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SEMPRINGHAM is a hamlet in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire , England. It is situated 2 miles (3.2 km) south from the A52 road
A52 road
, 12 miles (19 km) east from Grantham
Grantham
and 8 miles (13 km) north from Bourne . The hamlet is in the civil parish of Pointon
Pointon
and Sempringham
Sempringham
, and on the western edge of the Lincolnshire Fens , the closest village being Billingborough
Billingborough
, 0.5 miles (0.80 km) to the north on the B1177 road . Sempringham
Sempringham
is noted as the home of Gilbert of Sempringham
Sempringham
, the son of the lord of the manor. Gilbert is the only English Saint to have founded a monastic order , the Gilbertines
Gilbertines
.

Sempringham
Sempringham
consists of a church and a holy well , with other houses east from the church scattered along the B1177 between Pointon
Pointon
and Billingborough
Billingborough
. The church stands at an altitude of about 52 feet (16 m), on land rising out of flat fenland. Pointon
Pointon
is the chief township of the civil parish, which includes Millthorpe and the fens of Pointon, Neslam and Aslackby , and a part of Hundred Fen at Gosberton Clough . Formerly, Birthorpe, now part of Billingborough, was included in the parish.

The parish church is a Grade I listed building , dedicated to Saint Andrew and dating from 1170. It was restored and the chancel rebuilt in 1868-69 by Edward Browning.

Sempringham
Sempringham
is noted in the Domesday
Domesday
account as "Stepingeham" in the Aveland Hundred of Kesteven . In 1086 the manor consisted of 35 households, 8 villagers , 2 smallholders and 14 freemen , with 4.3 ploughlands , a meadow of 11 acres (0.045 km2) and woodland of 7 acres (0.028 km2). In 1066 Earl Morcar was Lord of the Manor
Manor
, which was transferred to Jocelyn, son of Lambert in 1086, with Tenant-in-chief as Alfred of Lincoln.

In the early 17th century, Sempringham
Sempringham
was a centre of the Puritan movement in Lincolnshire. Samuel Skelton , curate of Sempringham, sailed to Massachusetts Bay in 1628 with the first group of Puritan settlers, who landed in Salem . Another member of the Sempringham congregation at the time was the young Anne Dudley, later Anne Bradstreet , the colony's first published poet.

SEMPRINGHAM PRIORY

Main article: Sempringham Priory

Sempringham
Sempringham
is the site of St Mary's Priory, a priory that was founded by Saint Gilbert (also known as Gilbert of Sempringham
Gilbert of Sempringham
).

The priory was built by Gilbert of Sempringham
Gilbert of Sempringham
, the only English Saint to have founded a monastic order . St Gilbert established the Gilbertine Order
Gilbertine Order
in 1131 by inducting ‘seven maidens’ who were his pupils when young. Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln , helped in establishing the religious buildings to the north of the parish church. Gilbert died at Sempringham
Sempringham
in 1189 and was buried in the priory church. He was canonized on 13 October 1202 for the many miracles noted at his tomb in the priory and Sempringham
Sempringham
became a site of pilgrimage. Monument to Gwenllian

It became the enforced residence of Gwenllian of Wales , the daughter of Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
Llywelyn ap Gruffudd
, Prince of Wales, and the granddaughter of Simon de Montfort . In 1283 Gwenllian had been captured by King Edward I 's troops. Edward sent Gwenllian 'in her cradle', to be held there in security. In 1327, Edward III stayed at the Priory and granted Gwenllian a lifelong yearly pension of £20, necessary to pay her board and lodgings as she never became a nun, but was regarded as a 'paying guest' who was not permitted to leave. Gwenllian died at the Priory after being held there for 54 years, on 7 June 1337. A memorial stone has been erected in her honour.

At the Dissolution of the Monasteries , Sempringham Priory came to the Clintons , who demolished it and reused the stone to build their residence on the site. Today little remains of priory or residence.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B Official site of Lincolnshire, p. 4 * ^ A B "Houses of the Gilbertine Order". British history online. Retrieved 21 December 2010. * ^ A B "Handling Pilgrims: Robert Mannyng and the Gilbertine Cult". Quaestia: Journal Article. Retrieved 21 December 2010. * ^ Historic England
England
. "St Andrews Church (1241280)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 7 August 2011. * ^ Sempringham
Sempringham
in the Domesday
Domesday
Book . Retrieved 22 May 2012. * ^ "Documents Online: Sempringham, Lincolnshire", Folio: 356r, Great Domesday
Domesday
Book; The National Archives . Retrieved 22 May