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SEQUIM /ˈskwɪm/ ( listen ) is a city in Clallam County, Washington , United States. The 2010 census counted a population of 6,606. Sequim with the surrounding area has a population of about 28,000. Sequim is located along the Dungeness River near the base of the Olympic Mountains . The population served by the Sequim School District population is a little over 29,000. The city has been increasing in population in recent years due to the influx of retirees seeking good weather and a relaxed lifestyle.

Sequim lies within the rain shadow of the Olympic Mountains
Olympic Mountains
and receives on average less than 16 inches (410 mm) of rain per year—about the same as Los Angeles, California—and has given itself the nickname of Sunny Sequim. Yet the city is fairly close to some of the wettest temperate rainforests of the contiguous United States . This climate anomaly is sometimes called the blue hole of Sequim. Fogs and cool breezes from the Juan de Fuca Strait
Juan de Fuca Strait
make Sequim's environment more humid than would be expected from the low average annual precipitation. Some places have surprisingly luxuriant forests dominated by Douglas-fir and western red cedar . Black cottonwood , red alder , bigleaf maple , Pacific madrone , lodgepole pine , and Garry oak can also be large. Historically, much of the area was an open oak-studded prairie supported by somewhat excessively drained gravelly sandy loam soil, though agriculture and development of the Dungeness valley have changed this ecosystem. Most soils under Sequim have been placed in a series that is named after the city. This "Sequim series" is one of the few Mollisols in western Washington and its high base saturation , a characteristic of the Mollisol order, is attributed to the minimal leaching of bases caused by low annual rainfall.

The city and the surrounding area are particularly known for the commercial cultivation of lavender , supported by the unique climate. It makes Sequim the " Lavender Capital of North America", rivaled only in France. The area is also known for its Dungeness crab
Dungeness crab
.

Sequim is pronounced as one syllable, with the e elided: "skwim". The name evolved from the Klallam language.

CONTENTS

* 1 Media * 2 Sister city

* 3 History

* 3.1 Aboriginal inhabitants * 3.2 First European settlers * 3.3 Incorporation * 3.4 Commemoration

* 4 Tourist attractions

* 5 Geography

* 5.1 Climate

* 6 Demographics

* 6.1 2010 census * 6.2 2000 census

* 7 Education * 8 Notable people * 9 References * 10 External links

MEDIA

The local news publications consist of the community news paper Sequim Gazette, and the Peninsula Daily News. The Sequim radio station is KSQM, FM 91.5.

SISTER CITY

Sequim's sister city is Shiso, Hyōgo , Japan. Sequim and Shiso have an exchange student program set up through Sequim High School and Sequim Middle School.

HISTORY

A lavender farm in Sequim, Washington
Sequim, Washington

ABORIGINAL INHABITANTS

Fossils discovered in the late 1970s at a dig near Sequim--by Carl Gustafson, an archaeologist at Washington State University
Washington State University
--known as the Manis Mastodon Site
Manis Mastodon Site
included a mastodon bone with an embedded bone point, evidencing the presence of hunters in the area about 14,000 years ago. According to Michael R. Waters, an archaeologist at Texas A"> , it is the longest continually running festival in the state and is in its 121st year.

TOURIST ATTRACTIONS

Drawing of a mastodon skeleton by Rembrandt Peale
Rembrandt Peale

* Sequim is home to a herd of Roosevelt elk , one attraction to the area. The herd occasionally crosses US 101 just to the southeast of the town. Radio collars on some members of the herd trigger warning lights for motorists. * Over the past two decades, Sequim has become famous for growing lavender and holds the annual Sequim Lavender Weekend (always the third weekend in July). * The Museum and Arts Center features both natural and cultural exhibits, including a mastodon mural mounted with the remaining mastodons bones, artifacts, and a video on the excavation . * The Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge is located just north of the city, near the mouth of the Dungeness River . It includes Dungeness Spit and a five-mile (8 km) hike to the New Dungeness Lighthouse at the end of the spit. * To the east along Highway 101 is Sequim Bay, a 4-mile (6.5 km) long inlet from the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Along the western stretch is the Sequim Bay State Park . The inlet is a popular birdwatching area. * To the west off Highway 101 along the Strait of Juan de Fuca is a replica of George Washington's home, the George Washington Inn .

GEOGRAPHY

Sequim is located at 48°4′41″N 123°6′5″W / 48.07806°N 123.10139°W / 48.07806; -123.10139 (48.078002, -123.101427).

According to the United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau , the city has a total area of 6.37 square miles (16.50 km2), of which 6.31 square miles (16.34 km2) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) is water.

CLIMATE

Sequim experiences a mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb), sometimes classified as an oceanic climate owing to the relatively cool temperatures. Despite its low rainfall, extreme summer temperatures are marginally more moderate than nearby extremely wet towns like Forks, owing to the coastal fog. Winters are mostly mild with very little snowfall. Many years there is no snow at all. The highest temperature recorded in Sequim was 99 °F (37.2 °C) on 16 July 1941, and the lowest −3 °F (−19.4 °C) on 19 January 1935.

CLIMATE DATA FOR SEQUIM

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °F (°C) 62 (17) 66 (19) 69 (21) 80 (27) 84 (29) 91 (33) 99 (37) 94 (34) 87 (31) 76 (24) 70 (21) 66 (19) 99 (37)

AVERAGE HIGH °F (°C) 46.6 (8.1) 48.4 (9.1) 52.0 (11.1) 56.0 (13.3) 61.3 (16.3) 65.6 (18.7) 69.8 (21) 70.5 (21.4) 66.1 (18.9) 58.0 (14.4) 50.8 (10.4) 45.8 (7.7) 57.6 (14.2)

AVERAGE LOW °F (°C) 31.2 (−0.4) 31.3 (−0.4) 33.7 (0.9) 36.8 (2.7) 42.7 (5.9) 47.4 (8.6) 50.1 (10.1) 49.5 (9.7) 44.5 (6.9) 38.6 (3.7) 34.1 (1.2) 30.9 (−0.6) 39.2 (4)

RECORD LOW °F (°C) −3 (−19) 7 (−14) 15 (−9) 20 (−7) 27 (−3) 30 (−1) 36 (2) 38 (3) 27 (−3) 21 (−6) 9 (−13) 1 (−17) −3 (−19)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION INCHES (MM) 2.09 (53.1) 1.23 (31.2) 1.28 (32.5) 1.03 (26.2) 1.18 (30) 0.97 (24.6) 0.56 (14.2) 0.60 (15.2) 0.77 (19.6) 1.43 (36.3) 2.73 (69.3) 2.11 (53.6) 15.98 (405.9)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL INCHES (CM) 2.31 (5.87) 0.97 (2.46) 0.26 (0.66) 0.04 (0.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.01 (0.03) 0.61 (1.55) 1.11 (2.82) 5.62 (14.27)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS 15 11 11 9 8 7 4 5 7 10 14 16 118

Source:

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATION

CENSUS POP.

1920 402

1930 534

32.8%

1940 676

26.6%

1950 1,044

54.4%

1960 1,164

11.5%

1970 1,549

33.1%

1980 3,013

94.5%

1990 3,616

20.0%

2000 4,334

19.9%

2010 6,606

52.4%

EST. 2016 6,964

5.4%

U.S. Decennial Census
Census
2015 Estimate

2010 CENSUS

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,606 people, 3,340 households, and 1,626 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,046.9 inhabitants per square mile (404.2/km2). There were 3,767 housing units at an average density of 597.0 per square mile (230.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.3% White , 0.4% African American , 1.2% Native American , 1.9% Asian , 0.1% Pacific Islander , 1.7% from other races , and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.8% of the population.

There were 3,340 households of which 17.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.5% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 51.3% were non-families. 45.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 29.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.87 and the average family size was 2.57.

The median age in the city was 57.9 years. 15.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 15.9% were from 25 to 44; 22.1% were from 45 to 64; and 40.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.4% male and 55.6% female.

2000 CENSUS

More detailed information from the 2000 census indicated that the racial makeup of the city was 93.91% White , 0.30% African American , 1.15% Native American , 1.75% Asian , 0.09% Pacific Islander , 0.92% from other races , and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.86% of the population.

There were 2,163 households out of which 15.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.6% were non-families. 44.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 30.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.90 and the average family size was 2.55.

In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 15.3% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 15.2% from 25 to 44, 19.5% from 45 to 64, and 44.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 59 years. For every 100 females there were 73.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 68.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,880, and the median income for a family was $35,652. Males had a median income of $35,160 versus $20,347 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,253. About 9.8% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line , including 19.9% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.

EDUCATION

The Sequim School District is home of the following schools:

* Sequim High School * Sequim Middle School * Sequim Community School * Olympic Peninsula Academy * Helen Haller Elementary * Greywolf Elementary.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Hal Keller , baseball player and executive * Robbie Knievel , daredevil and stunt performer * Jesse Marunde
Jesse Marunde
, 2005 World's Strongest Man * James Henry McCourt , member of the Wisconsin State Assembly * Pauline Moore , actress * Andrew Nisbet, Jr. , member of the Washington House of Representatives and Army officer * Emblem3 , musical group, competed on The X Factor (U.S. season 2)
The X Factor (U.S. season 2)
* Richard B. Anderson , World War II, Medal of Honor recipient * Joe Rantz , rower who competed in 8-man rowing and won gold medal at 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin * Donald M. Kendall , former CEO PepsiCo and political adviser * Matthew Dryke , two-time world champion skeet shooter; 1984 Olympic Games – gold – skeet

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Archived from the original on 2011-02-20. Retrieved 2012-12-19. * ^ A B "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved 2012-12-19. * ^ A B "Population Estimates". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . Retrieved July 1, 2016. * ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States
United States
Geological Survey . 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. * ^ A B Mass, Cliff (2008). The Weather of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press. p. 194. ISBN 978-0-295-98847-4 . * ^ "Web Soil Survey". * ^ http://www2.ftw.nrcs.usda.gov/osd/dat/S/SEQUIM.html * ^ "Sequim Online Gazette". Sound Publishing. Retrieved 2009-03-20. * ^ "Peninsula Daily News". Sound Publishing. Retrieved 2009-03-20.

* ^ "Sequim High School / Homepage". * ^ "Sequim Middle School / Overview". * ^ "\'Quiet waters\'? Sequim means something else entirely". Seattle Times . Associated Press. August 4, 2010. * ^ Olympic Peninsula Intertribal Cultural Advisory Committee (2003). Jacilee Wray, ed. Native Peoples of the Olympic Peninsula: Who We Are. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 35. ISBN 0-8061-3552-2 . * ^ "Irrigation Festival splashes into opening weekend". Sequim Gazette. May 2, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2012. * ^ Timothy Egan (January 2, 2001), "Sequim journal: elk that call ahead to cross the highway", The New York Times * ^ "Sequim Tourism, WA - Official Website - Lavender Weekend". * ^ Petrich, Christopher (2005). A Complete Guide To The Lighthouses on Puget Sound Including Admiralty Inlet. Lulu.com. p. 72. ISBN 1-4116-4186-8 . * ^ McNair-Huff, Natalie (2004). Birding Washington. Globe Pequot. pp. 48−51. ISBN 0-7627-2577-X . * ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census
Census
Bureau . 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. * ^ "SEQUIM, WASHINGTON - Climate Summary". * ^ "Sequim 2 E, Washington". Western Regional Climate Centre. Retrieved 25 May 2010. * ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. * ^ United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau . " Census
Census
of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2014.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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