A SEDAN /sɪˈdæn/ (American , Canadian , Australian , and New Zealand English ) or SALOON (British , Irish and Indian English ) is a passenger car in a three-box configuration with A, B max-width:224px"> 1962 Rambler Classic 2- and 4-door sedans
The primary purpose of the sedan is to transport people and their baggage on ordinary roads. Sedan versions of the automobile body style have a central pillar (B-pillar) that supports the roof and come in two- and four-door versions. Sedans usually have a two-box or three-box body.
In the U.S., the term sedan has been used to denote a car with fixed window frames, as opposed to the hardtop style without a "B" pillar and where the sash or window frame, if any, winds down with the glass. Popular in the U.S. from the 1950s through the 1970s, true hardtop body designs have become increasingly rare.
The shape and position of the automobile greenhouse on both two- and four-door sedans may be identical, with only the center B-pillar positioned further back to accommodate the longer doors on the two-door versions. For example, 1962 Rambler Classic sedans feature identical windshield, A-pillar, roof, C-pillar, and rear window. The two-door sedans have longer doors and include roll down rear side window and even a quarter window that is shaped to follow the reverse slant of the C-pillar, just like on the rear doors of the four-door sedans.
A two- or four-door design built on a normal chassis, but with a shorter roof and interior space, club sedans were most often available in high-level U.S. models from the mid-1920s to the mid-1950s. Originating from the club car on a Pullman passenger train that was well appointed, the "club" term imparted a sense of class to the smaller-cabin versions in the range of models.
1962 Chevrolet Impala, a typical notchback sedan
A notchback sedan is a three-box sedan, where the passenger volume is clearly distinct from the trunk volume of the vehicle (when seen from the side). The roof is on one plane, generally parallel to the ground, the rear window at a sharp angle to the roof, and the trunk lid is also parallel to the ground.
1941 Plymouth fastback sedan
A fastback sedan is a TWO-BOX sedan, with continuous slope from the
roof to the base of the decklid (trunk lid), but excludes the
Marketing terminology is often misleading in this
area - for example,
Typically this design is chosen for its aerodynamic advantages. Automakers can no longer afford the penalty in fuel consumption produced by the traditional notchback three box form.
In historic terminology, a sedan will have a frame around the door
windows, while the hardtop has frameless door glass. A true hardtop
design also has no center or "B" pillar for roof support behind the
front doors). This pillarless body style offers greater visibility.
However, it requires extra underbody strengthening for structural
rigidity. The hardtop design can be considered separately (i.e., a
vehicle can be simply called a four-door hardtop), or it can be called
a hardtop sedan. During the 1960s and 1970s, hardtop sedans were often
sold as sport sedans by several American manufacturers and they were
among the top selling body styles. During the 1980s, automakers in the
U.S. focused on removing weight and increasing strength, and their new
four-door sedans with B-pillars were called pillared hardtops or
pillared sedans. The sport sedan term has since been appropriated for
other uses. In
Chevrolet Malibu Maxx hatchback sedan
Hatchback (a.k.a. liftback) sedans typically have the fastback
profile, but instead of a trunk lid, the entire back of the vehicle
lifts up (using a liftgate or hatch). A vehicle with four passenger
doors and a liftgate at the rear can be called a four-door hatchback,
five-door hatchback, four-door hatchback sedan, or five-door sedan. An
example of such is the
Chevrolet Malibu Maxx and
Strictly speaking limousine sedans have a separate compartment for
the driver and the passenger compartment is long enough to contain at
least two comfortable, forward-facing bench seats . Vehicles used for
these means are usually
Lincoln Town Car ,
The term limousine can refer to a large sedan, especially if hired from a service. Chauffeured limousines are primarily used by individuals for weddings, businesses for meetings, as well as for airport and sightseeing transportation. Chauffeurs are professional drivers, usually with experience in the transportation industry or tourism industry . Chauffeured sedans are owned either by private owners, livery services, or corporations. Large corporations as well as governments commonly provide luxury sedans to top executives, as well as VIP guests Chauffeured sedans, such as the Lincoln Town Car, may also be stretched into limousines that are capable of seating up to twenty people.
Sedan chair carried by two people
Main article: Litter (vehicle)
The word sedan is possibly derived from a southern Italian dialect
derivative of Italian sedia "chair" (the first sedan was said to have
been introduced from
Naples ). However, Portuguese and Spanish
navigators and colonists encountered litters of various sorts in India
The Online Etymology Dictionary points to Italian (sedia = chair) the cargo compartment at the rear is called the trunk .
In British English , a car of this configuration is called a SALOON. The engine compartment cover is the bonnet, the cargo-compartment boot is at the rear. Hatchback sedans are known simply as hatchbacks (not hatchback saloons); long-wheelbase luxury saloons may be referred to as limousines. A sports sedan with hatchback rear are typically called hot hatches in UK, but this usage is largely limited to upgraded small cars.
The British English term saloon is sometimes used by British car manufacturers in the United States. For example, the Rolls-Royce Park Ward was sold as a saloon in the United States, while the smaller Silver Seraph was called a sedan.