HOME
The Info List - Sea Of Okhotsk


--- Advertisement ---



The Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk
Okhotsk
(Russian: Охо́тское мо́ре, tr. Okhótskoye móre, IPA: [ɐˈxot͡skəjə ˈmorʲe]; Japanese: オホーツク海, translit. Ohōtsuku-kai) is a marginal sea of the western Pacific Ocean,[1] between the Kamchatka Peninsula
Kamchatka Peninsula
on the east, the Kuril Islands
Kuril Islands
on the southeast, the island of Hokkaido
Hokkaido
to the south, the island of Sakhalin
Sakhalin
along the west, and a long stretch of eastern Siberian coast along the west and north. The northeast corner is the Shelikhov Gulf. The sea is named after Okhotsk, the first Russian settlement in the Far East.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Extent

2 Islands 3 History

3.1 Pre-modern 3.2 Exploration and settlement 3.3 Whaling 3.4 Modern

4 Oil and gas exploration 5 Notable seaports 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Geography[edit]

Shiretoko National Park
Shiretoko National Park
on the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk
Okhotsk
coast of Hokkaido, Japan

The Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk
Okhotsk
covers an area of 1,583,000 square kilometres (611,000 sq mi), with a mean depth of 859 metres (2,818 ft) and a maximum depth of 3,372 metres (11,063 ft). It is connected to the Sea
Sea
of Japan
Japan
on either side of Sakhalin: on the west through the Sakhalin
Sakhalin
Gulf and the Gulf of Tartary; on the south, through the La Pérouse Strait. In winter, navigation on much of the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk
Okhotsk
becomes difficult or impossible due to the formation of large ice floes, because the large amount of freshwater from the Amur River
Amur River
lowers the salinity of upper levels often raising the freezing point of the sea surface. The distribution and thickness of ice floes depends on many factors: the location, the time of year, water currents, and the sea temperatures.

Depths

With the exception of Hokkaido, one of the Japanese home islands, the sea is surrounded on all sides by territory administered by the Russian Federation. Extent[edit] The International Hydrographic Organization
International Hydrographic Organization
defines the limits of the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk
Okhotsk
as follows:[2]

On the Southwest. The Northeastern and Northern limits on the Japan Sea
Sea
[In La Perouse Strait (Sôya Kaikyô). A line joining Sôni Misaki and Nishi Notoro Misaki (45°55'N). From Cape Tuik (51°45'N) to Cape Sushcheva].

On the Southeast. A line running from Nosyappu Saki (Cape Noshap, 43°23'N) in the Island
Island
of Hokusyû (Yezo) through the Kuril or Tisima Islands to Cape Lopatka
Cape Lopatka
(South point of Kamchatka) in such a way that all the narrow waters between Hokusyû and Kamchatka
Kamchatka
are included in the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk.

Islands[edit] Some of the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk's islands are quite large, including Japan's second largest island, Hokkaido, as well as Russia's largest island, Sakhalin. Practically all of the sea's islands are either in coastal waters or belong to the various islands making up the Kuril Islands chain. These fall either under undisputed Japanese or Russian ownership or disputed ownership between Japan
Japan
and Russia. Iony Island is the only island located in open waters and belongs to the Khabarovsk Krai
Khabarovsk Krai
of the Russian Federation. The majority of the sea's islands are uninhabited making them ideal breeding grounds for seals, sea lions, seabirds, and other sea island fauna. Large colonies, with over a million individuals, of crested auklets use the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk as a nesting site. History[edit]

Most of the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk, with the exception of the Sakhalin
Sakhalin
Island, had been well mapped by 1792

Pre-modern[edit] The Okhotsk
Okhotsk
culture is an archaeological coastal fishing and hunter-gatherer culture of the lands surrounding the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk (600–1000 CE in Hokkaido, until 1500 or 1600 CE in the Kurils). Some believe that Mishihase was living in the area. Exploration and settlement[edit] Russian explorers Ivan Moskvitin and Vassili Poyarkov
Vassili Poyarkov
were the first Europeans to visit the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk
Okhotsk
(and, probably, the island of Sakhalin[3]) in the 1640s. The Dutch captain Maarten Gerritsz Vries
Maarten Gerritsz Vries
in the Breskens entered the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk
Okhotsk
from the south-east in 1643, and charted parts of the Sakhalin
Sakhalin
coast and Kurile Islands, but failed to realize that either Sakhalin
Sakhalin
or Hokkaido
Hokkaido
are islands. The first and foremost Russian settlement on the shore was the port of Okhotsk, which relinquished commercial supremacy to Ayan in the 1840s. The Russian-American Company
Russian-American Company
all but monopolized the commercial navigation of the sea in the first half of the 19th century. The Second Kamchatka Expedition
Second Kamchatka Expedition
under Vitus Bering
Vitus Bering
systematically mapped the entire coast of the sea, starting in 1733. Jean-François de La Pérouse and William Robert Broughton were the first non-Russian European navigators known to have passed through these waters other than Maarten Gerritsz Vries. Ivan Krusenstern
Ivan Krusenstern
explored the eastern coast of Sakhalin
Sakhalin
in 1805. Mamiya Rinzō and Gennady Nevelskoy determined that the Sakhalin
Sakhalin
was indeed an island separated from the mainland by a narrow strait. The first detailed summary of the hydrology of the Okhotsk
Okhotsk
sea was prepared and published by Stepan Makarov in 1894. Whaling[edit] See also: Whaling in the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk American and European whaleships hunted whales in the sea in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. They primarily caught right and bowhead whales. A number of ships were wrecked in the sea.[4][5][6][7][8][9] Modern[edit] During the Cold War, the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk
Okhotsk
was the scene of several successful U.S. Navy operations (including Operation Ivy Bells) to tap Soviet Navy
Soviet Navy
undersea communications cables. These operations were documented in the book Blind Man's Bluff: The Untold Story of American Submarine Espionage. The sea (and surrounding area) were also the scene of the Soviet PVO Strany attack on Korean Air Flight 007
Korean Air Flight 007
in 1983. The Soviet Pacific Fleet
Soviet Pacific Fleet
used the Sea
Sea
as a ballistic missile submarine bastion,[10] a strategy that Russia
Russia
continues. In the Japanese language, the sea has no traditional Japanese name despite its close location to the Japanese territories and is called Ohōtsuku-kai (オホーツク海), which is a transcription of the Russian name. Additionally, Okhotsk
Okhotsk
Subprefecture, Hokkaidō
Hokkaidō
which faces the sea, also known as Okhotsk
Okhotsk
region (オホーツク地方, Ohōtsuku-chihō), is named after the sea. Oil and gas exploration[edit] 29 zones of possible oil and gas accumulation have been identified on the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk
Okhotsk
shelf, which runs along the coast. Total reserves are estimated at 3.5 billion tons of equivalent fuel, including 1.2 billion tons of oil and 1.5 billion cubic meters of gas.[11] On 18 December 2011 the Russian oil drilling rig Kolskaya[12] capsized and sank in a storm in the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk, some 124 km from Sakhalin
Sakhalin
Island, where it was being towed from Kamchatka. Reportedly its pumps failed, causing it to take on water and sink. The platform carried 67 people, of which 14 were initially rescued by the icebreaker Magadan
Magadan
and the tugboat Natftogaz-55. The platform was subcontracted to a company working for the Russian energy giant Gazprom.[13][14][15] Notable seaports[edit]

Nagayevo Bay near Magadan, Russia

Magadan, Magadan, Russia
Russia
- population: 95,000 Palana, Kamchatka, Russia
Russia
- population: 3,000 Abashiri, Hokkaido, Japan
Japan
- population: 38,000 Monbetsu, Hokkaido, Japan
Japan
- population: 25,000 Wakkanai, Hokkaido, Japan
Japan
- population: 38,000

See also[edit]

100 Soundscapes of Japan Peanut Hole

References[edit]

^ Kon-Kee Liu; Larry Atkinson (June 2009). Carbon and Nutrient Fluxes in Continental Margins: A Global Synthesis. Springer. pp. 331–333. ISBN 978-3-540-92734-1. Retrieved 29 November 2010.  ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Retrieved 7 February 2010.  ^ Stephan, John J. (1971), Sakhalin: a history, Clarendon Press, p. 11  ^ Webb, Robert (1988). On the Northwest: Commercial Whaling in the Pacific Northwest 1790–1967. University of British Columbia Press. ISBN 0-7748-0292-8.  ^ Vaughan, R. (1984). "Historical survey of the European whaling industry". In Arctic Whaling: Proceedings of the International Symposium, pp. 121-145. University of Groningen. ^ Charles W. Morgan, of New Bedford, Aug. 23-Sep. 30, 1902, George Blunt White Library (GBWL). ^ San Francisco Call (Vol. 106, No. 163, November 10, 1909). ^ Starbuck, Alexander (1878). History of the American Whale
Whale
Fishery from Its Earliest Inception to the year 1876. Castle. ISBN 1-55521-537-8.  ^ Thrum, T. G. (1909). Hawaiian almanac and annual for 1910. Honolulu, Black & Auld, Printers. ^ Acharya, Amitav (March 1988). "The United States
United States
Versus the USSR in the Pacific: Trends in the Military Balance". Contemporary Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. 9 (4): 293. ISSN 1793-284X. JSTOR 25797972. (Subscription required (help)).  ^ " Magadan
Magadan
Region". Kommersant, Russia's Daily Online. Retrieved January 22, 2007.  ^ Technical details of the rig can be found here : http://www.rigzone.com/data/rig_detail.asp?rig_id=521 and here: http://www.amngr.ru/index.php/en/services/fleet/kolskaya ^ "Russian oil rig sinks, leaving many missing". CNN. December 18, 2011. Retrieved December 18, 2011.  ^ "Kolskaya Sinks Offshore Russia". Rigzone. Retrieved August 13, 2012.  ^ "Blog Archive » Rig Kolskaya Lost". Shipwreck Log. December 18, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Russia
Russia
portal

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of a 1905 New International Encyclopedia article about Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk.

Overview of Okhotsk
Okhotsk
region (pdf).

v t e

Islands of the Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk

Antsiferov Atlasov Banka Zotova Baydukov Island Belyakov Island Belichy Island Bolshoy Chome Bolshoy Shantar Brat Chirpoyev Broutona Chastye Islands Chetyre Paltsa Chirinkotan Chirpoy Chkalov Island Dobrzhansky Island Ekarma Feklistova Hokkaido Iony Island Iturup Ivyinichaman Kamen-Mukdykyn Kamen Opasnosti Kekurniy Island Ketoy Khalpili Islands Kharimkotan Konus Kusova Krayniy Island Kunashir Kuril Islands Makanrushi Malyy Shantar Island Matua Medvezhy Island Menshikov Island Morskaya Matuga Nansikan Island Nedorazumeniya Onekotan Oremif Paramushir Pilamif Prokofyeva Island Ptichy Island
Island
( Kamchatka
Kamchatka
Krai) Ptichy Island
Island
(Shantar Islands) Raikoke Rasshua Rechnaya Matuga Reyneke Island Rovnyy Sakhalin Sakharnaya Golova Shantar Islands Shelikan Shiashkotan Shumshu Simushir Sivuch'i Rocks Spafaryev Islands Talan Island Telan Island Tretiy Island Tyuleniy Island Umara Urup Ush Ushishir Vtoroy Yam Islands Yengalychev Island Zavyalov Zubchaty

v t e

Earth's oceans and seas

Arctic Ocean

Amundsen Gulf Barents Sea Beaufort Sea Chukchi Sea East Siberian Sea Greenland Sea Gulf of Boothia Kara Sea Laptev Sea Lincoln Sea Prince Gustav Adolf Sea Pechora Sea Queen Victoria Sea Wandel Sea White Sea

Atlantic Ocean

Adriatic Sea Aegean Sea Alboran Sea Archipelago Sea Argentine Sea Baffin Bay Balearic Sea Baltic Sea Bay of Biscay Bay of Bothnia Bay of Campeche Bay of Fundy Black Sea Bothnian Sea Caribbean Sea Celtic Sea English Channel Foxe Basin Greenland Sea Gulf of Bothnia Gulf of Finland Gulf of Lion Gulf of Guinea Gulf of Maine Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Saint Lawrence Gulf of Sidra Gulf of Venezuela Hudson Bay Ionian Sea Irish Sea Irminger Sea James Bay Labrador Sea Levantine Sea Libyan Sea Ligurian Sea Marmara Sea Mediterranean Sea Myrtoan Sea North Sea Norwegian Sea Sargasso Sea Sea
Sea
of Åland Sea
Sea
of Azov Sea
Sea
of Crete Sea
Sea
of the Hebrides Thracian Sea Tyrrhenian Sea Wadden Sea

Indian Ocean

Andaman Sea Arabian Sea Bali Sea Bay of Bengal Flores Sea Great Australian Bight Gulf of Aden Gulf of Aqaba Gulf of Khambhat Gulf of Kutch Gulf of Oman Gulf of Suez Java Sea Laccadive Sea Mozambique Channel Persian Gulf Red Sea Timor Sea

Pacific Ocean

Arafura Sea Banda Sea Bering Sea Bismarck Sea Bohai Sea Bohol Sea Camotes Sea Celebes Sea Ceram Sea Chilean Sea Coral Sea East China Sea Gulf of Alaska Gulf of Anadyr Gulf of California Gulf of Carpentaria Gulf of Fonseca Gulf of Panama Gulf of Thailand Gulf of Tonkin Halmahera Sea Koro Sea Mar de Grau Molucca Sea Moro Gulf Philippine Sea Salish Sea Savu Sea Sea
Sea
of Japan Sea
Sea
of Okhotsk Seto Inland Sea Shantar Sea Sibuyan Sea Solomon Sea South China Sea Sulu Sea Tasman Sea Visayan Sea Yellow Sea

Southern Ocean

Amundsen Sea Bellingshausen Sea Cooperation Sea Cosmonauts Sea Davis Sea D'Urville Sea King Haakon VII Sea Lazarev Sea Mawson Sea Riiser-Larsen Sea Ross Sea Scotia Sea Somov Sea Weddell Sea

Landlocked seas

Aral Sea Caspian Sea Dead Sea Salton Sea

  Book   Category

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 234583135 GND: 40430

.