Sebastian Newbold Coe, Baron Coe, (born 29 September 1956), often referred to as Seb Coe or Lord Coe, is a British politician and former track and field
athlete. As a middle-distance runner
, Coe won four Olympic medals, including the 1500 metres
gold medal at the Olympic Games
. He set nine outdoor and three indoor world records
in middle-distance track events – including, in 1979, setting three world records in the space of 41 days – and the world record he set in the 800 metres
in 1981 remained unbroken until 1997. Coe's rivalries with fellow Britons Steve Ovett
and Steve Cram
dominated middle-distance racing for much of the 1980s.
Following Coe's retirement from athletics, he was a member of parliament for the Conservative Party
from 1992 to 1997 for Falmouth in Cornwall, and became a Life Peer
on 16 May 2000.
He headed the successful London bid
to host the 2012 Summer Olympics
and became chairman of the London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games
. In 2007, he was elected a vice-president of the International Association of Athletics Federations
(IAAF), and re-elected for another four-year term in 2011. In August 2015, he was elected president of the IAAF.
In 2012, Coe was appointed Pro-Chancellor
at Loughborough University
where he had been an undergraduate, and is also a member of the University's governing body. He was of one of 24 athletes inducted as inaugural members of the IAAF Hall of Fame. In November 2012, he was appointed chairman of the British Olympic Association
. Coe was presented with the Lifetime Achievement award at the BBC Sports Personality of the Year
in December 2012.
Early life and education
Coe was born at Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital
, London. His father was Peter Coe
and his mother, Tina Angela Lal, was of half Indian
descent, born to a Punjabi
father, Sardari Lal Malhotra, and an English/Irish mother, Vera (née Swan).
Coe moved to Warwickshire
when he was less than a year old where he later attended Bridgetown Primary School and Hugh Clopton Secondary School in Stratford-upon-Avon
. The family then moved to Sheffield
where he attended Tapton Secondary Modern School
which became a Comprehensive School
while he was there and Abbeydale Grange School
. He joined athletics team Hallamshire
Harriers at the age of 12, and soon became a middle-distance specialist, having been inspired by David Jackson, a geography teacher at Tapton School who had been a cross-country
runner and eventually its school captain when he was a pupil at King Edward VII School Sheffield. Coe was coached by his father and represented Loughborough University
and later Haringey
when not competing for his country.
Coe studied Economics and Social History at Loughborough University and won his first major race in 1977—an 800 metres event at the European indoor championships in San Sebastián
, Spain. It was at Loughborough University that he met athletics coach George Gandy who had developed "revolutionary" conditioning exercises to improve Coe's running.
His mother, Tina Angela Lal, died in London, in 2005, aged 75. His father, Peter Coe
, died on 9 August 2008, aged 88, while Coe was visiting Beijing.
Coe first caught the public's attention on 14 March 1977 when he competed in the 800 metres at the European Indoor Championships in San Sebastián, front running the whole race and winning in 1:46.54, just missing the world indoor record. He ran in the Emsley Carr mile on 29 August 1977, out-sprinting Filbert Bayi
of Tanzania in the home straight and winning in 3:57.7. Eleven days later, on 9 September 1977, he ran the 800m at the Coca-Cola Games at Crystal Palace in a time of 1:44.95, beating Andy Carter
's 1:45.12 time and claiming his first UK national record outdoors.
Coe's 1978 season continued to show his progression in the middle distances, though he raced only sparingly as he had, in early June, suffered a serious ankle injury whilst out on a training run. On 18 August 1978, he ran at the Ivo Van Damme Memorial meeting in Brussels, in the 800m, where he far outclassed the field and stormed home in a time of 1:44.26, another UK national record.
He first ran against his great rival Steve Ovett
in a schools cross country race
Neither won, nor did either win in their first major encounter in the European Championships Prague
on 31 August 1978 in the 800m where Ovett (breaking Coe's UK record with a run of 1:44.09) was second and Coe finished third behind the East German Olaf Beyer
. According to Pat Butcher,
Coe's father and coach Peter Coe
had encouraged him to run as fast as he could from the start. The early pace was indeed exceptionally fast: Coe ran 200 metres in 24.3 seconds, 400 metres in 49.32 seconds and 600 metres in 1:16.2: then he slowed down and finished third in 1:44.76. A few weeks later Coe was to reclaim the UK record, setting an all-comers' mark of 1:43.97 at Crystal Palace to rank him second in the world that year. On 1 October 1978, Coe displayed to the world for the first time his phenomenal natural endurance by winning the Loughrea 4 Mile road race in Ireland in 17:54, defeating the likes of Eamonn Coghlan (1983 World 5000m champion) and Mike McLeod (1984 Olympic 10000m silver medalist), and breaking Brendan Foster's course record of 18:05. All this off a season which had been focussed on 800m, with only one race over 1500m or a mile. This was a warning to the world's top milers of what was to happen the following summer.
The next year, 1979, Coe set three world records in 41 days. He set his first world records in Oslo
, Norway in the 800-metre (1:42.33) and the mile (3:48.95) and later broke the world 1500 metre record (3:32.03) in Zurich, Switzerland
, becoming the first person to hold all three records at the same time.
He easily won the 800m at the European Cup in Turin in August, covering the last 200m in 24.1 and anchored the British 4 × 400 m relay team with the fastest split of the quartet, 45.5. He was voted "athlete of the year" by ''Athletics Weekly
'' and ''Track and Field News
'' and was ranked number one in the world at 800m and 1500m: no other athlete since has ranked number one at these distances in the same year.
In 1980 Coe broke Rick Wohlhuter
's world record for 1,000-metres with a time of 2:13.40 and held all four middle distance world records simultaneously, the 800m, 1000m, 1500m and the mile, for one hour until Ovett broke his mile record, another unique feat. In the 1980 Olympic Games
in Moscow, Ovett and Coe won each other's speciality; Ovett the 800 metres, and Coe the 1500 metres (Coe came in second in the 800 after running what he described as "the worst tactical race of my life", while Ovett took third in the 1500).
It was Ovett's first defeat at either one mile or 1500 metres in three years and 45 races, and Coe covered the last 400 m in 52.2 and the last 100 m in 12.1 seconds, the fastest ever finish in a Championship final at this distance.
1981 started off in February with an indoor world record over 800 m at Cosford, time 1:46.0. His world record in the 800-metre race in Florence
on 10 June: his 1:41.73 in the 800 metres remained unbeaten until August 1997. As of 2018, this still stands as the UK record
and makes him tied with Nijel Amos
as the third fastest man ever. A month afterwards he set another record with 2:12.18 for 1000 m, which was to last 19 years and to this day has only been bettered once. Coe was more than 1.7 seconds (about 14 m in distance) faster than anyone on record at both distances. Between these two record breaking runs he won the Europa Cup 800 m semi-final, running the last 100 m in 11.3 (the fastest ever recorded in a major international race), and achieved a personal best of 3:31.95 in the 1500 metres, despite dreadful pace making (he went through 400m in 52.4 and 800m in 1:49.1; the fastest ever start to an international 1500m race at the time) by US half-miler, James Robinson, who passed 400m in 51.5, in the initial stages. In August he won the gold medal over 800m at the European Cup final, with a blistering last 200m in 24.6 and last 100m in 11.9, before going on to better the standard for the mile twice; first with a 3:48.53 in Zürich
and then with a 3:47.33 in Brussels
, either side of Ovett's world record in Koblenz (3:48.40). Coe's 3:47.33 remained on the all-time Top 10 list until 31 May 2014.
He ended the season with gold over 800m at the World Cup in Rome in September with 1:46.16, (and a 12.0 last 100m), and remained undefeated in both the 1500 metres/mile and the 800 metres for the entire season, as in 1979. ''Track & Field News
'' and ''Athletics Weekly'' magazines voted Coe Athlete of the Year, an honour he had also won in 1979. Although he had a short season in 1982 because of injuries in June and July, Coe still managed to rank number one in the world in the 800 metres and to participate in a world record 4 x 800 metres relay in which Coe, Peter Elliott
, Garry Cook
and Steve Cram's time of 7:03.89, was to remain the world record for 24 years. Coe's leg was the fastest of the day, a solo 1:44.01. He unexpectedly won only silver in the 800 m in the 1982 European Championships in Athletics
in Athens. The next day British team doctors revealed that Coe had been suffering from glandular fever. He decided to withdraw from the 1500 metres in those European Championships.
1983 began with world indoor records in the 800 metres in Cosford, England (1:44.91, breaking his own 1981 1:46.0) and the 1,000 metres (2:18.58) in Oslo but Coe spent much of that year battling health problems, including a prolonged bout with toxoplasmosis.] He missed the inaugural IAAF World Championships in Athletics. The disease was severe and he spent several months in and out of hospital. He returned to competing in 1984 and was selected for 800 and 1500 metres at the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles, despite being narrowly beaten by Peter Elliott in the AAA Championships. In the 800 metres he took silver behind Joaquim Cruz of Brazil, but in the 1500 metres he took gold with an Olympic record of 3:32.53. His last 800 m was run in 1:49.8, his last lap 53.2 and his last 100 m in 12.7. He remains the only person to win successive Olympic 1500 metre titles.
Coe had planned to have a somewhat quiet season in 1985, partly because of the intensity of the previous year's efforts to get himself ready in time for the Olympics, as well as a planned move up to 5000m, which never materialised. He suffered a recurrence of a back problem which had plagued him on and off since 1980, causing him to miss several weeks of training mid season. Despite this he managed to set some fast times towards the end of the season, but was to lose his Mile world record to Cram, who beat him in Oslo. In 1986 Coe won the gold medal over 800 m at the European Championships in Stuttgart, beating Tom McKean and Cram. with a stunning last 200 m of 24.8 and 100m in 12.4. It was his only 800 m title at an international championship. He won the silver in the 1500 metres, behind Cram, with the world record holder in the mile proving to be too strong in the homestretch, and set a personal best over 1500 m with a 3:29.77 min performance in Rieti, Italy, becoming the fourth man in history, at the time, to break 3:30 for the 1500 m. For the fourth year in his career (1979, 1981, 1982 & 1986), he was ranked No. 1 in the world in the 800 metres and was in the top two for 1500 metres for the 5th time.
He sustained a foot injury in 1987 after winning an 800m and running a 4 × 400 m leg for his club, Haringey, and was out for the entire season. The following year he was not selected for the British 1988 Olympic Games team, when he failed to qualify from the heats of the 1500m at the Trials in Birmingham. He had shown good early season form, but after a spell of altitude training he picked up a chest infection. The ''Daily Mirror'' ran a campaign and the president of the International Olympic Committee, Juan Antonio Samaranch, unsuccessfully tried to have the rules changed in Coe's favour. It was said that the Indian team was willing to include him on account of his mother's parentage.
Coe had one final good season in 1989, when, in his 33rd year (at age 32), he won the 1500 m AAA title, was ranked British Number 1 over both 800 m and 1500 m, ran the second fastest 800 m of the year (1:43.38) and won the silver medal at the World Cup over 1500 m. He retired from competitive athletics in early 1990, after having to bow out at the 1990 Commonwealth Games in Auckland, New Zealand with yet another chest infection. He ended his career with eight different seasons of sub 1:44 800-metre times.
Trinity College's Great Court Run
One scene in the 1981 film ''Chariots of Fire'' recreates a race in which the runners attempt to round the perimeter of the Great Court at Trinity College, Cambridge in the time it takes the clock to double strike the hour at midday or midnight. Many have tried to run the around the court in the 43.6 seconds that it takes to strike 12 o'clock. Known as the Great Court Run, students traditionally attempt to complete the circuit on the evening of the matriculation dinner. The only persons recognised to have actually completed the run in time are David Cecil in 1927 and Sam Dobin in 2007. It was thought that Coe had succeeded when he beat Steve Cram in a charity race in October 1988 in a time of 42.53 seconds. A video of the race, however, apparently shows that Coe was 12 metres short of the finish line when the last chime sounded, so Trinity College never officially accepted his time.
Coe was elected as Member of Parliament for Falmouth and Camborne in 1992, for the Conservative Party,
but lost his seat in the 1997 general election. He returned to politics for a short time as Leader of the Opposition William Hague's chief of staff, having accepted the offer of a Life Peerage on 16 May 2000.
Sports administration career
London 2012 Olympic Games
thumb|right|Coe at Go Local 2013
When London announced its bid to hold the 2012 Olympics, Coe became an ambassador for the effort and a member of the board of the bid company. With the May 2004 resignation of chairman Barbara Cassani, Coe became the chairman for the latter phase of the bid. As Coe was a well-known personality in Olympic sport, it was felt he was better suited to the diplomatic finesse needed to secure the IOC's backing. Coe's presentation at the critical IOC meeting in July 2005 was viewed by commentators as being particularly effective, against tough competition from Paris and Madrid, and the London bid won the IOC's blessing on 6 July.
Coe attended the 2010 Winter Olympics held in Vancouver to see how the city coped with the challenges of hosting. Lord Coe noted the Games had "gradually recovered from its tumultuous start" and queried that he "never thought the British would find rivals in their preoccupation with the weather which is almost elevated to an Olympic event" as he credited VANOC for meeting unforeseen challenges such as the unseasonably warm weather of Cypress Mountain. Coe added "Rarely have I seen a host city so passionate and so ready to embrace the Games".
Coe was instrumental in asking Queen Elizabeth II to star in ''Happy and Glorious'' a short film featuring James Bond which formed part of the 2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony. The director of the ceremony, Danny Boyle first pitched the idea to Coe, who loved it so much that he took it to Edward Young, Deputy Private Secretary to the Queen. A friend of Coe's from their days of advising William Hague, Young "listened sagely, laughed, and promised to ask the Boss". Word soon came back to Coe that she would love to take part. Coe has said that London 2012 is not only about five weeks of summer sport but about encouraging more people to take up sport at all levels of competition. Coe is the Patron of the British Dragon Boat Racing Association (BDA).
Coe was appointed the first chairman of FIFA's independent watchdog, the FIFA Ethics Committee. The commission will judge all cases alleging conflicts of interest and breaches of FIFA rules. FIFA president Sepp Blatter made the announcement in Zurich on 15 September 2006 and said: "It is perhaps a surprise but it has been very well received. We have found an outstanding personality in the world of sport, a great personality in the Olympic movement." His appointment makes him one of the most senior Englishmen to work for FIFA.
He stood down from this post to join the English committee that failed to bring the 2018 World Cup to England, with Russia chosen to host instead.
International Association of Athletics Federations
In 2007 Coe was appointed as vice President of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and was reappointed in 2011. When Lamine Diack president of the IAAF announced that he was standing down in 2013 seemed likely to announce Coe as his successor as there had never been an election for the President position. Coe, in November 2014 announced that he would stand for election for this position in 2015. In December 2014, Coe unveiled his manifesto, ‘Growing Athletics in a New Age.' On 19 August 2015, in Beijing, he was elected president of IAAF against Sergey Bubka, by 115 votes to 92 votes.
In 2015 Lord Coe's presidency of IAAF created turmoil when major sponsors Adidas terminated a multimillion sponsorship deal four years early.
British Olympic Association
Following the London Olympics, Coe was appointed as Chairman of the British Olympic Association replacing Lord Moynihan.
Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games
Coe has been appointed a member of the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Games Coordination Commission representing the Association of National Olympic Committees.
International Olympic Committee
On 17 July 2020, Coe was elected a member of the International Olympic Committee.
Russian doping scandal
The Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Committee in 2015 stated that Coe "He sought to distance himself from any knowledge of the allegations of doping in Russian athletics before the details were exposed in the German documentary". Dave Bedford (former London marathon director) said he made exhaustive attempts to contact Coe to let him know of details of the Russian doping scandal.
After graduating in 1980, and a few months after his exploits on the track in the 1980/81 seasons, Coe got a job as a research assistant at the Loughborough University of Technology in the department of Physical Education and Sports Science. At this time he shared a semi-detached home with his close friend Steve Mitchell.
In 1990, when resident in Surrey, Coe married Nicky McIrvine, a former Badminton three-day-event champion, with whom he has two sons and two daughters. The marriage ended in divorce in 2002 after twelve years.
In 2003, Coe began a relationship with Carole Annett; the couple wed in 2011. She is the daughter of former England cricket captain M.J.K. Smith.
Coe is a worldwide ambassador for Nike and owns a string of health clubs with a membership of over 20,000. He is a member of the East India Club, a private gentlemen's club in St James's Square. He has supported London athletic events like the London 10K of Nike and the British 10K charity race. On 12 February 2010, Coe was the 19th runner on the 106th day of the Vancouver Olympic Torch Relay. Coe's leg was along the Stanley Park Seawall, and he exchanged a "torch kiss" with the previous runner, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and the next runner, a 19-year-old member of the Squamish community.
In October 2012, Coe was appointed chairman of Chime Communications sports marketing subsidiary, CSM Sport and Entertainment.
The company also entered into an 'option agreement' to buy Coe's 93% interest in CLG, the firm which acts as a vehicle for his earnings from speeches and appearances.
Coe is a supporter of Chelsea Football Club. He is also a fan of cricket and jazz, in particular Billie Holiday and Lester Young.
Coe was featured in an episode of the BBC TV series ''Who Do You Think You Are?'', which showed he is descended from John Astley, the portrait painter, Jamaican sugar farmers and slave owners, George Clarke, Lieutenant Governor of New York Colony, and Edward Hyde of Norbury.
Coe is colour blind.
Coe was made an Honorary Doctor of Technology (Hon DTech) by his alma mater, Loughborough University in 1985. In November 2009, he was awarded an honorary degree as Doctor of Science (Hon DSc) from the University of East London. In 2009, he also was awarded an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects. He also received an honorary Doctorate of Letters from the University of Sunderland in 2011.
He was appointed Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) in the 1982 New Year Honours and Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 1990 New Year Honours. On 16 May 2000, he was created a Life Peer as Baron Coe, of Ranmore in the County of Surrey.
He was appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire (KBE) in the 2006 New Year Honours for services to sport. In the 2013 New Year Honours, Coe was appointed Member of the Order of the Companions of Honour (CH) for services to the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.
He was presented with the first Prince of Asturias Award (Sports category) in 1987. After his work in delivering London 2012 Coe was presented with an Olympic Order. Coe received another lifetime achievement award at the Laureus World Sport Awards.
Coe has also received three separate awards at the BBC Sports Personality of the Year ceremony: The main individual award in 1979, a "Special Gold Award" in 2005 and the "Lifetime Achievement Award" in 2012.
A building at the Nike world headquarters in Beaverton Oregon was named after Sebastian Coe in 2017. Coe is a longtime Nike athlete and was recognized by Nike as a great middle distance runner. The 'Nike Sebastian Coe building' was designed to emphasize connectivity.
Coe was included in ''The Sunday Times "100 Makers of the 21st Century" list. In 2018 he was recognised as a Tourism Australia's Friend of Australia, in conjunction with the 2018 Gold Coast Commonwealth Games. In addition in 2018 Coe was awarded an OLY post nominal title from World Olympians Association.
(WR) indicates personal best which was also a World Record when set.
* He is a columnist for ''The Daily Telegraph''.
England Athletics Hall of Fame citation
Parliament & the 2012 London Olympics - UK Parliament Living Heritage
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