SEBASTIãO RIBEIRO SALGADO JúNIOR (born February 8, 1944) is a Brazilian social documentary photographer and photojournalist .
He has traveled in over 120 countries for his photographic projects. Most of these have appeared in numerous press publications and books. Touring exhibitions of this work have been presented throughout the world.
Salgado is a
UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador
* 1 Biography * 2 Awards * 3 Publications * 4 Filmography * 5 Exhibitions * 6 References * 7 External links
Salgado was born on February 8, 1944 in
Aimorés , in the state of
Minas Gerais , Brazil. After a somewhat itinerant childhood, Salgado
initially trained as an economist , earning a master’s degree in
economics from the
University of São Paulo in Brazil. He began work
as an economist for the
International Coffee Organization , often
traveling to Africa on missions for the
World Bank , when he first
started seriously taking photographs. He chose to abandon a career as
an economist and switched to photography in 1973, working initially on
news assignments before veering more towards documentary-type work.
Salgado initially worked with the photo agency Sygma and the
Paris-based Gamma , but in 1979, he joined the international
cooperative of photographers
He has been a
UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador
Salgado works on long term, self-assigned projects many of which have
been published as books: The Other Americas, Sahel, Workers,
Migrations, and Genesis. The latter three are mammoth collections with
hundreds of images each from all around the world. His most famous
pictures are of a gold mine in
Between 2004 and 2011, Salgado worked on "Genesis," aiming at the presentation of the unblemished faces of nature and humanity. It consists of a series of photographs of landscapes and wildlife, as well as of human communities that continue to live in accordance with their ancestral traditions and cultures. This body of work is conceived as a potential path to humanity’s rediscovery of itself in nature.
In September and October 2007, Salgado displayed his photographs of
coffee workers from India, Guatemala, Ethiopia and
Together, Lélia and Sebastião, have worked since the 1990s on the restoration of a small part of the Atlantic Forest in Brazil. In 1998, they succeeded in turning this land into a nature reserve and created the Instituto Terra . The Instituto is dedicated to a mission of reforestation, conservation and environmental education.
Salgado and his work are the focus of the film The Salt of the Earth (2014), directed by Wim Wenders and Salgado's son, Juliano Ribeiro Salgado . The film won a special award at Cannes Film Festival and was nominated for the best Documentary Feature at the 2015 Academy Awards .
* 1982: W. Eugene Smith Grant from the W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund
Oskar Barnack Award .
Hasselblad Award ,
Hasselblad Foundation , Gothenburg,
* 1992: Oskar Barnack Award.
* 1992: Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and
* 1993: Centenary Medal from the
Royal Photographic Society .
* 1993: Honorary Fellowship (HonFRPS) from the Royal Photographic
* 1994: Grand Prix National French Ministry of Culture.
Prince of Asturias Awards
* 2007: M2-El Mundo People’s Choice Award for best exhibition, PhotoEspaña , for Africa.
Salgado (left) gives former Brazilian president Lula da Silva his new book in 2006.
* New York, NY: Aperture , 1990. ISBN 9780893814601 . * London: Thames "> Salgado's Genesis exhibition in 2014
Royal Ontario Museum