Secunderabad ( listen (help·info), also spelled sometimes
as Sikandar-a-bad) is the twin city of
Hyderabad located in the Indian
state of Telangana. Named after Sikandar Jah, the third
Nizam of the
Asaf Jahi dynasty,
Secunderabad was founded in
1806 as a British
Secunderabad are together referred
to as the twin cities, they have both different histories and
Secunderabad having developed directly under British
rule until 1948 and
Hyderabad as the capital of the Nizams' princely
state of Hyderabad.
Geographically divided from
Hyderabad by the
Hussain Sagar lake,
Secunderabad is no longer a separate municipal unit and has become
part of Hyderabad's GHMC municipality. Both cities are collectively
Hyderabad and together form the sixth largest metropolis in
India. Being one of the largest cantonments in India,
a large presence of army and air force personnel.
13 Notable individuals
14 See also
16 External links
See also: History of Hyderabad
Banner celebrating 200 years of Secunderabad
James street circa 1880, an important shopping district in
Following the dissolution of the Chalukya empire into four parts in
the 11th century, the areas around present day
Secunderabad came under the control of the Kakatiya dynasty
(1158–1310), whose seat of power was at Warangal, 148 km
(92 mi) northeast of modern Hyderabad.
Area around Secunderbad changed hands between various rulers and by
the 18th century, the area was part of Nizam's Hyderabad.
Secunderabad was founded as a British cantonment after the
Asaf Jah II
Asaf Jah II was defeated at the hands of the British East India
Company. He was then forced to sign the 1798 Treaty of Subsidiary
Alliance  in order to gain the support of the British troops
camped in tents in the open areas of the maidan of the village Ulwul,
north-east of Hussain Sagar, the lake that separates
its twin city Hyderabad. Later, in 1803,
Nizam Sikandar Jah, the third
Nizam of Hyderabad, renamed Ulwul as
Secunderabad after himself.
The city was formed in 1806, after the order was signed by the Nizam
allotting the land north of
Hussain Sagar to set up the British
Cantonment. The twin cities are separated by the man-made Hussain
Sagar lake, which was built during the reign of the Qutb Shahi dynasty
in the 16th century. Unlike Hyderabad, the official language of
Secunderabad was English.
Secunderabad was exempted from customs
duty on imported goods thus making trade very profitable. Various new
markets such as Regimental Bazaar and General Bazaar were created.
Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, the construction of a seven metre high
wall was started at
Trimulgherry and completed in 1867.
Secunderabad Railway Station
Secunderabad Railway Station one of the largest in India which is also
the zonal headquarters of
South Central Railway
South Central Railway was established in
1874. The King Edward Memorial Hospital, now known as Gandhi Hospital
was established in 1851. A Civil Jail (now a heritage building known
as Old Jail complex near Monda Market) was also established.
Originally constructed in 1860 as the country house of the British
Resident at Hyderabad, the Residency House is now known as the
Rashtrapati Nilayam, the official retreat of the President of
The first car showroom that was opened in
Secunderabad in 1912 at
James Street, c. 1950
Trimulgherry Entrenchment where British troops were stationed
Sir Winston Churchill, the Prime Minister of the
United Kingdom during
World War II, was posted in
Secunderabad during the 1890s as a
subaltern in the British Army.
Sir Ronald Ross
Sir Ronald Ross conducted his
initial research on the cause of malaria in the city of
Secunderabad. The original building is today called the Sir Ronald
Ross Institute and is located on Minister Road.
Secunderabad Municipality was first formed in 1945. Later in 1950,
Hyderabad Municipality, it was upgraded to Secunderabad
Municipal Corporation under the
Hyderabad Corporation Act, 1950. In
1960 by the
Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act 1955, Secunderabad
Municipal Corporation was merged with
Hyderabad Corporation to form a
single Municipal Corporation. Today
Secunderabad is part of the
Secunderabad celebrated two hundred years of its
formation in 2006.
Cantonment Board came under the
jurisdiction of the Indian Armed forces. Consequently, large military
units were established. The popular neighbourhoods in
Paradise Circle, Trimulgherry, Jawaharnagar colony, Marredpally,
Jeera, General Bazar, Sitaphalmandi, Kharkhana, Ranigunj, New
Begumpet Airport is close to
Secunderabad and served
the twin city until early 2008.
Road sign by MCH
Situated in the North of
Hyderabad at 17°27′N 78°30′E /
17.45°N 78.5°E / 17.45; 78.5.,
Secunderabad is 1,566
kilometres (973 mi) south of Delhi, 699 kilometres (434 mi)
southeast of Mumbai, and 570 kilometres (350 mi) north of
Bangalore by road. It lies on the northern part of the Deccan
Secunderabad has an average elevation of
543 metres (1781 ft). As a constituent of Greater Hyderabad,
Secunderabad is one of the largest metropolitan areas in India. Lot of
residential areas are located nearby like West Marredpally, East
Bowenpally as it is calm and serene.
Most of the area has a rocky terrain and some areas are hilly.
Secunderabad is connected to
Rastrapathi Road (formerly
known as King's Way) and MG Road (formerly known as James' Street) via
Secunderabad has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw), with hot
summers from late February to early June, the monsoon season from late
June to early October and a pleasant winter from late October to early
February. In the evenings and mornings, the climate is relatively
cooler. Most of rains are concentrated in the monsoon months from June
Winter lasts for only about 2 1⁄2 months, during which the
lowest temperature occasionally dips to 10 °C (50 °F) in
December and January. May is the hottest month, when daily
temperatures range from 26 to 38.8 °C (102 °F)
(7–102 °F); January, the coldest, has temperatures varying
from 14.7 to 28.6 °C (83 °F) (58–83 °F).
Climate data for
Secunderabad India (1951–1980)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Secunderabad has a population of 204,182. Males constitute 51% of the
population and females 49%.
Secunderabad has an average literacy rate
of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy is
78%, and female literacy is 68%. 11% of the population is under 6
years of age. The city has a sizable population of
mainly resided in the South
Lallaguda area of
Secunderabad which was
popularly known as Little England. Many
emigrated to other countries in the
English-speaking world over the
last few decades.
See also: List of cities in Telangana
Due to the presence of communities such as Parsis, Anglo-Indians
alongside British and native inhabitants,
historically a cosmopolitan city. Though the cities of Hyderabad
Secunderabad are twins, they are different in the layout of
buildings, the style of life and the very atmosphere. Secunderabad
used to be referred to by the locals as Lashkar meaning the army and
the city's culture reflected the same.
Secunderabad was a liberal city
Hyderabad due the presence of the British.
Plaza cinema was the only theatre in India where viewers could sip
beer while watching a movie. Sangeet was a popular cinema theatre that
screened only western movies.
Secunderabad Club was established in 1878 at a country
house gifted by Salar Jung I.
Secunderabad has a more laid-back
atmosphere due to the fact that it is mainly a residential area with
fewer government offices and corporate establishments.
Secunderabad Club c. 1902
Garden Restaurant established 1952, opposite to the Clock Tower
Many outdoor events such as
Republic Day parade and fairs are held in
the Gymkhana or Parade grounds. Christmas is celebrated by the
Christian residents. An annual festival known as the
Bonalu Jatara is
celebrated by the Hindus of the
Telangana state. It is usually held
during the Ashada jathara which is at the start of the monsoon
season. Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, is observed by
the local Muslims. There are age old temples like Sri Laxminarayana
swami temple, Mahankali Temple. Famous local churches include Wesely
church, St. Mary's church adding to typical cosmopolitan culture of
the city.The culture of
Secunderabad is distinctly different from that
of Hyderabad's Nawabi culture.
Coromandel International are some of the
major private companies which have their offices in Secunderabad.
Being the headquarters of South Central Railway,
Secunderabad is a
major centre for railway activity. Industrial areas such as Bolarum,
Moula-Ali, Nacharam, Ghatkesar, Uppal
Bhongir etc. are in
Cantonment Board houses a large number of
defence units. Units of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) such as
Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD),
Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC), ECIL etc. are close to Secunderabad.
Regional passport office in Secunderabad
Hyderabad Municipal Corporation (GHMC), established in
2007, is responsible for the administration and infrastructure of
Secunderabad Municipality was first formed in 1945.
Later in 1950, along with
Hyderabad Municipality, it was upgraded to
Secunderabad Municipal Corporation under the
Act, 1950. In 1960 by the
Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act 1955,
Secunderabad Municipal Corporation was merged with Hyderabad
Corporation to form a single Municipal Corporation. During Nizam's
Cantonment was given under the control of the
British Raj—today those areas and most parts of Secunderabad, where
defence installations are located is under the purview of Secunderabad
Secunderabad Municipality office which was located on Sardar Patel
Road is to be demolished for metro rail project. The new office is
located at West Marredpally.
Secunderabad forms a part of
Secunderabad Lok Sabha constituency and
comprises seven legislative assembly seats. The present Member of
Parliament is Bandaru Dattatreya who is also a Minister of State
in the Union Cabinet and the incumbent Member of Legislative Assembly
is a candidate from
Telangana Rasthra Samiti (TRS) who is also a
Minister with the
The major English dailies Deccan Chronicle,
Financial Chronicle and
Andhra Bhoomi are published from Secunderabad. FM radio
Radio Mirchi is located at SP Road, Secunderabad.
Secunderabad has several restaurants and shopping centres.
Secunderabad has presently three multiplexes (Tivoli cinema),
Cinepolis (Malkajgiri), Cineplanet (Kompally). A few more multiplexes
near Patny, Sangeet circle are being built.
Secunderabad, CTC, chenoy trade center is the computer bazaar of twin
cities of Telangana. there are nearly 200 computer stores which
provide services like sales,services and rental to customers.
Secunderabad is all in one for computer shopper.To visit computer
stores of CTC,
Secunderabad visit the www.secunderabadcomputers.com
The most popular sports played in
Secunderabad is cricket. During
Secunderabad had various sports facilities built
for serving Englishmen. Presently, however no major stadiums
are located in Secunderabad. However some open grounds belonging to
Railways and Defence are used for various sporting activities. These
are Gymkhana Ground, Parade Ground, Polo Ground, Bollarum Golf Course
and Railway Golf Course. The erstwhile IPL cricket franchise, Deccan
Chargers was based in Secunderabad.
International test cricketer
M. L. Jaisimha was born and brought up in
Secunderabad. Olympic finalist
Milkha Singh was first introduced
to athletics when he was posted at army's electrical mechanical
engineering branch in Secunderabad.
Various state sports associations such as Amateur Boxing Association,
Basketball Association, Women’s
Cricket Association, Sculling &
Hyderabad Hockey Association are located in
Secunderabad Railway Station, the busiest rail and bus junction in the
Tank Bund road, an important road which connects the cities of
Secunderabad and Hyderabad
The most commonly used forms of medium distance transport in
Secunderabad include government owned services such as light railways
TSRTC buses, as well as privately operated auto rickshaws.
The city is the headquarters of the
South Central Railway
South Central Railway Zone of the
Indian Railways. It is served by one of the oldest and largest railway
station in the twin cities - the
Secunderabad Railway Station.
Secunderabad is also a major railway junction in the Wadi-Vijayawada
Secunderabad is also the major hub for the city bus transport run by
Telangana State Road Transport Corporation (TSRTC) and is well
connected to all corners of both
Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Major bus
stations are the Jubilee Bus Station and the Rathifile Bus station.
Tankbund road is a historical and an important road which connects the
two cities. Abutting the
Hussain sagar lake, the Tankbund road is an
arterial road and the main thoroughfare connecting
Hyderabad. Maximum speed limits within the city are 50 km/h
(31 mph) for two-wheelers and cars, 35 km/h (22 mph)
for auto rickshaws and 40 km/h (25 mph) for light commercial
vehicles and buses.
The nearest airport is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Hyderabad.
Till March 2008,
Begumpet Airport was the nearest airport.
See also: List of educational institutions in Secunderabad
Secunderabad similar to other schools in
other parts of
Telangana follow a "10+2+3" plan. Schools are a mix of
publicly and privately run institutions. Privately run schools account
for two-thirds of pupils,. Languages of instruction include
English, Hindi, Urdu and Telugu. Depending on the institution
students are studying in, they are required to sit the Secondary
School Certificate or the Indian Certificate of Secondary
Education. After completing secondary education, students enroll in
schools or junior colleges with a higher secondary facility.
Due to the prolonged presence of the British,
Secunderabad has convent
schools established by Christian missionaries.
Research institutes such as National Institute of Nutrition, Center
for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Indian Institute of Chemical
Technology, The English and Foreign Languages University, Osmania
University, National Geophysical Research Institute.etc. are in
Tarnaka close to Secunderabad.
Shyam Benegal, film director and screenwriter
M. L. Jaisimha, test cricketer and TV commentator
Diana Hayden, 1997 Femina Miss India and 1997 Miss World 1997 winner
Padmapriya Janakiraman, film actress and model
Tanikella Bharani, actor, writer and film director
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Neighbourhoods of Hyderabad
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History of Hyderabad
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Asaf Jahi Dynasty
Hyderabad Social Service League
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Salar Jung Museum
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Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University
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List of hospitals in Hyderabad
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List of mosques in Hyderabad
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