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The Info List - Separate Representation Of Voters Act


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The Separate Representation of Voters Act No. 46 was introduced in South Africa
South Africa
on 18 June 1951. Part of the legislation during the apartheid era, the National Party introduced it to enforce racial segregation, and was part of a deliberate process to remove all non-white people from the voters' roll and revoke the Cape Qualified Franchise system. This act was declared invalid by the Supreme Court when challenged in the case of Harris v Minister of the Interior 1952(2) SA 428(AD); this gave rise to the Coloured
Coloured
vote constitutional crisis. The government, however, was able to circumvent the court's decision by increasing the number of Appellate Division judges from five to eleven, and increasing the size of the Senate from forty-eight to eighty-nine. These changes enabled the government to successfully introduce the South Africa
South Africa
Act Amendment Act No 9 of 2 March 1956, effectively overturning the Supreme Court's decision and revalidating the act. This amendment was repealed by the Republic of South Africa Constitution Act 32 of 1961. This case was one of many where South Africa's parliamentary sovereignty enabled the passing of laws without being subject to judicial review on substantive grounds. The judiciary was bound therefore leaving the legislature and executive to act independently from the third arm of government. Arguably this silencing of the judiciary allowed the Apartheid
Apartheid
state to become further entrenched in the legal sphere of South Africa. The act as a whole was repealed by section 4 of the Separate Representation of Voters Amendment Act No 50 of 27 March 1968. This bill introduced the Coloured
Coloured
Persons Representative Council, consisting of forty elected members and twenty nominated members. This council could make laws on finance, local government, education, community welfare and pensions, rural settlements and agriculture which affected coloured people. A bill could only be introduced when approved by the Minister of Coloured
Coloured
Relations, as well as requiring the approval of the white Cabinet. This act was repealed in 1983 by section 101(1) of the Republic of South Africa
South Africa
Constitution Act No 110. References[edit]

Chronology of Apartheid
Apartheid
legislation from South African History Online

External links[edit]

Copy of the Separate Representation of Voters Act, Act No 46 of 1951 from the DISA library of the University of KwaZulu-Natal Copy of the Separate Representation of Voters Amendment Act, Act No 30 of 1956 from the DISA library of the University of KwaZulu-Natal

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Apartheid
Apartheid
legislation in South Africa

Precursors (before 1948)

Hut tax (1884) Franchise and Ballot Act (1892) Glen Grey Act (1894) Natal Legislative Assembly Bill (1894) Transvaal Asiatic Registration Act (1906) South Africa
South Africa
Act (1909) Mines and Works Act (1911) Natives Land Act (1913) Natives (Urban Areas) Act (1923) Immorality Act (1927) Native Administration Act (1927) Representation of Natives Act (1936) Native Trust and Land Act (1936) Native (Urban Areas) Consolidation Act (1945) Asiatic Land Tenure Act (1946)

Malan to Verwoerd (1948–1966)

Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act (1949) Immorality Amendment Act (1950) Population Registration Act (1950) Group Areas Act
Group Areas Act
(1950) Suppression of Communism Act (1950) Native Building Workers Act (1951) Separate Representation of Voters Act (1951) Prevention of Illegal Squatting Act (1951) Bantu Authorities Act (1951) Native Laws Amendment Act (1952) Pass Laws Act (1952) Public Safety Act (1953) Native Labour (Settlement of Disputes) Act (1953) Bantu Education
Education
Act (1953) Reservation of Separate Amenities Act (1953) Natives Resettlement Act (1954) Group Areas Development Act (1955) Riotous Assemblies Act (1956) Industrial Conciliation Act (1956) Natives (Prohibition of Interdicts) Act (1956) Immorality Act (1957) Bantu Investment Corporation Act (1959) Extension of University Education
Education
Act (1959) Promotion of Bantu Self-government Act (1959) Unlawful Organizations Act (1960) Indemnity Act (1961) Coloured
Coloured
Persons Communal Reserves Act (1961) Republic of South Africa
South Africa
Constitution Act (1961) Urban Bantu Councils Act (1961) General Law Amendment Act (1963) Coloured
Coloured
Persons Representative Council Act (1964)

Post-Verwoerd (1966–1994)

Terrorism Act (1967) Separate Representation of Voters Amendment Act
Separate Representation of Voters Amendment Act
(1968) Prohibition of Political Interference Act (1968) Bantu Homelands Citizenship Act (1970) Bantu Homelands Constitution Act (1971) Aliens Control Act (1973) Indemnity Act (1977) National Key Points Act (1980) - List of National Key Points Internal Security Act (1982) Black Local Authorities Act (1982) Republic of South Africa
South Africa
Constitution Act (1983)

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Apartheid
legislation in South Africa
South Africa
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