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Silivri
Silivri
(Selymbria) is a city and a district in Istanbul
Istanbul
Province along the Sea of Marmara
Sea of Marmara
in Turkey, outside metropolitan Istanbul, containing many holiday and weekend homes for residents of the city. The largest city in the district is also named Silivri. The mayor is Özcan Işıklar (CHP). Silivri
Silivri
is located bordering Büyükçekmece
Büyükçekmece
to the east, Çatalca
Çatalca
to the north, Çorlu
Çorlu
and Marmara Ereğli
Marmara Ereğli
(both districts of Tekirdağ Province) to the west, Çerkezköy
Çerkezköy
to the north-west (one of Tekirdağ Province) and with the Sea of Marmara
Sea of Marmara
to the south. It is with an area of 760 km2 (290 sq mi) the second largest district of Istanbul Province
Istanbul Province
after Çatalca. The seat of the district is the city of Silivri. The district consists of 8 towns and 18 villages, and its population is 155,923 (2013 census). 75,702 in the city of Silivri, the remaining in the surrounding towns and villages – listed below. Established in 2008, Turkey's most modern and Europe's largest prison complex is located 9 km (5.6 mi) west of Silivri.

Contents

1 History 2 Holiday resort 3 Agriculture 4 Sports 5 High schools 6 Health 7 Towns and villages of Silivri 8 Historical sites 9 Notable people associated with Silivri 10 Sister towns 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

History[edit]

The fort and town of Silivria, the ancient Selymbria, on the Sea of Marmara – Drawn from nature by F. Hervé, Esq. (About 1832) Courtesy of Gürhan Altan, Istanbul

Silivri, the ancient Greek Selymbria or Selybria (Greek: Σηλυ(μ)βρία), preserved its importance in every era of history thanks to its natural harbor and its position on the major commercial roads. It was a colony of Megara
Megara
founded on a steep 56 m high hill east of the bay, but excavations show that it was a Thracian settlement before it was a Greek colony. According to Strabo
Strabo
(64/63 BC – c. AD 24), the city's name is a combination of the name of the mythological founder of the city, Selus, and the Thracian word that Strabo
Strabo
thought was used for polis, "bria". This, however, did not mean polis ("According to Strabo (vii.6.1cf.st.Byz.446.15) the Thracian -bria word meant polis but it is an inaccurate translation"),[3] and had another meaning. Silivri
Silivri
is the birthplace of the physician Herodicus, and was an ally of the Athenians in 351 BC. Until the second half of the 2nd century BC, the city could preserve its autonomy, but its neighbours Byzantium and Perinthos became more powerful, and the city was under their control during the next centuries. The settlement shrank into a village under the governance of the Roman Empire. In the early 5th century, the town was officially renamed Eudoxiopolis (Εὐδοξιόπολις) in Greek, during the reign of the Byzantine emperor Arcadius
Arcadius
(377–408), after his wife Aelia Eudoxia, though this name did not survive. In 805 AD, the Bulgarian Khan Kroum pillaged the town. In the late 9th century, Emperor Michael III (839–867) constructed a fortress on the top of the hill, the ruins of which still remain, during an era in which the Byzantine Empire suffered attacks by Saracen
Saracen
corsairs and Russians. With the Fourth Crusade, and the fall of Constantinople
Constantinople
to the Latin Empire
Latin Empire
in 1204, the fortress fell in quick succession to the Latin Empire, Bulgarian, back to the Latins and finally was recaptured by the Byzantine successor state of the Empire of Nicaea
Empire of Nicaea
in 1247, who were finally able to recapture Constantinople
Constantinople
and restore the empire in 1261. In 1346, the Ottomans became an ally of the pretender for the Emperor John VI Cantacuzenus
John VI Cantacuzenus
(1292–1383), and helped him against his rival John V Palaeologus
John V Palaeologus
(1332–1391). The same year, Sultan Orhan I married Theodora, the daughter of John VI in Selymbria. In 1399, Selymbria fell to the Ottomans, marking their complete encirclement of Constantinople
Constantinople
by land in Europe. Many contemporary observers believed from then on it was a mere matter of time before the Ottomans took the Byzantine capital. However, after their disastrous defeat at the hands of Timur
Timur
the Ottomans returned Selymbria and several other possessions to the Byzantines in 1403. It was sometimes attacked by the Ottomans in later years, but was not captured. During the Fall of Constantinople
Fall of Constantinople
in 1453, Silivri, along with Epibatos, stood up against the Ottoman armies, and surrendered only after the city had fallen. Selymbria extended out of the walls only during the Ottoman era because the non- Muslim
Muslim
residents like Greeks, Armenians
Armenians
and Jews
Jews
lived within the city walls, and the Turks built their houses outside the walls at the coast. While the non-Muslims were engaged mostly in growing grapes, vinification and silk production, the Turks earned their life by fishing and making yogurt. The town remained a summer resort during the Ottoman time, as it was during the Byzantine era.

Mimar Sinan
Mimar Sinan
Bridge in Silivri.

On the order of Suleiman the Magnificent, architect Mimar Sinan
Mimar Sinan
built 1562 a stone bridge with 33 arches just west of Silivri. The historical bridge, called "Uzunköprü" (The "Long Bridge"), is still in use today, however one arch is not visible due to sedimentation. Prior to World War I, some Silivrian Jews
Jews
immigrated to the town of Camagüey, Cuba.[4] Russians
Russians
occupied Silivri
Silivri
on February 5, 1878 for 1 month until 3 March 1878. Bulgarians occupied it on November 16, 1912 for 9 months until May 30, 1913. During the war, many more Sephardim
Sephardim
in the city left as conditions worsened due to the war. Many of these Turkish Jews
Jews
emigrated to the United States settling primarily in New York and Seattle. Others went to Palestine, France and South America. According to the Treaty of Sèvres, Silivri
Silivri
became a part of Greece on July 20, 1920. However, Italians took it over from the withdrawing Greek troops on October 22, 1922, according to the Armistice of Mudanya. Finally, Turkish forces entered Silivri
Silivri
on November 1, 1922. It was part of Çatalca
Çatalca
province between 1923–1926 and was bounded to Istanbul Province
Istanbul Province
in 1926. It was enlarged with joining of Gümüşyaka (formerly Eski Ereğli) village from Çorlu
Çorlu
district. Holiday resort[edit]

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Marina and Promenade of Silivri
Silivri
in the background

During the summer months, the population increases 4–5 times. Silivri
Silivri
is 67 km (42 mi) far from the city center of Istanbul, and is a popular summer resort for many Istanbul
Istanbul
residents with its 45-kilometre-long (28 mi) coast. It is on the highway and the motorway , which connect Turkey
Turkey
to Europe via Edirne. It takes about an hour and a half to get here from the city so is feasible for use in the summer months as a weekend and holiday retreat, although the road out here is heaving with traffic in summer. Being so accessible from Istanbul, the Marmara coast has long been used for holidaying by Istanbul's people. As the city has grown, these facilities have moved further and further away. Once Florya and Yeşilköy
Yeşilköy
were resorts, today it is Tekirdağ and even further. Silivri
Silivri
had its heydey in the 1960s and 1970s as families would come by the busload to complexes of holiday flats that were built on the beach. Most had their own stretch of beach, perhaps with their neighbours' raw sewage running straight into the sea. The Marmara Sea here has suffered from pollution in the 1980s and 1990s but now efforts have been made to clean it up and people do swim. Some of these places have sports centres, discos, go-kart tracks, games rooms for the kids etc. and many Istanbul
Istanbul
families have pleasant memories of trips to Silivri
Silivri
in the 1970s and 1980s, sitting on the beach in the summer moonlight while the kids run about until they drop from tiredness. Some still go today. All the facilities are located in the holiday housing area, the town centre of Silivri
Silivri
has little to offer in the way of cinema, theatre or any other cultural amenities. Now the coast has also been blessed with resort hotels and country clubs with sports facilities including golf courses, horse riding centres and tennis courts, health and conference centers. At weekend the area is crowded with day trippers. With all this development it is hard to find a stretch of open coastline. The winter months are cold here, as bitter weather blows across Thrace from the Balkans, and holiday homes in Silivri
Silivri
are not much used from mid-September until May or even June. Agriculture[edit]

Statue of historic yogurtman in Silivri

The district has great agricultural potential thanks to its almost flat landscape, mild Thracian climate and yield-effective soil, and in the 1950s and 1960s the pasture was so rich that the yogurt of Silivri was renowned. Now the reputation of the yogurt has declined due to poor quality control and mismanagement of the brand. The Silivri Yoğurt Festivali used to be a major event but nowadays there is less interest and in some years it is not even held. Wheat
Wheat
(246 km²), sunflower (105 km²) and barley (50 km²) are cultivated here. Vineyards were once important but have declined since the 1970s. Livestock
Livestock
is still important. Sports[edit]

Silivri
Silivri
Müjdat Gürsu Stadium.

Silivri
Silivri
has two sports clubsi Silivrispor and Alibeyspor. Established in 1957, Silivrispor has two active branches, football and basketball.[5] Silivrispor's professional football team play in the Apor Toto 3rd Şeague.[6][7] The basketball section eas founded in 2014.[8][9] Alibeyspor, named after a neighborhood of Silivri, was established in 1989.[10][11] The club's main activity is in football. Their amateur football team play in the Istanbul
Istanbul
Super Amateuar League,[12] and the women's team in the Turkish Women's Third League.[13] Sport venues in Silivri
Silivri
are the 2,700-seating capacity Müjdat Gürsu Stadium,[14] named after Müjdat Gürsu (1971–1994) a local footballer, and Alibey Sport Hall.[15] High schools[edit]

Silivri
Silivri
Lisesi ( Silivri
Silivri
High School) Visit web site Silivri
Silivri
Atatürk Anadolu Lisesi (Anatolian High School) Visit web site Hasan – Sabriye Gümüş Anadolu Lisesi (Anatolian High School) Visit web site Özel Balkan Lisesi (Private Balkan High School) Visit web site Necip Sarıbekir Lisesi Teknik Lise ve Endüstri Meslek Lisesi (Technical High School and Industry – Vocational High School) Visit web site Şerife Baldöktü Meslek Lisesi (Şerife Baldöktü Vocational High School) Visit web site

Health[edit]

Silivri
Silivri
State Hospital.

Medical Park Hospital.

There are a number of hospitals and special health institutions in Silivri, state owned and private run:[16]

State owned health institutions (Ministry of Health)

Silivri
Silivri
Devlet Hastanesi ( Silivri
Silivri
State Hospital) Ana Çocuk Sağlığı Ve Aile Planlama Merkezi (Mother and Child Healthcare and Family Planning Center) Halk Sağlığı Laboratuvarı (Public Health Laboratory)

Private health institutions

Serene Tıp Merkezi (Medical center) Medical Park Hospital (formerly Anadolu Hastanesi) Hayat Hastanesi (closed) Hayat Diyaliz Merkezi (Dialysis center) Kolan Hastanesi

Towns and villages of Silivri[edit]

Towns 69

(total population 41,669)

Büyük Çavuşlu, Celaliye-Kamiloba, Çanta, Değirmenköy, Gümüşyaka, Kavaklı, Ortaköy, Selimpaşa.

Villages

(total population 21,956)

Akören, Alipaşa, Bekirli, Beyciler,* Büyükkılıçlı, Büyük Sinekli, Çayırdere, Çeltik, Danamandıra, Fener, Gazitepe, Kadıköy, Kurfallı, Küçükkılıçlı, Küçük Sinekli, Sayalar, Seymen, Uyumkent, Yolçatı.

Historical sites[edit]

Silivri
Silivri
Castle The Anastasian Wall, also known as the Long Walls of Thrace, was constructed by Byzantine emperor Anastasius I (491–518) as part of an additional outer defense system for Constantinople
Constantinople
during the 5th century and probably was in use until the 7th century. Comparable only with Hadrian's Wall
Hadrian's Wall
in England in its complexity and preservation, the fortification stretches some 56 km from Black Sea
Black Sea
coast across the Thracian peninsula to the Sea of Marmara
Sea of Marmara
at west of Silivri. Cistern Piri Paşa Mosque Uzunköprü (The Long bridge)

Notable people associated with Silivri[edit]

Müjdat Gürsu (1971–1994), professional footballer Herodicus
Herodicus
(5th century BC), Greek physician Oğuz Aral (1936–2004), renowned political cartoonist Nectarios of Aegina
Nectarios of Aegina
(1846–1920), Saint
Saint
of the Orthodox Church Mihri Belli (1916–2011), communist leader Uğur Dündar, journalist, political commentator and writer Müjdat Gürsu (1971–1994), Samsunspor footballer who died in a traffic accident Abdullah Turhan (1933), cartoonist Yorgo Bacanos (1900–1977), master oud player of Ottoman classical music Eleftherios Stavridis (1893–1966), ex General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece
Communist Party of Greece
who turned into an anti-communist figure. Ruben Sevak
Ruben Sevak
(1885-1915), Armenian poet

Sister towns[edit] Silivri
Silivri
has 4 sister cities:[16]

City Country Coat-of-arms

Aytos  Bulgaria –

Câmpina  Romania

Nesvizh  Belarus

Stari Grad, Sarajevo  Bosnia and Herzegovina

See also[edit]

Çanta Wind Farm, a 47.5-MW wind farm consisting of 19 turbines Northern Marmara and Değirmenköy (Silivri) Depleted Gas Reservoir

References[edit]

^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.  ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.  ^ Boardman, John & I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, N. G. L. Hammond (1992). The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries BC. 3. The Cambridge Ancient History. p. 612. ISBN 0-521-22717-8. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ http://www.bh.org.il/cuba/cuba/A/A-FIRST.htm ^ "Anasayfa" (in Turkish). Silivrispor. Retrieved 2016-03-05.  ^ "Silivrispor" (in Turkish). Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu. Retrieved 2016-03-06.  ^ "Altay 1-0 Silivrispor" (in Turkish). Lig TV. Retrieved 2016-03-05.  ^ Akın, Engin. "Silivrispor basketbol şubesini açıyor". Silivri Hür Haber (in Turkish). Retrieved 2016-03-05.  ^ "Silivrispor basketbolda coştu". Siliviri Haber Ajansı (in Turkish). 2014-03-25. Retrieved 2016-03-05.  ^ " Silivri
Silivri
Alibey" (in Turkish). Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu. Retrieved 2016-03-05.  ^ "Anasayfa" (in Turkish). Alibeyspor. Retrieved 2016-03-05.  ^ " Silivri
Silivri
Alibeyspor Derin Bir Nefes Aldı". Amatör Lig (in Turkish). 2015-11-30. Retrieved 2016-03-05.  ^ " Silivri
Silivri
Alibeyspor Son Dakikada Yıkıldı". Amatör Lig (in Turkish). 2016-02-18. Retrieved 2016-03-05.  ^ " Silivri
Silivri
Müjdat Gürsu Stadı ve Spor Tesisi" (in Turkish). İstanbul Spor Envanteri. Retrieved 2016-03-05.  ^ "Alibety Spor Salonu" (in Turkish). İstanbul Spor Envanteri. Retrieved 2016-03-05.  ^ a b "İstanbul, Silivri
Silivri
Hastaneleri Telefon Adres ve Randevu Bilgileri" (in Turkish). TR hastane.com. Retrieved 2011-08-27. 

External links[edit]

Silivri's New Portal

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Silivri.

Places adjacent to Silivri

Çerkezköy

Çatalca

Çorlu

Silivri

Selimpaşa

Marmara Ereğli Sea of Marmara Büyükçekmece

v t e

Silivri
Silivri
in Istanbul Province
Istanbul Province
of Turkey

Districts

Adalar Arnavutköy Ataşehir Avcılar Bağcılar Bahçelievler Bakırköy Başakşehir Bayrampaşa Beşiktaş Beylikdüzü Beyoğlu Beykoz Büyükçekmece Çatalca Çekmeköy Eyüp Esenler Esenyurt Fatih Gaziosmanpaşa Güngören Kadıköy Kağıthane Kartal Küçükçekmece Maltepe Pendik Sancaktepe Sarıyer Silivri Sultanbeyli Sultangazi Şile Şişli Tuzla Ümraniye Üsküdar Zeytinburnu

List of Provinces by Region

Istanbul

Istanbul

West Marmara

Balıkesir Çanakkale Edirne Kırklareli Tekirdağ

Aegean

Afyonkarahisar Aydın Denizli İzmir Kütahya Manisa Muğla Uşak

East Marmara

Bilecik Bolu Bursa Düzce Eskişehir Kocaeli Sakarya Yalova

West Anatolia

Ankara Karaman Konya

Mediterranean

Adana Antalya Burdur Hatay Isparta Kahramanmaraş Mersin Osmaniye

Central Anatolia

Aksaray Kayseri Kırıkkale Kırşehir Nevşehir Niğde Sivas Yozgat

West Black Sea

Amasya Bartın Çankırı Çorum Karabük Kastamonu Samsun Sinop Tokat Zonguldak

East Black Sea

Artvin Giresun Gümüşhane Ordu Rize Trabzon

Northeast Anatolia

Ağrı Ardahan Bayburt Erzincan Erzurum Iğdır Kars

Central East Anatolia

Bingöl Bitlis Elazığ Hakkâri Malatya Muş Tunceli Van

Southeast Anatolia

Adıyaman Batman Diyarbakır Gaziantep Kilis Mardin Siirt Şanlıurfa Şırnak

Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 125615476 GN

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