The Info List - Serafino Mazzolini

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Serafino Mazzolini (9 June 1890 – 23 February 1945) was an Italian lawyer, fascist politician, and journalist.


1 Early life 2 World War II 3 Personal life 4 References

Early life[edit] Mazzolini was born in Arcevia, in the Marche. He founded a nationalist group in Macerata, and soon became editor of the daily newspaper L'Unione. An active Italia irredenta
Italia irredenta
and advocate of Italy's entry into World War I, he was a volunteer soldier in 1915, and was awarded a War Merit Cross. In 1918, Mazzolini returned to Ancona
and was deputy editor of L'Ordine newspaper, interrupting his assignment in order to join Gabriele D'Annunzio
Gabriele D'Annunzio
as the latter attempted to seize Fiume for an "unredeemed" Italy
(1919). A member of the provincial council in Ancona, he took part in the March on Rome
March on Rome
of 1922. In 1923 he joined the Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF) — becoming one of its leaders in 1924-1925. A deputy secretary for the PNF, he contributed to its Propaganda
Office, and represented it in the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Italian Chamber of Deputies
from 1924 on. In 1926 he was awarded a supervisory position as member of the Grand Council of Fascism. In quick succession, he renounced all PNF political missions, and returned to journalism for a while, before beginning a career in diplomacy. He became Italy's envoy to Brazil, Uruguay, the British Mandate of Palestine, and Egypt. World War II[edit] After the start of World War II
World War II
and the invasion of Yugoslavia carried out by the Axis Powers
Axis Powers
on their former ally the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, Serafino Mazzolini was appointed High Commissioner for Italian-occupied Montenegro in 1941. He was appointed a high-ranking position in the fascist Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1943. After Mussolini's ousting and the Armistice of Cassibile
Armistice of Cassibile
(8 September 1943) between Italy
and the Allies, Mazzolini joined the Nazi German-backed and Mussolini-led Italian Social Republic, serving as its deputy-secretary for Foreign Affairs. During this period he amassed large debts to procure diabetes medications to stay alive. He died at San Felice del Benaco
San Felice del Benaco
as the result of a septicemia produced by an insulin injection. Personal life[edit] His elder brother, Conte Quinto Mazzolini, served as Italian consul in Jerusalem, and undertook negotiations with Abraham Stern, head of the Lehi terrorist group, which sought (but failed) to obtain Italian recognition of Jewish sovereignty in Palestine in exchange for placing Zionism under the aegis of Italian fascism.[1] References[edit]

^ Joseph Heller, The Stern Gang: ideology, politics and terror, 1940-1949,Frank Cass 1995 p.78.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 8383562 LCCN: n2006030100 ISNI: 0000 0000 5540 525X SUDOC: 099057964 BNF: cb150519207 (data) ICCU: ITIC