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The Info List - Senna Auriculata



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Cassia auriculata L. Cassia densistipulata Taub.

SENNA AURICULATA is a legume tree in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae . It is commonly known by its local names MATURA TEA TREE, RANAWARA or AVARAM, (Kannada : ಆವರಿಕೆ āvarike, Telugu : తంగేడు taṃgēḍu, Tamil : ஆவாரை āvārai) or the English version AVARAM SENNA. It is the State flower of Telangana .

It occurs in the dry regions of India
India
and Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
. It is common along the sea coast and the dry zone in Sri Lanka. A Senna auriculata shrub

CONTENTS

* 1 Description

* 2 Uses

* 2.1 Gardens * 2.2 Medicinal uses

* 3 References * 4 Footnotes

DESCRIPTION

at Sindhrot in Vadodara District of Gujarat
Gujarat
, India
India
.

Avaram senna is a much branched shrub with smooth cinnamon brown bark and closely pubescent brachlets.

The leaves are alternate, stipulate, paripinnate compound, very numerous, closely placed, rachis 8.8-12.5 cm long, narrowly furrowed, slender, pubescent , with an erect linear gland between the leaflets of each pair, leaflets 16-24, very shortly stalked 2-2.5 cm long 1-1.3 cm broad, slightly overlapping, oval oblong, obtuse, at both ends, mucronate, glabrous or minutely downy, dull green, paler beneath, stipules very large, reniform-rotund, produced at base on side of next petiole into a filliform point and persistent.

Its flowers are irregular, bisexual, bright yellow and large (nearly 5 cm across), the pedicels glabrous and 2.5 cm long. The racemes are few-flowered, short, erect, crowded in axils of upper leaves so as to form a large terminal inflorescence stamens barren; the ovary is superior, unilocular, with marginal ovules.

The fruit is a short legume , 7.5–11 cm long, 1.5 cm broad, oblong, obtuse, tipped with long style base, flat, thin, papery, undulately crimpled, pilose, pale brown. 12-20 seeds per fruit are carried each in its separate cavity.

USES

GARDENS

Senna auriculata
Senna auriculata
is suitable for landscaping roadways and home gardens. It tolerates drought and dry conditions, but not much cold. The flowers in racemes are also attractive.

MEDICINAL USES

This plant is said to contain a cardiac glucoside (sennapicrin ) and sap, leaves and bark yield anthraquinones , while the latter contains tannins .

The root is used in decoctions against fevers , diabetes , diseases of urinary system and constipation . The leaves have laxative properties. The dried flowers and flower buds are used as a substitute for tea in case of diabetes patients. It is also believed to improve the complexion in women. The powdered seed is also applied to the eye, in case of chronic purulent conjunctivitis . In Africa the bark and seeds are said to give relief in rheumatism , eye diseases, gonorrhea , diabetes and gout .

The plant has been shown to have antibacterial activity in the laboratory.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C Jayaweera (1981) * ^ Martin (1983), de Silva (1998) * ^ Maneemegalai, S. and T. Naveen. (2010).Evaluation of antibacterial activity of flower extracts of Cassia auriculata. Ethnobotanical Leaflets 14 8-20.

FOOTNOTES

* Dassanayake, M.D. ">. Smithsonian Institution and National Science Foundation, Washington D.C., Amerind Publishing Co Pvt Ltd, New Dellhi. * de Silva, N. (1998): A selection of indigenous trees for traditional landscapes in Sri Lanka. Deveco Designers and publishers (Pvt) Ltd. * Jayaweera, D.M.A. (1981a): Medicinal plants (indigenous and exotic) used in Ceylon (Part I). The National Science Council of Sri Lanka, Colombo 7. * Jayaweera, D.M.A. (1981b): Medicinal plants (indigenous and exotic) used in Ceylon (Part II). The National Science Council of Sri Lanka, Colombo 7. * Jayaweera, D.M.A. (1981c): Medicinal plants (indigenous and exotic) used in Ceylon (Part III). The National Science Council of Sri Lanka, Colombo 7. * Jayaweera, D.M.A. (1982): Medicinal plants (indigenous and exotic) used in Ceylon (Part IV). The National Science Council of Sri Lanka, Colombo 7. * Jayaweera, D.M.A. (1992): Medicinal plants (indigenous and exotic) used in Ceylon (Part V). The National Science Council of Sri Lanka, Colombo 7. * Martin E.C. (1983): Landscape Plants in Design: A Photographic Guide . AVI Publishing Company, Westport, Connecticut. ISBN 0-87055-429-8 * Perera, D.L. ">Rao, P.S.; Venkaiah, K. ">United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) (2007): USDA Plants Profile: Cassia auriculata. Retrieved 2007-DEC-20.

* v * t * e

Sources of tannins

Sources of condensed tannins

* Areca catechu
Areca catechu
seed

* arecatannins

* Broad bean

* Vicia faba
Vicia faba

* Grape
Grape

* Vitis vinifera

* Mimosa bark

* Acacia mollissima

* Myrtan or black marlock

* Eucalyptus redunca

* Quebracho wood

Sources of hydrolysable tannins

* Chestnut
Chestnut
wood

* Dhawa

* Anogeissus latifolia

* Myrobalan fruit

* Terminalia chebula
Terminalia chebula

* Oak bark
Oak bark
* Oak
Oak
wood

* Valonia oak

* Quercus macrolepis

* Sumac

* Tanner's sumach leaves - Rhus coriaria or Chinese gall on Rhus chinensis

* Tara pod

* Tara spinosa

Other sources by organ

BARKS

* General : Tanbark * Acacias (most notably Acacia pycnantha and Acacia decurrens )

* Alder

* Alnus sp

* Avaram

* Senna auriculata

* Babul

* Acacia nilotica

* Birch

* Betula sp

* Button mangrove

* Conocarpus erectus
Conocarpus erectus

* Hemlock

* Tsuga sp

* Larch

* Larix sp

* Mangrove
Mangrove

* Pine
Pine

* Pinus sp

* Spruce
Spruce

* Picea sp

* Urunday

* Myracrodruon urundeuva

* Willow

*