Silivri (Selymbria) is a city and a district in
Sea of Marmara
Sea of Marmara in Turkey, outside metropolitan Istanbul,
containing many holiday and weekend homes for residents of the city.
The largest city in the district is also named Silivri. The mayor is
Özcan Işıklar (CHP).
Silivri is located bordering
Büyükçekmece to the east,
Marmara Ereğli (both districts of Tekirdağ
Province) to the west,
Çerkezköy to the north-west (one of Tekirdağ
Province) and with the
Sea of Marmara
Sea of Marmara to the south. It is with an area
of 760 km2 (290 sq mi) the second largest district of
Istanbul Province after Çatalca. The seat of the district is the city
The district consists of 8 towns and 18 villages, and its population
is 155,923 (2013 census). 75,702 in the city of Silivri, the remaining
in the surrounding towns and villages – listed below.
Established in 2008, Turkey's most modern and Europe's largest prison
complex is located 9 km (5.6 mi) west of Silivri.
2 Holiday resort
5 High schools
7 Towns and villages of Silivri
8 Historical sites
9 Notable people associated with Silivri
10 Sister towns
11 See also
13 External links
The fort and town of Silivria, the ancient Selymbria, on the Sea of
Marmara – Drawn from nature by F. Hervé, Esq. (About 1832)
Courtesy of Gürhan Altan, Istanbul
Silivri, the ancient Greek Selymbria or Selybria (Greek:
Σηλυ(μ)βρία), preserved its importance in every era of
history thanks to its natural harbor and its position on the major
commercial roads. It was a colony of
Megara founded on a steep 56 m
high hill east of the bay, but excavations show that it was a Thracian
settlement before it was a Greek colony.
Strabo (64/63 BC – c. AD 24), the city's name is a
combination of the name of the mythological founder of the city,
Selus, and the Thracian word that
Strabo thought was used for polis,
"bria". This, however, did not mean polis ("According to Strabo
(vii.6.1cf.st.Byz.446.15) the Thracian -bria word meant polis but it
is an inaccurate translation"), and had another meaning.
Silivri is the birthplace of the physician Herodicus, and was an ally
of the Athenians in 351 BC. Until the second half of the 2nd century
BC, the city could preserve its autonomy, but its neighbours Byzantium
and Perinthos became more powerful, and the city was under their
control during the next centuries. The settlement shrank into a
village under the governance of the Roman Empire. In the early 5th
century, the town was officially renamed Eudoxiopolis
(Εὐδοξιόπολις) in Greek, during the reign of the
Arcadius (377–408), after his wife Aelia Eudoxia,
though this name did not survive. In 805 AD, the Bulgarian Khan Kroum
pillaged the town. In the late 9th century, Emperor Michael III
(839–867) constructed a fortress on the top of the hill, the ruins
of which still remain, during an era in which the Byzantine Empire
suffered attacks by
Saracen corsairs and Russians. With the Fourth
Crusade, and the fall of
Constantinople to the
Latin Empire in 1204,
the fortress fell in quick succession to the Latin Empire, Bulgarian,
back to the Latins and finally was recaptured by the Byzantine
successor state of the
Empire of Nicaea
Empire of Nicaea in 1247, who were finally able
Constantinople and restore the empire in 1261.
In 1346, the Ottomans became an ally of the pretender for the Emperor
John VI Cantacuzenus
John VI Cantacuzenus (1292–1383), and helped him against his rival
John V Palaeologus
John V Palaeologus (1332–1391). The same year, Sultan Orhan I
married Theodora, the daughter of John VI in Selymbria.
In 1399, Selymbria fell to the Ottomans, marking their complete
Constantinople by land in Europe. Many contemporary
observers believed from then on it was a mere matter of time before
the Ottomans took the Byzantine capital. However, after their
disastrous defeat at the hands of
Timur the Ottomans returned
Selymbria and several other possessions to the Byzantines in 1403. It
was sometimes attacked by the Ottomans in later years, but was not
Fall of Constantinople
Fall of Constantinople in 1453, Silivri, along with
Epibatos, stood up against the Ottoman armies, and surrendered only
after the city had fallen. Selymbria extended out of the walls only
during the Ottoman era because the non-
Muslim residents like Greeks,
Jews lived within the city walls, and the Turks built
their houses outside the walls at the coast. While the non-Muslims
were engaged mostly in growing grapes, vinification and silk
production, the Turks earned their life by fishing and making yogurt.
The town remained a summer resort during the Ottoman time, as it was
during the Byzantine era.
Mimar Sinan Bridge in Silivri.
On the order of Suleiman the Magnificent, architect
Mimar Sinan built
1562 a stone bridge with 33 arches just west of Silivri. The
historical bridge, called "Uzunköprü" (The "Long Bridge"), is still
in use today, however one arch is not visible due to sedimentation.
Prior to World War I, some Silivrian
Jews immigrated to the town of
Silivri on February 5, 1878 for
1 month until 3 March 1878. Bulgarians occupied it on November 16,
1912 for 9 months until May 30, 1913.
During the war, many more
Sephardim in the city left as conditions
worsened due to the war. Many of these Turkish
Jews emigrated to the
United States settling primarily in New York and Seattle. Others went
to Palestine, France and South America.
According to the Treaty of Sèvres,
Silivri became a part of Greece on
July 20, 1920. However, Italians took it over from the withdrawing
Greek troops on October 22, 1922, according to the Armistice of
Mudanya. Finally, Turkish forces entered
Silivri on November 1, 1922.
It was part of
Çatalca province between 1923–1926 and was bounded
Istanbul Province in 1926. It was enlarged with joining of
Gümüşyaka (formerly Eski Ereğli) village from
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Marina and Promenade of
Silivri in the background
During the summer months, the population increases 4–5 times.
Silivri is 67 km (42 mi) far from the city center of
Istanbul, and is a popular summer resort for many
with its 45-kilometre-long (28 mi) coast. It is on the highway
and the motorway , which connect
Turkey to Europe via Edirne. It
takes about an hour and a half to get here from the city so is
feasible for use in the summer months as a weekend and holiday
retreat, although the road out here is heaving with traffic in summer.
Being so accessible from Istanbul, the Marmara coast has long been
used for holidaying by Istanbul's people. As the city has grown, these
facilities have moved further and further away. Once
Yeşilköy were resorts, today it is Tekirdağ and even further.
Silivri had its heydey in the 1960s and 1970s as families would come
by the busload to complexes of holiday flats that were built on the
beach. Most had their own stretch of beach, perhaps with their
neighbours' raw sewage running straight into the sea. The Marmara Sea
here has suffered from pollution in the 1980s and 1990s but now
efforts have been made to clean it up and people do swim. Some of
these places have sports centres, discos, go-kart tracks, games rooms
for the kids etc. and many
Istanbul families have pleasant memories of
Silivri in the 1970s and 1980s, sitting on the beach in the
summer moonlight while the kids run about until they drop from
tiredness. Some still go today. All the facilities are located in the
holiday housing area, the town centre of
Silivri has little to offer
in the way of cinema, theatre or any other cultural amenities.
Now the coast has also been blessed with resort hotels and country
clubs with sports facilities including golf courses, horse riding
centres and tennis courts, health and conference centers. At weekend
the area is crowded with day trippers.
With all this development it is hard to find a stretch of open
The winter months are cold here, as bitter weather blows across Thrace
from the Balkans, and holiday homes in
Silivri are not much used from
mid-September until May or even June.
Statue of historic yogurtman in Silivri
The district has great agricultural potential thanks to its almost
flat landscape, mild Thracian climate and yield-effective soil, and in
the 1950s and 1960s the pasture was so rich that the yogurt of Silivri
was renowned. Now the reputation of the yogurt has declined due to
poor quality control and mismanagement of the brand. The Silivri
Yoğurt Festivali used to be a major event but nowadays there is less
interest and in some years it is not even held.
Wheat (246 km²),
sunflower (105 km²) and barley (50 km²) are cultivated
here. Vineyards were once important but have declined since the 1970s.
Livestock is still important.
Müjdat Gürsu Stadium.
Silivri has two sports clubsi Silivrispor and Alibeyspor. Established
in 1957, Silivrispor has two active branches, football and
basketball. Silivrispor's professional football team play in the
Apor Toto 3rd Şeague. The basketball section eas founded in
2014. Alibeyspor, named after a neighborhood of Silivri, was
established in 1989. The club's main activity is in football.
Their amateur football team play in the
Istanbul Super Amateuar
League, and the women's team in the Turkish Women's Third
Sport venues in
Silivri are the 2,700-seating capacity Müjdat Gürsu
Stadium, named after
Müjdat Gürsu (1971–1994) a local
footballer, and Alibey Sport Hall.
Silivri Lisesi (
Silivri High School) Visit web site
Silivri Atatürk Anadolu Lisesi (Anatolian High School) Visit web site
Hasan – Sabriye Gümüş Anadolu Lisesi (Anatolian High School)
Visit web site
Özel Balkan Lisesi (Private Balkan High School) Visit web site
Necip Sarıbekir Lisesi
Teknik Lise ve Endüstri Meslek Lisesi (Technical High School and
Industry – Vocational High School) Visit web site
Şerife Baldöktü Meslek Lisesi (Şerife Baldöktü Vocational High
School) Visit web site
Silivri State Hospital.
Medical Park Hospital.
There are a number of hospitals and special health institutions in
Silivri, state owned and private run:
State owned health institutions (Ministry of Health)
Silivri Devlet Hastanesi (
Silivri State Hospital)
Ana Çocuk Sağlığı Ve Aile Planlama Merkezi (Mother and Child
Healthcare and Family Planning Center)
Halk Sağlığı Laboratuvarı (Public Health Laboratory)
Private health institutions
Serene Tıp Merkezi (Medical center)
Medical Park Hospital (formerly Anadolu Hastanesi)
Hayat Hastanesi (closed)
Hayat Diyaliz Merkezi (Dialysis center)
Towns and villages of Silivri
(total population 41,669)
(total population 21,956)
The Anastasian Wall, also known as the Long Walls of Thrace, was
constructed by Byzantine emperor Anastasius I (491–518) as part of
an additional outer defense system for
Constantinople during the 5th
century and probably was in use until the 7th century. Comparable only
Hadrian's Wall in England in its complexity and preservation, the
fortification stretches some 56 km from
Black Sea coast across
the Thracian peninsula to the
Sea of Marmara
Sea of Marmara at west of Silivri.
Piri Paşa Mosque
Uzunköprü (The Long bridge)
Notable people associated with Silivri
Müjdat Gürsu (1971–1994), professional footballer
Herodicus (5th century BC), Greek physician
Oğuz Aral (1936–2004), renowned political cartoonist
Nectarios of Aegina
Nectarios of Aegina (1846–1920),
Saint of the Orthodox Church
Mihri Belli (1916–2011), communist leader
Uğur Dündar, journalist, political commentator and writer
Müjdat Gürsu (1971–1994), Samsunspor footballer who died in a
Abdullah Turhan (1933), cartoonist
Yorgo Bacanos (1900–1977), master oud player of Ottoman classical
Eleftherios Stavridis (1893–1966), ex General Secretary of the
Communist Party of Greece
Communist Party of Greece who turned into an anti-communist figure.
Ruben Sevak (1885-1915), Armenian poet
Silivri has 4 sister cities:
Stari Grad, Sarajevo
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Çanta Wind Farm, a 47.5-MW wind farm consisting of 19 turbines
Northern Marmara and Değirmenköy (Silivri) Depleted Gas Reservoir
^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics
Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved
^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by
districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System
(ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved
^ Boardman, John & I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, N. G. L.
Hammond (1992). The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States
of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries BC. 3. The
Cambridge Ancient History. p. 612.
ISBN 0-521-22717-8. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list
^ "Anasayfa" (in Turkish). Silivrispor. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
^ "Silivrispor" (in Turkish). Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu. Retrieved
^ "Altay 1-0 Silivrispor" (in Turkish). Lig TV. Retrieved
^ Akın, Engin. "Silivrispor basketbol şubesini açıyor". Silivri
Hür Haber (in Turkish). Retrieved 2016-03-05.
^ "Silivrispor basketbolda coştu". Siliviri Haber Ajansı (in
Turkish). 2014-03-25. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
Silivri Alibey" (in Turkish). Türkiye Futbol Federasyonu.
^ "Anasayfa" (in Turkish). Alibeyspor. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
Silivri Alibeyspor Derin Bir Nefes Aldı". Amatör Lig (in
Turkish). 2015-11-30. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
Silivri Alibeyspor Son Dakikada Yıkıldı". Amatör Lig (in
Turkish). 2016-02-18. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
Müjdat Gürsu Stadı ve Spor Tesisi" (in Turkish).
İstanbul Spor Envanteri. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
^ "Alibety Spor Salonu" (in Turkish). İstanbul Spor Envanteri.
^ a b "İstanbul,
Silivri Hastaneleri Telefon Adres ve Randevu
Bilgileri" (in Turkish). TR hastane.com. Retrieved 2011-08-27.
Silivri's New Portal
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Places adjacent to Silivri
Sea of Marmara
Istanbul Province of Turkey
List of Provinces by Region
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East Black Sea
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Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.