The seat of government is (as defined by ''Brewer's Politics'') "the building, complex of buildings or the city from which a government
exercises its authority
In most countries, the nation’s capital
is also seat of its government, thus that city is appropriately referred to as the national seat of government. The terms are not however, completely synonymous, as some countries
' seat of government differs from the capital. The Netherlands
, for example, has Amsterdam
as its capital but The Hague
is the seat of government; and the Philippines
, with Manila
as its capital but the whole Metro Manila
, also designated as National Capital Region
(NCR), is the seat of government.
Local seats of government
Local and regional authorities usually have a seat, called an administrative centre
, as well. Terms for seats of local government of various levels and in various countries include:
* County town
(UK and Ireland)
'' (Puerto Rico
Buildings as seats of government
Examples of seats of government include:
* The suite of buildings on Parliament Hill
where the Canadian Parliament
* The Palace of Westminster
in the City of Westminster
, in central London
, where the British Parliament
* Three sites in Washington, D.C.
, United States
: the United States Capitol
(legislative seat), the White House
(executive seat), and the United States Supreme Court building
List of seats of state government which are not state capitals
There are several countries where, for various reasons, the official capital and de facto seat of government
is the official capital, but Cotonou
is the seat of government.
is the constitution
al capital, and the supreme tribunal of justice
is located in Sucre, making it the judicial capital. The ''Palacio Quemado
'', the national congress
and national electoral court
are located in La Paz
, making it the seat of government.
* Ivory Coast
was designated the national capital in 1983, but most government offices and embassies are still located in Abidjan
is the constitutional national capital even though the Dutch government
, the parliament
, the supreme court
, the Council of State
, and the work palace
of the King
are all located in The Hague
, as are all the embassies. (''For more details see: Capital of the Netherlands
is the traditional, spiritual, and legislative capital
city of Eswatini, seat of the Parliament
["The Parliament of Swaziland"]
. Commonwealth Parliamentary Association. Accessed April 7, 2014.
while the capital is Mbabane
: Until 1974, Dar es Salaam
served as Tanzania's capital city, at which point the capital city commenced transferring to Dodoma
, by order of then-president Julius Nyerere, which was officially completed in 1996. However, , it remained focus of central government bureaucracy, although this is in the process of fully moving to Dodoma.
the federal administrative centre of the Malaysia. The seat of government was shifted in 1999 from Kuala Lumpur
to Putrajaya because of overcrowding and congestion in the former.
: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
, commonly known as Kotte is the official administrative capital of Sri Lanka
. It is a satellite city of and located within the urban area of Sri Lanka's de facto economic and legislative capital, Colombo
: Its official capital is Plymouth
, but it was permanently abandoned in 1997 after it was completely destroyed by the eruptions of the Soufrière Hills volcano
. Since 1998 the ''de facto'' capital is Brades
. The move was initially intended to be temporary, but it has remained the island's ''de facto'' capital ever since.
Several names have been suggested for the new official capital now being constructed in the Little Bay area.
States with no official capital
: no city has an official status of capital. In 1848 the Federal Assembly
voted to locate the seat of government in Bern
, but so far it has no official status. However informally it is referred to as "Federal City
: Yaren District
(in earlier times Makwa/Moqua), is the ''de facto
'' capital of Nauru
; the republic does not have an official capital.
[Constituencies of Nauru]
* Federal Republic of Germany
: Since the German reunification
in 1990 and until 1999, Berlin
was its capital and Bonn
was the seat of government.
* Kingdom of England
: The traditional capital was the City of London
, while Westminster
, outside of the boundaries of the City of London, was the seat of government. They are both today part of the urban core of Greater London
* Kingdom of France
: The traditional capital was Paris
, though from 1682-1789 the seat of government was at the Palace of Versailles
, located in a rural area southwest of Paris.
* Lists of capitals
Category:Political science terminology