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Seljuk beg (سلجوق‬ Saljūq; also romanized Seldjuk, Seldjuq, Seljuq; modern Turkish: Selçuk; died c. 1038) was an Oghuz Turkic warlord, eponymous founder of the Seljuk dynasty. He was the son of a certain Toqaq surnamed Temür Yalığ (meaning "of the iron bow") and either the chief or an eminent member of the Oghuz Kınık tribe. In 985, the Seljuq clan split off from the bulk of the Tokuz-Oghuz,[1] a confederacy of nine clans long settled between the Aral and Caspian Seas.[2] They set up camp on the right bank of the lower Syr Darya (Jaxartes), in the direction of Jend, near Kzyl Orda
Kzyl Orda
in present-day south-central Kazakhstan. There, in 985, Seljuk converted to Islam.[3][4] The names of his four sons — Mikail (Michael), Isrâîl (Israel), Mûsâ (Moses), and Yûnus (Jonah) — suggest previous acquaintance with either Khazar Judaism
Judaism
or Nestorian Christianity.[5] According to some sources, Seljuk began his career as an officer in the Khazar army.[6] Under Mikâîl's sons Tuğrul
Tuğrul
and Çağrı, the Seljuqs migrated into Khurasan. Ghaznavid
Ghaznavid
attempts to stop Seljuqs raiding the local Muslim populace led to the Battle of Dandanaqan
Battle of Dandanaqan
on 23 May 1040. Victorious Seljuqs became masters of Khurasan, expanding their power into Transoxiana
Transoxiana
and across Iran. By 1055, Tuğrul
Tuğrul
had expanded his control all the way to Baghdad, setting himself up as the champion of the Abbasid
Abbasid
caliph, who honored him with the title sultan. Earlier rulers may have used this title but the Seljuqs seem to have been the first to inscribe it on their coins.[7] See also[edit]

Selçuk (given name) Seljuq dynasty Seljuq Empire Seljuq Sultanate of Rum

Notes[edit]

^ Golden, Peter B. Central Asia in World History, (Oxford University Press, New York, 2011), 74. ^ The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World, C.E. Bosworth, The Cambridge History of Iran:The Saljuq and Mongol Periods, Vol.5, ed. J. A. Boyle, (Cambridge University Press, 1968), 16. ^ Michael Adas, Agricultural and Pastoral Societies in Ancient and Classical History, (Temple University Press, 2001), 99. ^ E.J.W. Gibb memorial series. 1928. p. 257.  ^ Brook 74; Dunlop passim. ^ Rice 18-19. ^ Findley 68.

References[edit]

Brook, Kevin Alan. The Jews of Khazaria. 2nd ed. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc, 2006. Dunlop, D.M. "The Khazars." The Dark Ages: Jews in Christian Europe, 711-1096. 1966. Findley, Carter Vaughn. The Turks in World History, pp. 68, 2005, Oxford University Press Grousset, Rene . The Empire of the Steppes Rutgers University Press, 1970. Rice, Tamara Talbot. The Seljuks in Asia Minor. Thames and Hudson, London, 1961. Golden, Peter B. "Central Asia in World History". Oxford University Press, New York, 2011.

v t e

House of Seljuq

Early Seljuqids

Seljuk Mikail Arslan Isra'il Musa Yabghu

Sultans of the Seljuq Empire
Seljuq Empire
(1037–1194)

Toghrul-Beg Alp Arslan Malik-Shah I Mahmud I Barkiyaruq Malik-Shah II Muhammad I Mahmud II and Ahmad Sanjar Dawud Toghrul II Masud Malik-Shah III Muhammad II Suleiman-Shah Arslan-Shah Toghrul III

Governors of Khorasan (1040–1118)

Chaghri-Beg Alp Arslan Arslan-Shah Toghan-Shah Arslan-Argun Ahmad Sanjar

Governors of Kerman (1048–1188)

Qawurd-Beg Kerman-Shah Husein Sultan-Shah Turan-Shah I Iran-Shah Arslan-Shah I Muhammad-Shah I Toghrul-Shah Bahram-Shah Arslan-Shah II Turan-Shah II Muhammad-Shah II

Governors of Damascus (1078–1105)

Atsiz ibn Uvaq Tutush I Duqaq Tutush II Begtash

Governors of Aleppo (1094–1117)

Tutush I Radwan Alp Arslan Sultan-Shah

Sultans of Rum (1092–1307)

Qutalmish Suleyman I Kilij Arslan I Malik-Shah Mesud I Kilij Arslan II Kaykhusraw I Suleiman II Kilij Arslan III Kaykaus I Kayqubad I Kaykhusraw II Kaykaus II Kilij Arslan IV Kayqubad II Kaykhusraw III Mes

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