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(i) (i)

British victory

* Treaty of Deogaon (1803) * Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon (1803) * Treaty of Rajghat (1806)

BELLIGERENTS

East India Company Maratha Empire

COMMANDERS AND LEADERS

Gerard Lake Arthur Wellesley James Stevenson Daulat Scindhia Raghoji II Bhonsle Yashwantrao Holkar
Yashwantrao Holkar
Pierre Cuillier-Perron

UNITS INVOLVED

Lake border-right:1px dotted #aaa;">

Lake, Wellesley, & Stevenson: 27,313 (not including artillery lascars float:right;clear:right;width:315px;margin-bottom:0.5em;margin-left:1em;;padding:3px">

* v * t * e

Second Anglo-Maratha War
Second Anglo-Maratha War

* Poona * Aligarh * 1st Delhi * Assaye * Laswari * Argaon * Gawilghur * Mukandwara * 2nd Delhi * Deeg * Farrukhabad * Deeg Fort * Bharatpur

* v * t * e

Anglo-Maratha Wars

* First * Second * Third

The SECOND ANGLO-MARATHA WAR (1803–1805) was the second conflict between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India .

CONTENTS

* 1 Background * 2 War * 3 Conclusion * 4 Media * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Further reading

BACKGROUND

The British had supported the "fugitive" Peshwa Raghunathrao in the First Anglo-Maratha War , continued with his "fugitive" son, Baji Rao II . Though not as martial in his courage as his father, the son was "a past master in deceit and intrigue." Coupled with his "cruel streak", Baji Rao II soon provoked the enmity of Malhar Rao Holkar when he had one of Holkar's relatives killed.

After the fall of Mysore in 1799–1800, the Marathas were the only major power left outside British control in India. The Maratha Empire at that time consisted of a confederacy of five major chiefs: the Peshwa (Prime Minister) at the capital city of Poona, the Gaekwad chief of Baroda
Baroda
, the Scindia chief of Gwalior
Gwalior
, the Holkar chief of Indore , and the Bhonsale chief of Nagpur
Nagpur
. The Maratha chiefs were engaged in internal quarrels among themselves. Wellesley had repeatedly offered a subsidiary treaty to the Peshwa and Scindia, but Nana Fadnavis refused strongly.

In October 1802, the combined armies of Peshwa Baji Rao II and Scindia were defeated by Yashwantrao Holkar
Yashwantrao Holkar
, ruler of Indore, at the Battle of Poona . Baji Rao fled to British protection, and in December the same year concluded the Treaty of Bassein with the British East India
India
Company , ceding territory for the maintenance of a subsidiary force and agreeing to treaty with no other power. The treaty would become the "death knell of the Maratha Confederacy."

WAR

Battle of Assaye
Battle of Assaye
1st Battalion 8th Regiment of Native Infantry charge at the cannon, led by Captain Hugh Macintosh

This act on the part of the Peshwa , their nominal overlord, horrified and disgusted the Maratha chieftains; in particular, the Scindia rulers of Gwalior
Gwalior
and the Bhonsale rulers of Nagpur
Nagpur
and Berar contested the agreement.

The British strategy included Wellesley securing the Deccan Plateau , Lake taking Doab and then Delhi, Powell entering Bundelkhand , Murray taking Badoch, and Harcourt neutralizing Bihar . The British had available over 53,000 men to help accomplish their goals. :66–67

In September 1803, Scindia forces lost to Lord Gerard Lake at Delhi and to Arthur Wellesley at Assaye . On 18 October, British forces took the pettah of Asirgarh Fort
Asirgarh Fort
with a loss of two killed and five wounded. The fort's garrison subsequently surrendered on the 21st after the attackers had erected a battery . British artillery pounded ancient ruins used by Scindia forces as forward operating bases, eroding their control. In November, Lake defeated another Scindia force at Laswari , followed by Wellesley's victory over Bhonsale forces at Argaon (now Adgaon) on 29 November 1803. The Holkar rulers of Indore belatedly joined the fray and compelled the British to make peace. Wellesley, who went on to defeat Napoleon
Napoleon
at Waterloo , would later remark that Assaye was tougher than Waterloo.

CONCLUSION

On December 17, 1803, Raghoji II Bhonsale of Nagpur
Nagpur
signed the Treaty of Deogaon. :73 in Odisha with the British after the Battle of Argaon and gave up the province of Cuttack (which included Mughalbandi/the coastal part of Odisha, Garjat/the princely states of Odisha, Balasore Port, parts of Midnapore district of West Bengal).

On 30 December 1803, the Daulat Scindia signed the Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon with the British :73 after the Battle of Assaye
Battle of Assaye
and Battle of Laswari and ceded to the British Rohtak, Gurgaon, Ganges-Jumna Doab, the Delhi-Agra region, parts of Bundelkhand, Broach, some districts of Gujarat and the fort of Ahmmadnagar.

The British started hostilities against Yashwantrao Holkar
Yashwantrao Holkar
on 6 April 1804. The Treaty of Rajghat, signed on 24 December 1805, forced Holkar to give up Tonk , Rampura, and Bundi . :90–96

MEDIA

Henty, G. A. (1902). At the Point of the Bayonet: A Tale of the Mahratta War. London. - historical fiction describing the war

SEE ALSO

* Third Anglo-Maratha War
Third Anglo-Maratha War
* List of Maratha dynasties and states
List of Maratha dynasties and states
* Fort of Ahmednagar * Pettah of Ahmednagar * Alexander Adams

REFERENCES

CITATIONS

* ^ A B Cooper, pp. 315–8. * ^ A B C D E F Naravane, M.S. (2014). Battles of the Honorourable East India
India
Company. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. pp. 65–66. ISBN 9788131300343 . * ^ A B Wolpert, Stanley (2009). A New History of India
India
(8th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford UP. pp. 410–1. ISBN 978-0-19-533756-3 .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Cooper, Randolf G. S. (2003). The Anglo-Maratha Campaigns and the Contest for India: The Struggle for Control of the South Asian Military Economy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-82444-3 . Retrieved 22 September 2011.

FURTHER READING

* Chaurasian, R. S (2004). History of the Marathas. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors. ISBN 978-81-269-0394-8 .

Wikimedia Commons has media related to SECOND ANGLO-MARATHA WAR .

Preceded by First Anglo-Maratha War ANGLO-MARATHA WARS Succeeded by Third Anglo-Maratha War
Third Anglo-Maratha War

Preceded by Fourth Anglo-Mysore War
Fourth Anglo-Mysore War
INDO-BRITISH CONFLICTS Succeeded by Third Anglo-Maratha War
Third Anglo-Maratha War

* v * t * e

Maratha Empire

RULERS

* Shivaji
Shivaji
* Sambhaji * Rajaram * Tarabai
Tarabai
* Shahu * Rajaram II * Shahu II * Pratap Singh

PESHWAS

* Moro Pant Trimbak Pingle * Moreshvar Pingale * Ramchandra Pant Amatya * Bahiroji Pingale * Parashuram Trimbak Kulkarni * Balaji Vishwanath * Bajirao I * Balaji Baji Rao * Madhavrao Ballal * Narayanrao * Raghunathrao * Sawai Madhavrao * Baji Rao II * Amrut Rao * Nana Sahib * Bhat family

WOMEN

* Ahilyabai Holkar * Anandibai * Gopikabai * Jankibai * Jijabai * Kashibai * Mastani * Muddupalani * Parvatibai * Putalabai * Radhikabai * Ramabai * Saibai * Sakvarbai * Soyarabai * Umabai Dabhade * Yesubai * Tulsi Bai Holkar

MARATHA CONFEDERACY

* Bhonsle of Nagpur
Nagpur
* Gaekwad of Baroda
Baroda
* Scindia of Gwalior
Gwalior
* Holkar of Indore (subsidiary or feudatory states)

BATTLES

* Pratapgarh * Kolhapur * Pavan Khind * Chakan * Surat * Purandar * Sinhagad * Kalyan * Bhupalgarh * Sangamner * Bijapur * Raigarh (1689) * Jinji * Satara * Khelna * Raigarh * Torna * Palkhed * Mandsaur * 1st Delhi * Bhopal * Vasai * Gajendragad * 1st Trichinopoly * Katwa (1st) * 2nd Trichinopoly * Katwa (2nd) * Expeditions in Bengal * Burdwan * Udgir * 2nd Delhi * Attock * Peshawar * 3rd Panipat * Alegaon * Rakshabhuvan * Panchgaon * Saunshi * Adoni * Badami * Savanur * Bahadur Benda * Lalsot * Chaksana * Patan * Kharda * Poona * 3rd Delhi * Assaye * Laswari * Farrukhabad * Bharatpur * Khadki * Koregaon * Mahidpur

WARS

* Maratha-Mughal War of 27 years * Maratha–Mysore War * First Anglo-Maratha War * Second Anglo-Maratha War * Third Anglo-Maratha War
Third Anglo-Maratha War

ADVERSARIES

* Adilshahi * Nizamshahi * Berar Sultanate
Berar Sultanate
* Bidar Sultanate * Qutbshahi * Mughal Empire * Durrani Empire * British Empire * Portuguese Empire * Nizam of Hyderabad * Mysore

FORTS

* Fort Mangad * Panhala * Pratapgad * Purandar * Raigad * Rajgad * Shaniwar Wada * Shivneri * Sindhudurg * Sinhagad * Torna

COINS

* Shivrai

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