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The President of the Senate
Senate
is a title often given to the presiding officer of a senate, and is the speaker of other assemblies. The senate president often ranks high in a jurisdiction's succession for its top executive office: for example, the President of the Senate of Nigeria
Nigeria
is second in line for succession to the presidency, after only the Vice President of the Federal Republic, while in France, which has no vice president, the Senate
Senate
President is first in line to succeed to the Presidential powers and duties.

Contents

1 Argentina 2 Australia 3 Barbados 4 Belgium 5 Belize 6 Brazil 7 Burundi 8 Cambodia 9 Canada 10 Chile 11 Colombia 12 Fiji 13 Danzig 14 France 15 Germany 16 Italy 17 Liberia 18 Malaysia 19 Mexico 20 Nigeria 21 Peru 22 Philippines 23 Poland 24 Puerto Rico 25 Romania 26 South Africa 27 Spain 28 Sri Lanka 29 Trinidad and Tobago 30 United States

30.1 U.S. state senates

31 Uruguay 32 See also 33 References

Argentina[edit] The Argentine Senate
Senate
is presided over by the Vice-President of the Republic, currently Gabriela Michetti. This was a recent expansion of the Vice-President's powers introduced as part of the 1994 constitutional amendments (Constitution, Art. 57). The Vice-President may only cast a vote to break a tied Senate
Senate
vote. Australia[edit] Main article: President of the Australian Senate The President of the Australian Senate
Senate
is a senator, traditionally a member of the governing party or coalition, elected by the Senate
Senate
at the beginning of each parliament as the first item of business. They are assisted by a Deputy President who is traditionally a member of the largest opposition party.[1] The current president is Scott Ryan, a Liberal senator from Victoria, who has held the office since 13 November 2017.[2] Barbados[edit] Main article: List of Presidents of the Senate
Senate
of Barbados At the start of every parliamentary session, the Senate
Senate
of Barbados elects a President and a Vice President, neither of whom may be ministers or parliamentary secretaries. Prior to the January 2008 general election, the positions were held by Sir Fred Gollop and Dame Patricia Symmonds.

Belgium[edit] Main article: Belgian Senate
Senate
§ Officers See also: List of Presidents of the Belgian Senate The presiding officer of the Belgian Senate
Senate
is elected by the senators at the beginning of each parliamentary term. The President of the Senate
Senate
is customarily a member of a majority party with a great deal of political experience. The president presides over the plenary assembly of the Senate, guides and controls debates in the assembly, is responsible for ensuring the democratic functioning of the Senate, maintains order and security in the assembly and for enforcing the Rules of the Senate, and represents the Senate
Senate
at both the national (to the other institutions) and the international level. The President of the Senate, together with the President of the Chamber of Representatives, ranks immediately behind the King in the order of precedence. The elder of the two takes the second place in the order of precedence. The Presidents of the Senate
Senate
and the Chamber rank above the Prime Minister. Belize[edit] The Senate
Senate
of Belize elects both a president and a vice-president upon first convening after a general election. The person elected president may be a senator (provided he/she does not concurrently hold a ministerial position) or a person external to the Senate. The vice-president must be a member of the Senate
Senate
who does not hold a ministerial portfolio. (Constitution, section 66.)[3] The current[update] President is Andrea Gill, with Juliet Thimbriel as Vice-President. Brazil[edit] Main article: President of the Federal Senate
Senate
(Brazil) The current[update] President of Brazil's Federal Senate
Senate
is Eunício Oliveira. The President of the Federal Senate
Senate
is the third in order to succeed the president (only below the Vice President and the President of the Chamber of Deputies). It is also the president of the National Congress, which includes the Senate
Senate
and the Chamber of Deputies. Burundi[edit] The President of the Senate
Senate
of Burundi, since 17 August 2005, is Molly Beamer of the CNDD-FDD. The president is assisted in his work by two vice-presidents. Cambodia[edit] The Senate
Senate
of Cambodia is led by a 12-person permanent commission (bureau), which is in turn chaired by the President of the Senate, currently Say Chhum. He is assisted by a First and a Second Vice-President.[4] The President and Vice-Presidents are elected as the first item of business at the start of every legislative session.[5] Canada[edit] While the Speaker of the Canadian Senate, who serves as the presiding officer of the Senate
Senate
of Canada, is not described as a "president" in English, the position is called Président du Sénat in French. He is appointed by the Governor General on the advice of the Prime Minister. Chile[edit] Main article: President of the Senate
Senate
of Chile The President of the Senate
Senate
of Chile is elected from among the country's senators. The current[update] holder of the position, since March 2010, is Jorge Pizarro. Colombia[edit] The President of the Senate
Senate
– Javier Cáceres Leal for the 2009–10 period – also serves as the President of the Congress of Colombia. Fiji[edit] The members of the former Senate
Senate
of Fiji (abolished in 2012) used to elect from among their number both a President and Vice-President, whose roles were similar to those of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives, respectively. The last persons to hold those positions were Kinijoji Maivalili (President) and Hafiz Khan (Vice-President). The military coup of 5 December 2006 brought their terms to a premature end. Danzig[edit] In the Free City of Danzig
Free City of Danzig
(1920–1939/1945), the Senate
Senate
(or Senat in German) was the executive branch, with Senators (Senatoren) being the holders of ministerial portfolios. In Danzig the President of the Senate
Senate
(Präsident des Senats) was an office equivalent to that of prime minister in other countries. France[edit] The Senate
Senate
of France
France
elects a president from among its own number. The President of the French Senate
Senate
stands first in line of succession in case of death or resignation of the President of the Republic, becoming acting president until a presidential election can be held. This most recently occurred with Alain Poher, who was senate president from 1968 to 1992 and who served as interim president on two occasions: following Charles de Gaulle's resignation in 1969, and following Georges Pompidou's death in office in 1974. Since 2014, the position has been held by Gérard Larcher
Gérard Larcher
of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). Germany[edit] In the German states of Bremen ( Senate
Senate
of Bremen) and Hamburg
Hamburg
(Senate of Hamburg), the Senates (or Senate
Senate
in German) are the executive branch, with Senators (Senatoren) being the holders of ministerial portfolios. In these Länder, the President of the Senate
Senate
(Präsident des Senats) is an office equivalent to that of minister-president in other German Länder. Italy[edit] The Senate
Senate
of Italy holds its first sitting no later than 20 days after a general election. That session, presided by the oldest senator, proceeds to elect the President of the Senate
Senate
for the following parliamentary period. On the first two attempts at voting, an absolute majority (a majority of all senators) is needed; if a third round is needed, a candidate can be elected by a majority of the senators present and voting. If this third round fails to produce a winner, a final ballot is held between the two senators with the highest votes in the previous ballot. In the case of a tie, the elder senator is deemed the winner. In addition to overseeing the business of the chamber, chairing and regulating debates, deciding whether motions and bills are admissible, representing the Senate, etc., the President of the Senate
Senate
stands in for the President of the Republic when s/he is unable to perform his/her duties.[6] The current President of the Senate
Senate
is Pietro Grasso. For a historical listing, see: List of Presidents of the Senate
Senate
of Italy. Liberia[edit] While the Vice President of Liberia
Vice President of Liberia
serves as President of the Senate, the senators also elect from among their number a President pro tempore to lead the chamber's day-to-day business. Malaysia[edit] Main article: President of the Senate
Senate
of Malaysia The Senate
Senate
of Malaysia elects a president from its members, who is comparable to the Speaker of the House of Representatives. The position is partisan and has usually been held by a member of the Government party. Mexico[edit] The Senate
Senate
of Mexico, at the beginning of each annual legislative session, elects an Executive Board (Mesa Directiva) from among its 128 members. The Executive Board comprises a president, three vice-presidents, and four secretaries, elected by an absolute majority of the Senators. Members of the Executive Board may be re-elected for the following year without restriction. The President of the Executive Board also serves as the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate
Senate
for the 2015–16 period of sessions is Roberto Gil Zuarth, a National Action Party (PAN) senator for Chiapas. Nigeria[edit] Main article: President of the Nigerian Senate The President of the Senate
Senate
is the presiding officer of the Senate
Senate
of Nigeria, elected by its membership. The current[update] President of the Senate
Senate
is Dr. Bukola Saraki, who represents Kwara State
Kwara State
for the APC. Peru[edit] Main article: Congress of the Republic of Peru Peru
Peru
had a bicameral Congress from 1829 until 1992. The President of the Senate
Senate
was elected by the Senate
Senate
members to preside over the sessions for one year. Philippines[edit]

See President of the Senate
Senate
of the Philippines

Poland[edit]

See Marshal of the Senate
Senate
of the Republic of Poland

Puerto Rico[edit]

See: Senate
Senate
of Puerto Rico#Presidents of the Puerto Rico Senate

Romania[edit] Main article: President of the Senate
Senate
of Romania The first session of the Senate
Senate
is headed by the eldest senator. In that session the senators elect the Standing Bureau of the Romanian Senate. It consists of the President of the Senate, four vice-presidents, four secretaries, and four quaestors. The President of the Standing Bureau also serves as the President of the Senate. The President is elected, by secret ballot, for the duration of the legislative period.[7] The Senate
Senate
president succeeds temporarily the President of Romania if the latter resigns, is suspended, incapacitated or dies in office. (He/she continues to be President of the Senate
Senate
during the ad-interim presidency of the country. He/she acts as President until a new president is elected). South Africa[edit] The Senate
Senate
of South Africa was the upper house of Parliament between 1910 and 1981, and between 1994 and 1997. During both periods, the Senate
Senate
was led by a President.

For a listing, see: Senate
Senate
of South Africa#Presidents of the Senate
Senate
of South Africa (1910-1980) and (1994-1997)

Spain[edit] Main article: President of the Spanish Senate Sri Lanka[edit] Main article: President of the Senate
Senate
of Ceylon The Senate
Senate
of Ceylon was the upper house of Parliament between 1947 and 1971. During this periods, the Senate
Senate
was led by a President. Trinidad and Tobago[edit] Main article: President of the Senate
Senate
of Trinidad and Tobago The President of the Senate
Senate
of Trinidad and Tobago, who is generally elected from the government benches, chairs debates in the chamber and stands in for the country's president during periods of absence or illness (Constitution, section 27).[8] A Vice-President of the Senate is also elected from among the senators. The current President of the Senate
Senate
is Christine Kangaloo. United States[edit] The Vice President of the United States
Vice President of the United States
is assigned the responsibility of presiding over the Senate
Senate
and designated as its president by the United States Constitution. The vice president, as President of the Senate, has the authority (ex officio, for he or she is not an elected member of the Senate) to cast a tie-breaking vote. Other than this, the rules of the Senate
Senate
grant its president very little power (in contrast to the powerful office of Speaker of the House of Representatives). While vice presidents used to regularly preside over the Senate, modern vice presidents have done so only rarely, usually only when swearing in new senators, during joint sessions, announcing the result of a vote on a significant bill or confirmation, or when casting a tie-breaking vote. The Senate
Senate
chooses a president pro tempore to preside in the vice president's absence. Modern presidents pro tempore, too, rarely preside over the Senate. In practice, the junior senators of the majority party typically preside in order to learn Senate
Senate
procedure. Vice presidents have cast 261 tie-breaking votes since the U.S. federal government was established in 1789. The vice president with the most tie breaking votes is John Adams
John Adams
(served 1789–1797) with 29. The current Vice President Mike Pence, in office since January 2017, has made six tie-breaking votes.[9] U.S. state senates[edit] In state governments of the United States, the presiding officer of the state senate (the upper house) is a matter decided by the state's constitution. Some states designate the lieutenant governor as president of the senate, while in other states, the Senate
Senate
elects its own president. The Tennessee Senate
Senate
elects a senator Speaker of the Senate, who is given the title of Lieutenant Governor. Similarly, New Hampshire
New Hampshire
has no lieutenant governor, but the state senate elects a president who is the de facto lieutenant governor, given that in the event of the governor's death, resignation, or inability to serve, the president of the senate acts as governor until the vacancy is filled. New Jersey
New Jersey
previously used the same system, but with the important proviso that the Senate
Senate
president continued to serve in that position while also serving as acting governor. After Christine Todd Whitman
Christine Todd Whitman
resigned as governor, Donald DiFrancesco spent nearly a year as acting governor. As a result of his tenure, questions were raised about the propriety of such a system, particularly with regard to separation of powers-related issues. A constitutional amendment was enacted in 2005 to create the office of lieutenant governor effective at the 2009 election. Uruguay[edit] The Vice President of Uruguay
Vice President of Uruguay
presides over the country's 30-member Senate. See also[edit]

Speaker of the Senate

References[edit]

^ "The President of the Senate". Parliament of Australia. October 2009. Archived from the original on 22 February 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2011.  ^ Gartrell, Adam (13 November 2017). "Scott Ryan resigns from Turnbull ministry to replace Stephen Parry as Senate
Senate
president". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 6 December 2017.  ^ :: belizelaw.org - welcome :: Archived 2007-10-14 at the Wayback Machine. ^ L'organisation et le fonctionnement du Snat Archived 2008-02-16 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Rglement Archived 2008-02-16 at the Wayback Machine. ^ senato.it - Parliament ^ Pagina oficiala a Senatului României Archived 2008-02-16 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Constitution of Trinidad and Tobago - Updated to 2003 Archived 2008-04-08 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "U.S. Senate: U.S. Senate
Senate
Roll Call Votes 115th Congress - 1

.