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The SENATE OF THE PHILIPPINES (Filipino : Senado ng Pilipinas, also
Mataas na Kapulungan ng Pilipinas or "upper chamber") is the upper
house of the bicameral legislature of the
Senators serve 6-year tenure per terms with a maximum of 2 consecutive terms, with half of the senators elected every three years to ensure that the Senate is maintained as a continuous body, though staggered . When the Senate was restored by the 1987 Constitution , the 24 senators who were elected in 1987 served until 1992. In 1992 the candidates for the Senate obtaining the 12 highest number of votes served until 1998, while the next 12 served until 1995. Thereafter, each senator elected serves the full 6 years.
Aside from having its concurrence on every bill in order to be passed for the president 's signature to become a law, the Senate is the only body that can concur with treaties , and can try impeachment cases. The Senate Presidency is currently held by Aquilino Pimentel III .
* 1 History * 2 Composition * 3 Qualifications * 4 Organization * 5 Powers
* 6 Current members
* 6.1 Party composition
* 7 Seat
* 8 Prominent Senators
* 8.1 Presidents * 8.2 Others
* 9 References * 10 External links
Joint session of Philippine
The Senate has its roots in the
Philippine Commission of the Insular
Government . Under the
Philippine Organic Act , from 1907 to 1916, the
Philippine Commission headed by the Governor-General of the
On August 29, 1916 the
United States Congress
Manuel L. Quezon
This setup continued until 1935, when the Philippine Independence Act
or the "Tydings–McDuffie Act" was passed by the
U.S. Congress which
granted the Filipinos the right to frame their own constitution in
preparation for their independence, wherein they established a
unicameral National Assembly of the
The Senate finally convened in 1945 and served as the upper chamber
of Congress from thereon until the declaration of martial law by
In the Senate, the officers are the Senate President , Senate President pro tempore , Majority Floor Leader , Minority Floor Leader and the Senate Secretary and the Senate Sergeant at Arms who shall be elected by the Senators from among the employees and staff of the Senate. Meanwhile, the Senate President, Senate President pro-tempore, the Majority Floor Leader and the Minority Floor Leader shall be elected by the Senators from among themselves.
See also: Philippine senatorial elections Election results from 1916 to the present. Note that some senators may switch to another party mid-term.
Article VI, Section 2 of the 1987 Philippine Constitution provides
that the Senate shall be composed of 24 senators who shall be elected
at-large by the qualified voters of the
The composition of the Senate is smaller in number as compared to the House of Representatives . The members of this chamber are elected at large by the entire electorate. The rationale for this rule intends to make the Senate a training ground for national leaders and possibly a springboard for the presidency .
It follows also that the Senator, having a national rather than only a district constituency, will have a broader outlook of the problems of the country, instead of being restricted by narrow viewpoints and interests. With such perspective, the Senate is likely to be more circumspect, or at least less impulsive, than the House of Representatives .
Senatorial candidates are chosen by the leaders of major political parties or coalitions of parties. The selection process is not transparent and is done in "backrooms" where much political horse-trading occurs. Thus, the absence of regional or proportional representation in the Senate exacerbates a top heavy system of governance, with power centralized in Metro Manila. It has often been suggested that each region of the country should elect its own senator(s) to more properly represent the people. This will have the effect of flattening the power structure. Regional problems and concerns within a national view can be addressed more effectively. A senator's performance, accountability, and electability become meaningful to a more defined and identifiable regional constituency.
The Senate Electoral Tribunal (SET) composed of three Supreme Court justices and six senators determines election protests on already-seated senators. There had been three instances where the SET has replaced senators due to election protests, the last of which was in 2011 when the tribunal awarded the protest of Aquilino Pimentel III against Juan Miguel Zubiri .
The qualifications for membership in the Senate are expressly stated in Section 3, Art. VI of the 1987 Philippine Constitution as follows:
* No person shall be a
Under the Constitution , "Congress shall convene once every year on the fourth Monday of July for its regular session...". During this time, the Senate is organized to elect its officers. Specifically, the 1987 Philippine Constitution provides a definite statement, to it:
The Senate shall elect its President and the House of Representatives its Speaker by a vote of all its respective members.
Each House shall choose such other officers as it may deem necessary.
By virtue of these provisions of the 1987 Philippine Constitution , the Senate adopts its own rules, otherwise known as the "Rules of the Senate." The Rules of the Senate provide the following officers: a President , a President pro tempore , a Secretary and a Sergeant-at-Arms.
Following this set of officers, the Senate as an institution can then be grouped into the Senate Proper and the Secretariat. The former belongs exclusively to the members of the Senate as well as its committees, while the latter renders support services to the members of the Senate.
The Senate was modeled upon the
United States Senate
While money bills originate in the House of Representatives, the Senate may still propose or concur with amendments. Only the Senate has the power to approve, via a two-thirds supermajority, or denounce treaties, and the power to try and convict, via a two-thirds supermajority, an impeached official.
SENATOR PARTY TERMS
NUMBER STARTS ENDS
Angara, Sonny Sonny Angara LDP 1 June 30, 2013 June 30, 2019
Aquino, Bam Bam Aquino Liberal 1
Binay, Nancy Nancy Binay UNA 1
Escudero, Francis Francis Escudero Independent 2
Honasan, Gregorio Gregorio Honasan UNA 2
Legarda, Loren Loren Legarda NPC 2
Poe, Grace Grace Poe Independent 1
Trillanes, Antonio Antonio Trillanes Independent 2
Villar, Cynthia Cynthia Villar Nacionalista 1
Sotto, Tito Tito Sotto NPC 2
Lacson, Panfilo Panfilo Lacson Independent 1
J. Gordon, Richard Richard J. Gordon Independent 1
Pangilinan, Francis Francis Pangilinan Liberal 1
Gatchalian, Win Win Gatchalian NPC 1
Recto, Ralph Ralph Recto Liberal 2
de Lima, Leila Leila de Lima Liberal 1
PARTY TOTAL %
Liberal 5 20.83%
PDP-Laban 4 16.67%
NPC 3 12.50%
UNA 2 8.33%
Akbayan 1 4.17%
LDP 1 4.17%
CIBAC 1 4.17%
Nacionalista 1 4.17%
Independent 5 20.83%
Vacant 1 4.17%
TOTAL 23 100%
The GSIS Building in
The Senate currently meets at the GSIS Building along Sen. J.W.
Diokno Boulevard in
The Senate previously met at the Old Legislative Building in Manila
until May 1997. The Senate occupied the upper floors (the Session Hall
now restored to its semi-former glory) while the House of
Representatives occupied the lower floors (now occupied by the
permanent exhibit of
The Senate would eventually move to
Bonifacio Global City in Taguig
by 2020. As the Senate is renting GSIS for the office space, it asked
Bases Conversion and Development Authority
See also: List of Senators of the
Manuel L. Quezon
* Benigno S. Aquino Jr. , Marcos-era opposition leader, husband of
the 11th President
Corazon C. Aquino and father of the former
President Benigno S. Aquino III.
Miriam Defensor Santiago , former International Criminal Court
Ramon Magsaysay Award recipient, member of the International
Development Law Organization International Advisory Council and former
Raul Roco , former senator and the Secretary of the Department of
Jose W. Diokno , Marcos-era opposition leader, nationalist, former
Secretary of Justice, Bar topnotcher, founder of the Free Legal
Assistance Group .
Teofisto Guingona, Jr. , the 11th Vice President of the
* ^ A B Elemia, Camille (8 June 2016). "Koko Pimentel will be next
Senate president – Drilon". Rappler. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
* ^ "Senate ousts Drilon, LP senators from key posts". Rappler. 27
February 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
* ^ "Drilon gets Senate minority leader post".
Sun.Star . 28
February 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2017.
* ^ Calonzo, Andero (August 11, 2011). "Pimentel proclaimed 12th
winning senator in \'07 polls". GMA News Online. Retrieved August 11,
* ^ Viray, Patricia Lourdes (19 May 2016). "Comelec proclaims
Senate \'Magic 12\'". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 19 May 2016.
* ^ Quezon Memorial Book. Quezon Memorial Committee. 1952.
* ^ Towards the south side, opposite the base of the famous
* ^ "Senate to move to
Bonifacio Global City in