave Connell took over animation; and Sam Gibbon served as the show's chief liaison between the production staff and the research team. Cameraman Frankie Biondo worked on _Sesame Street_ from its first episode.

Jim Henson and the Muppets' involvement in _Sesame Street_ began when he and Cooney met at one of the curriculum planning seminars in Boston. Author Christopher Finch reported that Stone, who had worked with Henson previously, felt that if they could not bring him on board, they should "make do without puppets". Henson was initially reluctant, but he agreed to join _Sesame Street_ to meet his own social goals. He also agreed to waive his performance fee for full ownership of the _Sesame Street_ Muppets and to split any revenue they generated with the CTW. As Morrow stated, Henson's puppets were a crucial part of the show's popularity and it brought Henson national attention. Davis reported that Henson was able to take "arcane academic goals" and translate them to "effective and pleasurable viewing". In early research, the Muppet segments of the show scored high, and more Muppets were added during the first few seasons. Morrow reported that the Muppets were effective teaching tools because children easily recognized them, they were stereotypical and predictable, and they appealed to adults and older siblings. "_Sesame Street_ is best known for the creative geniuses it attracted, people like Jim Henson and Joe Raposo and Frank Oz, who intuitively grasped what it takes to get through to children. They were television's answer to Beatrix Potter or L. Frank Baum or Dr. Seuss." —Author Malcolm Gladwell , _ The Tipping Point _

Although the producers decided against depending upon a single host for _Sesame Street_, instead casting a group of ethnically diverse actors, they realized that a children's television program needed to have, as Lesser put it, "a variety of distinctive and reliable personalities", both human and Muppet. Jon Stone, whose goal was to cast white actors in the minority, was responsible for hiring the show's first cast . He did not audition actors until Spring 1969, a few weeks before the five test shows were due to be filmed. Stone videotaped the auditions, and Ed Palmer took them out into the field to test children's reactions. The actors who received the "most enthusiastic thumbs up" were cast. For example, Loretta Long was chosen to play Susan when the children who saw her audition stood up and sang along with her rendition of "I\'m a Little Teapot ". As Stone said, casting was the only aspect of the show that was "just completely haphazard". Most of the cast and crew found jobs on _Sesame Street_ through personal relationships with Stone and the other producers.

According to the CTW's research, children preferred watching and listening to other children more than to puppets and adults, so they included children in many scenes. Dave Connell insisted that no child actors be used, so these children were nonprofessionals, unscripted, and spontaneous. Many of their reactions were unpredictable and difficult to control, but the adult cast learned to handle the children's spontaneity flexibly, even when it resulted in departures from the planned script or lesson. CTW research also revealed that the children's hesitations and on-air mistakes served as models for viewers. According to Morrow, this resulted in the show having a "fresh quality", especially in its early years. Children were also used in the voice-over commentaries of most of the live-action films the CTW produced.

RECEPTION

Main article: Influence of Sesame Street

RATINGS

When _Sesame Street_ premiered in 1969, it aired on only 67.6% of American televisions, but it earned a 3.3 Nielsen rating, which totaled 1.9 million households. By the show's tenth anniversary in 1979, nine million American children under the age of 6 were watching _Sesame Street_ daily. According to a 1993 survey conducted by the U.S. Department of Education, out of the show's 6.6 million viewers, 2.4 million kindergartners regularly watched it. 77% of preschoolers watched it once a week, and 86% of kindergartners and first- and second-grade students had watched it once a week before starting school. The show reached most young children in almost all demographic groups.

The show's ratings significantly decreased in the early 1990s, resulting from changes in children's viewing habits and in the television marketplace. The producers responded by making large-scale structural changes to the show. By 2006, _Sesame Street_ had become "the most widely viewed children's television show in the world", with 20 international independent versions and broadcasts in over 120 countries. A 1996 survey found that 95% of all American preschoolers had watched the show by the time they were three years old. In 2008, it was estimated that 77 million Americans had watched the series as children. By the show's 40th anniversary in 2009, it was ranked the fifteenth-most-popular children's show on television.

INFLUENCE

Main article: Sesame Street research § Summative research

As of 2001, there were over 1,000 research studies regarding _Sesame Street_'s efficacy, impact, and effect on American culture. The CTW solicited the Educational Testing Service (ETS) to conduct summative research on the show. ETS's two "landmark" summative evaluations, conducted in 1970 and 1971, demonstrated that the show had a significant educational impact on its viewers. These studies have been cited in other studies of the effects of television on young children. Additional studies conducted throughout _Sesame Street_'s history demonstrated that the show continued to have a positive effect on its young viewers. "_Sesame Street_ perhaps the most vigorously researched, vetted, and fretted-over program on the planet. It would take a fork-lift to now to haul away the load of scholarly paper devoted to the series..." —Author Michael Davis

Lesser believed that _Sesame Street_ research "may have conferred a new respectability upon the studies of the effects of visual media upon children". He also believed that the show had the same effect on the prestige of producing shows for children in the television industry. Historian Robert Morrow, in his book _ Sesame Street and the Reform of Children's Television_, which chronicled the show's influence on children's television and on the television industry as a whole, reported that many critics of commercial television saw _Sesame Street_ as a "straightforward illustration for reform". Les Brown, a writer for _Variety _, saw in _Sesame Street_ "a hope for a more substantial future" for television.

Morrow reported that the networks responded by creating more high-quality television programs, but that many critics saw them as "appeasement gestures". According to Morrow, despite the CTW Model's effectiveness in creating a popular show, commercial television "made only a limited effort to emulate CTW's methods", and did not use a curriculum or evaluate what children learned from them. By the mid-1970s, commercial television abandoned their experiments with creating better children's programming. Other critics hoped that _Sesame Street_, with its depiction of a functioning, multicultural community, would nurture racial tolerance in its young viewers. It was not until the mid-1990s when a children's television educational program, _Blue\'s Clues _, used the CTW's methods to create and modify their content. The creators of _Blue's Clues_ were influenced by _Sesame Street_, but wanted to use research conducted in the 30 years since its debut. Angela Santomero, one of its producers, said, "We wanted to learn from _Sesame Street_ and take it one step further".

As critic Richard Roeper has stated, perhaps one of the strongest indicators of the influence of _Sesame Street_ has been the enduring rumors and urban legends surrounding the show and its characters, especially those concerning Bert and Ernie .

CRITICAL RECEPTION

_Sesame Street_ was praised from its debut in 1969. _Newsday_ reported that several newspapers and magazines had written "glowing" reports about the CTW and Cooney. The press overwhelmingly praised the new show; several popular magazines and niche magazines lauded it. In 1970, _Sesame Street_ won twenty awards, including a Peabody Award , three Emmys, an award from the Public Relations Society of America , a Clio , and a Prix Jeunesse. By 1995, the show had won two Peabody Awards and four Parents\' Choice Awards . In addition, it was the subject of retrospectives at the Smithsonian Institution and the Museum of Modern Art . "_Sesame Street_ is...with lapses, the most intelligent and important program in television. That is not anything much yet." — Renata Adler , _ The New Yorker _, 1972

_Sesame Street_ was not without its detractors, however. In May 1970, a state commission in Mississippi , the state Henson was actually from, voted to ban _Sesame Street_ because of its "highly integrated cast of children" which "the commission members felt ... Mississippi was not yet ready for". According to _ Children and Television _, Lesser's account of the development and early years of _Sesame Street_, there was little criticism of the show in the months following its premiere, but it increased at the end of its first season and beginning of the second season. Historian Robert W. Morrow speculated that much of the early criticism, which he called "surprisingly intense", stemmed from cultural and historical reasons in regards to, as he put it, "the place of children in American society and the controversies about television's effects on them".

According to Morrow, the "most important" studies finding negative effects of _Sesame Street_ were conducted by educator Herbert A. Sprigle and psychologist Thomas D. Cook during its first two seasons. Social scientist and Head Start Program founder Urie Bronfenbrenner criticized the show for being too wholesome. Psychologist Leon Eisenberg saw _Sesame Street_'s urban setting as "superficial" and having little to do with the problems confronted by the inner-city child. Head Start director Edward Zigler was probably _Sesame Street_'s most vocal critic in the show's early years.

In spite of their commitment to multiculturalism, the CTW experienced conflicts with the leadership of minority groups, especially Latino groups and feminists, who objected to _Sesame Street_'s depiction of Latinos and women. The CTW took steps to address their objections. By 1971, the CTW hired Hispanic actors, production staff, and researchers, and by the mid-1970s, Morrow reported that "the show included Chicano and Puerto Rican cast members, films about Mexican holidays and foods, and cartoons that taught Spanish words". As _The New York Times_ has stated, creating strong female characters "that make kids laugh, but not...as female stereotypes" has been a challenge for the producers of _Sesame Street_. According to Morrow, change regarding how women and girls were depicted on _Sesame Street_ occurred slowly. As more female Muppets performers like Fran Brill , Pam Arciero , Carmen Osbahr , Stephanie D\'Abruzzo , Jennifer Barnhart , and Leslie Carrara-Rudolph were hired and trained, stronger female characters like Rosita and Abby Cadabby were created. Sesame Workshop CEO Gary Knell , Executive Vice-President Terry Fitzpatrick, and puppeteer Kevin Clash (with Elmo ) at the 69th Annual Peabody Awards , in 2010

In 2002, _Sesame Street_ was ranked No. 27 on TV Guide\'s 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time . It also won another Peabody Award in 2009 for sesamestreet.org. In 2013, TV Guide ranked the series No. 30 on its list of the 60 Best Series. As of 2016, _Sesame Street_ has received 167 Emmy Awards , more than any other television series.

SEE ALSO

* International co-productions of _Sesame Street_ * List of awards and nominations received by _Sesame Street_ * List of human _Sesame Street_ characters * Pop culture influenced by _Sesame Street_ * _Sesame Street_ (comic strip)

* Muppets portal * New York City portal * Television portal

NOTES

* ^ Season 44 (2013–2014) was the first time episodes were numbered in a seasonal order rather than the numerical and chronological fashion used since the show premiered. For example, episode 4401 means "the first episode of the 44th season", not "the 4401st episode" (it is in fact the 4328th episode). * ^ See Gikow, p. 155, for a visual representation of the CTW model. * ^ Most of the first season was filmed at a studio near Broadway , but a strike forced their move to Teletape Studios . In the early days, the set was simple, consisting of four structures (Gikow, pp. 66–67). In 1982, _Sesame Street_ began filming at Unitel Studios on 57th Street, but relocated to Kaufman Astoria Studios in 1993, when the producers decided they needed more space (Gikow, pp. 206–207). * ^ According to Edward Palmer and his colleague Shalom M. Fisch, these studies were responsible for securing funding for the show over the next several years. * ^ See Gikow, pp. 284–285; _"G" Is for Growing: Thirty Years of Research on Children and Sesame Street_, pp. 147–230. * ^ See Lesser, pp. 175–201 for his response to the early critics of _Sesame Street._

REFERENCES

* ^ Linton, Caroline. "'Sesame Street' Turns 45: 14 Most Controversial Moments." AM New York. November. 2014. Accessed 20 July, 2017. http://www.amny.com/entertainment/sesame-street-turns-45-14-most-controversial-moments-1.9601111 * ^ _A_ _B_ "Big Bird, Elmo and Cookie Monster Are Back as Sesame Street Debuts Its 46th Season Saturday, January 16th, 2016 on HBO" (PDF). Sesame Workshop . November 24, 2015. Retrieved November 24, 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ Davis, p. 8 * ^ _A_ _B_ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Finch, p. 53 * ^ _A_ _B_ Brooke, Jill (1998-11-13). "\'Sesame Street\' Takes a Bow to 30 Animated Years". _The New York Times_. Retrieved 2010-10-09.

* ^ _A_ _B_ Palmer & Fisch in Fisch ">(PDF). _America.gov_. U.S. Department of State Bureau of International Information Programs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-15. Retrieved 2008-10-09. * ^ Gikow, p. 26 * ^ Davis, p. 220 * ^ _A_ _B_ O'Dell, pp. 73–74 * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Hellman, Peter (1987-11-23). "Street Smart: How Big Bird & Company Do It". _New York Magazine_. 20 (46): 52. ISSN 0028-7369 . Retrieved 2009-08-11. * ^ Borgenicht, p. 80 * ^ Davis, p. 320 * ^ Goodman, Tim (2002-02-04). "Word on the \'Street\'". _San Francisco Chronicle_. Retrieved 2008-10-09. * ^ _36th Daytime Emmy Awards_. The CW. * ^ Frank Pallotta; Brian Stelter (August 13, 2015). "\'Sesame Street\' is heading to HBO". _ CNN Money _. Time Warner . Retrieved August 13, 2015. * ^ Brian Fung (August 14, 2015). " Sesame Street is killing off its subscription streaming service, Sesame Go". _The Washington Post_. Graham Media Group. Retrieved August 15, 2015. * ^ "\'Sesame Street\' to Air First on HBO for Next 5 Seasons". _The New York Times_. The New York Times Company. August 13, 2015. Retrieved August 13, 2015. * ^ Brian Steinberg (August 13, 2015). " HBO Picks Up \'Sesame Street\' As Kids\' Viewing Habits Change". _Variety _. Penske Media Corporation . Retrieved August 14, 2015. * ^ " Sesame Street welcomes Julia, a muppet with autism". BBC News. 20 March 2017. * ^ O'Dell, p. 70 * ^ Morrow, p. 87 * ^ Gikow, p. 179 * ^ Goodman, Tim (2002-02-04). "Word on the \'Street\': Classic Children\'s Show to Undergo Structural Changes This Season". _San Francisco Chronicle_. Retrieved 2011-05-25. * ^ Fisch & Bernstein in Fisch & Truglio, p. 39 * ^ Gladwell, p. 105 * ^ Gladwell, p. 106 * ^ Fisch & Bernstein in Fisch & Truglio, pp. 39–40 * ^ Clash, p. 75 * ^ Dockterman, Eliana (18 June 2014). "We\'re Getting a Half-Hour Version of Sesame Street". _Time Magazine_. Retrieved 13 February 2015. * ^ Gladwell, p. 100 * ^ _A_ _B_ Lesser, p. 116 * ^ Gladwell, p. 91 * ^ Fisch, Shalom M.; Rosemarie T. Truglio (2001). "Why Children Learn from Sesame Street". In Shalom M. Fisch & Rosemarie T. Truglio. _"G" is for Growing: Thirty Years of Research on Children and Sesame Street_. Mahweh, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. p. 234. ISBN 0-8058-3395-1 . CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link ) * ^ Morrow, p. 76 * ^ Morrow, p. 106 * ^ Lesser, p. 46 * ^ Lesser, pp. 86–87 * ^ Lesser, p. 107 * ^ Lesser, p. 87 * ^ _A_ _B_ Hymowitz, Kay S. (Autumn 1995). "On Sesame Street, It\'s All Show". _City Journal_. New York. Retrieved 2008-12-18. * ^ Huston, Aletha C; Daniel R. Anderson; John C. Wright; Deborah Linebarger; Kelly L. Schmidt (2001). ""_Sesame Street_ Viewers as Adolescents: The Recontact Study". In Shalom M. Fisch & Rosemarie T. Truglio. _"G" is for Growing: Thirty Years of Research on Children and Sesame Street_. Mahweh, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. p. 133. ISBN 0-8058-3395-1 . CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link ) * ^ Gikow, p. 165 * ^ Gikow, p. 181 * ^ Palmer & Fisch in Fisch & Truglio, p. 3 * ^ "Joan Ganz Cooney". _Sesameworkshop.org_. * ^ Davis, p. 105 * ^ Lesser, p. 17 * ^ _A_ _B_ Davis, p. 203 * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Cooney in Fisch & Truglio, p. xi * ^ _A_ _B_ Morrow, p. 68 * ^ _A_ _B_ Cooney in Fisch & Truglio, p. xii * ^ Mielke in Fisch & Truglio, pp. 84–85 * ^ Borgenicht, p. 9 * ^ _A_ _B_ Gikow, p. 178 * ^ Gikow, p. 174 * ^ _A_ _B_ Lesser, p. 101 * ^ Morrow, p. 82 * ^ Palmer & Fisch in Fisch & Truglio, p. 10 * ^ Palmer & Fisch in Fisch Joel Schneider (2001). "Creation and Evolution of the _Sesame Street_ Curriculum". In Shalom M. Fisch & Rosemarie T. Truglio. _"G" is for Growing: Thirty Years of Research on Children and Sesame Street_. Mahweh, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. p. 28. ISBN 0-8058-3395-1 . CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link ) * ^ Murphy, Tim (2009-11-01). "How We Got to \'Sesame Street\'". _New York Magazine_. Retrieved 2011-08-23. * ^ "How to Get to \'Sesame Street\' at the Apollo Theater". New York City Mayor's Office. 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2009-08-07. * ^ Spinney, Caroll; Jason Milligan (2003). _The Wisdom of Big Bird (and the Dark Genius of Oscar the Grouch): Lessons from a Life in Feathers_. New York: Random House. p. 3. ISBN 0-375-50781-7 . * ^ Cherow-O'Leary in Fisch & Truglio, p. 197 * ^ Cherow-O'Leary in Fisch & Truglio, pp. 197–198 * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Davis, p. 167 * ^ _A_ _B_ Carvajal, Doreen (2005-12-12). " Sesame Street Goes Global: Let\'s All Count the Revenue". _The New York Times_. Retrieved 2009-06-10. * ^ See Gikow, pp. 280–285 for a list of many of the show's products. * ^ _A_ _B_ Davis, p. 5 * ^ Gikow, p. 268 * ^ Davis, p. 205 * ^ _A_ _B_ Davis, p. 204 * ^ Gikow, p. 220 * ^ Gikow, p. 227 * ^ Davis, p. 256 * ^ Kohn, Martin F (1991-03-08). "Grammy\'s Greatest (Children\'s) Hits". _Entertainment Weekly_ (56): 18. Retrieved 2009-07-08. * ^ Gikow, p. 236 * ^ Morrow, p. 89 * ^ Gikow, p. 246 * ^ Cole et al. in Fisch & Truglio, p. 148 * ^ Cole et al. in Fisch & Truglio, p. 147 * ^ Knowlton, Linda Goldstein and Linda Hawkins Costigan (producers) (2006). _The World According to Sesame Street_ (documentary). Participant Productions. * ^ Gikow, p. 263 * ^ Davis, pp. 128–129 * ^ Davis, p. 147 * ^ Gikow, p. 15 * ^ Morrow, p. 93 * ^ Davis, p. 163 * ^ Morrow, pp. 94–95 * ^ Gladwell, p. 99 * ^ Lesser, p. 99 * ^ Lesser, p. 125 * ^ _A_ _B_ Borgenicht, p. 15 * ^ Davis, p. 172 * ^ Lesser, p. 127 * ^ _A_ _B_ Morrow, p. 84 * ^ Lesser, pp. 127–128 * ^ Gikow, p. 123 * ^ _A_ _B_ Seligsohn, Leo. (1970-02-09). "Backstage at Sesame Street". _New York Newsday_. Quoted in Davis, p. 197. * ^ Zill, Nicholas (2001). "Does _Sesame Street_ Enhance School Readiness? Evidence from a National Survey of Children". _"G" is for Growing: Thirty Years of Research on Children and Sesame Street_. Mahweh, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. pp. 117–120. ISBN 0-8058-3395-1 . * ^ Weiss, Joanna (2005-10-19). "New Character Joins PBS". _The Boston Globe_. Retrieved 2009-07-06. * ^ Truglio, Rosemarie T; Shalom M. Fisch (2001). "Introduction". In Shalom M. Fisch & Rosemarie T. Truglio. _"G" is for Growing: Thirty Years of Research on Children and Sesame Street_. Mahweh, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. p. xvi. ISBN 0-8058-3395-1 . CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link ) * ^ Guernsey, Lisa (2009-05-23). "\'Sesame Street\': The Show That Counts". _Newsweek_. Retrieved 2009-08-18. * ^ Mielke in Fisch & Truglio, p. 85 * ^ _A_ _B_ Mielke in Fisch & Truglio, p. 88 * ^ _A_ _B_ Palmer & Fisch in Fisch & Truglio, p. 20 * ^ Davis, p. 357 * ^ _A_ _B_ Lesser, p. 235 * ^ _A_ _B_ Morrow, p. 122 * ^ Morrow, p. 127 * ^ Morrow, p. 130 * ^ Morrow, p. 132 * ^ Morrow, p. 124 * ^ Gladwell, p. 111 * ^ Roeper, Richard (2001). _Hollywood Urban Legends: The Truth Behind All Those Delightfully Persistent Myths of Film, Television and Music_. Franklin Lakes, New Jersey: Career Press. pp. 48–53. ISBN 1-56414-554-9 . * ^ Morrow, pp. 119–120 * ^ Morrow, p. 119 * ^ Lesser, p. 165 * ^ "Mississippi Agency Votes for a TV Ban on 'Sesame Street'". (1970-05-03). _The New York Times_. Quoted in Davis, p. 202 * ^ Lesser, pp. 174–175 * ^ _A_ _B_ Morrow, p. 3 * ^ Morrow, pp. 146–147 * ^ Kanfer, Stefan (1970-11-23). "Who\'s Afraid of Big, Bad TV?". _Time_. Retrieved 2009-03-06. * ^ Morrow, p. 98 * ^ Morrow, p. 147 * ^ Morrow, pp. 157–158 * ^ Morrow, p. 155 * ^ Gikow, p. 142 * ^ Morrow, p. 156 * ^ Gikow, p. 143 * ^ "TV Guide Names Top 50 Shows". _CBS News_. Associated Press. 2009-02-11. Retrieved 2011-06-19. * ^ 69th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2010. * ^ TV Guide Magazine\'s 60 Best Series of All Time * ^ DeMara, Bruce (2016-07-28). " Sesame Street tells veteran cast to hit the road". _ Toronto Star _. Retrieved 2016-09-26.

WORKS CITED

* Borgenicht, David (1998). _ Sesame Street Unpaved_. New York: Hyperion Publishing. ISBN 0-7868-6460-5 * Clash, Kevin, Gary Brozek, and Louis Henry Mitchell (2006). _My Life as a Furry Red Monster: What Being Elmo has Taught Me About Life, Love and Laughing Out Loud._ New York: Random House. ISBN 0-7679-2375-8 * Davis, Michael (2008). _Street Gang: The Complete History of Sesame Street_. New York: Viking Penguin. ISBN 978-0-670-01996-0 * Finch, Christopher (1993). _Jim Henson: The Works: the Art, the Magic, the Imagination_. New York: Random House. ISBN 9780679412038

* Fisch, Shalom M. and Rosemarie T. Truglio, Eds. (2001). _"G" is for Growing: Thirty Years of Research on Children and Sesame Street_. Mahweh, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Publishers. ISBN 0-8058-3395-1

* Cooney, Joan Ganz, "Foreword", pp. xi–xiv. * Palmer, Edward and Shalom M. Fisch, "The Beginnings of _Sesame Street_ Research", pp. 3–24. * Fisch, Shalom M. and Lewis Bernstein, "Formative Research Revealed: Methodological and Process Issues in Formative Research", pp. 39–60. * Mielke, Keith W., "A Review of Research on the Educational and Social Impact of Sesame Street", pp. 83–97. * Cole, Charlotte F., Beth A. Richman, and Susan A. McCann Brown, "The World of Sesame Street Research", pp. 147–180. * Cherow-O'Leary, Renee, "Carrying _Sesame Street_ Into Print: _ Sesame Street Magazine_, _ Sesame Street Parents_, and _Sesame Street_ Books" pp. 197–214.

* Gikow, Louise A. (2009). _Sesame Street: A Celebration— Forty Years of Life on the Street_. New York: Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers. ISBN 978-1-57912-638-4 . * Gladwell, Malcolm (2000). _The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference_. New York: Little, Brown, and Company. ISBN 0-316-31696-2 * Lesser, Gerald S. (1974). _Children and Television: Lessons From Sesame Street_. New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 0-394-71448-2 * Morrow, Robert W. (2006). _ Sesame Street and the Reform of Children's Television._ Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-8230-3 * O'Dell, Cary (1997). _Women Pioneers in Television: Biographies of Fifteen Industry Leaders._ Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland padding:0.75em; background:#f9f9f9;"> Find more aboutSESAME STREETat Wikipedia's sister projects

* _Definitions from Wiktionary * Media from Commons * News from Wikinews * Quotations from Wikiquote * Data from Wikidata

* Official website * Sesame Street at DMOZ * Sesame Street_ on PBSKids.org * _Sesame Street_ on IMDb * _Sesame Street_-related interview videos at the Archive of American Television * * Sesame Street on Muppet Wiki, an external wiki

* v * t * e

_Sesame Street_

GENERAL

* Fictional location

* Sesame Workshop

* productions

* Characters

* Muppets * human * animated

* Educational goals * Format * Influence * Licensing * Recurring segments * Accolades

PEOPLE

* Joan Ganz Cooney * Lloyd Morrisett * Gerald S. Lesser * Jon Stone * Jim Henson * Joe Raposo * Kevin Clash * Kermit Love * Joey Mazzarino * Carol-Lynn Parente * List of animators * List of crew * List of guest stars * List of Muppeteers

PRODUCTION

* History * Research

* International co-productions

* characters

* _Elmo\'s World _ * "Snuffy\'s Parents Get a Divorce "

* Music

* discography * songs * theme song

FILMS

* _ Sesame Street Presents Follow That Bird _ (1985) * _The Adventures of Elmo in Grouchland _ (1999)

Television specials

* _ Julie on Sesame Street _ (1973) * _Out to Lunch _ (1974) * _ Christmas Eve on Sesame Street _ (1978) * _A Special Sesame Street Christmas _ (1978) * _ Big Bird in China _ (1983) * _Don\'t Eat the Pictures _ (1983) * _Sesame Street… 20 Years border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* _ Play with Me Sesame _ * _ Sesame Beginnings _ * _Bert and Ernie\'s Great Adventures _

International _Sesame Street_ spin-offs

* _Open Sesame _ (worldwide) * _ 1, rue Sésame _ (France) * _ 5, Rue Sésame _ (France) * _ Alam Simsim _ (Egypt) * _ Baghch-e-Simsim _ (Afghanistan) * _ Barrio Sésamo _ (Spain) * _ Batibot _ (Philippines) * _ The Furchester Hotel _ (UK) * _ Galli Galli Sim Sim _ (India) * _ Hikayat Simsim _ (Jordan) * _ Iftah Ya Simsim _ (Kuwait/Arab world) * _ Jalan Sesama _ (Indonesia) * _ Kilimani Sesame _ (Tanzania) * _ Plaza Sésamo _ (Mexico/Latin America) * _ Rechov Sumsum _ (Israel) * _ Sabai Sabai Sesame _ (Cambodia) * _ Sesam Stasjon _ (Norway) * _ Sesame Park _ (Canada) * _ Sesame Square _ (Nigeria) * _ Sesame Tree _ (UK) * _ Sesamstraat _ (Netherlands) * _ Sesamstraße _ (Germany) * _ Shalom Sesame _ (Israel) * _Shara\'a Simsim _ (Palestine) * _ Sim Sim Hamara _ (Pakistan) * _ Sisimpur _ (Bangladesh) * _ Susam Sokağı _ (Turkey) * _ Svenska Sesam _ (Sweden) * _ Takalani Sesame _ (South Africa) * _ Ulica Sezamkowa _ (Poland) * _ Ulitsa Sezam _ (Russia) * _ Vila Sésamo _ (Brazil) * _ Zhima Jie _ (China) * _Sesamisutorīto _ (Japan) * _Szezám utca _ (Hungary)

BOOKS

* _ The Monster at the End of This Book _ (1971) * _ Sesame Street Together Book _ (1971) * _The Sesame Street Bedtime Storybook _ (1978) * _Ernie\'s Work of Art _ (1979) * _ The House of Seven Colors _ (1985) * _ Happy Birthday, Cookie Monster _ (1986)

LITERATURE

* _Children and Television: Lessons from Sesame Street _ * _Street Gang: The Complete History of Sesame Street_ * _ The Sesame Street Dictionary _ * _ Sesame Street Magazine _

VIDEO GAMES

* _ Alpha Beam with Ernie _ * _The Adventures of Elmo in Grouchland_ * _Elmo\'s A-to-Zoo Adventure _ * _Cookie\'s Counting Carnival _ * _Ready, Set, Grover! _ * _Once Upon a Monster _ * _Elmo\'s Musical Monsterpiece _ * _Kinect Sesame Street TV _

ATTRACTIONS

* Air Grover * Grover\'s Alpine Express * Sesame Place * Spaghetti Space Chase

RELATED

* _Sesame Street_ in the UK * _ Sesame Street Live _ * Comic strip * Syndication packages * The Muppets * _Being Elmo: A Puppeteer\'s Journey _ * _I Am Big Bird: The Caroll Spinney Story _ * _The World According to Sesame Street _ * _ Big Bag _ * _Oobi _ * _ Panwapa _ * Teletape Studios * Kaufman Astoria Studios * The Joan Ganz Cooney Center

* v * t * e

_Sesame Street_ characters

MUPPETS OF _SESAME STREET_

* Abby Cadabby * Barkley * The Bear family

* Bert and Ernie

* Bert * Ernie

* Big Bird * Cookie Monster * Count von Count * Don Music * Elmo * Granny Bird * Grover * Grouches * Grundgetta * Guy Smiley * Herry Monster * Honkers * Hoots the Owl * Irvine * Julia * Kermit the Frog * Mr. Johnson * Mrs. Grouch * Murray Monster * Natasha * Oscar the Grouch * Prairie Dawn * Roosevelt Franklin * Rosita * Roxie Marie * Sherlock Hemlock * Slimey the Worm * Mr. Snuffleupagus * Telly Monster * Two-Headed Monster * Yip Yips * Zoe

HUMAN CHARACTERS

* Alan * Bob Johnson * Chris Robinson * Gordon Robinson * David * Gabi Rodriguez * Gina Jefferson * Hiroshi * Linda * Luis Rodriguez * Maria Rodriguez * Miles Robinson * Mr. Hooper * Mr. Noodle * Natalie * Olivia Robinson * The Number Painter * Susan Robinson * Trash Gordon

ANIMATED CHARACTERS

* Teeny Little Super Guy

International co-production characters

* Abelardo the Dragon * Basil * Chaos * Don Pimpón * Espinete * Kami * Kippi Ben Kippod * Moishe Oofnik * Pong Pagong

LINKS TO RELATED ARTICLES

* v * t * e

_ The Muppets _

* The Jim Henson Company

* Creature Shop

* The Muppets Studio

CHARACTERS

* Kermit the Frog * Miss Piggy * Fozzie Bear * Gonzo * Rowlf the Dog * Scooter * Pepe the King Prawn * Rizzo the Rat * Animal * Walter * Sam Eagle * Dr. Bunsen Honeydew * Beaker * Swedish Chef * Statler and Waldorf * Dr. Teeth and The Electric Mayhem

Muppet performers

* Pam Arciero * Bill Barretta * Fran Brill * Julianne Buescher * Tyler Bunch * Kevin Carlson * Leslie Carrara-Rudolph * Kevin Clash * Stephanie D\'Abruzzo * Alice Dinnean-Vernon * Dave Goelz * Louise Gold * Brian Henson * Jane Henson * Jim Henson * John Henson * Richard Hunt * Eric Jacobson * Jerry Juhl * John Kennedy * Tim Lagasse * Peter Linz * Noel MacNeal * Drew Massey * Joey Mazzarino * Brian Muehl * Kathryn Mullen * James Murray * Jerry Nelson * Frank Oz * Eren Ozker * Bob Payne * Karen Prell * Mike Quinn * David Rudman * Martin P. Robinson * Michelan Sisti * Caroll Spinney * John Tartaglia * Allan Trautman * Matt Vogel * Steve Whitmire * Victor Yerrid

TELEVISION

SERIES

* _ Sam and Friends _ (1955–1961) * _ The Muppet Show _ (1976–1981) * _ Muppet Babies _ (1984–1991) * _ Little Muppet Monsters _ (1985) * _The Jim Henson Hour _ (1989) * _ Muppets Tonight _ (1996–1998) * _ The Muppets _ (2015–2016) * _ Muppet Babies _ (TBA 2018)

SEGMENTS

* _ The Jimmy Dean Show _ ("Rowlf the Dog", 1963–65) * _ The Mike Douglas Show _ (1966–79) * _ The Ed Sullivan Show _ (including _The Great Santa Claus Switch _, 1966–71) * _ Saturday Night Live _ (_ The Land of Gorch _, 1975–76)

SPECIALS

* _ Hey, Cinderella! _ (1969) * _ The Muppets on Puppets _ (1970) * _The Frog Prince _ (1971) * _ The Muppet Musicians of Bremen _ (1972) * _ The Muppets Valentine Show _ (1974) * _The Muppet Show: Sex and Violence _ (1975) * _John Denver and the Muppets: A Christmas Together _ (1979) * _ The Muppets Go Hollywood _ (1979) * _ The Muppets Go to the Movies _ (1981) * _The Fantastic Miss Piggy Show _ (1982) * _ Rocky Mountain Holiday _ (1983) * _The Muppets: A Celebration of 30 Years _ (1986) * _ A Muppet Family Christmas _ (1987) * _ Cartoon All-Stars to the Rescue _ (1990) * _The Earth Day Special _ (1990) * _ The Muppets at Walt Disney World _ (1990) * _ The Muppets Celebrate Jim Henson _ (1990) * _Studio DC: Almost Live _ (2008) * _A Muppets Christmas: Letters to Santa _ (2008) * _ Lady Gaga and the Muppets Holiday Spectacular _ (2013)

FILMS

FEATURE

* _ The Muppet Movie _ (1979) * _ The Great Muppet Caper _ (1981) * _ The Muppets Take Manhattan _ (1984) * _ The Muppet Christmas Carol _ (1992) * _ Muppet Treasure Island _ (1996) * _ Muppets from Space _ (1999) * _ The Muppets _ (2011) * _ Muppets Most Wanted _ (2014)

TV

* _It\'s a Very Merry Muppet Christmas Movie _ (2002) * _The Muppets\' Wizard of Oz _ (2005)

Direct-to- video

* _ Muppet Classic Theater _ (1994) * _Kermit\'s Swamp Years _ (2002)

MUSIC

ALBUMS

* _ The Muppet Show _ (1977) * _ The Muppet Show 2 _ (1978) * _The Muppet Movie: Original Soundtrack Recording _ (1979) * _John Denver and the Muppets: A Christmas Together _ (1979) * _The Great Muppet Caper: The Original Soundtrack _ (1981) * _ The Muppets Take Manhattan: The Original Soundtrack _ (1984) * _The Muppet Christmas Carol: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack _ (1992) * _Ol\' Brown Ears is Back _ (1993) * _ Muppet Beach Party _ (1993) * _Muppet Hits_ (1993) * _Muppet Hits Take 2_ (1994) * _ Kermit Unpigged _ (1994) * _The Muppet Treasure Island: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack _ (1996) * _The Muppet Show: Music, Mayhem, and More _ (2002) * _Best of the Muppets featuring The Muppets\' Wizard of Oz _ (2005) * _The Muppets: A Green and Red Christmas _ (2006) * _A Muppets Christmas: Letters to Santa _ (2008) * _Muppets: The Green Album _ (2011) * _ The Muppets _ (2011) * _ Muppets Most Wanted _ (2014)

SONGS

* " The Muppet Show Theme " * " Rainbow Connection " * "Bein\' Green " * "Mahna Mahna " * " When the River Meets the Sea " * " Never Before, Never Again " * "I Hope That Somethin\' Better Comes Along " * "I\'m Going to Go Back There Someday " * "Bohemian Rhapsody " * " Man or Muppet "

WEB SERIES

* _Statler and Waldorf: From the Balcony _ (2005–06) * _ The Muppets Kitchen with Cat Cora _ (2010)

VIDEO GAMES

* _Muppet Adventure: Chaos at the Carnival _ (1989) * _ Muppets Inside _ (1996) * _ Muppet RaceMania _ (2000) * _ Muppet Monster Adventure _ (2000) * _Spy Muppets: License to Croak _ (2003) * _ Muppets Party Cruise _ (2003) * _ Disney Universe _ (2011) * _ The Muppets Movie Adventures _ (2014)

OTHER MEDIA

* _ Muppet*Vision 3D _ (1991–present) * _ Muppet Mobile Lab _ (2007–present) * _ The Muppets Present...Great Moments in American History _ (2016–present) * Comics series * _ Before You Leap _

* _ Fraggle Rock _ characters * Puppet Heap

* Sesame Workshop

* _Sesame Street_ Muppets

* _ Muppets portal

* v * t * e

The Jim Henson Company

HENSON FAMILY

* Jim Henson * Brian Henson * Jane Henson * Lisa Henson * John Henson * Heather Henson

MAJOR WORKS

* The Muppets † * Sesame Street_‡

TV SERIES

* _ Fraggle Rock _ (1983–1987) * _Fraggle Rock: The Animated Series _ (1987–1988) * _The Storyteller _ (1988–1991) * _The Jim Henson Hour _ (1989) * _ The Ghost of Faffner Hall _ (1989) * _Jim Henson\'s Mother Goose Stories _ (1990–1992) * _Dinosaurs _ (1991–1994) * _ Dog City _ (1992–1993) * _ CityKids _ (1993–1994) * _ Secret Life of Toys _ (1994) * _Jim Henson\'s Animal Show _ (1994–1997) * _ Aliens in the Family _ (1996) * _ The Wubbulous World of Dr. Seuss _ (1996–1998) * _ Bear in the Big Blue House _ † (1997–2006) * _ Brats of the Lost Nebula _ (1998) * _ Farscape _ (1998–2002) * _Construction Site _ (1999) * _ Family Rules _ (1999) * _Mopatop\'s Shop _ (1999–2005) * _ The Fearing Mind _ (2000) * _The Hoobs _ (2001–2003) * _ Telling Stories with Tomie dePaola _ (2001) * _ Animal Jam _ (2003) * _Five Minutes More _ (2006) * _Jim Henson\'s Pajanimals _ (2008, 2011–2013) * _ Sid the Science Kid _ (2008–2013) * _ Dinosaur Train _ (2009–2017) * _ Me and My Monsters _ (2010–2011) * _ That Puppet Game Show _ (2013–2014) * _ The Doozers _ (2013–2014) * _Jim Henson\'s Creature Shop Challenge _ (2014) * _ Hi Opie! _ (2014–2016) * _ Splash and Bubbles _ (2016–present) * _Julie\'s Greenroom _ (2017–present)

TV SPECIALS

* _ The Great Santa Claus Switch _ (1970) * _Emmet Otter\'s Jug-Band Christmas _ (1977) * _ The Christmas Toy _ (1986) * _ Monster Maker _ (1989) * _ The Song of the Cloud Forest _ (1989) * _Mr. Willowby\'s Christmas Tree _ (1995)

Theatrical films

* _ The Dark Crystal _ (1982) * _Labyrinth _ (1986) * _The Witches _ (1990) * _Buddy _ (1997) * _Rat _ (2000) * _ Good Boy! _ (2003) * _Five Children and It _ (2004) * _ MirrorMask _ (2005) * _Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day _ (2014) * _The Star _ (2017)

Other projects

* _ Time Piece _ (1965, short film) * _The Cube _ (1969, teleplay) * _Gulliver\'s Travels _ (1996, miniseries) * _Jack and the Beanstalk: The Real Story _ (2001, miniseries) * _Farscape: The Peacekeeper Wars _ (2004, miniseries) * _ The Sam Plenty Cavalcade of Action Show Plus Singing! _ (2008, web series) * _ Unstable Fables _ (2008, DTV film) * _Oscar\'s Hotel for Fantastical Creatures _ (2015, web series) * _ Turkey Hollow _ (2015, TV film)

Henson Alternative

* _ Puppet Up! _ (2006–present) * _ Late Night Liars _ (2010) * _ Simian Undercover Detective Squad _ (2011) * _Neil\'s Puppet Dreams _ (2012–2013) * _ No, You Shut Up! _ (2013–2016) * _ Good Morning Today _ (2013–2014)

DIVISIONS

* Jim Henson\'s Creature Shop * Henson Recording Studios * Jim Henson Home Entertainment * Jim Henson Pictures * Jim Henson Records * Jim Henson Television

RELATED

* Jim Henson Company Lot * Jim Henson Foundation * HIT Entertainment

† Sold to The Walt Disney Company in 2004, ‡ Muppet characters only; sold to Sesame Workshop in 2000

* v * t * e

PBS Kids original programming

FORMER

1960S–80S DEBUTS

* _Mister Rogers\' Neighborhood _ (1968–2001) * _ The Electric Company _ (1971–77) * _Zoom _ (1972–78) * _ 3-2-1 Contact _ (1980–88) * _Powerhouse _ (1982–83) * _ Reading Rainbow _ (1983–2006) * _Newton\'s Apple _ (1983–99) * _ Kidsongs _ (1985–98) * _ Square One Television _ (1987–92) * _Gerbert _ (1988-91) * _ Shining Time Station _ (1989–93) * _Long Ago and Far Away _ (1989–93)

1990S DEBUTS

* _Where in the World is Carmen Sandiego? _ (1991–95) * _Lamb Chop\'s Play Along _ (1992–97) * _Barney border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* _ Between the Lions _ (2000–10) * _ The Dooley and Pals Show _ (2000–03) * _Clifford the Big Red Dog _ (2000–03) * _Corduroy _ (2000–01) * _Elliot Moose _ (2000–01) * _ Marvin the Tap-Dancing Horse _ (2000–02) * _ George Shrinks _ (2000–04) * _Seven Little Monsters _ (2000–04) * _ Timothy Goes to School _ (2000–01) * _Anne of Green Gables: The Animated Series _ (2001–02) * _ Sagwa, the Chinese Siamese Cat _ (2001–03) * _ DragonflyTV _ (2002–08) * _ Angelina Ballerina _ (2002–06) * _Liberty\'s Kids _ (2002–03) * _ Make Way for Noddy _ (2002–07) * _The Berenstain Bears _ (2003–04) * _ Boohbah _ (2003–06) * _ Jakers! The Adventures of Piggley Winks _ (2003–04) * _Clifford\'s Puppy Days _ (2003–04) * _ Peep and the Big Wide World _ (2004–11) * _Maya border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* _Sesame Street_ (since 1969, second run since 2016) * _Thomas border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* PBS network shows * Educational television * PBS Kids Bookworm Bunch * PBS Kids Go! * PBS Kids Preschool Block

* v * t * e

HBO programming

FORMER

SERIES

1970S DEBUTS

* _ Inside the NFL _ * _On Location _ * _ Race for the Pennant _ * _Standing Room Only _ ("Vanities ") * _Tennis on HBO _ * _ Time Was _

1980S DEBUTS

* _1st border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* _The Adventures of Tintin _ * _ Arliss _ * _ The Chris Rock Show _ * _ The Country Mouse and the City Mouse Adventures _ * _ Crashbox _ * _ Def Comedy Jam _ * _ Dennis Miller Live _ * _Dream On _ * _ George and Martha _ * _Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child _ * _ HBO Comedy Half-Hour _ * _ Hotel Room _ * _ The Larry Sanders Show _ * _Lifestories: Families in Crisis _ * _ A Little Curious _ * _ The Little Lulu Show _ * _Mokku of the Oak Tree _ * _ Mr. Show with Bob and David _ * _The Neverending Story _ * _Oz _ * _ Perversions of Science _ * _Pippi Longstocking _ * _ Rainbow Fish _ * _Reverb _ * _ Sex and the City _ * _ The Sopranos _ * _ Spicy City _ * _Tenacious D _ * _Todd McFarlane\'s Spawn _ * _ Tracey Takes On... _

2000S DEBUTS

* _ Animated Tales of the World _ * _ Big Love _ * _ Bored to Death _ * _ Carnivàle _ * _Cathouse: The Series _ * _ Classical Baby _ * _ Costas Now _ * _ Da Ali G Show _ * _Deadwood _ * _ Def Poetry Jam _ * _ Eastbound & Down _ * _ The Electric Company _ * _Entourage _ * _Extras _ * _Flight of the Conchords _ * _ G String Divas _ * _ Harold and the Purple Crayon _ * _Hung _ * _I Spy _ * _In Treatment _ * _ Joe Buck Live _ * _ John from Cincinnati _ * _K Street _ * _Kindergarten _ * _ KO Nation _ * _The Life border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* _ After the Thrones _ * _ Angry Boys _ * _ Any Given Wednesday with Bill Simmons _ * _ Boardwalk Empire _ * _ The Brink _ * _Doll border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* _ All the Rivers Run _ * _Angels in America _ * _ Assume the Position with Mr. Wuhl _ * _Band of Brothers _ * _Big Little Lies _ * _The Casual Vacancy _ * _ The Corner _ * _Elizabeth I _ * _Empire Falls _ * _From the Earth to the Moon _ * _Foo Fighters: Sonic Highways _ * _Generation Kill _ * _ House of Saddam _ * _The Jinx: The Life and Deaths of Robert Durst _ * _John Adams _ * _ Laurel Avenue _ * _Mildred Pierce _ * _ The Night Of _ * _Olive Kitteridge _ * _The Pacific _ * _Parade\'s End _ * _ Show Me a Hero _ * _Tanner \'88 _

CURRENT AND UPCOMING

CURRENT

* _ Animals. _ (since 2016) * _ Ballers _ (since 2015) * _ Boxing After Dark _ (since 1996) * _The Comeback _ (2005; since 2014) * _Crashing _ (since 2017) * _ Curb Your Enthusiasm _ (since 2000) * _Divorce _ (since 2016) * _ Game of Thrones _ (since 2011) * _Hard Knocks _ (since 2001) * _ HBO World Championship Boxing _ (since 1973) * _ High Maintenance _ (since 2016) * _Insecure _ (since 2016) * _ Last Week Tonight with John Oliver _ (since 2014) * _ Real Sports with Bryant Gumbel _ (since 1995) * _ Real Time with Bill Maher _ (since 2003) * _ Room 104 _ (since 2017) * _Sesame Street_ (since 2016) * _Silicon Valley _ (since 2014) * _Tracey Ullman\'s Show _ (since 2016) * _ True Detective _ (since 2014) * _ Veep _ (since 2012) * _Vice _ (since 2013) * _ Vice News Tonight _ (since 2016) * _ Vice Principals _ (since 2016) * _Westworld _ (since 2016) * _ The Young Pope _ (since 2017)

UPCOMING

* _American Lion _ (2017) * _The Deuce _ (2017) * _Barry _ (2018) * _Sharp Objects _ (TBA) * _Succession _ (TBA) * _Confederate _ (TBA)

See also _ HBO Storybook Musicals _ HBO Latin America original series HBO Canada original series

* v * t * e

Daytime Emmy Award for Outstanding Children\'s Series

Entertainment Children's Series (1974–1984, retired)

* _Zoom _ (1974) * _Star Trek: The Animated Series _ (1975) * _The Big Blue Marble _ (1976) * _Zoom _ (1977) * _ Captain Kangaroo _ (1978) * _ Kids Are People Too _ (1979) * _Hot Hero Sandwich_ (1980) * _ Captain Kangaroo _ / _ Once Upon a Classic ("A Tale of Two Cities")_ (1981) * _ Captain Kangaroo _ (1982) * _ Captain Kangaroo _ / _The Smurfs _ (1983) * _ Captain Kangaroo _ / _The Smurfs _ (1984)

Children's Instructional Programming (1976–1979, retired)

* _ Schoolhouse Rock! _ (1976) * _Sesame Street_ (1977) * _ Schoolhouse Rock! _ (1978) * _ Schoolhouse Rock! _ (1979)

Informational Children's Series (1976–1979, retired)

* _Go _ (1976) * _ The Electric Company _ (1977) * _ Animals, Animals, Animals _ (1978) * _The Big Blue Marble _ (1979)

Children's Informational/Instructional Series (1980–1984, retired)

* _Sesame Street_ / _30 Minutes _ (1980) * _30 Minutes _ (1981) * _30 Minutes _ (1982) * _Sesame Street_ (1983) * _ABC Weekend Specials _ (1984)

Children's Series (1985–present)

* _Sesame Street_ (1985) * _Sesame Street_ (1986) * _Sesame Street_ (1987) * _Sesame Street_ (1988) * _Newton\'s Apple _ (1989) * _ Reading Rainbow _ (1990) * _Sesame Street_ (1991) * _Sesame Street_ (1992) * _ Reading Rainbow _ (1993) * _Sesame Street_ (1994) * _ Nick News with Linda Ellerbee _ (1995) * _ Reading Rainbow _ (1996) * _ Reading Rainbow _ (1997) * _ Reading Rainbow _ (1998) * _Bill Nye, the Science Guy _ (1999) * _Bill Nye, the Science Guy _ (2000) * _ Reading Rainbow _ (2001) * _ Reading Rainbow _ (2002) * _ Reading Rainbow _ (2003) * _Assignment Discovery_ (2004) * _ Reading Rainbow _ (2005) * _Zoom _ (2006) * _ Reading Rainbow _ (2007) * _Greatest Inventions with Bill Nye _ / _Jack Hanna\'s Into the Wild _ (2008) * _ From the Top at Carnegie Hall_ (2009) * _ The Electric Company _ (2010) * _ The Electric Company _ (2011) * _ The Electric Company _ / _Jack Hanna\'s Into the Wild _ (2012) * _R. L. Stine\'s The Haunting Hour _ (2013) * _R. L. Stine\'s The Haunting Hour _ (2014) * _R. L. Stine\'s The Haunting Hour _ (2015) * _ Sea Rescue _ (2016) * _Give_ (2017)

Pre-School Children's Series (1995–present)

* _Sesame Street_ (1995) * _Sesame Street_ (1996) * _Sesame Street_ (1997) * _Sesame Street_ (1998) * _Sesame Street_ (1999) * _Sesame Street_ (2000) * _Sesame Street_ (2001) * _Sesame Street_ (2002) * _Sesame Street_ (2003) * _Sesame Street_ (2004) * _Sesame Street_ (2005) * _Sesame Street_ (2006) * _Sesame Street_ (2007) * _Sesame Street_ (2008) * _ Between the Lions _ (2009) * _Sesame Street_ (2010) * _Sesame Street_ (2011) * _Sesame Street_ (2012) * _Sesame Street_ (2013) * _Sesame Street_ (2014) * _Dino Dan: Trek’s Adventures _ (2015) * _Sesame Street_ (2016) * _Sesame Street_ (2017)

* v * t * e

TCA Award for Outstanding Achievement in Youth Programming

* _ Faerie Tale Theatre _ (1985) * _ WonderWorks _ (1986) * _Pee-wee’s Playhouse _ (1987) * _ Degrassi Junior High _ (1988) * _The Jim Henson Hour _ (1989) * Jim Henson (1990) * _War in the Gulf: Questions ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Chuck Jones

SHORT SUBJECTS

* _The Night Watchman _ (1938) * _ Robin Hood Makes Good _ (1939) * _ Prest-O Change-O _ (1939) * _ Daffy Duck and the Dinosaur _ (1939) * _ Naughty but Mice _ (1939) * _Elmer\'s Candid Camera _ (1940) * _ Joe Glow, the Firefly _ (1941) * _ Conrad the Sailor _ (1942) * _ The Draft Horse _ (1942) * _ The Dover Boys at Pimento University, or The Rivals of Roquefort Hall _ (1942) * _Fin\'n Catty _ (1943) * _ The Weakly Reporter _ (1944) * _ Angel Puss _ (1944) * _ Hell-Bent for Election _ (1944) * _ Odor-able Kitty _ (1945) * _Fresh Airedale _ (1945) * _ Fair and Worm-er _ (1946) * _ A Pest in the House _ (1947) * _ Little Orphan Airedale _ (1947) * _ Scaredy Cat _ (1948) * _ Long-Haired Hare _ (1949) * _ For Scent-imental Reasons _ (1949) * _ Fast and Furry-ous _ (1949) * _ So Much for So Little _ (1949) * _ Awful Orphan _ (1949) * _ Bear Feat _ (1949) * _ Rabbit Hood _ (1949) * _ Often an Orphan _ (1949) * _ The Ducksters _ (1950) * _Dog Gone South _ (1950) * _ 8 Ball Bunny _ (1950) * _ The Hypo-Chondri-Cat _ (1950) * _ Homeless Hare _ (1950) * _ The Scarlet Pumpernickel _ (1950) * _ Caveman Inki _ (1950) * _ Rabbit of Seville _ (1950)

* The "Hunting Trilogy"

* _ Rabbit Fire _ (1951) * _ Rabbit Seasoning _ (1952) * _ Duck! Rabbit, Duck! _ (1953)

* _ Bunny Hugged _ (1951) * _ Feed the Kitty _ (1952) * _ The Hasty Hare _ (1952) * _ Duck Amuck _ (1953) * _ Duck Dodgers in the 24½th Century _ (1953) * _ Bully for Bugs _ (1953) * _ Punch Trunk _ (1953) * _No Barking _ (1954) * _ Sheep Ahoy _ (1954) * _ Feline Frame-Up _ (1954) * _ One Froggy Evening _ (1955) * _ Double or Mutton _ (1955) * _ Rabbit Rampage _ (1955) * _Heaven Scent _ (1955) * _ Rocket-bye Baby _ (1956) * _ Ali Baba Bunny _ (1956) * _What\'s Opera, Doc? _ (1957) * _ Scrambled Aches _ (1957) * _ Zoom and Bored _ (1957) * _ Robin Hood Daffy _ (1958) * _ Hare-Way to the Stars _ (1958) * _ Hook, Line and Stinker _ (1958) * _ Hip Hip-Hurry! _ (1958) * _ Hot-Rod and Reel! _ (1959) * _ Wild About Hurry _ (1959) * _ Fastest with the Mostest _ (1960) * _ Hopalong Casualty _ (1960) * _ Who Scent You? _ {1960) * _Rabbit\'s Feat _ (1960) * _High Note _ (1960) * _ Ready, Woolen and Able _ (1960) * _ Compressed Hare _ (1961) * _Zip \'N Snort _ (1961) * _ Lickety-Splat _ (1961) * _ Beep Prepared _ (1961) * _Now Hear This _ (1962) * _ Zoom at the Top _ (1962) * _ A Sheep in the Deep _ (1962) * _ Hare-Breadth Hurry _ (1963) * _To Beep or Not To Beep _ (1963) * _ Tom and Jerry _ (cartoon shorts, 1963–1967) * _ War and Pieces _ (1964) * _ The Dot and the Line _ (1965) * _The Bear That Wasn\'t _ (1967) * _Freeze Frame _ (1979) * _ Portrait of the Artist as a Young Bunny _ (1980) * _ Spaced Out Bunny _ (1980) * _ Soup or Sonic _ (1980) * _ Chariots of Fur _ (1994) * _Another Froggy Evening _ (1995) * _Superior Duck _ (1996) * _ From Hare to Eternity _ (1997)

TELEVISION SPECIALS

* _Dr. Seuss\' How the Grinch Stole Christmas! _ (1966) * _The Pogo Special Birthday Special _ (1969) * _Horton Hears a Who! _ (1970) * _The Cat in the Hat _ (1971, producer) * _ The Cricket in Times Square _ (1973) * _A Very Merry Cricket _ (1973) * _Yankee Doodle Cricket _ (1975) * _The White Seal _ (1975) * _Rikki-Tikki-Tavi _ (1975) * _Mowgli\'s Brothers _ (1976) * _Bugs and Daffy\'s Carnival of the Animals _ (1976) * _ Raggedy Ann and Andy in The Great Santa Claus Caper _ (1978) * _Raggedy Ann and Andy in The Pumpkin Who Couldn\'t Smile _ (1979) * _Bugs Bunny\'s Looney Christmas Tales _ (1979) * _Bugs Bunny\'s Bustin\' Out All Over _ (1980) * _ A Chipmunk Christmas _ (1981)

FEATURE FILMS

* _ Gay Purr-ee _ (1962, screenplay) * _The Phantom Tollbooth _ (1970) * _ The Bugs Bunny/Road Runner Movie _ (1979)

BOOKS

* _ Daffy Duck for President _ (1997)

COMICS

* _Crawford _ (1977–1978)

CHARACTERS

* Bugs Bunny * Charlie Dog * Claude Cat * Daffy Duck * Elmer Fudd * Hubie and Bertie * Marc Antony and Pussyfoot *