A sensitive urban zone (French: Zone urbaine sensible, ZUS) is an
urban area in
France defined by the authorities to be a high-priority
target for city policy, taking into consideration local circumstances
related to the problems of its residents.
There are 751 sensitive urban zones in France, including 718 in
mainland France. The government has published the list of zones and
maps of each one.
1 Social problems within the zones
2 Government policy
3 January 2015 controversy
4 External links
5 See also
Social problems within the zones
Nearly five million people live in zones of difficulty with many
A high percentage of public housing, with little home ownership.
A low percentage of high-school graduates.
A law passed November 14, 1996 created sensitive urban zones (ZUS) and
urban tax-free zones (ZFU). 752 of these zones were created in France,
including 718 in mainland France. The law of November 14, 1996
(which implements a renewed urban policy) distinguishes three levels
Sensitive urban zones (Zones urbaines sensibles, ZUS)
Urban renewal zones (Zones de redynamisation urbaine, ZRU)
Urban tax-free zones (Zones franches urbaines, ZFU)
The three levels of intervention (ZUS, ZRU and ZFU), characterized by
fiscal and social measures of increasing importance, target the
difficulties encountered in these districts with differing degrees of
response. Contrary to generally accepted ideas, these sensitive
districts are in the center of cities and not just the outskirts.
The situation in these areas in difficulty was (until recently)
difficult to evaluate precisely, based on many statistics which were
inadequate in certain areas, scattered or badly collected. To remedy
these problems and more accurately measure the effect of policy
implementation, the National Observatory of Sensitive Urban Zones
(ZUS) was created in a law passed on August 1, 2003.
These ZUS are distributed throughout 490 communes and include
4.7 million inhabitants. Among them a subset of 416 zones of
urban renewal (ZRU) was created, including 396 in mainland France. The
ZRU contain 3.2 million inhabitants, and present unique challenges.
Almost all departments are affected; the only exceptions are nine
strongly agricultural departments.
January 2015 controversy
In January 2015, after the Charlie Hebdo shooting, several items on
Fox News labeled the ZUS as "Islamic no-go zones". French media
agencies denied these claims. After complaints
Fox News issued
an apology, saying that there was "no credible information to support
the assertion there are specific areas in these countries that exclude
individuals based solely on their religion."
Map of ZUS in 2013
Crime in France
Vulnerable area - a similar classification for areas in Sweden
^ a b c d e "Insee - Définitions et méthodes - Zone urbaine
sensible". insee.fr. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
^ "Atlas des Zones urbaines sensibles". ville.gouv.fr. Retrieved 15
^ "La carte des ZUS commentée par Christophe Guilluy", 20minutes.fr,
June 1, 2006
^  Archived April 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
^ "???". lesechos.fr. Archived from the original on 5 December 2004.
Retrieved 15 April 2015.
^ Karl de Vries. "Paris attacks prompt fears France's Muslim 'no-go'
zones incubating jihad". Fox News. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
^ "Eating & Drinking in the No-Go Zones". Paris by Mouth.
Retrieved 15 April 2015.
^ See also
Daniel Pipes, The 751 No-Go Zones of France, 2006 - 2015;
many video at Fox News, including:
Sean Hannity & Robert Spencer (and others), Fox News, 2015-01-08,
  ;
Neil Cavuto & Nolan Peterson, French 'no-go zones' in question
after Paris terror attacks, 2015-01-09;
Sean Hannity & Robert Spencer (and Danny Coulson), Robert Spencer:
'No-Go Zones' Are Incubators of Islamic Jihad, Fox News, 2015-01-09,
Elisabeth Hasselbeck & Nolan Peterson, Hundreds of 'No-Go Zones'
France Are Off-Limits to Non-Muslims , Fox News, 2015-01-10,
Fox & Friends;
Jeanine Pirro & Steven Emerson, Fox News, 2015-01-11,  ;
? and Robert Spencer, Fox and Friends , 2015-01-11;
Sean Hannity & Nigel Farage,
Nigel Farage says Europe has suffered
from 'moral cowardice'  , Fox News, 2015-01-12;
Nolan Peterson, The next French Revolution, 2015-01-07 ;
Nolan Peterson, NSJI fellow speaks on
Fox News about French “no-go
zones”, Medill School of Journalism, 2015-01-12;
Karl de Vries, Paris attacks prompt fears France's Muslim 'no-go'
zones incubating jihad, Fox News, 2015-01-12, include quotes of Soeren
Kern & Robert Spencer;
Rowan Scarborough, Muslims segregated from French society in growing
Islamist mini-states, Washington Times, 2015-01-07, include quotes of
Soeren Kern & Robert Spencer;
Steven Swinford, Nigel Farage: Ghettos in French cities have become
no-go zones for non-Muslims, The Telegraph, 2015-01-13;
France Brought A Lot Of This Terrorism On Itself", Media
Matters for America, 2015-01-09;
Mathieu Dehlinger, Sur Fox News, un expert évoque des zones
interdites aux non-musulmans en plein Paris,
Robin Andraca, Pendant ce temps,
Fox News explore l'Afghanistan
parisien, Arrêt sur images, 2015-01-13;
Pierre Lemerle, Pour Fox News, Paris s'apparente à Bagdad,
D'après Fox News, la charia règne à Paris, Le Point, 2015-01-13;
VIDEO. Attentat à «Charlie Hebdo»:
Fox News évoque des «zones
interdites» aux non-musulmans à Paris, 20 minutes (France),
Charlie Hebdo: quand
Fox News s'emballe sur des "zones de non-droit"
à Paris, Metro, 2015-01-13;
Sharia Law Muslim 'No-Go' Zones, Snopes, 2015-01-12;
Nigel Farage was on
Fox News and was as bad as Steve
Emerson, The Independent, 2015-01-14;
Nigel Farage tells
Fox News there are no-go zones for
non-Muslims in France, The Guardian, 2015-01-13;
Tim Dowling, News from Fox, and the no-go zone of the brain. Steven
Emerson’s ‘Muslim-only’ Birmingham comments provoked mirth. But
what about his Googling of France?, The Guardian, 2015-01-14;
La Tour Eiffel cernée par un califat islamiste, selon Fox
France 24, 2015-01-14;
Guillaume Gendron, Pour Fox News, Paris c'est Bagdad, Libération,
François de la Taille,
Fox News parle de zones interdites aux
non-musulmans en France, BFMTV, 2015-01-14;
Fox News/Afghanistan parisien: le journaliste s'explique (mais
maintient), Arrêt sur images, 2015-01-15;
four video at Le Petit Journal (Canal+):
Les zones interdites de Paris, 2015-01-13, English subtitles ;
Shut the fuck up Fox News !, 2015-01-14;
Shut up Fox News, 2015-01-15;
Opération Fox News, 2015-01-16;
Alexandre Hervaud, «No-go zones» islamistes de Paris: l’expert de
Fox News s'excuse, Libération, 2015-01-15;
Joshua Keating, The French Ambassador to the United States Is
Subtweeting America, Slate, 2015-01-15;
Jean-Marie Pottier, Charlie Hebdo: l'ambassadeur de
Etats-Unis n'apprécie pas du tout la couverture médiatique
américaine, Slate, 2015-01-16;
Fox News informs surprised Parisians they've been
conquered by Muslims, vox.com ;
Carol Matlack, Debunking the Myth of Muslim-Only Zones in Major
European Cities, Businessweek, 2015-10-14;
Aldo Guerrero, The Only 'No-Go Zones' Are Found in Fox News'
Fantasyland, Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, 2015-01-15;
Are there really 'no-go zones' in Paris?, The Local, 2015-01-15;
French TV: Laughing At The Credibility Of The
Fox News Clowns And
#FoxNewsFacts, News Corpse, 2015-01-15;
Fox News Apologizes for False Claims of Muslim-Only
Areas in England and France, The New York Times, 2015-01-18;
Fox News apologizes for European Muslim population errors". Fox
News. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
Fox News apologises for terror pundit's 'Birmingham totally Muslim'
comments". the Guardian. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
Fox News corrects, apologizes for 'no-go zone' remarks". Washington
Post. Retrieved 15 April