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SERER, sometimes called SERER-SINE "Serer proper" (Seereer-Siin, etc.) after its prestige dialect , is a language of the Senegambian branch of Niger–Congo spoken by 1.2 million people in Senegal
Senegal
and 30,000 in the Gambia . It is the principal language of the Serer people .

CONTENTS

* 1 Classification

* 2 Phonology

* 2.1 Consonants

* 3 Serer greetings * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 Bibliography

CLASSIFICATION

Serer is one of the Senegambian languages , which are characterized by consonant mutation . The traditional classification of Atlantic is that of Sapir (1971), which found that Serer was closest to Fulani . However, a widely cited misreading of the data by Wilson (1989) inadvertently exchanged Serer for Wolof . Dialects of Serer are Serer Sine (the prestige dialect ), Segum, Fadyut-Palmerin, Dyegueme (Gyegem), and Niominka . They are mutually intelligible .

Not all Serer people
Serer people
speak Serer. About 200,000 speak Cangin languages . Because the speakers are ethnically Serer, these are commonly thought to be Serer dialects. However, they are not closely related: Serer is significantly closer to Fulani than it is to Cangin.

PHONOLOGY

CONSONANTS

Consonants

LABIAL ALVEOLAR PALATAL VELAR UVULAR GLOTTAL

NASAL

m m

n n

ñ ɲ

ŋ ŋ

STOP p p b b ᵐb t t d d ⁿd c c j ɟ ᶮɟ k k g g ᵑɡ q q

ᶰɢ ʔ

IMPLOSIVE ƥ ɓ̥ ɓ ɓ ƭ ɗ̥ ɗ ɗ ƈ ʄ̊ ƴ ʄ

FRICATIVE f f

s s

x x

h h

Approximant (Lateral )

y j

w w

l l

FLAP

r ɾ

The voiceless implosives are highly unusual sounds.

SERER GREETINGS

The following greetings and responses are spoken in most regions of Senegal
Senegal
that have Serer speakers.

* Nam fi'o? (pronounced nam feeyoh) = How are you doing? * Mexe meen. (pronounced may hay men) = I am here. * Ta mbind na? (pronounced, tah mbind nah) = How is the family? * Owa maa. (pronounced owa maa) = It is good.

In Senegalese culture, greetings are very important. Sometimes, people will spend several minutes greeting each other.

SEE ALSO

* Serer portal * Senegal
Senegal
portal * Gambia portal * Mauritania portal

* Cangin languages
Cangin languages

NOTES

* ^ Serer at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) * ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Serer". Glottolog 2.7 . Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. * ^ Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International, Ethnologue.com. Figures for (2006) The Gambia
The Gambia
only. * ^ Sapir, David, 1971. "West Atlantic: an inventory of the languages, their noun-class systems and consonant alternation". In Sebeok, ed, Current trends in linguistics, 7: linguistics in sub-Saharan Africa. Mouton, 45–112 * ^ Mc Laughlin (2005 :203)

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Fall, Papa Oumar (2013). "The ethnolinguistic classification of Seereer in question.". in Africa: Challenges of Multilingualism, ds Altmayer, Claus / Wolff, H. Ekkehard, Peter Lang, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford: 47–60. * McLaughlin, Fiona (1994). " Consonant mutation in Seereer-Siin". Studies in African Languages. 23: 279–313. * McLaughlin, Fiona (2000). " Consonant mutation and reduplication in Seereer-Siin". Phonology. 17: 333–363. doi :10.1017/S0952675701003955 . * Mc Laughlin, Fiona (2005), "Voiceless implosives in Seereer-Siin", Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 35 (2): 201–214, doi :10.1017/S0025100305002215 * Crétois, L. (1972). Dictionnaire sereer-français (différents dialects) (in French). Dakar: Centre de Linguistique Appliquée de Dakar. * Fal, A. (1980). Les nominaux en sereer-siin: Parler de Jaxaaw (in French). Dakar: Nouvelles Editions Africaines. * Senghor, L. S. (1994). "L'harmonie vocalique en sérère (dialecte du Dyéguème)". Journal de la Société des Linguistes (in French). 14: 17–23.

* v * t * e

Serer topics

PEOPLES

SERER PEOPLES

* * Laalaa * Ndut * Niominka * Noon * Palor * Saafi * Seex

RELIGION

KEY TOPICS

* * Ciiɗ * Classical Ndut teachings * Creation myth * Criticism * Festivals * Jaaniiw * Junjung * Lamane * Sadax * Saltigue
Saltigue
* Symbolism * Women

SUPREME DEITIES

* * Kokh Kox * Koox * Kopé Tiatie Cac * Roog (main)

OTHER DEITIES

* * Kumba Njaay * Takhar * Tiurakh

Saints and ancestral spirits

* * Ginaaru * Julang Joof * Laga Ndong * Lunguñ Joof * Mindiss * Moussa Sarr * Njemeh (of Languème ) * Njoxona * Ngojil Joof * Ngolum Joof

* Pangool

* list

SACRED SITES

* * Fatick * Sine River
Sine River
* Sine-Saloum
Sine-Saloum
* Somb * Point of Sangomar
Point of Sangomar
* Tattaguine * Tukar * Yaboyabo

* History * Philosophy * Science * Law * Geography * Politics

HISTORY

* Cekeen Tumulus * Khasso * Kingdom of Baol
Baol
* Kingdom of Biffeche * kingdom of Saloum
Saloum
* Kingdom of Sine * Serer ancient history
Serer ancient history
* Serer history (medieval era to present) * States headed by ancient Serer Lamanes
States headed by ancient Serer Lamanes
* The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune
The Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune
* The Battle of Logandème
The Battle of Logandème
* Timeline of Serer history * Western Sahara
Western Sahara

Philosophy

* Science * Law

* Medicine

* medicinal plants

* CEMETRA

* Loup (healer)

* Saltigues and Loup practitioners

* MALANGO * Philosophy of beauty * Jom principle * Cosmology * Customary law

Geography Politics

* Farba Kaba * Jaraff * Serer countries

* Demographics * Culture

DEMOGRAPHICS

BY REGION

* * Gambia * Mauritania * Senegal
Senegal

LANGUAGE

* * Cangin * Lehar * Ndut * Noon * Palor * Safen * Serer

CULTURE

* Birth * Chere * Death * Inheritance * Marriage * Mbalax * Njuup * Sabar
Sabar
* Tama * Tassu * Njom

ROYALTY

Kings and lamanes

* Lamane Jegan Joof * Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof * Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Famak Joof * Maad a Sinig Kumba Ndoffene Fa Ndeb Joof * Maad a Sinig Mahecor Joof * Maad a Sinig Maysa Wali Jaxateh Manneh * Maad a Sinig Ama Joof Gnilane Faye Joof
Maad a Sinig Ama Joof Gnilane Faye Joof
* Maad Ndaah Njemeh Joof * Maad Semou Njekeh Joof

Queens and queen mothers

* Lingeer Fatim Beye * Lingeer Ndoye Demba * Serer maternal clans

Dynasties and royal houses

* Faye family * Guelowar * Joof family
Joof family
* Joos Maternal Dynasty * The Royal House of Boureh Gnilane Joof
The Royal House of Boureh Gnilane Joof
* The Royal House of Jogo Siga Joof * The Royal House of Semou Njekeh Joof

Families and royal titles

* Buumi * Faye family * Joof family
Joof family
* Lamane * Lingeer * Loul * Maad Saloum
Saloum
* Maad a Sinig * Njie family * Sarr family * Sene family * Teigne * Thilas

* SERER PEOPLE CATEGORY

* SERER RELIGION CATEGORY

* Serer people
Serer people
portal

* Serer religion portal

* v * t * e

Languages of the Gambia

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

* English

INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES

* Balanta * Cangin * Dyula * Fula * Karon * Kassonke * Mandinka * Mandjak * Pulaar * Serer * Soninke * Wolof

SIGN LANGUAGES

* Gambian Sign Language

* v * t * e

Languages of Senegal
Senegal

OFFICIAL LANGUAGE

* French

NATIONAL LANGUAGES

* Balanta-Ganja * Hassaniyya * Jola-Fonyi * Mandinka * Mandjak * Mankanya * Noon * Pulaar * Serer * Soninke * Wolof

INDIGENOUS LANGUAGES

* Bambara * Bandial * Bapeng * Bassari * Bayot * Bedik * Dyula * Fula * Gusilay * Jola-Felupe * Karon * Kasa * Kassonke * Kobiana * Laalaa * Maninka * Ndut * Palor * Safen * Wamey * Yalunka * Zenaga

* v * t * e

Atlantic languages

BAK LANGUAGES

JOLA

* Bayot * Fonyi * Banjaal * Gusilay . * Ejamat * Kasa * Kuwaataay * Karon * Mlomp

OTHER

* Balanta * Bayot * Bijago * Mandjak * Mankanya * Papel

SENEGAMBIAN

FULA–TENDA

* Basari * Bedik * Bapeng * Biafada * Fula * Konyagi * Lehar * Ndut * Noon * Pajade * Palor * Safen * Serer

OTHERS

* Baga Pokur * Banyum * Kasanga * Kobiana * Mbulungish * Nalu * Wolof

MEL LANGUAGES

* Baga * Bom * Bullom So * Krim * Kissi * Landoma * Sherbro * Sua * Temne

OTHERS

* Limba * Gola

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* LCCN : sh85120213 * SUDOC : 027553248 * BNF : cb119569

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