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The Second Coming
Second Coming
(sometimes called the Second Advent or the Parousia) is a Christian
Christian
and Islamic belief regarding the future return of Jesus Christ after his incarnation and ascension to heaven about two thousand years ago. The idea is based on messianic prophecies found in the canonical gospels and is part of most Christian
Christian
eschatologies. Views about the nature of Jesus' Second Coming
Second Coming
vary among Christian denominations and among individual Christians. Most English versions of the Nicene Creed include the following statements: "...he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in his glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end. ... We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come."

Contents

1 Terminology

1.1 Epiphany 1.2 Parousia 1.3 Definitions

2 Christian
Christian
views

2.1 1st century 2.2 Preterism 2.3 Catholic and Orthodox 2.4 Protestant 2.5 Esoteric Christian
Christian
teachings 2.6 The Church of Jesus
Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints 2.7 Seventh-day Adventists 2.8 Jehovah's Witnesses 2.9 Christian
Christian
Fundamentalism 2.10 Rastafari

3 Last Day counterfeits 4 Specific date predictions and claims 5 Other views and commentaries

5.1 Baha'i Faith 5.2 Islam 5.3 Judaism 5.4 Ahmadiyya 5.5 Paramahansa Yogananda's commentary

6 In modern culture 7 See also 8 References 9 Bibliography 10 External links

Terminology[edit] Several different terms are used to refer to the Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ: Epiphany[edit] See also: Theophany
Theophany
and Christophany In the New Testament, the Greek word ἐπιφάνεια (epiphaneia, appearing) is used five times to refer to the return of Christ.[1] Parousia[edit] Main article: Parousia The Greek New Testament
New Testament
uses the Greek term parousia (παρουσία, meaning "arrival", "coming", or "presence") twenty-four times, seventeen of them concerning Christ. However, Parousia has the distinct reference to a period of time rather than an in instance in time. At Matthew 24:37 Parousia is used to clearly describe in simile, period of time that Noah lived. The Greek word Eleusis which means “coming” is not interchangeable with Parousia. So this Parousia or “presence” would be unique and distinct from anything that had occurred before.[2] The word is also used six times referring to individuals (Stephanas, Fortunatus and Achaicus,[1Co.16:17] Titus,[2Co. 7:6-72] and Paul the Apostle
Paul the Apostle
[2Co. 10:10][Phil 1:26][2:12]) and one time referring to the "coming of the lawless one".[2Thes 2:9] Definitions[edit] The Lexicon of Joseph Henry Thayer defines the Greek word parousia as Strong's G3952:

...In the N. T. [New Testament] esp. [especially] of the advent, i.e., the future, visible, return from heaven of Jesus, the Messiah, to raise the dead, hold the last judgment, and set up formally and gloriously the kingdom of God.[2]

The Bauer-Danker Lexicon provides the definition:

...of Christ, and nearly always of his Messianic Advent in glory to judge the world at the end of this age.

The Catholic Encyclopedia
Catholic Encyclopedia
article on the "General judgment" states:[3]

In the New Testament
New Testament
the second Parousia, or coming of Christ as Judge of the world, is an oft-repeated doctrine. The Saviour Himself not only foretells the event but graphically portrays its circumstances (Matthew 24:27 sqq. [Olivet Discourse]; Matthew sqq. [Judgment of the Nations]). The Apostles
Apostles
give a most prominent place to this doctrine in their preaching (Acts 10:42,Acts) and writings (Romans 2:5-16; 14:10; 1 Cor. 4:5; 2 Cor. 5:10; 2 Tim. 4:1; 2 Thess 1:5; James 5:7). Besides the name Parusia (parousia), or Advent (1 Cor. 15:23, 2 Thes. 2:1-9), the second coming is also called Epiphany, epiphaneia, or Appearance (2 Thes. 2:8; 1 Tim. 6:14; 2 Tim. 4:1; Titus
Titus
2:13) and Apocalypse
Apocalypse
(apokalypsis), or Revelation (2 Thess. 2:7 1 Pet. 4:13). The time of the second coming is spoken of as "that Day" (2 Tim. 4:8) "the day of the Lord" (1 Thess. 5:2), "the day of Christ" (Phil 1:6), "the day of the Son of Man" (Luke 17:30), and "the last day" (John 6:39-40).

Gustav Adolf Deissmann (1908)[4] showed that the Greek word parousia occurred as early as the 3rd century BC to describe the visit of a king or dignitary to a city - a visit arranged in order to show the visitor's magnificence to the people. The Roman advent coins struck by the cities of Corinth
Corinth
and Patras
Patras
for Nero's visit reveals the correspondence between the Greek "parousia" and the Latin "Adventus" and their relationship to the Greek word "epiphany" that means "appearing".[citation needed] Christian
Christian
views[edit] Main article: Christian
Christian
eschatological views

Christian
Christian
eschatology

Eschatology
Eschatology
views

Contrasting beliefs

Historicism Futurism Preterism Idealism Dispensationalism

The Millennium

Amillennialism Postmillennialism Premillennialism

Prewrath
Prewrath
Rapture Posttribulation Rapture Dispensationalism

Biblical texts

Synoptic Gospels

Olivet Discourse Sheep and Goats

Book
Book
of Revelation

Events of Revelation

Book
Book
of Daniel

Seventy Weeks

2 Esdras
2 Esdras
(Apocrypha)

Key terms

Abomination of desolation Antichrist Armageddon The Beast Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse Great Tribulation Katechon Kingdom of God Lake of fire Last Judgment Man of sin New Heaven and New Earth New Jerusalem Rapture Resurrection
Resurrection
of the dead Second Coming Seven bowls Seven seals Son of perdition Two witnesses War in Heaven Whore of Babylon World to come

Christianity
Christianity
portal

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1st century[edit] According to historian Charles Freeman, early Christians expected Jesus
Jesus
to return within a generation of his death and the non-occurrence of the second coming surprised the early Christian communities.[5]

Children, it is the last hour; and just as you heard that Antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have appeared; from this we know that it is the last hour. — 1 John 2:18

Preterism[edit] Main article: Preterism The position associating the Second Coming
Second Coming
with 1st century events such as the destruction of Jerusalem and of the Jewish Temple in AD 70 is known as Preterism.[6] Some Preterists see this "coming of the Son of Man
Son of Man
in glory" primarily fulfilled in Jesus' death on the cross. They believe the apocalyptic signs are already fulfilled including "the sun will be dark",[7] the "powers ... will be shaken,"[8] and "then they will see".[9] Yet some critics note many are missing such as "But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night, in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will melt with fervent heat; both the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up." (2 Peter 3:10)[10] And "Then the sign of the Son of Man
Son of Man
will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man
Son of Man
coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory." (Matthew 24:30)[11] Moreover, Jesus
Jesus
was reported to have told his disciples, "Truly I tell you, this generation will certainly not pass away until all these things have happened." (Matt. 24:34; Mark 13:30; Luke 21:32) Given that in his next statement Jesus
Jesus
notes that the exact day and hour is unknown even to himself, the simple meaning of his previous statement is that the Second Coming
Second Coming
was to be witnessed by people literally living in that same generation. Some, such as Jerome, interpret the phrase "this generation" to mean in the lifetime of the Jewish race; however, other scholars believe that if Jesus
Jesus
meant "race" he would have used genos (race) not genea (generation).[12][13] Catholic and Orthodox[edit] See also: Katechon

The Last Judgment, by Michelangelo
Michelangelo
(1541)

Most English versions of the Nicene Creed in current use include the following statements about Jesus: "...he ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father. He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead, and his kingdom will have no end. ... We look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen." It is the traditional view of Roman Catholics
Roman Catholics
and Orthodox Christians, preserved from the early Church, that the second coming will be a sudden and unmistakable incident, like "a flash of lightning".[Mt 24:27] They hold the general view that Jesus
Jesus
will not spend any time on the earth in ministry or preaching.[14] They also agree that the ministry of the Antichrist
Antichrist
will take place right before the Second Coming.[14] Orthodox layman Alexander Kalomiros explains the original Church's position regarding the Second Coming
Second Coming
in River of Fire[15] and Against False Union,[16] stating that those who contend that Christ will reign on earth for a thousand years "do not wait for Christ, but for the Antichrist." The idea of Jesus
Jesus
returning to this earth as a king is a heretical concept to the Church, equated to "the expectations of the Jews who wanted the Messiah
Messiah
to be an earthly King." The Church instead teaches that which it has taught since the beginning—Christ will not return to earth, rather the Kingdom of Heaven, the New Jerusalem, will be established through the Resurrection
Resurrection
of the dead. Protestant[edit] See also: Protestantism

The Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ stained glass window at St. Matthew's German Evangelical Lutheran Church in Charleston, South Carolina, United States.

The many denominations of Protestantism
Protestantism
have differing views on the exact details of Christ's second coming. Only a handful of Christian organizations claim complete and authoritative interpretation of the typically symbolic and prophetic biblical sources. A short reference to the second coming is contained in the Nicene Creed: "He [Jesus] shall come again in glory to judge the living and the dead; and His kingdom shall have no end." An analogous statement is also in the biblical Pauline Creed.[1Cor 15:23]. Some Protestant churches proclaim the Mystery of Faith to be: "Christ has died, Christ is risen, Christ will come again." [17][18][19] Esoteric Christian
Christian
teachings[edit] See also: Last Judgment
Last Judgment
(Esoteric Christian
Christian
tradition) In Rosicrucian
Rosicrucian
esoteric Christian
Christian
teaching, there is a clear distinction between the cosmic Christ, or Christ without, and the Christ within.[20] According to this tradition, the Christ within is regarded as the true Saviour who needs to be born within each individual[21] in order to evolve toward the future Sixth Epoch in the Earth's etheric plane, that is, toward the "new heavens and a new earth":[22] the New Galilee.[23] The Second Coming
Second Coming
or Advent of the Christ is not in a physical body,[24] but in the new soul body of each individual in the etheric plane of the planet[25] where man "shall be caught up in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air."[26] The "day and hour" of this event is not known.[27] The esoteric Christian
Christian
tradition teaches that first there will be a preparatory period as the Sun enters Aquarius, an astrological concept, by precession: the coming Age of Aquarius.[28] The Church of Jesus
Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints[edit] Main article: Second Coming
Second Coming
(LDS Church) Latter-day Saints
Latter-day Saints
have particularly distinct and specific interpretations of what are considered to be signs stated in the Book of Revelation.[29] Their scriptures say that Christ will return, as stated in the Bible. Their church also teaches that "When the Savior comes again, He will come in power and glory to claim the earth as His kingdom. His Second Coming
Second Coming
will mark the beginning of the Millennium. The Second Coming
Second Coming
will be a fearful, mournful time for the wicked, but it will be a day of peace for the righteous."[30] Seventh-day Adventists[edit] Main article: Seventh-day Adventist eschatology Fundamental Belief #25 of the Seventh-day Adventist Church
Seventh-day Adventist Church
states:

The second coming of Christ is the blessed hope of the church, the grand climax of the gospel. The Saviour's coming will be literal, personal, visible, and worldwide. When He returns, the righteous dead will be resurrected, and together with the righteous living will be glorified and taken to heaven, but the unrighteous will die. The almost complete fulfillment of most lines of prophecy, together with the present condition of the world, indicates that Christ's coming is imminent. The time of that event has not been revealed, and we are therefore exhorted to be ready at all times. ( Titus
Titus
2:13; Heb. 9:28; John 14:1-3; Acts 1:9-11; Matt. 24:14; Rev. 1:7; Matt. 24:43, 44; 1 Thess. 4:13-18; 1 Cor. 15:51-54; 2 Thess. 1:7-10; 2:8; Rev. 14:14-20; 19:11-21; Matt. 24; Mark 13; Luke 21; 2 Tim. 3:1-5; 1 Thess. 5:1-6.)[31]

Jehovah's Witnesses[edit] Jehovah's Witnesses
Jehovah's Witnesses
rarely use the term "second coming", preferring the term "presence" as a translation of parousia.[32] They believe that Jesus' comparison of "the presence of the Son of man" with "the days of Noah" at Matthew 24:37–39 and Luke 17:26–30 suggests a duration rather than a moment of arrival.[33] They also believe that biblical chronology points to 1914[34] as the start of Christ's "presence", which continues until the final battle of Armageddon. Other biblical expressions they correlate with this period include "the time of the end" (Dan 12:4), "the conclusion of the system of things" (Matt 13:40,49; 24:3) and "the last days" (2 Tim 3:1; 2 Peter 3:3).[35][36] Witnesses believe Christ's millennial reign begins after Armageddon.[37] Christian
Christian
Fundamentalism[edit] A recent survey (2010) showed that about 40% of Americans believe that Jesus
Jesus
is likely to return by 2050. This varies from 58% of white evangelical Christians, through 32% of Catholics to 27% of white mainline Protestants.[38] Belief in the Second Coming
Second Coming
was popularised in the US in the late nineteenth century by the evangelist Dwight L. Moody
Dwight L. Moody
and the premillennial interpretation became one of the core components of Christian
Christian
fundamentalism in the 1920s. Rastafari[edit] In the early developments of the Rastafari
Rastafari
religion, Haile Selassie (the Ethiopian Emperor) was regarded as a member of the House of David, is worshipped as God incarnate,[39] and is thought to be the "black Jesus" and "black messiah" - the second coming of Christ.[40] It was claimed that Marcus Garvey
Marcus Garvey
preached the coming of the black messiah on the eve of Selassie's coronation. Due to this prophecy, Selassie was the source of inspiration of the poor and uneducated Christian
Christian
populations of Jamaica, who believed that the Emperor would liberate the black people from the subjugation of European colonists.[41] Last Day counterfeits[edit] Main articles: Antichrist, False messiah, and False prophet Some Christian
Christian
writings say that there will be a great deception before the Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ. In Matthew 24, Jesus
Jesus
states in the following passage:

If anyone says to you then, 'Look, here is the Messiah!' or, 'There he is!' do not believe it. False messiahs and false prophets will arise, and they will perform signs and wonders so great as to deceive, if that were possible, even the elect. — Matthew 24:21, 24 (NAB)

Ellen G. White, the early Seventh-day Adventist leader, wrote:

As the crowning act in the great drama of deception, Satan himself will impersonate Christ. The church has long professed to look to the Saviour's advent as the consummation of her hopes. Now the great deceiver will make it appear that Christ has come. In different parts of the earth, Satan will manifest himself among men as a majestic being of dazzling brightness, resembling the description of the Son of God given by John in the Revelation. (Revelation 1:13-15). The glory that surrounds him is unsurpassed by anything that mortal eyes have yet beheld. The shout of triumph rings out upon the air: "Christ has come! Christ has come!" The people prostrate themselves in adoration before him, while he lifts up his hands and pronounces a blessing upon them, as Christ blessed His disciples when He was upon the earth. His voice is soft and subdued, yet full of melody. In gentle, compassionate tones he presents some of the same gracious, heavenly truths which the Saviour uttered; he heals the diseases of the people, and then, in his assumed character of Christ, he claims to have changed the Sabbath to Sunday, and commands all to hallow the day which he has blessed. — The Great Controversy, p. 624[42]

Specific date predictions and claims[edit] Main article: Predictions and claims for the Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ See also: List of messiah claimants, List of people claimed to be Jesus, and Olivet Discourse
Olivet Discourse
§ Imminence A number of specific dates have been predicted for the Second Coming of Christ, some now in the distant past, others still in the future. Victor J. Stenger
Victor J. Stenger
notes that Jesus
Jesus
is recorded as saying, " ...there are some standing here, which shall not taste death, till they see the Son of Man
Son of Man
coming in his kingdom ", Matt 16:28. He makes similar predictions in five other places in the Gospels; Mark 9:1, Mark 13:30, Matt 24:34, Luke 9:27, Luke 21:32. In Stenger's view, when the coming did not happen within the life-times of his disciples, as Jesus prophesied, Christianity
Christianity
changed its emphasis to the Resurrection
Resurrection
and promise of eternal life.[43] Other views and commentaries[edit]

Part of a series on

Eschatology

Buddhist

Maitreya Three Ages

Christian

— Biblical texts —

Book
Book
of Revelation Book
Book
of Daniel

Olivet Discourse Sheep and Goats

— Major figures —

Jesus Two witnesses

Four Horsemen Antichrist

— Different views —

Preterism Idealism

Historicism Futurism

— Millennialism —

Premillennialism Amillennialism

Postmillennialism

— Other events — Events of Revelation

Rapture Seven Seals

Second Coming Islamic eschatology

Hindu

Kalki Kali Yuga Shiva

Islamic — Figures —

Beast of the Earth Dhul-Qarnayn Dhul-Suwayqatayn Isa

Messiah Second Coming

Israfil Mahdi Dajjal Muhammad Al-Qa'im Sufyani Yajuj and Majuj

— Events —

Death Resurrection Last Judgement

Jewish

Messianism

Book
Book
of Daniel Kabbalah

Taoist

Li Hong

Zoroastrian

Frashokereti Saoshyant

Inter-religious

End times Apocalypticism

2012 phenomenon

Millenarianism Last Judgment

Resurrection
Resurrection
of the dead

Gog and Magog Messianic Age

v t e

Baha'i Faith[edit] Bahá'u'lláh
Bahá'u'lláh
announced that the Return of Christ, understood as a reappearance of the Word and Spirit of God, was manifest in His Person. Baha'u'llah wrote to Pope Pius IX, "He Who is the Lord of Lords is come overshadowed with clouds...He, verily, hath again come down from Heaven even as He came down from it the first time. Beware that thou dispute not with Him even as the Pharisees disputed with Him without a clear token or proof."[44] He goes on to refer to Himself as the Ancient of Days and the Pen of Glory.[45] Baha'u'llah also said in this connection: "This is the Father foretold by Isaiah, and the Comforter concerning Whom the Spirit had covenanted with you. Open your eyes, O concourse of bishops, that ye may behold your Lord seated upon the Throne of might and glory."[46] Baha'u'llah also wrote,"Say: We, in truth, have given Ourself as a ransom for your own lives. Alas, when We came once again, We beheld you fleeing from Us, whereat the eye of My loving-kindness wept sore over My people."[45] Followers of the Bahá'í Faith
Bahá'í Faith
believe that the fulfillment of the prophecies of the second coming of Jesus, as well as the prophecies of the Maitreya and many other religious prophecies, were begun by the Báb
Báb
in 1844 and then by Bahá'u'lláh.[47] They commonly compare the fulfillment of Christian
Christian
prophecies to Jesus' fulfillment of Jewish prophecies, where in both cases people were expecting the literal fulfillment of apocalyptic statements. Bahá'ís claim that the return of Christ with a new name parallels the return of Elijah
Elijah
in John the Baptist
John the Baptist
as stated by Jesus
Jesus
in the Gospels.[48][49] Islam[edit] Main articles: Jesus
Jesus
in Islam
Islam
and Islamic eschatology In Islam, Jesus
Jesus
(or Isa; Arabic: عيسى‎ ʿĪsā) is considered to be a Messenger of God and the Masih (messiah) who was sent to guide the Israelites
Israelites
(banī isrā'īl) with a new scripture, the Injīl.[50] The belief in Jesus
Jesus
(and all other messengers of God) is required in Islam, and a requirement of being a Muslim. However, Muslims do not recognize Jesus
Jesus
as the Son of God but merely as a prophet. In the Quran, the second coming of Jesus
Jesus
is heralded in Az-Zukhruf (the Quran's 43rd surah or chapter) as a sign of the day of judgement.

And (Jesus) shall be a Sign (for the coming of) the Hour (of Judgment): therefore have no doubt about the (Hour), but follow ye Me: this is a Straight Way. 43:61[51]

In his famous interpretation of the Qur'an or Tafsir al-Qur'an al-Azim, Ibn Kathir also uses this verse as proof of Jesus' second coming in the Qur'an. [52] There are also Hadiths that clearly foretell of Jesus' future return such as:[53] Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 3, Book
Book
43: Kitab-ul-`Ilm (Book of Knowledge), Hâdith Number 656:

The Hour will not be established until the son of Mary (i.e. Jesus) descends amongst you as a just ruler, he will break the cross, kill the pigs, and abolish the Jizya
Jizya
tax. Money will be in abundance so that nobody will accept it (as charitable gifts).

According to Islamic tradition, Jesus' descent will be in the midst of wars fought by the Mahdi
Mahdi
(lit. "the rightly guided one"), known in Islamic eschatology
Islamic eschatology
as the redeemer of Islam, against the Masih ad-Dajjal (literally "false messiah", synonymous with the Antichrist) and his followers.[54] Jesus
Jesus
will descend at the point of a white arcade, east of Damascus, dressed in saffron robes—his head anointed. He will then join the Mahdi
Mahdi
in his war against the Dajjal. Jesus, considered in Islam
Islam
as a Muslim
Muslim
(one who submits to God) and one of God's messengers, will abide by the Islamic teachings. Eventually, Jesus
Jesus
will slay the Antichrist
Antichrist
Dajjal, and then everyone from the People of the Book
Book
(ahl al-kitāb, referring to Jews and Christians) will believe in him. Thus, there will be one community, that of Islam. Sahih Muslim, 41:7023 After the death of the Mahdi, Jesus
Jesus
will assume leadership. This is a time associated in Islamic narrative with universal peace and justice. Islamic texts also allude to the appearance of Ya'juj and Ma'juj (known also as Gog and Magog), ancient tribes which will disperse and cause disturbance on earth. God, in response to Jesus's prayers, will kill them by sending a type of worm in the napes of their necks.[54] Jesus's rule is said to be around forty years, after which he will die, (according to Islam
Islam
Jesus
Jesus
did not die on the cross but was taken up to heaven and continues to live until his return in the second coming). Muslims will then perform the Salat al-Janazah
Salat al-Janazah
(funeral prayer) for him and bury him in the city of Medina
Medina
in a grave left vacant beside Muhammad.[53] Judaism[edit] Main article: Judaism's view of Jesus See also: Rejection of Jesus Judaism
Judaism
believes that Jesus
Jesus
is one of the false Jewish Messiah claimants because he failed to fulfill any Messianic prophecies, which include:

Build the Third Temple
Third Temple
(Ezekiel 37:26-28). Gather all Jews back to the Land of Israel (Isaiah 43:5-6). Usher in an era of world peace, and end all hatred, oppression, suffering and disease. As it says: "Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall man learn war anymore." (Isaiah 2:4) Spread universal knowledge of the God of Israel, which will unite humanity as one. As it says: "God will be King over all the world ― on that day, God will be One and His Name will be One" (Zechariah 14:9).[55]

Regarding the Christian
Christian
idea that these prophecies will be fulfilled during a "second coming," Ohr Samayach states "we find this to be a contrived answer, since there is no mention of a second coming in the Jewish Bible. Second, why couldn't God accomplish His goals the first time round?"[56] Rabbi David Wolpe
David Wolpe
believes that the Second Coming
Second Coming
was "grown out of genuine disappointment. [...] When Jesus
Jesus
died, true believers had to theologically compensate for the disaster."[57] Ahmadiyya[edit]

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

Main article: Jesus
Jesus
in Ahmadiyya Islam The Ahmadi
Ahmadi
sect, who identify as Muslims, believe that the promised Mahdi
Mahdi
and Messiah
Messiah
arrived in the person of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1835–1908). This is rejected by many Muslims, who consider the Ahmadiyya not to be Muslims. The hadith (sayings of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad) and the Bible indicated that Jesus
Jesus
would return during the latter days. Islamic tradition commonly depicts that Jesus, upon his second coming, would be an Ummati (Muslim) and a follower of Muhammad and that he would revive the truth of Islam
Islam
rather than fostering a new religion. The Ahmadiyya movement interpret the Second Coming
Second Coming
of Jesus
Jesus
prophesied as being that of a person "similar to Jesus" (mathīl-i ʿIsā) and not his physical return, in the same way as John the Baptist
John the Baptist
resembled the character of the biblical prophet Elijah
Elijah
in Christianity. Ahmadis believe that Ghulam Ahmad demonstrated that the prophecy in Muslim
Muslim
and Christian
Christian
religious texts were traditionally misunderstood to suggest that Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth himself would return, and hold that Jesus
Jesus
had survived the crucifixion and had died a natural death. Ahmadis consider Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
(the founder of the movement), in both his character and teachings, to be representative of Jesus; and subsequently, he attained the same spiritual rank of Prophethood as Jesus. Thus, Ahmadis believe this prediction was fulfilled and continued by his movement.[58][59] Paramahansa Yogananda's commentary[edit] In modern times some traditional Indian religious leaders have moved to embrace Jesus
Jesus
as an avatar, or incarnation, of God. In light of this, the Indian guru Paramahansa Yogananda, author of Autobiography of a Yogi, wrote an extensive commentary on the Gospels published in 2004 in the two-volume set The Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ: The Resurrection
Resurrection
of the Christ Within You.[60] The book offers a mystical interpretation of the Second Coming
Second Coming
in which it is understood to be an inner experience, something that takes place within the individual heart. In the introduction of this book, Yogananda wrote that the true Second Coming
Second Coming
is the resurrection within you of the Infinite Christ Consciousness. Also stated in the Book
Book
of Luke - "Neither shall they say, Lo here! or, lo there! for, behold, the kingdom of God is within you." (Luke 17:21) Daya Mata wrote in the preface of The Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ that the "two-volume scriptural treatise thus represents the inclusive culmination of Paramahansa Yogananda's divine commission to make manifest to the world the essence of original Christianity
Christianity
as taught by Jesus
Jesus
Christ." In sharing her memories of when she wrote down his words, she shares - "the great Guru, his face radiantly enraptured, as he records for the world the inspired exposition of the Gospel teachings imparted to him through direct, personal communion with Jesus
Jesus
of Nazareth."[60] Larry Dossey, M.D., wrote that "Paramahansa Yogananda’s The Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ is one of the most important analyses of Jesus’ teachings that exists....Many interpretations of Jesus’ words divide peoples, cultures, and nations; these foster unity and healing, and that is why they are vital for today’s world."[61] In modern culture[edit] Jesus
Jesus
Christ returning to earth has been a theme in several movies and books, for example:

Black Jesus
Jesus
- Comedy Central Adult Swim
Adult Swim
Television Series (2014- ) created by Aaron McGruder
Aaron McGruder
and Mike Clattenburg, tells the story of Jesus
Jesus
living in modern-day Compton, California, and his efforts to spread love and kindness on a daily basis. He is supported in his mission by a small-but-loyal group of downtrodden followers, while facing conflicts involving corrupt preachers, ethnic tensions, and the hate spreading activities of the manager of his apartment complex. Left Behind - Film- and book-franchise (1995- ) built by Tim LaHaye and Jerry B. Jenkins based on the time-period before, during and after the Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ. The Seventh Sign
The Seventh Sign
- 1988 film starring Demi Moore
Demi Moore
about a pregnant lady who discovers the Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ has rented a room from her, in order to begin the countdown that will trigger the Apocalypse. End of Days - 1999 action-adventure film starring Arnold Schwarzenegger about a policeman who must stop Satan before he ends the world. SCARS: Christian
Christian
Fiction End-Times Thriller by Patience Prence - 2010 novel about a girl named Becky who struggles through the time of the Great Tribulation.[62] At the End of All Things by Stony Graves - 2011 novel about the days following the Rapture, and right before the Final War between God and Satan.[63] The Second Coming: A Love Story by Scott Pinsker - 2014 novel about two men who claim to be the Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ. Each claims that the other is a liar - but only one is telling the truth.[64] Thief In the Night by William Bernard Sears - The popular TV and radio personality plays the role of a detective in writing a book about identifying the clues and symbols from the Biblical prophecies of the return of the Christ that have been overlooked or misunderstood, and settles on a shocking conclusion (2002) [1961]. Oxford, UK: George Ronald. ISBN 0-85398-008-X. Mr. Robot - USA Network
USA Network
television series (2015- ), uses visual and verbal references to biblical figures and events based on The Second Coming.

See also[edit]

Life of Jesus
Jesus
in the New Testament Realized eschatology "The Second Coming" (poem), by William Butler Yeats

References[edit]

^ "Greek Lexicon :: G2015 (KJV)". Blue Letter Bible.  ^ a b "Strong's G3952". Blueletterbible.org. Retrieved 2009-11-21. [permanent dead link] ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: General Judgment (Last Judgment)". Newadvent.org. 1910-10-01. Retrieved 2009-11-21.  ^ Gustav Adolf Deissmann (1908). Light from the Ancient East:The New Testament Illustrated by Recently Discovered Texts of the Graeco-Roman World.  ^ Freeman, Charles. The Closing of the Western Mind, p. 133. Vintage. 2002. ^ 1) Future Survival, Chuck Smith, The Word for Today, Costa Mesa, CA 1978, page 17 2) The Life of Jesus
Jesus
Critically Examined, Dr. David Strauss, Sigler Press, Ramsey, NJ 1994, page 587 3) Jesus
Jesus
and The Last Days, George Murray, Hendrickson Publisher, Peabody, Mass. 1993, pages 443-444 4) The Quest of the Historical Jesus, Dr. Albert Schweitzer, Macmillan, NY, 1968, page 240 5) Last Days Madness, Gary DeMar, American Vision Inc., Atlanta, GA 1994, page 114 6) The Parousia, Stuart Russell, T. Fisher Unwin
T. Fisher Unwin
Pub., London, 1887, page 84 7) The Decline & Fall of the Roman Empire, Edward Gibbon, Penguin Books, NY 1985, page 276 8) Apocalypse
Apocalypse
of The Gospels, Milton Terry, (1819), chapter 18 reprinted and its pages renumbered in 1992 by John Bray, PO Box 90129, Lakeland, FL 33804, pages 34 & 38 ^ compare Mark 13:24 to Mark 15:33 ^ compare Mark 13:25 to Mark 14:63 and Mark 15:5 ^ compare Mark 13:26 to Mark 15:31 and 15:39 ^ Austin Best. "White Horse Media". whitehorsemedia.com.  ^ Austin Best. "White Horse Media". whitehorsemedia.com.  ^ "Is Jesus
Jesus
Coming Soon?". google.ca.  ^ 1) Matthew, Douglas Hare, John Knox Press, Louisville, Kentucky, 1993, p. 281 2) The Gospel
Gospel
According to Saint Matthew, Alan Hugh M'Neile, Macmillan & Co., London 1949, p. 354-355 3) The Broadman Bible
Bible
Commentary, Vol. 8, Clifton Allen, ed., Broadman Press, Nashville, TN 1969, p. 221 4) Critical and Exegetical Hand- Book
Book
To The Gospel
Gospel
of Matthew, Heinrich Meyer (1883), Alpha Pub., Winona Lake, IN 1980, p. 426 5) The Gospel
Gospel
According to Matthew, R.T. France, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids, MI, 1985, p. 346 6) A Commentary on The Gospel According to St. Matthew, Floyd Filson, Adam & Charles Black Pub., London, 1960, p. 257 7) Hard Sayings of the Bible, W. Kaiser, P. Davids, F.F. Bruce, M. Brauch, InterVarsity Press, Downers Grove, Ill, 1996, pp. 445-448 8) Bible
Bible
Commentary, Vol. 1, Charles Scribner's Sons, NY 1901, p. 144 9) The Imperial Bible
Bible
Dictionary, Vol. II, Rev. Patrick Fairbairn, Blackie and Son, London, 1885, p. 352 10) The Great Tribulation, David Chilton, Dominion Press, Ft. Worth, TX 1987, p. 3 11) The Quest of the Historical Jesus, Dr. Albert Schweitzer, Macmillan, NY, 1968, p. 22 12) Apocalypse
Apocalypse
of The Gospels, Milton Terry (1819), chapter 18 reprinted and its pages renumbered in 1992 by John Bray, PO Box 90129, Lakeland, FL 33804, p. 34 13) The Parousia, J. Stuart Russell, T. Fisher Unwin
T. Fisher Unwin
Pub., London, 1887, p. 85 ^ a b " Jesus
Jesus
is Coming Soon". Orthodoxphotos.com. Retrieved 2009-11-21.  ^ "THE RIVER OF FIRE". Saint Nectarios Press and Book
Book
Center.  ^ "Against False Union" (PDF). Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church (ROAC) of America.  ^ Anglican Church of Canada, Book
Book
of Alternative Services, p 195 ^ Paul E. Engle and John H. Armstrong, eds., Understanding Four Views on the Lord’s Supper, Zondervan Counterpoints Collection (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan, 2007), 46. ^ Tabletalk Magazine, March 2005: The Exaltation of Christ (Lake Mary, FL: Ligonier Ministries, 2005), 11. ^ The Rosicrucian
Rosicrucian
Fellowship, Eastern and Western Spiritual Alternatives ^ Galatians 4:19 ^ 2Pet 3:13, 3:7 ^ Heindel, Max, How Shall We Know Christ at His Coming?, May 1913 (stenographic report of a lecture, Los Angeles), ISBN 0-911274-64-2 ^ 1Cor 15:50, John 18:36 ^ 2Cor 5:1-3, Greek "politeuma" [commonwealth], "Our commonwealth is in heaven ...": Philippians 3:20-21 ^ Matthew 24:30, 1Thess 4:17, Acts 1:10-11, 1John 3:2 ^ Matthew 24:23-27 ^ The Aquarian Age (cf. 1Cor 2:6-16) ^ "Chapter 43: Signs of the Second Coming", Gospel
Gospel
Principles, Salt Lake City, Utah: LDS Church, 2011, pp. 251–256 . ^ " Second Coming
Second Coming
of Jesus
Jesus
Christ", Study Helps: Gospel
Gospel
Topics, LDS Church, retrieved 2014-07-09 . ^ "28 Fundamental Beliefs of the Seventh-day Adventists" (PDF). p. 11 (last page) of the pdf file.  ^ "Appendix 5B Christ's Presence (Parousia)", New World Translation—Large Reference Edition, Watch Tower Society, 1984. ^ "Presence", Insight on the Scriptures - Volume 2, ©1988 Watch Tower, page 677. ^ "1900 Onward—Skirts Splattered With Blood". Awake!: 22. November 8, 1989.  ^ "Keep Jehovah's Day Close in Mind". The Watchtower: 21. September 1, 1997.  ^ "'No Peace for the Wicked Ones'". The Watchtower: 13. July 1, 1987.  ^ "There Is a Future for the Dead". The Watchtower: 200. April 1, 1968.  ^ "Public Sees a Future Full of Promise and Peril Section 3: War, Terrorism and Global Trends". Pew Research Center. June 22, 2010. Retrieved Feb 1, 2016.  ^ "Rastafarian beliefs". BBC. 9 October 2009. Retrieved 12 September 2010.  ^ Asante, Molefi Kete; Mazama, Ama (2005). Encyclopedia of Black Studies. ISBN 9780761927624.  ^ Charet, M. (2010). Root of David: The Symbolic Origins of Rastafari (No. 2). ISPCK. ^ The Great Controversy chapter, entitled "The Time Of Trouble", Ellen G. White, p. 624-625 ^ Chapter 2, ' The Folly of Faith ' p54 in " The New Atheism " by Victor J. Stenger, published 2009 by Prometheus Books, ISBN 978-1-59102-751-5 ^ Baha'u'llah (2002). The Summons of the Lord of Hosts. Bahá'í World Centre: Bahai World Centre. pp. 54–55. ISBN 978-1-931847-33-9.  ^ a b Baha'u'llah (2002). The Summons of the Lord of Hosts. Haifa, Israel: Bahai World Centre. p. 57. ISBN 978-1-931847-33-9.  ^ Baha'u'llah (2002). The Summons of the Lord of Hosts. Haifa, Israel: Bahai World Centre. p. 63. ISBN 978-1-931847-33-9.  ^ Buck, Christopher (2004). "The eschatology of Globalization: The multiple-messiahship of Bahā'u'llāh revisited". In Sharon, Moshe. Studies in Modern Religions, Religious Movements and the Bābī-Bahā'ī Faiths. Boston: Brill. pp. 143–178. ISBN 90-04-13904-4.  ^ "Baha'i: Prophecy Fulfilled Homepage". bci.org. Archived from the original on 1999-05-08.  ^ Lambden, Stephen. "Catastrophe, Armageddon
Armageddon
and Millennium: some aspects of the Bábí-Baha'i exegesis of apocalyptic symbolism". Bahai-library.com. Retrieved 2009-11-21.  ^ The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, p.158 ^ Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. " Surah
Surah
Az-zukhruf".  ^ kathir, Ibn. "Tafsir al-Qur'an al-Azim".  ^ a b "Isa", Encyclopedia of Islam ^ a b Sonn, Tamara (2015). Islam: History, Religion, and Politics. John Wiley & Sons. p. 209. ISBN 978-1-118-97230-4.  ^ Simmons, Rabbi Shraga, "Why Jews Don't Believe in Jesus". Accessed December 22, 2011. ^ "Why Jews Don't Believe in Jesus", Ohr Somayach - Ask the Rabbi. Accessed December 22, 2011. ^ Wolpe, Rabbi David (2003-01-09). "Why Jews Don't Accept Jesus
Jesus
— Jewish Journal". Jewish Journal. Retrieved 2017-07-12.  ^ “A Prophet Like Unto Moses”, The Promised Mehdi and Messiha, by Dr. Aziz Ahmad Chaudhry, Islam
Islam
International Publications Limited ^ The Four Questions Answered, by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, AAIIL 1996 ^ a b Yogananda, Paramahansa. The Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ: The Resurrection
Resurrection
of the Christ Within You. Self-Realization Fellowship, 2004. ISBN 978-0876125557 ^ Dossey, Larry. Author of Healing Words: The Power of Prayer and the Practice of Medicine Harper One. ISBN 978-0062502520 ^ Prence, Patience (July 27, 2010). SCARS: Christian
Christian
Fiction End-Times Thriller. Spring Harvest. ASIN B003XKNF1K.  ^ "At the End of All Things". goodreads.com. Retrieved 2011.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ Pinsker, Scott (June 5, 2014). The Second Coming: A Love Story. ISBN 1500167215. 

Bibliography[edit]

C. S. Lewis. (1960). The World's Last Night and Other Essays. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. ISBN 0-15-698360-5 Max Heindel. How Shall We Know Christ at His Coming?, May 1913 (stenographic report of a lecture, Los Angeles), ISBN 0-911274-64-2 Markus Mühling. Grundinformation Eschatologie. Systematische Theologie aus der Perspektive der Hoffnung, Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen
Göttingen
2007, ISBN 978-3-525-03619-8, 221–241 James Stuart Russell. The Parousia, A Careful Look at the New Testament Doctrine of the Lord's Second Coming, London 1887 Emanuel Swedenborg. The Consummation of the Age; the Coming of the Lord; and the New Heaven and New Church, Chapter 14 in The True Christian
Christian
Religion Containing the Universal Theology of The New Church Foretold by the Lord in Daniel 7; 13, 14; and in Revelation 21; 1,2 (Swedenborg Foundation 1952) Henry Wansbrough. The New Jerusalem
New Jerusalem
Bible
Bible
(1990). Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-14264-1 Paramahansa Yogananda. The Second Coming
Second Coming
of Christ: The Resurrection of the Christ Within You. Self-Realization Fellowship, 2004. ISBN 978-0876125557

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Second Coming

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Second Coming
Second Coming
of Jesus
Jesus
Christ.

"Lecture XV: On the Clause, And Shall Come in Glory to Judge the Quick and the Dead; Of Whose Kingdom There Shall Be No End.", delivered by Cyril of Jerusalem
Cyril of Jerusalem
in the mid-4th century. "The Second Coming", a summary article. A Critical Summary of "The Second Coming" by W.B Yeats-RiseNotes

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