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The former French diocese of Sisteron existed until the
French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) was a period of radical political and societal change in France France (), officially the French Republic ( ), is a country primarily located in Western Europe. It also comprises of Overseas France, ...

French Revolution
. Its see was at
Sisteron Sisteron (; , oc, label=Mistralian norm, Sisteroun; from oc, label=Old Occitan, Sestaron) is a communes of France, commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence departments of France, department, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, southeastern France. Sist ...

Sisteron
in southern France and at Forcalquier, in the modern department of
Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-de-Haute-Provence or sometimes abbreviated as AHP (; oc, Aups d'Auta Provença; ) is a Departments of France, department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Regions of France, region of France, bordering Alpes-Maritimes and Italy to the eas ...

Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
. Sisteron was the only diocese in France which had two cathedrals. Each cathedral had a Chapter, and the two Chapters voted together when an election was held to elect a new bishop of Sisteron. The diocese of Sisteron was part of the ecclesiastical province of Narbonensis Secunda, whose Metropolitan was the Archbishop of
Aix-en-Provence Aix-en-Provence (, , ; oc, label= Provençal, Ais de Provença in classical norm, or in Mistralian norm, ; la, Aquae Sextiae), or simply Aix ( medieval Occitan: ''Aics''), is a city A city is a human settlement of notable size.Goodall, B ...
.


History

In 374, the town of Sisteron belonged to the Province of Gallia Narbonensis Secunda, and held the rank of sixth place. In 890, the bishops of Provence assembled in the Council of Valence, under the leadership of the archbishops of Lyon, Arles, Embrun, and Vienne. The bishops took note of the fact that Archbishop Bernoin of Vienne had been to Rome to complain to the pope of the increasing disorder of the kingdom since the death of Charlemagne. They singled out the invasions of the Northmen and of the Saracens, who had caused the depopulation of the entire area. On 7 July 1057,
Pope Victor II Pope Victor II (c. 1018 – 28 July 1057), born Gebhard of Dollnstein-Hirschberg, was the head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 13 April 1055 until his death in 1057. Victor II was one of a series of German-born popes w ...

Pope Victor II
wrote a letter of privileges for Archbishop Winimann (Viminien) of Embrun. In the bull, the Pope took note of the invasion, occupation, and devastation of the city of Embrun by the Saracens. Embrun had also been a place of refuge for undisciplined people fleeing from other localities. Sisteron is a distance of some 52 miles from Embrun, and on the main route of invasion from Aix and Marseille. The whole of Provence, in fact, suffered from similar difficulties in the eighth and ninth centuries. This may account, at least in part, for the absence of names of any bishops of Sisteron in the 8th century, and the dubious nature of those in the 9th. In 1400 and 1401 the Dominican friar,
Vincent Ferrer Vincent Ferrer, OP ( ca-valencia, Sant Vicent Ferrer , es, San Vicente Ferrer, it, San Vincenzo Ferreri, german: Sankt Vinzenz Ferrer, nl, Sint-Vincent Ferrer, french: Saint Vincent Ferrier; 23 January 1350 – 5 April 1419) was a Kingdom of V ...
of Valencia, preached in Sisteron. In the second half of the fifteenth century Sisteron was particularly subject to pestilence. There were outbreaks in 1451, 1458, 1467, 1474, 1479, and 1482. The population was reduced by two-thirds. It returned in 1503, and the people fled. Even the Cathedral Chapter left, taking up residence at Aubignosc until 1508. In 1675 the city of Sisteron had a population estimated at some 3,000 persons, and the diocese had ninety-two parishes. In 1764, the guess as to the population had been revised to 4,000 persons but the diocese contained only eighty parishes. In 1789, before the Revolution the Cathedral Chapter of Sisteron consisted of a Provost, twelve Canons, and twelve beneficiaries (two of whom were curés). But, in the fifteenth century, only two of them were resident in Sisteron; the rest were functionaries of the Roman Curia in Avignon. In 1764 there were three dignities (dignités) and seven Canons. They were all abolished by the Civil Constitution of the Clergy in 1790 and by the confiscation of church property. The Canons of Sisteron were officially notified of their suppression on 6 December 1790 by the municipal authorities. The Chapter of the co-cathedral of Forcalquier were similarly notified. Bishop de Bovet was also notified, but he replied that he could not comply since he had no bishop or other competent authority into whose hands he could commit his charge. On 20 March 1791 the electors of the '
département In the administrative divisions of France, the department (french: département, ) is one of the three levels of government under the national level ("territorial collectivity, territorial collectivities"), between the regions of France, admin ...
' of Basses-Alpes, into which Sisteron had been swept, met at Digne to choose a new bishop. On the third ballot they elected Jean-Baptiste-Romé de Villeneuve, the sixty-four year old curé of Valensole as their Constitutional Bishop. On 2 June he was consecrated in the Cathedral of Nîmes by Constitutional Bishop Charles-Benoît Roux. By 1795 most of the people had abandoned the Constitutional Church and returned to their old allegiances. Villeneuve died on 23 December 1798 without having reconciled with Rome. After the
Concordat of 1801 The Concordat of 1801 was an agreement between Napoleon Bonaparte and Pope Pius VII, signed on 15 July 1801 in Paris. It remained in effect until 1905, except in Alsace-Lorraine, where it remains in force. It sought national reconciliatio ...
negotiated by First Consul
Bonaparte
Bonaparte
and
Pope Pius VII Pope Pius VII ( it, Pio VII; born Barnaba Niccolò Maria Luigi Chiaramonti; 14 August 1742 – 20 August 1823), was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 14 March 1800 to his death in August 1823. Chiaramonti was also a m ...

Pope Pius VII
, the diocese of Sisteron was suppressed by papal authority (not the false authority of a civil government), and its territory was assigned to the diocese of Digne.


Bishops


to 1000

* hrysaphius (ca. 449–452)* Johannes I (500–516 ?) * Valerius (517) * Avolus (ca. 541–554) * Genesius (573) * Pologronius (584–585) * Secundinus (I.) (614) * Johannes (II.) (812–860) : Viventius (ninth century) : Magnibert (ninth century) : Amantius (ninth century) : Secundinus II. (ninth century) : Virmagnus (ninth century) * Bonus (867) * Vincentius (end of ninth century) :? Eustorgus (tenth century) * Arnulphus (c. 925 ?) * Johannes (III.) (mid-tenth century) * Ours (967) :? Rudolf (I.) (981)


1000 to 1400

* Frodo (999–1015?) * Durandus (1015 ?–1020 ?) * Pierre (I.) (1023–1043) * Géraud ? (1031 ?–1045 ?) * Pierre (II.) (1043) * Gérard (I.) Chevrier (1060–1080 ?) * Carolus (1082) :... * ? Nitard (end of eleventh century) :... * Bertrand (I.) (1102 ? – 1105 ?) :... * Gerardus (II.) (1110–1124) * Raimbaud, O.S.B. (1125 ?–1145) * Pierre de Sabran (1145–1171) * Bertrand (II.), O.Cart. (1172–1174) * Bermond d'Anduse (1174–1214) : ''Sede vacante'' (1214–1216) * Rodolphe (II.), O.Cist. (1216–1241) * Henri de Suze (1244–1250) * Humbert Fallavel, O.P. (1250–1256) * Alain de Lusarches (1257–1277) * Pierre Giraud (1277–1291) * Pierre d'Alamanon, O.P. (1292–1304) * Jacques Gantelmi (1306–1310) * Raimond d'Oppède (1310–1328) * Rostan (I.) (1328–1348) * Pierre Artaudi, O.P. (1349–1360) * Gérard (III.) (1362–1369) * Ranulphe de Gorze (1370–1382) (Urbanite) * Artaud de Mélan (1382–1404)(Clementine) * Antoine de Viale (1383–1386) (Urbanite)


from 1400

* Nicolas Sacosta, O.Min. (1404–1414) * Robert du Four (1414–1437) * Mitre Gastinel (1437–1440) : aimond Talon (1437): Gaucher de Forcalquier (1440–1442) * Charles de Borna (1442–1456) * Jacques Radulphi (1456–1463) * André de Plaisance (1463–1477) * Jean Esquenart (1477–1492) * Thibaud de la Tour d'Auvergne (1493–1499) * Laurent Bureau (1499–1504) * Pierre Filholi (1504–1506) * François de Dinteville (1506–1514) * Claude de Louvain (1514–1520) * Michel de Savoie (1520–1522) * Claude d'Aussonville, O.S.B. (1523–1531) * Antoine de Narbonne, O.S.B. (1531–1541) * Albin de Rochechouard (1542–1543) * Émeric de Rochechouard (1543–1580) * Antoine de Couppes, O.S.B. (1582–1606) * Toussaint de Glandevès (1606–1648) * Antoine d'Arbaud (1648–1666) * Michel Poncet (1667–1675) * Jacques Potier (1677–1681) * Louis de Thomassin (1682–1718) * Pierre-François Lafitau (1720–1764) * Louis-Jérôme de Suffren (1764–1789) * François de Bovet (1789–1801)François de Bovet was nominated by
King Louis XVI Louis XVI (''Louis-Auguste''; ; 23 August 175421 January 1793) was the last King of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution. He was referred to as ''Citizen Louis Capet'' during the four months just before Execution ...
one month before Bastille Day. He was approved by
Pope Pius VI Pope Pius VI ( it, Pio VI; born Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi, 25 December 171729 August 1799) was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 15 February 1775 to his death in August 1799. Pius VI condemned the French Revoluti ...

Pope Pius VI
on 3 August 1789. He emigrated to Italy, then Germany, and then England, but returned to France with the Bourbons in 1814. He resigned in 1812. He was promoted to the diocese of Toulouse on 1 October 1817, which he resigned in 1820 due to ill health. He died in 1838 at the age of 92. Jean, p. 29; Albanès, pp. 780-782. Ritzler, VI, p. 382 and note 3.


See also

*
Catholic Church in France , native_name_lang = fr , image = 060806-France-Paris-Notre Dame.jpg , imagewidth = 200px , alt = , caption = Cathedral Notre-Dame de Paris , abbreviation = , type ...
*
List of Catholic dioceses in France The Catholic Church in France mainly comprises a Metropolitan Latin Church , native_name_lang = la , image = San Giovanni in Laterano - Rome.jpg , imagewidth = 250px , alt = Façade of the Archbas ...


References


Bibliography


Reference works

* pp. 631–632. (Use with caution; obsolete) * (Use with caution; obsolete) * * (in Latin) pp. 454. * (in Latin) p. 239. * p. 310. * pp. 318. * pp. 359. * p. 382.


Studies

* * * * * second edition (in French) * * * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Sisteron, Ancient Diocese of
Sisteron Sisteron (; , oc, label=Mistralian norm, Sisteroun; from oc, label=Old Occitan, Sestaron) is a communes of France, commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence departments of France, department, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, southeastern France. Sist ...
1801 disestablishments in France