SECUNDERABAD ( listen (help ·info ), also spelled sometimes as
SIKANDAR-A-BAD) is the twin city of
Hyderabad located in the Indian
Telangana . Named after
Sikandar Jah , the third
Nizam of the
Asaf Jahi dynasty
Asaf Jahi dynasty ,
Secunderabad was founded in 1806 as a British
cantonment . Although
Secunderabad are together referred
to as the twin cities, they have both different histories and
Secunderabad having developed directly under British
rule until 1948 and
Hyderabad as the capital of the Nizams ' princely
Geographically divided from
Hyderabad by the
Hussain Sagar lake,
Secunderabad is no longer a separate municipal unit and has become
part of Hyderabad's GHMC municipality . Both cities are collectively
Hyderabad and together form the sixth largest metropolis in
India . Being one of the largest cantonments in India, Secunderabad
has a large presence of army and air force personnel.
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Climate
* 4 Demographics
* 5 Culture
* 6 Economy
* 7 Administration
* 8 Media
* 9 Entertainment
* 10 Sports
* 11 Transport
* 12 Education
* 13 Notable individuals
* 14 See also
* 15 References
* 16 External links
See also: History of
Hyderabad Banner celebrating 200 years of
Secunderabad James street circa 1880, an important shopping
The present area around
Secunderabad was ruled by the Chalukya
dynasty from 624 CE to 1075 CE. Following the dissolution of the
Chalukya empire into four parts in the 11th century, the areas around
Secunderabad came under the control of the
Kakatiya dynasty (1158–1310), whose seat of power was at
148 km (92 mi) northeast of modern Hyderabad. Area around Secunderbad
changed hands between various rulers and by the 18th century, the area
was part of Nizam's Hyderabad.
Secunderabad was founded as a British cantonment after the
Asaf Jah II
Asaf Jah II was defeated at the hands of the British East India
Company . He was then forced to sign the 1798 Treaty of Subsidiary
Alliance in order to gain the support of the British troops camped
in tents in the open areas of the maidan of the village Ulwul,
Hussain Sagar , the lake that separates Secunderabad
from its twin city Hyderabad. Later, in 1803,
Sikandar Jah , the
Nizam of Hyderabad, renamed Ulwul as
Secunderabad after himself.
The city was formed in 1806, after the order was signed by the Nizam
allotting the land north of
Hussain Sagar to set up the British
Cantonment. The twin cities are separated by the man-made Hussain
Sagar lake, which was built during the reign of the Qutb Shahi dynasty
in the 16th century. Unlike
Hyderabad , the official language of
Secunderabad was English.
Secunderabad was exempted from customs duty
on imported goods thus making trade very profitable. Various new
markets such as Regimental Bazaar and General Bazaar were created.
Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, the construction of a seven metre high
wall was started at
Trimulgherry and completed in 1867. Secunderabad
Railway Station one of the largest in
India which is also the zonal
South Central Railway was established in 1874. The
King Edward Memorial Hospital, now known as Gandhi Hospital was
established in 1851. A Civil Jail (now a heritage building known as
Old Jail complex near
Monda Market ) was also established. Originally
constructed in 1860 as the country house of the
British Resident at
Hyderabad, the Residency House is now known as the Rashtrapati Nilayam
, the official retreat of the President of
India . The first car
showroom that was opened in
Secunderabad in 1912 at James Street, c.
Trimulgherry Entrenchment where British troops were
Winston Churchill , the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
during World War II, was posted in
Secunderabad during the 1890s as a
subaltern in the British Army.
Sir Ronald Ross conducted his initial
research on the cause of malaria in the city of Secunderabad. The
original building is today called the
Sir Ronald Ross Institute and is
located on Minister Road.
Secunderabad Municipality was first formed in 1945. Later in 1950,
Hyderabad Municipality, it was upgraded to Secunderabad
Municipal Corporation under the
Hyderabad Corporation Act, 1950. In
1960 by the
Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act 1955, Secunderabad
Municipal Corporation was merged with
Hyderabad Corporation to form a
single Municipal Corporation. Today
Secunderabad is part of the
Hyderabad district .
Secunderabad celebrated two hundred years of its
formation in 2006.
Cantonment Board came under the
jurisdiction of the Indian Armed forces. Consequently, large military
units were established. The popular neighbourhoods in
Trimulgherry , Jawaharnagar colony,
Jeera, General Bazar,
Sitaphalmandi , Kharkhana , Ranigunj , New
Begumpet Airport is close to
Secunderabad and served
the twin city until early 2008.
Road sign by MCH
Situated in the North of
Hyderabad at 17°27′N 78°30′E /
17.45°N 78.5°E / 17.45; 78.5 .,
Secunderabad is 1,566
kilometres (973 mi) south of
Delhi , 699 kilometres (434 mi) southeast
Mumbai , and 570 kilometres (350 mi) north of
Bangalore by road.
It lies on the northern part of the Deccan Plateau.
an average elevation of 543 metres (1781 ft). As a constituent of
Secunderabad is one of the largest metropolitan
areas in India. Lot of residential areas are located nearby like West
Marredpally, East Marredpally, Kharkhana,
Bowenpally as it is calm and
Most of the area has a rocky terrain and some areas are hilly .
Secunderabad is connected to
Rastrapathi Road (formerly
known as King's Way) and MG Road (formerly known as James' Street) via
Tank Bund .
Secunderabad has a Composite climate that borders on a semi-arid
climate , with hot summers from late February to early June, the
monsoon season from late June to early October and a pleasant winter
from late October to early February. In the evenings and mornings, the
climate is relatively cooler. Most of rains are concentrated in the
monsoon months from June to September.
Winter lasts for only about 2 1⁄2 months, during which the
lowest temperature occasionally dips to 10 °C (50 °F) in December
and January. May is the hottest month, when daily temperatures range
from 26 to 38.8 °C (102 °F) (7–102 °F); January, the coldest, has
temperatures varying from 14.7 to 28.6 °C (83 °F) (58–83 °F).
CLIMATE DATA FOR SECUNDERABAD INDIA (1951–1980)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
Secunderabad has a population of 204,182. Males constitute 51% of the
population and females 49%.
Secunderabad has an average literacy rate
of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy is
78%, and female literacy is 68%. 11% of the population is under 6
years of age. The city has a sizable population of
mainly resided in the South
Lallaguda area of
Secunderabad which was
popularly known as Little England. Many
Anglo-Indians have emigrated
to other countries in the
English-speaking world over the last few
decades. See also: List of cities in
Due to the presence of communities such as
Parsis , Anglo-Indians
alongside British and native inhabitants,
historically a cosmopolitan city. Though the cities of
Secunderabad are twins, they are different in the layout of buildings,
the style of life and the very atmosphere.
Secunderabad used to be
referred to by the locals as Lashkar meaning the army and the city's
culture reflected the same.
Secunderabad was a liberal city compared
Hyderabad due the presence of the British.
Plaza cinema was the only theatre in
India where viewers could sip
beer while watching a movie. Sangeet was a popular cinema theatre that
screened only western movies.
Secunderabad Club was established in 1878 at a country
house gifted by
Salar Jung I .
Secunderabad has a more laid-back
atmosphere due to the fact that it is mainly a residential area with
fewer government offices and corporate establishments.
Secunderabad Club c. 1902 Garden Restaurant established 1952,
opposite to the Clock Tower
Many outdoor events such as
Republic Day parade and fairs are held in
the Gymkhana or Parade grounds. Christmas is celebrated by the
Christian residents. An annual festival known as the
Bonalu Jatara is
celebrated by the Hindus of the
Telangana state. It is usually held
during the Ashada jathara which is at the start of the monsoon season.
Ramadan , the Islamic holy month of fasting, is observed by the local
Muslims. There are age old temples like Sri Laxminarayana swami
temple, Mahankali Temple. Famous local churches include Wesely church,
St. Mary's church adding to typical cosmopolitan culture of the
city.The culture of
Secunderabad is distinctly different from that of
Hyderabad 's Nawabi culture.
Coromandel International are some of
the major private companies which have their offices in Secunderabad.
Being the headquarters of
South Central Railway ,
Secunderabad is a
major centre for railway activity. Industrial areas such as
Ghatkesar , Uppal
Bhongir etc. are in
Cantonment Board houses a large number of
defence units. Units of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) such as
Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD),
Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC), ECIL etc. are close to Secunderabad.
Regional passport office in
Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC), established in
2007, is responsible for the administration and infrastructure of
Secunderabad Municipality was first formed in 1945.
Later in 1950, along with
Hyderabad Municipality, it was upgraded to
Secunderabad Municipal Corporation under the
Act, 1950. In 1960 by the
Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act 1955,
Secunderabad Municipal Corporation was merged with Hyderabad
Corporation to form a single Municipal Corporation. During Nizam\'s
Cantonment was given under the control of the
British Raj —today those areas and most parts of Secunderabad, where
defence installations are located is under the purview of Secunderabad
Cantonment Board .
Secunderabad Municipality office which was located on Sardar Patel
Road is to be demolished for metro rail project. The new office is
located at West
Secunderabad forms a part of
Secunderabad Lok Sabha constituency and
comprises seven legislative assembly seats. The present Member of
Bandaru Dattatreya who is also a Minister of State in
the Union Cabinet and the incumbent Member of Legislative Assembly is
a candidate from
Telangana Rasthra Samiti (TRS) who is also a Minister
The major English dailies
Deccan Chronicle ,
Financial Chronicle and
Andhra Bhoomi are published from Secunderabad. FM radio
Radio Mirchi is located at SP Road, Secunderabad.
Secunderabad has several restaurants and shopping centres.
Secunderabad has presently three multiplexes (Tivoli cinema),
Cinepolis (Malkajgiri), Cineplanet (Kompally). A few more multiplexes
near Patny, Sangeet circle are being built.
The most popular sports played in
Secunderabad is cricket . During
Secunderabad had various sports facilities built
for serving Englishmen. Presently, however no major stadiums are
located in Secunderabad. However some open grounds belonging to
Railways and Defence are used for various sporting activities. These
are Gymkhana Ground , Parade Ground, Polo Ground, Bollarum Golf Course
and Railway Golf Course. The erstwhile IPL cricket franchise, Deccan
Chargers was based in Secunderabad.
International test cricketer
M. L. Jaisimha was born and brought up
in Secunderabad. Olympic finalist
Milkha Singh was first introduced
to athletics when he was posted at army 's electrical mechanical
engineering branch in Secunderabad.
Various state sports associations such as Amateur Boxing Association,
Basketball Association, Women’s
Cricket Association, Sculling ">
Secunderabad Railway Station , the busiest rail and bus junction in
Tank Bund road , an important road which connects the
The most commonly used forms of medium distance transport in
Secunderabad include government owned services such as light railways
TSRTC buses, as well as privately operated auto rickshaws .
The city is the headquarters of the
South Central Railway Zone of the
Indian Railways . It is served by one of the oldest and largest
railway station in the twin cities - the
Secunderabad Railway Station
Secunderabad is also a major railway junction in the Wadi-Vijayawada
Secunderabad is also the major hub for the city bus transport run by
Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (
TSRTC ) and is well
connected to all corners of both
Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Major bus
stations are the Jubilee Bus Station and the Rathifile Bus station.
Tankbund road is a historical and an important road which connects
the two cities. Abutting the
Hussain sagar lake, the Tankbund road is
an arterial road and the main thoroughfare connecting Secunderabad
with Hyderabad. Maximum speed limits within the city are 50 km/h (31
mph) for two-wheelers and cars, 35 km/h (22 mph) for auto rickshaws
and 40 km/h (25 mph) for light commercial vehicles and buses.
The nearest airport is
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport
Rajiv Gandhi International Airport ,
Hyderabad. Till March 2008,
Begumpet Airport was the nearest airport.
List of educational institutions in Secunderabad
Secunderabad similar to other schools in
other parts of
Telangana follow a "10+2+3" plan . Schools are a mix of
publicly and privately run institutions. Privately run schools account
for two-thirds of pupils,. Languages of instruction include English,
Urdu and Telugu. Depending on the institution students are
studying in, they are required to sit the Secondary School Certificate
Indian Certificate of Secondary Education . After completing
secondary education, students enroll in schools or junior colleges
with a higher secondary facility.
Due to the prolonged presence of the British,
convent schools established by Christian missionaries.
Research institutes such as
National Institute of Nutrition , Center
for Cellular and Molecular Biology , Indian Institute of Chemical
The English and Foreign Languages University , Osmania
National Geophysical Research Institute .etc. are in
Tarnaka close to Secunderabad.
Shyam Benegal , film director and screenwriter
M. L. Jaisimha , test cricketer and TV commentator
Diana Hayden , 1997 Femina Miss
India and 1997 Miss World 1997
Padmapriya Janakiraman , film actress and model
Tanikella Bharani , actor, writer and film director
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