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The Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
(SNP; Scottish Gaelic: Pàrtaidh Nàiseanta na h-Alba, Scots: Scots Naitional Pairtie) is a Scottish nationalist[18][19] and social-democratic[20][9][10] political party in Scotland. The SNP supports and campaigns for Scottish independence.[7][21] It is the second-largest political party by membership in the United Kingdom, behind the Labour Party, is the third-largest by overall representation in the House of Commons, behind the Labour Party and the Conservative Party, and is the largest political party in Scotland, where it has the most seats in the Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
and 35 out of the 59 Scottish seats in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The current Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
leader, Nicola Sturgeon, has served as First Minister of Scotland
Scotland
since her predecessor Alex Salmond
Alex Salmond
resigned on 20 November 2014, following the majority of the Scottish electorate's decision to reject independence at the Scottish independence referendum held on 18th September. Founded in 1934 with the amalgamation of the National Party of Scotland
Scotland
and the Scottish Party, the party has had continuous parliamentary representation since Winnie Ewing won the 1967 Hamilton by-election.[22] With the establishment of the devolved Scottish Parliament in 1999, the SNP became the second-largest party, serving two terms as the opposition. The SNP gained power at the 2007 Scottish Parliament election, forming a minority government, before going on to win the 2011 Parliament election, after which it formed Holyrood's first majority government.[23] The SNP is the largest political party in Scotland
Scotland
in terms of both seats in the Westminster and Holyrood parliaments, and membership; reaching a peak of over 120,000 members in July 2016,[24] around 2% of the Scottish population. Currently the party has 63 MSPs,[25] 35 MPs and over 400 local councillors.[26] The SNP also currently has 2 MEPs in the European Parliament, who sit in The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) group. The SNP is a member of the European Free Alliance (EFA). The party does not have any members of the House of Lords, as it has always maintained a position of objecting to an unelected upper house.[27][28]

Contents

1 History 2 Constitution and structure

2.1 National Office Holders 2.2 Membership 2.3 European affiliation

3 Party ideology

3.1 Historical ideology 3.2 Current ideology

4 Leadership

4.1 Leaders of the Scottish National Party 4.2 Depute Leaders of the Scottish National Party 4.3 Presidents of the Scottish National Party 4.4 National Secretaries of the Scottish National Party 4.5 Leaders of the parliamentary party, Scottish Parliament 4.6 Leaders of the parliamentary party, House of Commons

5 Ministers and spokespeople

5.1 Scottish Parliament 5.2 United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Parliament 5.3 European Parliament

6 Elected representatives (current)

6.1 Members of the Scottish Parliament 6.2 Members of Parliament 6.3 Members of the European Parliament 6.4 Councillors

7 Electoral performance

7.1 Scottish Parliament 7.2 House of Commons 7.3 European Parliament 7.4 District Councils 7.5 Regional Councils 7.6 Local Councils

8 See also 9 References 10 Further reading 11 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of the Scottish National Party The SNP was formed in 1934 through the merger of the National Party of Scotland
Scotland
and the Scottish Party, with Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham as its first president. Professor Douglas Young, who was the leader of the Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
from 1942 to 1945 campaigned for the Scottish people to refuse conscription and his activities were popularly vilified as undermining the British war effort against the Axis powers. Young was imprisoned for refusing to be conscripted. The SNP first won a parliamentary seat at the Motherwell by-election in 1945, but Robert McIntyre MP lost the seat at the general election three months later. They next won a seat in 1967, when Winnie Ewing was the surprise winner of a by-election in the previously safe Labour seat of Hamilton. This brought the SNP to national prominence, leading to the establishment of the Kilbrandon Commission. The SNP hit a high point in the October 1974 general election, polling almost a third of all votes in Scotland
Scotland
and returning 11 MPs to Westminster. This success was not surpassed until the 2015 general election. However, the party experienced a large drop in its support at the 1979 General election, followed by a further drop at the 1983 election. In the 2007 Scottish Parliamentary general election, the SNP emerged as the largest party with 47 seats, narrowly ousting the Scottish Labour Party with 46 seats and Alex Salmond
Alex Salmond
became Scottish First Minister. The Scottish Green Party
Scottish Green Party
supported Salmond's election as First Minister, and his subsequent appointments of ministers, in return for early tabling of the climate change bill and the SNP nominating a Green MSP to chair a parliamentary committee.[29] In May 2011, the SNP won an overall majority in the Scottish Parliament with 69 seats. This was a significant feat as the Additional Member system used for Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
elections is specifically designed to prevent a party gaining control.[30][31] Based on their 2011 majority, the SNP government held a referendum on Scottish independence
Scottish independence
in 2014. The "No" vote prevailed in a close-fought campaign, prompting the resignation of First Minister Alex Salmond. Forty-five percent of Scottish voters cast their ballots for independence, with the "Yes" side receiving less support than late polling predicted.[32] The SNP rebounded from the loss in the independence referendum at the UK general election in May 2015, led by Salmond's successor as first minister, Nicola Sturgeon. The party went from holding six seats in the House of Commons to 56, mostly at the expense of the Labour Party. All but three of the fifty nine constituencies in the country elected an SNP candidate. BBC News
BBC News
described the historic result as a "Scots landslide".[33] At the 2016 Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
election, the SNP lost a net total of 6 seats, losing its overall majority in the Scottish Parliament, but returning for a third consecutive term as a minority government. The party gained an additional 1.1% of the constituency vote from the 2011 election, losing 2.3% of the regional list vote. On the constituency vote, the SNP gained 11 seats from Labour, but lost the Edinburgh Southern constituency to the party. The Conservatives and Liberal Democrats each gained two constituency seats from the SNP on 2011 (Aberdeenshire West and Edinburgh Central for the Conservatives and Edinburgh Western and North East Fife for the Liberal Democrats). At the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
general election, 2017 the SNP underperformed compared to polling expectations, losing 21 seats to bring their number of Westminster MPs down to 35.[34][35][36] This was largely attributed[by whom?] to their stance on holding a second Scottish independence referendum and saw a swing to the Unionist parties, with seats being picked up by the Conservatives, Labour and the Liberal Democrats and a reduction in their majorities in the other seats. Stephen Gethins
Stephen Gethins
Stephen Gethins, MP for North East Fife, came out of this election with a majority of just 2 to the Liberal Democrat candidate. High-profile losses included SNP Commons leader Angus Robertson in Moray and former party leader and First Minister Alex Salmond in Gordon. However, the SNP still currently hold the majority of the country's Westminster parliamentary seats, with a majority of 11. Constitution and structure[edit] The primary level of organisation in the SNP are the local Branches. All of the Branches within each Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
constituency form a Constituency Association, which coordinates the work of the Branches within the constituency, coordinates the activities of the party in the constituency, and acts as a point of liaison between an MSP or MP and the party. Constituency Associations are composed of delegates from all of the Branches within the constituency. The annual National Conference is the supreme governing body of the SNP, and is responsible for determining party policy and electing the National Executive Committee. The National Conference is composed of:

delegates from every Branch and Constituency Association the members of the National Executive Committee 15 members elected by the National Conference every SNP MSP, MP and MEP a number of SNP local councillors, and delegates from one of the SNP’s Affiliated Organisations (Young Scots for Independence, Federation of Student Nationalists, SNP Trade Union Group and the Association of Nationalist Councillors)

The National Council serves as the SNP’s governing body between National Conferences, and its decisions are binding, unless rescinded or modified by the National Conference. There are also regular meetings of the National Assembly, which provides a forum for detailed discussion of party policy by party members. The party has an active youth wing, the Young Scots for Independence, as well as a student wing, the Federation of Student Nationalists. There is also an SNP Trade Union Group. There is an independently-owned monthly newspaper, The Scots Independent, which is highly supportive of the party. The SNP's leadership is vested in its National Executive Committee (NEC), which is made up of the party's elected office bearers and six elected members (voted for at conference). The SNP parliamentarians (Scottish, Westminster and European) and councillors have representation on the NEC, as do the Trade Union Group, the youth wing and the student wing. National Office Holders[edit]

President: Ian Hudghton
Ian Hudghton
MEP Leader: Nicola Sturgeon
Nicola Sturgeon
MSP Depute Leader: Vacant National Treasurer: Colin Beattie MSP National Secretary: Dr Angus MacLeod Business Convener: Derek Mackay
Derek Mackay
MSP Organisation Convener: Fiona McLeod Local Government Convener: Councillor Susan Aitken (Leader of Glasgow City Council) Political Education Convener: Douglas Daniel National Women's and Equalities Convener: Tasmina Ahmed-Sheikh
Tasmina Ahmed-Sheikh
OBE

Membership[edit] Since 18 September 2014 (the day of the Scottish independence referendum), party membership has more than quadrupled (from 25,642), surpassing the Liberal Democrats to become the third largest political party in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in terms of membership.[37] As of March 2015, the Party had well exceeded the 100,000 membership mark.[38] According to accounts filed with the Electoral Commission for the year ending 2012, the party had a total income of £2,300,459 and a total expenditure of about £2,656,059.[39] European affiliation[edit] The SNP retains close links with Plaid Cymru, its counterpart in Wales. MPs from both parties co-operate closely with each other and work as a single parliamentary group within the House of Commons. The SNP and Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
were involved in joint campaigning during the 2005 General Election campaign. Both the SNP and Plaid Cymru, along with Mebyon Kernow
Mebyon Kernow
from Cornwall, are members of the European Free Alliance (EFA), a European political party
European political party
comprising regionalist political parties. The EFA co-operates with the larger European Green Party
European Green Party
to form The Greens– European Free Alliance
European Free Alliance
(Greens/EFA) group in the European Parliament. Prior to its affiliation with The Greens–European Free Alliance, the SNP had previously been allied with the European Progressive Democrats (1979–1984), Rainbow Group (1989–1994) and European Radical Alliance (1994–1999). Party ideology[edit] Historical ideology[edit] The SNP's policy base is mostly in the mainstream European social democratic tradition. Among its policies are commitments to same-sex marriage, reducing the voting age to 16, unilateral nuclear disarmament, progressive personal taxation, the eradication of poverty, the building of affordable social housing, government-subsidised higher education, opposition to the building of new nuclear power plants, investment in renewable energy, the abolition of Air Passenger Duty, and a pay increase for nurses.[40][41] The Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
did not have a clear ideological position until the 1970s, when it sought to explicitly present itself as a social democratic party in terms of party policy and publicity.[42][43] During the period from its foundation until the 1960s, the SNP was essentially a moderate centrist party.[42] Debate within the party focused more on the SNP being distinct as an all- Scotland
Scotland
national movement, with it being neither of the left or the right, but constituting a new politics that sought to put Scotland first.[43][44] The SNP was formed through the merger of the centre-left National Party of Scotland
Scotland
(NPS) and the centre-right Scottish Party.[43] The SNP’s founders were united over self-determination in principle, though not its exact nature, or the best strategic means to achieve self-government. From the mid-1940s onwards, SNP policy was radical and redistributionist in relation to land and in favour of ‘the diffusion of economic power’, including the decentralisation of industries such as coal to include the involvement of local authorities and regional planning bodies to control industrial structure and development.[42] Party policies supported the economic and social policy status quo of the post-war welfare state.[42][45] By the 1960s, the SNP was starting to become defined ideologically, with a social democratic tradition emerging as the party grew in urban, industrial Scotland, and its membership experienced an influx of social democrats from the Labour Party, the trade unions and the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.[46][47] The emergence of Billy Wolfe as a leading figure in the SNP also contributed to this movement to the left. By this period, the Labour Party were also the dominant party in Scotland, in terms of electoral support and representation. Targeting Labour through emphasising left-of-centre policies and values was therefore electorally logical for the SNP, as well as tying in with the ideological preferences of many new party members.[47] In 1961, the SNP conference expressed the party's opposition to the siting of the US Polaris submarine base at the Holy Loch. This policy was followed in 1963 by a motion opposed to nuclear weapons: a policy that has remained in place ever since.[48] The 1964 policy document, SNP & You, contained a clear centre-left policy platform, including commitments to full employment, government intervention in fuel, power and transport, a state bank to guide economic development, encouragement of cooperatives and credit unions, extensive building of council houses (social housing) by central and local government, pensions adjusted to cost of living, a minimum wage and an improved national health service.[42] The '60s also saw the beginnings of the SNP's efforts to establish an industrial organisation and mobilise amongst trade unionists in Scotland, with the establishment of the SNP Trade Union Group, and identifying the SNP with industrial campaigns, such as the Upper-Clyde Shipbuilders Work-in and the attempt of the workers at the Scottish Daily Express
Daily Express
to run as a cooperative.[42] For the party manifestos for the two 1974 general elections, the SNP finally self-identified as a social democratic party, and proposed a range of social democratic policies.[49][50] There was also an unsuccessful proposal at the 1975 party conference to rename the party as the Scottish National Party (Social Democrats).[51] There were further ideological and internal struggles after 1979, with the 79 Group
79 Group
attempting to move the SNP further to the left, away from being what could be described a "social-democratic" party, to an expressly "socialist" party. Members of the 79 Group
79 Group
- including future party leader and First Minister Alex Salmond
Alex Salmond
- were expelled from the party. This produced a response in the shape of the Campaign for Nationalism
Nationalism
in Scotland
Scotland
from those who wanted the SNP to remain a "broad church", apart from arguments of left vs. right. The 1980s saw the SNP further define itself as a party of the political left, such as campaigning against the poll tax.[42] Ideological tensions inside the SNP are further complicated by arguments between the so-called SNP gradualists and SNP fundamentalists. In essence, gradualists seek to advance Scotland
Scotland
to independence through further devolution, in a "step-by-step" strategy. They tend to be in the moderate left grouping, though much of the 79 Group was gradualist in approach. However, this 79 Group
79 Group
gradualism was as much a reaction against the fundamentalists of the day, many of whom believed the SNP should not take a clear left or right position.[42] Current ideology[edit] The SNP is against the renewal of Trident and wants to continue providing free university education in Scotland.[52] The SNP is also a Pro-European party, which would like to see an independent Scotland
Scotland
as a member of the European Union.[53] It has been noted that the party contains a broader spectrum of opinion regarding economic issues than most political parties in the UK due to its status as "the only viable vehicle for Scottish independence",[54] with the party's parliamentary group at Westminster including socialists such as Tommy Sheppard
Tommy Sheppard
and Mhairi Black
Mhairi Black
as well as supporters of tax cuts like Stewart Hosie
Stewart Hosie
and former Conservative Tasmina Ahmed-Sheikh.[54][55] At the 2017 SNP Conference, on 10 October, Nicola Sturgeon
Nicola Sturgeon
made several commitments[56][57], including:

Completion of the largest floating wind-power facility in the world, at Peterhead Council Tax exemption for care-leavers[clarification needed] Denuclearisation efforts, particularly the ban on "weapons of mass destruction" Free sanitary products for all students Creating a not-for-profit oil company for Scotland Covering the application fee for EU nationals employed in the Scottish public sector Opposition to "austerity" measures imposed from abroad Opposition to any attempt at privatisation of the NHS

Sturgeon has also condemned the EU for failing to act to protect the rights of EU citizens in Catalonia, following the use of violence on the Catalan public by Spanish police while attempting to prevent the 2017 Catalan independence referendum, and condemned the later arrests of pro-independence Catalan ministers by Spain.[58][59] Leadership[edit] Leaders of the Scottish National Party[edit]

Nicola Sturgeon, Leader of the Scottish National Party

Sir Alexander MacEwen, 1934–1936 Andrew Dewar Gibb, 1936–1940 William Power, 1940–1942 Douglas Young, 1942–1945 Bruce Watson, 1945–1947 Robert McIntyre, 1947–1956 James Halliday, 1956–1960 Arthur Donaldson, 1960–1969 William Wolfe, 1969–1979 Gordon Wilson, 1979–1990 Alex Salmond, 1990–2000 John Swinney, 2000–2004 Alex Salmond, 2004–2014 Nicola Sturgeon, 2014–

Depute Leaders of the Scottish National Party[edit]

Sandy Milne, 1964–1966 William Wolfe, 1966–1969 George Leslie, 1969–1971 Douglas Henderson, 1971–1973 Gordon Wilson, 1973–1974 Margo MacDonald, 1974–1979 Douglas Henderson, 1979–1981 Jim Fairlie, 1981–1984 Margaret Ewing, 1984–1987 Alex Salmond, 1987–1990 Alasdair Morgan, 1990–1991 Jim Sillars, 1991–1992 Allan Macartney, 1992–1998 John Swinney, 1998–2000 Roseanna Cunningham, 2000–2004 Nicola Sturgeon, 2004–2014 Stewart Hosie, 2014–2016 Angus Robertson, 2016–2018[60]

Presidents of the Scottish National Party[edit]

Robert Bontine Cunninghame Graham, 1934–1936 Roland Muirhead, 1936–1950 Tom Gibson, 1950–1958 Robert McIntyre, 1958–1980 William Wolfe, 1980–1982 Donald Stewart, 1982–1987 Winnie Ewing, 1987–2005 Ian Hudghton, 2005–2018

National Secretaries of the Scottish National Party[edit]

John MacCormick, 1934–1942 Robert McIntyre, 1942–1947 Mary Fraser Dott, 1947–1951 Robert Curran, 1951–1954 John Smart, 1954–1963 Malcolm Shaw, 1963–1964 Gordon Wilson, 1964–1971 Muriel Gibson, 1971–1972 Rosemary Hall, 1972–1975 Muriel Gibson, 1975–1977 Chrissie MacWhirter, 1977–1979 Iain Murray, 1979–1981 Neil MacCallum, 1981–1986 John Swinney, 1986–1992 Alasdair Morgan, 1992–1997 Stewart Hosie, 1999–2003 Alasdair Allan, 2003–2006 Duncan Ross, 2006–2012 Patrick Grady, 2012–2016 Dr Angus MacLeod, 2016–

Leaders of the parliamentary party, Scottish Parliament[edit]

Alex Salmond, 1999–2000 John Swinney, 2000–2004 Nicola Sturgeon, 2004–2007 Alex Salmond, 2007–2014 Nicola Sturgeon, 2014–

Leaders of the parliamentary party, House of Commons[edit]

Donald Stewart, 1974–1987 Margaret Ewing, 1987–1999 Alasdair Morgan, 1999–2001 Alex Salmond, 2001–2007 Angus Robertson, 2007–2017 Ian Blackford, 2017–

Ministers and spokespeople[edit] Scottish Parliament[edit] See also: Government of the 5th Scottish Parliament, Scottish Government, and Members of the 5th Scottish Parliament

Portfolio SNP Spokesperson

Leader of the Scottish National Party First Minister of Scotland Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland Rt Hon Nicola Sturgeon
Nicola Sturgeon
MSP

Deputy First Minister of Scotland Cabinet Secretary for Education and Skills John Swinney
John Swinney
MSP

Cabinet Secretary for Finance and the Constitution Derek Mackay
Derek Mackay
MSP

Cabinet Secretary for Health and Sport Shona Robison
Shona Robison
MSP

Cabinet Secretary for Environment, Climate Change and Land Reform Roseanna Cunningham
Roseanna Cunningham
MSP

Cabinet Secretary for Culture, Tourism and External Affairs Fiona Hyslop
Fiona Hyslop
MSP

Cabinet Secretary for Communities, Social Security and Equalities Angela Constance
Angela Constance
MSP

Cabinet Secretary for Justice Michael Matheson MSP

Cabinet Secretary for Economy, Jobs and Fair Work Keith Brown MSP

Cabinet Secretary for the Rural Economy and Connectivity Fergus Ewing
Fergus Ewing
MSP

Minister for Childcare and Early Years Maree Todd MSP

Minister for Further Education, Higher Education and Science Shirley-Anne Somerville
Shirley-Anne Somerville
MSP

Minister for Parliamentary Business Joe FitzPatrick MSP

Minister for Transport and the Islands Humza Yousaf MSP

Minister for Business, Innovation and Energy Paul Wheelhouse MSP

Minister for Employability and Training Jamie Hepburn MSP

Minister for Public Health and Sport Aileen Campbell MSP

Minister for Mental Health Maureen Watt MSP

Minister for Community Safety and Legal Affairs Annabelle Ewing MSP

Minister for Local Government and Housing Kevin Stewart MSP

Minister for Social Security (Scotland) Jeane Freeman OBE MSP

Minister for International Development and Europe Dr Alasdair Allan MSP

Minister for UK Negotiations on Scotland's Place in Europe Mike Russell MSP

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Parliament[edit]

Portfolio SNP Spokesperson

Group Leader in the House of Commons Ian Blackford
Ian Blackford
MP

Deputy Group Leader Economy Kirsty Blackman
Kirsty Blackman
MP

International Affairs and Europe Stephen Gethins
Stephen Gethins
MP

Social Justice Neil Gray
Neil Gray
MP

Trade and Investment Hannah Bardell
Hannah Bardell
MP

Small Business, Enterprise and Innovation Marion Fellows
Marion Fellows
MP

Industries for the Future Martin Docherty
Martin Docherty
Hughes MP

Pensions; Youth Affairs Mhairi Black
Mhairi Black
MP

House of Lords; Scotland; Cabinet Offices Tommy Sheppard
Tommy Sheppard
MP

Devolved Government Relations; Northern Ireland; Fair Work Deidre Brock
Deidre Brock
MP

Justice and Home Affairs Joanna Cherry QC MP

Equalities; Women & Children; Family Support Housing; Child Maintenance; Disability Angela Crawley
Angela Crawley
MP

Europe Peter Grant MP

Consumer Affairs Patricia Gibson
Patricia Gibson
MP

International Development Climate Justice Chris Law MP

Transport; Infrastructure; Energy Alan Brown MP

Environment and Rural Affairs Angus Brendan Macneil MP

Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Drew Hendry
Drew Hendry
MP

Immigration, Asylum and Border Control Stuart McDonald MP

Education; Armed Forces and Veterans Carol Monaghan
Carol Monaghan
MP

Treasury; Cities Alison Thewliss
Alison Thewliss
MP

Sport Gavin Newlands
Gavin Newlands
MP

Culture and Media Brendan O'Hara
Brendan O'Hara
MP

Defence Stewart M MacDonald MP

Defence Procurement Douglas Chapman MP

Health Dr Philippa Whitford
Philippa Whitford
MP

Mental Health Lisa Cameron
Lisa Cameron
MP

Shadow Leader of the House of Commons; Constitution Pete Wishart
Pete Wishart
MP

Trade Unions and Workers’ Rights Chris Stephens MP

European Parliament[edit]

Portfolio SNP Spokesperson

President of the Scottish National Party Fisheries; Regional Development Ian Hudghton
Ian Hudghton
MEP

Agriculture and Rural Development Alyn Smith
Alyn Smith
MEP

Elected representatives (current)[edit] Members of the Scottish Parliament[edit] See also: List of Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
MSPs Members of Parliament[edit] See also: List of Scottish National Party MPs and List of MPs for constituencies in Scotland
Scotland
2015–17 Members of the European Parliament[edit] See also: List of Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
MEPs Councillors[edit] The SNP had 431 councillors in Local Government elected from the Scottish local elections, 2017. Electoral performance[edit] Scottish Parliament[edit]

Year[61] Leader Constituencies Additional Member Total seats Change Position Government

% Seats % Seats

1999 Alex Salmond 28.7%

7 / 73

27.3%

28 / 56

35 / 129

2nd Labour–Liberal Democrats

2003 John Swinney 23.7%

9 / 73

20.9%

18 / 56

27 / 129

8 2nd Labour–Liberal Democrats

2007 Alex Salmond 32.9%

21 / 73

31.0%

26 / 56

47 / 129

20 1st Minority Scottish National Party

2011 45.4%

53 / 73

44.0%

16 / 56

69 / 129

22 1st Scottish National Party

2016 Nicola Sturgeon 46.5%

59 / 73

41.7%

4 / 56

63 / 129

6 1st Minority Scottish National Party

House of Commons[edit]

Election[62] Leader Votes Seats Position Government

# % (Scotland) # ± Scotland UK

1935 Sir Alexander MacEwen 29,517 1.1

0 / 71

N/A

1945 Douglas Young 26,707 1.2

0 / 71

N/A

1950 Robert McIntyre 9,708 0.4

0 / 71

N/A

1951 7,299 0.3

0 / 71

N/A

1955 12,112 0.5

0 / 71

N/A

1959 Jimmy Halliday 21,738 0.5

0 / 71

N/A

1964 Arthur Donaldson 64,044 2.4

0 / 71

N/A

1966 128,474 5.0

0 / 71

N/A

1970 William Wolfe 306,802 11.4

1 / 71

1 4th 5th Opposition

1974 (Feb) 633,180 21.9

7 / 71

6 3rd 4th Opposition

1974 (Oct) 839,617 30.4

11 / 71

4 3rd 4th Opposition

1979 504,259 17.3

2 / 71

9 4th 6th Opposition

1983 Gordon Wilson 331,975 11.7

2 / 72

5th 7th Opposition

1987 416,473 14.0

3 / 72

1 4th 5th Opposition

1992 Alex Salmond 629,564 21.5

3 / 72

4th 7th Opposition

1997 621,550 22.1

6 / 72

3 3rd 5th Opposition

2001 John Swinney 464,314 20.1

5 / 72

1 3rd 5th Opposition

2005 Alex Salmond 412,267 17.7

6 / 59

1 3rd 5th Opposition

2010 491,386 19.9

6 / 59

3rd 5th Opposition

2015 Nicola Sturgeon 1,454,436 50.0

56 / 59

50 1st 3rd Opposition

2017 959,090 36.9

35 / 59

21 1st 3rd Opposition

European Parliament[edit]

Year[62] Share of votes Seats won Notes

1979 19.4%

1 / 8

1984 17.8%

1 / 8

1989 25.6%

1 / 8

1994 32.6%

2 / 8

1999 27.2%

2 / 8

2004 19.7%

2 / 7

2009 29.1%

2 / 6

Plurality of votes for first time.[63]

2014 29.0%

2 / 6

SNP won a plurality within Scotland.

District Councils[edit]

Year[62] Share of votes Seats won

1974 12.4%

62 / 1,158

1977 24.2%

170 / 1,158

1980 15.5%

54 / 1,158

1984 11.7%

59 / 1,158

1988 21.3%

113 / 1,158

1992 24.3%

150 / 1,158

Regional Councils[edit]

Year[62] Share of votes Seats won

1974 12.6%

18 / 524

1978 20.9%

18 / 524

1982 13.4%

23 / 524

1986 18.2%

36 / 524

1990 21.8%

42 / 524

1994 26.8%

73 / 453

Local Councils[edit]

Year[62] Share of votes Seats won Notes

1995 26.1%

181 / 1,222

1999 28.9%

201 / 1,222

2003 24.1%

171 / 1,222

2007 29.7% (first preference)

363 / 1,222

Largest party in local government (first Scottish local elections to be held under the single transferable vote).

2012 32.33% (first preference)

425 / 1,223

Largest party in local government; received largest number of first preference votes.

2017 32.3% (first preference)

431 / 1,227

Largest party in local government; received largest number of first preference votes.

See also[edit]

British politics portal Scotland
Scotland
portal

Culture of Scotland Politics of Scotland History of Scottish devolution It's Scotland's oil List of political parties in the United Kingdom
List of political parties in the United Kingdom
opposed to austerity Radio Free Scotland Scottish Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament The National (Scotland)

References[edit]

^ Keen, Richard; Audickas, Lukas (1 September 2017). "Membership of UK Political Parties" (PDF). www.parliament.uk. House of Commons Library. p. 13. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017. There are around 118,000 members of the Scottish National Party, as of August 2017, according to information from the Party's Central Office.  ^ Hassan, Gerry (2009), The Modern SNP: From Protest to Power, Edinburgh University Press, pp. 5, 9  ^ Christopher Harvie
Christopher Harvie
(2004). Scotland
Scotland
and Nationalism: Scottish Society and Politics, 1707 to the Present. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-0-415-32724-4.  ^ https://www.snp.org/independence ^ Mitchell, James; Bennie, Lynn; Johns, Rob (2012), The Scottish National Party: Transition to Power, Oxford University Press, pp. 107–116  ^ Keating, Michael (2009), "Nationalist Movements in Comparative Perspective", The Modern SNP: From Protest to Power, Edinburgh University Press, pp. 214–217  ^ a b Frans Schrijver (2006). Regionalism After Regionalisation: Spain, France and the United Kingdom. Amsterdam University Press. pp. 261–290. ISBN 978-90-5629-428-1.  ^ "About Us". Archived from the original on 13 September 2015.  ^ a b Eve Hepburn (18 October 2013). New Challenges for Stateless Nationalist and Regionalist Parties. Routledge. p. 9. ISBN 978-1-317-96596-1.  ^ a b Bob Lingard (24 July 2013). Politics, Policies and Pedagogies in Education: The Selected Works of Bob Lingard. Routledge. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-135-01998-3.  ^ Scotland
Scotland
to campaign officially to remain in the EU. The Guardian
The Guardian
[online]. Published 3 March 2016. Retrieved 15 June 2016. Author - Severin Carrell. ^ Robert Garner; Richard Kelly (15 June 1998). British Political Parties Today. Manchester University Press. p. 187. ISBN 978-0-7190-5105-0.  ^ Ari-Veikko Anttiroiko; Matti Mälkiä (2007). Encyclopedia of Digital Government. Idea Group Inc (IGI). p. 398. ISBN 978-1-59140-790-4. Retrieved 18 July 2013.  ^ Josep M. Colomer (25 July 2008). Political Institutions in Europe. Routledge. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-134-07354-2.  ^ Ibpus.com; International Business Publications, USA (1 January 2012). Scotland
Scotland
Business Law Handbook: Strategic Information and Laws. Int'l Business Publications. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-4387-7095-6.  ^ BBC
BBC
(2016). " Scotland
Scotland
Parliament election 2016". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 16 November 2017.  ^ "Local Council Political Compositions". Open Council Date UK. 7 January 2018. Retrieved 7 January 2018.  ^ Amir Abedi (2004). Anti-political Establishment Parties: A Comparative Analysis. Psychology Press. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-415-31961-4.  ^ Political Systems of the World. Allied Publishers. p. 122. ISBN 978-81-7023-307-7.  ^ "About Us". Archived from the original on 13 September 2015.  ^ Michael O'Neill (22 May 2014). Devolution and British Politics. Routledge. p. 92. ISBN 978-1-317-87365-5.  ^ Heisey, Monica. "Making the case for an "aye" in Scotland". Alumni Review. Queen's University. Retrieved 4 April 2015.  ^ Carrell, Severin (11 May 2011). "MSPs sworn in at Holyrood after SNP landslide". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 12 July 2011.  ^ " Scotland
Scotland
'on the brink of independence' says SNP's Westminster leader Angus Robertson". The Herald. 22 July 2016. Retrieved 22 July 2016.  ^ "Current State of the Parties". Scottish Parliament. Retrieved 31 May 2016.  ^ " Scotland
Scotland
local elections 2017". BBC News
BBC News
Online.  ^ "SNP maintains peerage opposition". BBC
BBC
News. 22 September 2005. Retrieved 21 August 2016.  ^ " House of Lords
House of Lords
should be scrapped, says SNP". BBC
BBC
News. 28 July 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2017.  ^ "SNP and Greens sign working deal". BBC News
BBC News
Scotland. 11 May 2007. Retrieved 16 March 2013.  ^ "alex-salmonds-snp-wins-majority-in-scottish-elections". channel4.com. Retrieved 12 July 2011.  ^ "Our Party". The SNP. Retrieved 2017-05-10.  ^ " Alex Salmond
Alex Salmond
resigns as first minister after Scotland
Scotland
rejects independence". The Guardian. 19 September 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015.  ^ "Election 2015: SNP wins 56 of 59 seats in Scots landslide". BBC News. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.  ^ Johnson, Simon; Henderson, Barney. " Scotland
Scotland
election results: Alex Salmond defeated and SNP suffer huge losses as Tory chances boosted north of the border". Telegraph. Retrieved 9 June 2017.  ^ "General election 2017: SNP lose a third of seats amid Tory surge". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 9 June 2017.  ^ Thomas, Natalie; Dickie, Mure. "Scottish election results strike blow to SNP plans for IndyRef2". Financial Times.  ^ Gavin Stuart. "Thousands join pro-independence SNP, Greens and SSP after referendum – News – Scotland
Scotland
Decides". STV Scotland Decides.  ^ "The SNP on Twitter". Twitter.  ^ "Search – The Electoral Commission". electoralcommission.org.uk.  ^ "Re-elect a Scottish Government
Scottish Government
working for Scotland. Scottish National Party Manifesto" (PDF). Scottish National Party. Retrieved 17 October 2014.  ^ "Cut to APD vital for Scotland's future success". Scottish National Party. Retrieved 6 December 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g h Peter Lynch (2002). SNP: The History of the Scottish National Party. Welsh Academic Press.  ^ a b c Jack Brand (1978). The National Movement in Scotland. Routledge and Kegan Paul. pp. 216–17.  ^ Jack Brand (1990). ‘Scotland’, in Watson, Michael (ed.), Contemporary Minority Nationalism. Routledge. p. 28.  ^ Gerry Hassan (2009). The Modern SNP: From Protest to Power. Edinburgh University Press. p. 120.  ^ Jack Brand (1990). ‘Scotland’, in Watson, Michael (ed.), Contemporary Minority Nationalism. Routledge. p. 32.  ^ a b James Mitchell (1996). Strategies for Self-government: The Campaigns for a Scottish Parliament. Polygon. p. 208.  ^ James Mitchell (1996). Strategies for Self-government: The Campaigns for a Scottish Parliament. Polygon. p. 194.  ^ Jack Brand (1990). ‘Scotland’, in Watson, Michael (ed.), Contemporary Minority Nationalism. Routledge. p. 27.  ^ Gerry Hassan (2009). The Modern SNP: From Protest to Power. Edinburgh University Press. p. 121.  ^ Eve Hepburn (18 October 2013). New Challenges for Stateless Nationalist and Regionalist Parties. Routledge. p. 143. ISBN 978-1-317-96596-1.  ^ "Election 2015: Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
manifesto at-a-glance".  ^ " Nicola Sturgeon
Nicola Sturgeon
calls for Scottish veto on EU referendum". The Guardian. 29 October 2014.  ^ a b Millar, James (16 March 2017). "5 of the biggest splits behind the SNP's disciplined facade". New Statesman. Retrieved 8 April 2017.  ^ Millar, James (13 October 2016). "The SNP can't mask its left-right split forever". New Statesman. Retrieved 8 April 2017.  ^ https://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/thesnp/pages/3923/attachments/original/1507283291/10_06_SNP_83rd_Conference_A5_low-res.pdf?1507283291 ^ http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/15587446.Nicola_Sturgeon__Scottish_people_still__trust_SNP_to_deliver_/ ^ Sturgeon, Nicola [@NicolaSturgeon] (1 October 2017). "Increasingly concerned by images from #Catalonia. Regardless of views on independence, we should all condemn the scenes being witnessed and call on Spain to change course before someone is seriously hurt. Let people vote peacefully" (Tweet). Retrieved 3 November 2017 – via Twitter.  ^ Sturgeon, Nicola [@NicolaSturgeon] (2 November 2017). "Regardless of opinion on Catalonia, the jailing of elected leaders is wrong and should be condemned by all democrats" (Tweet). Retrieved 3 November 2017 – via Twitter.  ^ "Robertson quits as SNP deputy leader". BBC
BBC
News. 2018-02-03. Retrieved 2018-02-03.  ^ "The Scottish National Party". Historylearningsite.co.uk. 30 March 2007. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.  ^ a b c d e "The Scottish National Party". Historylearningsite.co.uk. 30 March 2007. Archived from the original on 31 December 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.  ^ "Salmond hails 'historic' Euro win". BBC. 8 June 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2009. 

Further reading[edit]

Brand, Jack, The National Movement in Scotland, Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978 Brand, Jack, ‘Scotland’, in Watson, Michael (ed.), Contemporary Minority Nationalism, Routledge, 1990 Winnie Ewing, Michael Russell, Stop the World; The Autobiography of Winnie Ewing Birlinn, 2004 Richard J. Finlay, Independent and Free: Scottish Politics and the Origins of the Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
1918–1945, John Donald Publishers, 1994 Hanham, H.J., Scottish Nationalism, Harvard University Press, 1969 Christopher Harvie, Scotland
Scotland
and Nationalism: Scottish Society and Politics 1707 to the Present, Routledge (4th edition), 2004 Gerry Hassan (ed.), The Modern SNP: From Protest to Power, Edinburgh University Press, 2009, ISBN 0748639918 Lynch, Peter, SNP: The History of the Scottish National Party, Welsh Academic Press, 2002 John MacCormick, The Flag in the Wind: The Story of the National Movement in Scotland, Victor Gollancz Ltd, 1955 Mitchell, James, Strategies for Self-government: The Campaigns for a Scottish Parliament, Polygon, 1996 Mitchell, James, Bennie, Lynn and Johns, Rob, The Scottish National Party: Transition to Power, Oxford University Press, 2011, ISBN 0199580006 Mitchell, James and Hassan, Gerry (eds), Scottish National Party Leaders, Biteback, 2016. Jim Sillars, Scotland: the Case for Optimism, Polygon, 1986 William Wolfe, Scotland
Scotland
Lives: the Quest for Independence, Reprographia, 1973

External links[edit]

Find more aboutScottish National Partyat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews

Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
– Official website SNP Conference Autumn 2009 – BBC
BBC
Coverage Scots Independent newspaper website 'Flag in the Wind' Scottish Politics – Information about election results in Scotland. European Free Alliance
European Free Alliance
website The Greens/ European Free Alliance
European Free Alliance
Group in the European Parliament
European Parliament
– website Scots vote reinforces antinuclear position Edinburgh University Library, Special
Special
Collections Division Collection of material relating to the Scottish National Party

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Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
(SNP)

Leaders

MacEwen Gibb Power Young Watson McIntyre Halliday Donaldson Wolfe Wilson Swinney Salmond Sturgeon

Depute Leaders

Milne Wolfe Leslie Henderson Wilson MacDonald Henderson Fairlie M. Ewing Salmond Morgan Sillars Macartney Swinney Cunningham Sturgeon Hosie Robertson

Presidents

Graham Muirhead Gibson McIntyre Wolfe Stewart W. Ewing Hudghton

Leader in the Scottish Parliament

Salmond Swinney Sturgeon Salmond Sturgeon

Leader in the House of Commons

Stewart M. Ewing Morgan Salmond Robertson Blackford

Treasurers

Rollo Rankin Cook G. Gibson Gloag Murgatroyd Morgan Chalmers MacAskill Blackford Mather Beattie

National Secretaries

MacCormick McIntyre Dott Curran Smart Shaw Wilson M. Gibson Hall M. Gibson MacWhirter Murray MacCallum Swinney Morgan Hosie Allan Ross Grady

National Organiser

Macdonald McAteer McKinney Hunter

Leadership elections

1942 1967 1969 1979 1990 2000 2003 2004 2014

Depute leadership elections

2014 2016

Related topics

55 Group 79 Group Election results Federation of Student Nationalists National Party of Scotland Radio Free Scotland The Scots Independent Scots National League Scottish Party SNP Trade Union Group

v t e

Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
MSPs

First Minister

Nicola Sturgeon

Cabinet Secretaries

John Swinney Derek Mackay Shona Robison Roseanna Cunningham Fiona Hyslop Angela Constance Michael Matheson Keith Brown Fergus Ewing

Ministers

Maree Todd Shirley-Anne Somerville Joe FitzPatrick Humza Yousaf Paul Wheelhouse Jamie Hepburn Aileen Campbell Maureen Watt Annabelle Ewing Kevin Stewart Jeane Freeman Alasdair Allan

Backbench

George Adam Clare Adamson Tom Arthur Colin Beattie Willie Coffey Bruce Crawford Ash Denham Graeme Dey Bob Doris James Dornan Linda Fabiani Kate Forbes Kenneth Gibson Jenny Gilruth Mairi Gougeon Christine Grahame Emma Harper Clare Haughey Bill Kidd Richard Lochhead Richard Lyle Angus MacDonald Gordon MacDonald Fulton MacGregor Rona Mackay Ben Macpherson Ruth Maguire Gillian Martin John Mason Joan McAlpine Ivan McKee Christina McKelvie Stuart McMillan Alex Neil Gil Paterson Gail Ross Michael Russell Stewart Stevenson David Torrance Sandra White

v t e

Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
MPs

Group leaders

Ian Blackford
Ian Blackford
(Group Leader) Kirsty Blackman
Kirsty Blackman
(Deputy Group Leader and Economy) Pete Wishart
Pete Wishart
(Shadow Leader of the Commons and Constitution)

Front-bench team leaders

Joanna Cherry (Justice and Home Affairs) Stephen Gethins
Stephen Gethins
(International Affairs and Europe) Brendan O'Hara
Brendan O'Hara
(Culture and Media) Neil Gray
Neil Gray
(Social Justice) Drew Hendry
Drew Hendry
(Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy) Angus Macneil (Environment and Rural Affairs) Chris Law (International Development and Climate Justice) Carol Monaghan
Carol Monaghan
(Education, Armed Forces and Veterans) Hannah Bardell
Hannah Bardell
(Trade and lnvestment) Philippa Whitford
Philippa Whitford
(Health)

Scotland
Scotland
and constitution team

Tommy Sheppard
Tommy Sheppard
(House of Lords, Scotland
Scotland
and Cabinet Offices) Deidre Brock
Deidre Brock
(Devolved Government Relations and Northern Ireland and Fair Work and Employment)

Economy team

Alison Thewliss
Alison Thewliss
(Treasury and Cities)

Social justice and welfare team

Mhairi Black
Mhairi Black
(Pensions and youth affairs)

Justice and home affairs team

Stuart McDonald (Immigration, Asylum and Border Control) Angela Crawley
Angela Crawley
(Equalities, Women and Children)

International affairs team

Patrick Grady
Patrick Grady
(International Development) Lisa Cameron
Lisa Cameron
(Climate Justice)

Backbench team

Alan Brown Douglas Chapman Ronnie Cowan Martyn Day Martin Docherty-Hughes Marion Fellows Patricia Gibson Peter Grant Stewart Hosie David Linden Stewart McDonald John McNally Gavin Newlands Chris Stephens

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Former Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
MSPs

By date first representing SNP in the Scottish Parliament

1999 Brian Adam Colin Campbell Dorothy-Grace Elder Margaret Ewing Winnie Ewing Duncan Hamilton Adam Ingram Kenny MacAskill Margo MacDonald Tricia Marwick Irene McGugan Fiona McLeod Alasdair Morgan Lloyd Quinan George Reid Alex Salmond Kay Ullrich Andrew Welsh Andrew Wilson 2003 Rob Gibson Campbell Martin Jim Mather Stewart Maxwell Bruce McFee 2007 Bashir Ahmad Nigel Don Christopher Harvie Ian McKee Anne McLaughlin Dave Thompson Stefan Tymkewycz Bill Wilson John Wilson 2011 Marco Biagi Chic Brodie Margaret Burgess Roderick Campbell Colin Keir Mark McDonald Mike MacKenzie Aileen McLeod Dennis Robertson Jean Urquhart Bill Walker 2013 Christian Allard

v t e

Former Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
MPs

By date first representing SNP in the House of Commons

1945 Robert McIntyre 1967 Winnie Ewing 1970 Donald Stewart 1973 Margo MacDonald 1974 Douglas Crawford Margaret Ewing Douglas Henderson Iain MacCormick George Reid George Thompson Hamish Watt Andrew Welsh Gordon Wilson 1987 Alex Salmond 1988 Jim Sillars 1990 Dick Douglas 1995 Roseanna Cunningham 1997 Alasdair Morgan John Swinney 2001 Annabelle Ewing Angus Robertson Mike Weir 2008 John Mason 2010 Eilidh Whiteford 2015 Richard Arkless Phil Boswell Stuart Donaldson Margaret Ferrier George Kerevan Calum Kerr Callum McCaig Natalie McGarry Anne McLaughlin Paul Monaghan Roger Mullin John Nicolson Kirsten Oswald Steven Paterson Owen Thompson Michelle Thomson Corri Wilson

v t e

Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
MEPs

Elected in the 2014 election

Ian Hudghton Alyn Smith

Former SNP MEPs

Winnie Ewing Allan Macartney Neil MacCormick

v t e

Political parties in Scotland

MSPs in the Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
(129)

Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
(62) Scottish Conservatives
Scottish Conservatives
(31) Scottish Labour Party
Scottish Labour Party
(24) Scottish Green Party
Scottish Green Party
(6) Scottish Liberal Democrats
Scottish Liberal Democrats
(5) Independent (1)

MPs in the UK Parliament
UK Parliament
(59)

Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
(35) Scottish Conservatives
Scottish Conservatives
(13) Scottish Labour Party
Scottish Labour Party
(7) Scottish Liberal Democrats
Scottish Liberal Democrats
(4)

MEPs
MEPs
in the European Parliament
European Parliament
(6)

Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
(2) Scottish Labour Party
Scottish Labour Party
(2) Scottish Conservatives
Scottish Conservatives
(1) UK Independence Party
UK Independence Party
(1)

Councillors in local unitary authorities (1,227)

Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
(431) Scottish Conservatives
Scottish Conservatives
(275) Scottish Labour Party
Scottish Labour Party
(264) Independent (169) Scottish Liberal Democrats
Scottish Liberal Democrats
(65) Scottish Green Party
Scottish Green Party
(19) Orkney Manifesto Group (2) The Rubbish Party (1) West Dunbartonshire Community Party (1)

Other registered parties

A Better Britain – Unionist Party Borders Party British National Party Christian Peoples Alliance Communist Party of Britain Liberal Party National Front Official Monster Raving Loony Party Pirate Party UK RISE – Scotland's Left Alliance Scottish Christian Party Scottish Libertarians Scottish Socialist Party Scottish Unionist Social Democratic Party Socialist Labour Party Solidarity Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition Women's Equality Party

Defunct parties

Adam Lyal's Witchery Tour Party Communist Bulletin Group Communist Labour Party (Scotland) Crofters Party East Dunbartonshire Independent Alliance East Kilbride Alliance Fife Socialist League Fishing Party (Scotland) Free Scotland
Scotland
Party Highland Land League Highlands and Islands Alliance Kirk Party Labour Party of Scotland Scottish Labour Party
Scottish Labour Party
(1888) Scottish Labour Party
Scottish Labour Party
(1976) Scottish Militant Labour National Party of Scotland Nine Per Cent Growth Party Orkney and Shetland Movement Progressives (Scotland) Scottish Prohibition Party Protestant Action Society Publican Party Respect Party Scottish Enterprise Party Scottish Jacobite Party Scottish Land Restoration League Scottish Party Scottish People's Alliance Scottish Protestant League Scottish Senior Citizens Unity Party Scottish Socialist Federation Scottish Socialist Party
Scottish Socialist Party
(1987) Scottish United Trades Councils Labour Party Scottish Voice Squadrone Volante (Scotland) Unionist Party (Scotland) United Socialist Movement Workers Party of Scotland Scottish Workers Republican Party Scottish Workers' Representation Committee

Politics of Scotland Elections in Scotland List of political parties by country

v t e

Members of the European Free Alliance
European Free Alliance

Elected to the European Parliament

Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie For Human Rights in United Latvia† Party of the Corsican Nation Plaid Cymru Republican Left of Catalonia Scottish National Party

Other members

Andalusian Party Aralar Party Autonomy Liberty Participation Ecology Bavaria Party Catalan Unity Chunta Aragonesista Eusko Alkartasuna Frisian National Party Future of Åland Galician Nationalist Bloc Hungarian Christian Democratic Association Liga Veneta Repubblica List for Fiume Lusatian Alliance Majorca Socialist Party Mebyon Kernow Moravané Occitan Party Our Land Rainbow Sardinian Action Party Savoy Region Movement Savoyan League Silesian Autonomy Movement Slovene Union South Schleswig Voters' Association South Tyrolean Freedom The Frisians United Macedonian Organization Ilinden–Pirin Unity List Unvaniezh Demokratel Breizh Valencian Nationalist Bloc The Yorkshire Party

Observers

Hungarian People's Party of Transylvania Latvian Russian Union New Canaries Party of Friendship, Equality and Peace Pro Lombardy Independence The Other South

v t e

Political parties in the United Kingdom

House of Commons (650)

Conservative (317) Labour (259, including Labour Co-operative)* Scottish National (35) Liberal Democrats (12) Democratic Unionist (10) Sinn Féin† (7) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(4) Green (E&W) (1) Independent (5)

House of Lords
House of Lords
(785)

Conservative (245) Labour (191) Crossbenchers (181) Liberal Democrats (98) Democratic Unionist (3) UKIP (3) Ulster Unionist (2) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(1) Green (E&W) (1) Non-affiliated & independent (33) Lords Spiritual
Lords Spiritual
(25)

Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
(129)

Scottish National (62) Conservatives (31) Labour (24) Scottish Green (6) Liberal Democrats (5) Independent (1)

National Assembly for Wales
Wales
(60)

Labour (29) Conservatives (11) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(10) UKIP (5) Independent (4) Liberal Democrats (1)

Northern Ireland Assembly
Northern Ireland Assembly
(90)

Democratic Unionist (28) Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(27) Social Democratic and Labour (12) Ulster Unionist (10) Alliance (8) Green (NI) (2) People Before Profit Alliance (1) Traditional Unionist Voice (1) Independent Unionist (1)

London Assembly
London Assembly
(25)

Labour (12) Conservative (8) Green (E&W) (2) UKIP (2) Liberal Democrats (1)

European Parliament
European Parliament
(73 of 751)

Conservative (ECR, 20) Labour (S&D, 20) UKIP (EFDD, 20) Green (E&W) (Greens/EFA, 3) Independent (Non-inscrits, 2; ENF, 1) Scottish National (Greens/EFA, 2) Democratic Unionist (Non-inscrits, 1) Liberal Democrats (ALDE, 1) Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
(Greens/EFA), 1) Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(GUE/NGL, 1) Ulster Unionist (ECR, 1)

Other national and regional parties

Britain First British Democratic British National English Democrats Independent Community and Health Concern Liberal Mebyon Kernow National Health Action National Liberal Progressive Unionist Scottish Socialist Solidarity§ UK European People's Party Yorkshire Party

* Co-operative Party
Co-operative Party
candidates stand jointly with the Labour Party. † Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
have elected members and offices at Westminster, but as abstentionists do not take their seats. §Some candidates stand as "Trade Unionist and Socialist Coalition" candidates.

Portal:Politics List of political parties by representation Politics of the United Kingdom

v t e

Nationalism
Nationalism
in the United Kingdom

British

Nationalism Unionism Fascism Britishness

Organisations

British Democratic Party Britain First British National Party Britannica Party Candour Democratic Unionist Party Liberty GB National Front Progressive Unionist Party Traditional Unionist Voice UK Independence Party A Better Britain – Unionist Party

Cornish

Nationalism Devolution

Organisations

Mebyon Kernow Cornish Constitutional Convention Revived Cornish Stannary Parliament

English

Independence Unionism Nationalism

Organisations

English Democrats

Irish

Irish nationalism Unionism Republicanism Unification Ulster nationalism

Organisations

Sinn Féin Social Democratic and Labour Party Éirígí Irish Republican Socialist Party Republican Network for Unity Republican Sinn Féin Ulster Third Way

Scottish

Independence Unionism Nationalism

Organisations

Free Scotland
Scotland
Party RISE – Scotland's Left Alliance Scottish Green Party Scottish Libertarian Party Scottish National Party Scottish Socialist Party Siol nan Gaidheal Solidarity

Welsh

Independence Unionism Nationalism

Organisations

Cymru Annibynnol Cymru Sov

.