The Senate (Sénat) is the upper house of the Parliament of Gabon. It has 102 members, elected for a six-year term in single-seat constituencies by local and départemental councillors. Beginning with the 2009 election, some constituencies elect two senators.
The 1991 Constitution provided for the establishment of the Senate; previously the legislature had consisted of a unicameral National Assembly. The Senate was not created until 1997, when an election was held to fill the seats in the upper house.
A Senate election was held on 18 January 2009. The ruling Gabonese Democratic Party won a large majority of seats. On this occasion, the number of senators was increased from 91 to 102. Following the election, Rose Francine Rogombé was elected as President of the Senate.
|Gabonese Democratic Party||52||67||75||81|
|National Woodcutters' Rally – Rally for Gabon||19||8||6||0|
|Gabonese Progress Party||4||1||0||0|
|Democratic and Republican Alliance||3||3||1||1|
|Social Democratic Party||0||1||2||2|
|People's Unity Party||1||0||–||–|
|Union of the Gabonese People||1||1||2||1|
|Gabon of the Future||–||1||0||0|
|Common Movement for Development||1||–||–||–|
|Circle of Liberal Reformers||1||4||2||7|
|Rally for Democracy and Progress||1||1||–||–|
|Independent Centre Party of Gabon||0||1||2||1|
|Gabonese Union for Democracy and Development||–||–||3||–|
|Source: DSG (1997, 2002), IPU (2009), IPU (2014)|
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