HOME
The Info List - Second Anglo-Maratha War


--- Advertisement ---



British advances, Holkar
Holkar
faction- Maratha
Maratha
victories, Jat
Jat
victory.

Treaty of Deogaon (1803) Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon (1803) Treaty of Rajghat (1806)

Belligerents

East India
India
Company Maratha
Maratha
Empire

Commanders and leaders

Gerard Lake Arthur Wellesley James Stevenson Daulat Scindhia Raghoji II Bhonsle Yashwantrao Holkar Pierre Cuillier-Perron

Units involved

Lake & Wellesley:[1]

4 regiments European cavalry 8 regiments Native cavalry 2 regiments British infantry 17 sepoy battalions Artillery

Shock Infantry forces

Strength

Lake, Wellesley, & Stevenson:[1]

27,313 (not including artillery lascars & Madras Pioneers)

Exact figures unknown but very large possibly 5 times as much as the British

v t e

Second Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War

Poona Aligarh 1st Delhi Assaye Laswari Argaon Gawilghur Mukandwara 2nd Delhi Deeg Farrukhabad Deeg Fort Bharatpur

v t e

Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
Wars

First Second Third

The Second Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War (1803–1805) was the second conflict between the British East India Company
East India Company
and the Maratha
Maratha
Empire in India.

Contents

1 Background 2 War 3 Conclusion 4 Media 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading

Background[edit] The British had supported the "fugitive" Peshwa
Peshwa
Raghunathrao
Raghunathrao
in the First Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War, continued with his "fugitive" son, Baji Rao II. Though not as martial in his courage as his father, the son was "a past master in deceit and intrigue." Coupled with his "cruel streak", Baji Rao II
Baji Rao II
soon provoked the enmity of Malhar Rao Holkar
Holkar
when he had one of Holkar's relatives killed.[2] After the fall of Mysore in 1799–1800, the Marathas were the only major power left outside British control in India. The Maratha
Maratha
Empire at that time consisted of a confederacy of five major chiefs: the Peshwa
Peshwa
(Prime Minister) at the capital city of Poona, the Gaekwad chief of Baroda, the Scindia
Scindia
chief of Gwalior, the Holkar
Holkar
chief of Indore, and the Bhonsale
Bhonsale
chief of Nagpur. The Maratha
Maratha
chiefs were engaged in internal quarrels among themselves. Lord Mornington, the Governor-General of British India
India
had repeatedly offered a subsidiary treaty to the Peshwa
Peshwa
and Scindia, but Nana Fadnavis
Nana Fadnavis
refused strongly. In October 1802, the combined armies of Peshwa
Peshwa
Baji Rao II
Baji Rao II
and Scindia were defeated by Yashwantrao Holkar, ruler of Indore, at the Battle of Poona. Baji Rao fled to British protection, and in December the same year concluded the Treaty of Bassein with the British East India Company, ceding territory for the maintenance of a subsidiary force and agreeing to treaty with no other power. The treaty would become the "death knell of the Maratha
Maratha
Confederacy."[2] War[edit]

Battle of Assaye
Battle of Assaye
1st Battalion 8th Regiment of Native Infantry charge at the cannon, led by Captain Hugh Macintosh

This act on the part of the Peshwa, their nominal overlord, horrified and disgusted the Maratha
Maratha
chieftains; in particular, the Scindia rulers of Gwalior
Gwalior
and the Bhonsale
Bhonsale
rulers of Nagpur
Nagpur
and Berar contested the agreement. The British strategy included Wellesley securing the Deccan Plateau, Lake taking Doab
Doab
and then Delhi, Powell entering Bundelkhand, Murray taking Badoch, and Harcourt neutralizing Bihar. The British had available over 53,000 men to help accomplish their goals.[2]:66–67 In September 1803, Scindia
Scindia
forces lost to Lord Gerard Lake at Delhi and to Arthur Wellesley at Assaye. On 18 October, British forces took the pettah of Asirgarh Fort
Asirgarh Fort
with a loss of two killed and five wounded. The fort's garrison subsequently surrendered on the 21st after the attackers had erected a battery.[citation needed] British artillery pounded ancient ruins used by Scindia
Scindia
forces as forward operating bases, eroding their control. In November, Lake defeated another Scindia
Scindia
force at Laswari, followed by Wellesley's victory over Bhonsale
Bhonsale
forces at Argaon (now Adgaon) on 29 November 1803.[3] The Holkar
Holkar
rulers of Indore
Indore
belatedly joined the fray and compelled the British to make peace. Maharata army was totally wiped Conclusion[edit] On December 17, 1803, Raghoji II Bhonsale
Bhonsale
of Nagpur
Nagpur
signed the Treaty of Deogaon.[2]:73 in Odisha
Odisha
with the British after the Battle of Argaon and gave up the province of Cuttack (which included Mughalbandi/the coastal part of Odisha, Garjat/the princely states of Odisha, Balasore
Balasore
Port, parts of Midnapore
Midnapore
district of West Bengal). On 30 December 1803, the Daulat Scindia
Scindia
signed the Treaty of Surji-Anjangaon with the British[2]:73 after the Battle of Assaye
Battle of Assaye
and Battle of Laswari
Battle of Laswari
and ceded to the British Rohtak, Gurgaon, Ganges-Jumna Doab, the Delhi-Agra region, parts of Bundelkhand, Broach, some districts of Gujarat and the fort of Ahmmadnagar. The British started hostilities against Yashwantrao Holkar
Yashwantrao Holkar
on 6 April 1804. The Treaty of Rajghat, signed on 24 December 1805, forced Holkar to give up Tonk, Rampura, and Bundi.[2]:90–96 Media[edit] Henty, G. A. (1902). At the Point of the Bayonet: A Tale of the Mahratta War. London.  - historical fiction describing the war See also[edit]

Third Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War List of Maratha
Maratha
dynasties and states Fort of Ahmednagar Pettah of Ahmednagar Alexander Adams

References[edit] Citations

^ a b Cooper, pp. 315–8. ^ a b c d e f Naravane, M.S. (2014). Battles of the Honorourable East India
India
Company. A.P.H. Publishing Corporation. pp. 65–66. ISBN 9788131300343.  ^ Wolpert, Stanley (2009). A New History of India
India
(8th ed.). New York, NY: Oxford UP. pp. 410–1. ISBN 978-0-19-533756-3. 

Bibliography

Cooper, Randolf G. S. (2003). The Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
Campaigns and the Contest for India: The Struggle for Control of the South Asian Military Economy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-82444-3. Retrieved 22 September 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

Chaurasian, R. S (2004). History of the Marathas. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors. ISBN 978-81-269-0394-8. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Second Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War.

Preceded by First Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
Wars Succeeded by Third Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War

Preceded by Fourth Anglo-Mysore War Indo-British conflicts Succeeded by Third Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War

v t e

Maratha
Maratha
Empire

Rulers

Shivaji Sambhaji Rajaram I Tarabai Shahu I Rajaram II Shahu II Pratap Singh

Peshwas

Moropant Trimbak Pingle Moreshvar Pingale Ramchandra Pant Amatya Bahiroji Pingale Parashuram Trimbak Kulkarni Balaji Vishwanath Baji Rao I Balaji Baji Rao Madhavrao Ballal Narayan Rao Raghunathrao Sawai Madhavrao Baji Rao II Amrut Rao Nana Sahib Bhat family

Women

Ahilyabai Holkar Anandibai Gopikabai Jankibai Jijabai Kashibai Mastani Muddupalani Parvatibai Putalabai Radhikabai Ramabai Saibai Sakvarbai Soyarabai Umabai Dabhade Tulsi Bai Holkar

Maratha
Maratha
Confederacy

Bhonsle
Bhonsle
of Nagpur Gaekwad of Baroda Scindia
Scindia
of Gwalior Holkar
Holkar
of Indore
Indore
(subsidiary or feudatory states)

Battles

Pratapgarh Kolhapur Pavan Khind Chakan Surat Purandar Sinhagad Kalyan Bhupalgarh Sangamner Bijapur Raigarh (1689) Jinji Satara Khelna Raigarh Torna Palkhed Mandsaur 1st Delhi Bhopal Vasai Gajendragad 1st Trichinopoly Katwa (1st) 2nd Trichinopoly Katwa (2nd) Invasions of Bengal Burdwan Udgir 2nd Delhi Attock Peshawar 3rd Panipat Alegaon Rakshabhuvan Panchgaon Saunshi Adoni Badami Savanur Bahadur Benda Lalsot Chaksana Patan Kharda Poona 3rd Delhi Assaye Laswari Farrukhabad Bharatpur Khadki Koregaon Mahidpur

Wars

Maratha-Mughal War of 27 years Maratha–Mysore War First Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War Second Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War Third Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War

Adversaries

Adilshahi Nizamshahi Berar Sultanate Bidar Sultanate Qutbshahi Mughal Empire Durrani Empire British Empire Portuguese Empire Nizam of Hyderabad Mysore

Forts

Fort Mangad Panhala Pratapgad Purandar Raigad Rajgad Shaniwar Wada Shivneri Sindhudurg Sinhagad Torna

Coins

Shivrai

v t e

Colonial conflicts involving the English/British Empire

17th century

Virginia (1609–46) Swally (1612) Ormuz (1622) Saint Kitts (1626) Quebec (1628) Pequot War
Pequot War
(1634–38) Acadia (1654–67) Anglo-Spanish War (1654–60) Jamaica (1655–1739) King Philip's War
King Philip's War
(1675–78) King William's War
King William's War
(1688–97) Ghana (1694–1700)

18th century

Queen Anne's War
Queen Anne's War
(1702–13) Tuscarora War (1711–15) Yamasee War
Yamasee War
(1715–17) Father Rale's War/ Dummer's War
Dummer's War
(1722–25) War of Jenkins' Ear
War of Jenkins' Ear
(1740–42) King George's War
King George's War
(1744–48) Carnatic Wars
Carnatic Wars
(1746–63) Nova Scotia (1749–55) French and Indian War
French and Indian War
(1754–63) Seven Years' War (1756–63) Anglo–Cherokee War (1758–61) Jamaica (1762) Anglo-Spanish War (1762–63) Pontiac's War
Pontiac's War
(1763–66) Lord Dunmore's War
Lord Dunmore's War
(1774) American Revolutionary War
American Revolutionary War
(1775–83) First Anglo– Maratha
Maratha
War (1775–82) Second Anglo–Mysore War (1779–84) Gold Coast (1781–82) Sumatra (1782–84) Australian Frontier Wars (1788–1934) Nootka Sound (1789) Third Anglo–Mysore War (1789–92) Cotiote (Wayanad) War (1793–1806) Cape Colony (1795) Jamaica (1795–96) Ceylon (1795) Kandyan Wars
Kandyan Wars
(1796–1818) Malta (1798–1800) Fourth Anglo–Mysore War (1798–99) Dwyer's Guerrilla Campaign (1799–1803)

19th century

Newfoundland (1800) Castle Hill convict rebellion Second Anglo– Maratha
Maratha
War (1803–05) Suriname (1804) Guiana (1804) Cape Colony (1806) Río de la Plata (1806–07) Egypt (1807) Froberg mutiny
Froberg mutiny
(1807) Reunion (1809) Seychelles (1809) Mauritius (1810) Java (1810–11) Xhosa Wars
Xhosa Wars
(1811–79) Martinique (1809) Guadeloupe (1810) USA (1812–15) Nepal (1814–16) Guadeloupe (1815) Cape Colony (1815) Third Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War (1817–18) Guiana (1823) Anglo-Ashanti wars
Anglo-Ashanti wars
(1824–1901) First Anglo-Burmese War (1824–26) Black War
Black War
(Van Diemen's Land) 1828–32) Jamaica (1831–32) Malacca (1831–33) Lower Canada (1837–38) Upper Canada (1837–38) Egyptian–Ottoman War (1839–41) First Anglo-Afghan War
First Anglo-Afghan War
(1839–42) First Opium War
First Opium War
(1839–42) New Zealand Wars
New Zealand Wars
(1845–72) First Anglo–Sikh War (1845–46) Río de la Plata (1845–50) Ceylon (1848) Second Anglo–Sikh War (1848–49) Second Anglo–Burmese War (1852) Eureka Rebellion
Eureka Rebellion
(1852) Anglo–Persian War (1856–57) Second Opium War
Second Opium War
(1856–60) Indian Rebellion (1857–59) Ambela Campaign (1863–64) Bhutan War
Bhutan War
(1864–65) Fenian Rebellion in Canada (1866–71) Abyssinia (1868) Manitoba (1870) Perak (1875–76) Anglo–Zulu War (1879) Second Anglo-Afghan War
Second Anglo-Afghan War
(1879–80) Basutoland (1880–81) First Boer War
First Boer War
(1880–81) Mahdist War
Mahdist War
(1881–99) Anglo-Egyptian War
Anglo-Egyptian War
(1882) Saskatchewan (1885) Central Africa (1886–89) Third Anglo-Burmese War
Third Anglo-Burmese War
(1885) Mashonaland (1890) Hunza-Nagar Campaign (1891) Anglo-Manipur War
Anglo-Manipur War
(1891) Matabeleland (1893–94) North Borneo (1894–1905) Chitral Expedition
Chitral Expedition
(1895) Jameson Raid
Jameson Raid
South Africa (1896) Anglo–Zanzibar War (1896) Matabeleland (1896–97) Benin Expedition (1897) Siege of Malakand
Siege of Malakand
(1897) First Mohmand Campaign (1897–98) Tirah Campaign
Tirah Campaign
(1897–98) Six-Day War (1899) Boxer Rebellion
Boxer Rebellion
(1898–1901) Second Boer War
Second Boer War
(1899–1902)

20th century

Somaliland (1900–20) West Africa (1901–02) Tibet expedition (1903–04) Bambatha Rebellion
Bambatha Rebellion
(1906) Nyasaland (1915) Nigeria (1915) Nigeria (1918) Third Anglo-Afghan War
Third Anglo-Afghan War
(1919) Waziristan campaign (1919–1920) Iraq (1920) Malabar Rebellion (1921) Kurdistan (1922–24) Transjordan (1923) Pink's War
Pink's War
(1925) Ikhwan Revolt
Ikhwan Revolt
(1927–30) Barzani revolt (1931–32) Second Mohmand Campaign (1935) Palestine (1936–39) Waziristan campaign (1936–1939) Ethiopia (1943) Indochina (1945–46) Indonesia (1945) Sarawak (1946–50) Malayan Emergency
Malayan Emergency
(1948–60) Mau Mau Uprising
Mau Mau Uprising
Kenya (1952–60) Oman (1954–59) Cyprus Emergency
Cyprus Emergency
(1955–59) Suez Crisis
Suez Crisis
(1956) Oman (1962–76) Brunei (1962) Sarawak (1962–90) Malaysia (1962–66) Aden (1963–67

.