The Senate of Iran (Persian: مجلس سنا) was the upper house legislative chamber in Iran from 1949 to 1979. A bicameral legislature had been established in the 1906 Persian Constitutional Revolution but the Senate was not actually formed until after the Iran Constituent Assembly, 1949, as an expression of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi's desire for more political power. The Senate was filled mainly with men who were supportive of the Shah's aims, as intended by the Shah.
The Senate was disbanded after the Islamic Revolution in 1979, when the new constitution established a unicameral legislature. As of 2015[update] the former Senate building was used by the Assembly of Experts.
Established as per Chapter 3, Article 45 of the Persian Constitution of 1906,
|“||The Members of this Assembly shall be chosen from amongst the well-informed, discerning, pious and respected persons of the Realm. Thirty of them shall be nominated on the part of His Imperial Majesty (fifteen of the people of Tehran, and fifteen of the people of the Provinces), and thirty by the Nation (fifteen elected by the people of Tehran, and fifteen by the people of the Provinces).||”|
The Senate House of Iran was designed by architect Heydar Ghiaï in 1955. The construction was led by Rahmat Safai, the dome being one of the most technically challenging projects in the entire endeavor.
Interior Dome of Senate Chamber, Heydar Ghiaï, Architect
Column of main Facade, Heydar Ghiaï, Architect
|Name||Term of office|
|Ebrahim Hakimi||19 August 1951||1 March 1957|
|Hasan Taqizadeh||1 March 1957||1 September 1960|
|Mohsen Sadr||11 September 1960||11 September 1964|
|Jafar Sharif-Emami||11 September 1964||24 March 1978|
|Mohammad Sajadi||24 March 1978||10 February 1979|