Serafino Mazzolini (9 June 1890 – 23 February 1945) was an Italian
lawyer, fascist politician, and journalist.
1 Early life
2 World War II
3 Personal life
Mazzolini was born in Arcevia, in the Marche. He founded a nationalist
group in Macerata, and soon became editor of the daily newspaper
L'Unione. An active
Italia irredenta and advocate of Italy's entry
into World War I, he was a volunteer soldier in 1915, and was awarded
a War Merit Cross.
In 1918, Mazzolini returned to
Ancona and was deputy editor of
L'Ordine newspaper, interrupting his assignment in order to join
Gabriele D'Annunzio as the latter attempted to seize Fiume for an
A member of the provincial council in Ancona, he took part in the
March on Rome
March on Rome of 1922. In 1923 he joined the Partito Nazionale
Fascista (PNF) — becoming one of its leaders in 1924-1925. A deputy
secretary for the PNF, he contributed to its
Propaganda Office, and
represented it in the
Italian Chamber of Deputies
Italian Chamber of Deputies from 1924 on. In
1926 he was awarded a supervisory position as member of the Grand
Council of Fascism.
In quick succession, he renounced all PNF political missions, and
returned to journalism for a while, before beginning a career in
diplomacy. He became Italy's envoy to Brazil, Uruguay, the British
Mandate of Palestine, and Egypt.
World War II
After the start of
World War II
World War II and the invasion of Yugoslavia carried
out by the
Axis Powers on their former ally the Kingdom of Yugoslavia,
Serafino Mazzolini was appointed High Commissioner for
Italian-occupied Montenegro in 1941. He was appointed a high-ranking
position in the fascist Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1943.
After Mussolini's ousting and the
Armistice of Cassibile
Armistice of Cassibile (8 September
Italy and the Allies, Mazzolini joined the Nazi
German-backed and Mussolini-led Italian Social Republic, serving as
its deputy-secretary for Foreign Affairs.
During this period he amassed large debts to procure diabetes
medications to stay alive. He died at
San Felice del Benaco
San Felice del Benaco as the
result of a septicemia produced by an insulin injection.
His elder brother, Conte Quinto Mazzolini, served as Italian consul in
Jerusalem, and undertook negotiations with Abraham Stern, head of the
Lehi terrorist group, which sought (but failed) to obtain Italian
recognition of Jewish sovereignty in Palestine in exchange for placing
Zionism under the aegis of Italian fascism.
^ Joseph Heller, The Stern Gang: ideology, politics and terror,
1940-1949,Frank Cass 1995 p.78.
ISNI: 0000 0000 5540 525X
BNF: cb150519207 (data)