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The Scots Confession (also called the Scots Confession of 1560) is a Confession of Faith
Confession of Faith
written in 1560 by six leaders of the Protestant Reformation in Scotland. The Confession was the first subordinate standard for the Protestant church in Scotland. Along with the Book of Discipline and the Book of Common Order, this is considered to be a formational document for the Church of Scotland
Church of Scotland
during the time.[1] In August 1560 the Parliament of Scotland
Parliament of Scotland
agreed to reform the religion of the country. To enable them to decide what the Reformed Faith was to be, they set John Knox
John Knox
as the superintendent[2] over John Winram, John Spottiswoode, John Willock, John Douglas, and John Row, to prepare a Confession of Faith. This they did in four days. The 25 Chapters of the Confession spell out a contemporary statement of the Christian faith as understood by the followers of John Calvin
John Calvin
during his lifetime. Although the Confession and its accompanying documents were the product of the joint effort of the Six Johns, its authorship is customarily attributed to John Knox. While the Parliament approved the Confession on 27 August 1560[3], acting outside the terms of the Treaty of Edinburgh to do so, Mary, Queen of Scots, a Roman Catholic, refused to agree, and the Confession was not approved by the monarch until 1567, after Mary's overthrow.[4] It remained the Confession of the Church of Scotland
Church of Scotland
until it was superseded by the Westminster Confession of Faith
Confession of Faith
on 27 August 1647. However, the confession itself begins by stating that the Parliament "ratifeit and apprevit [the confession] as wholesome and sound doctrine grounded upon the infallible truth of God's word"; thus, though changes within societies may have diminished its relevance, believers hold that the authority of its statements is rooted not in parliamentary approval but in, as it says, "the infallible truth of God's word". In 1967, it was included in the United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A.'s Book of Confessions alongside various other confessional standards, and remains in the current Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.)'s Book of Confessions. As the Confession of Faith
Confession of Faith
Ratification Act 1560, the Confession remains part of Scots law.[5] Notes[edit]

^ González 1984, p. 83 ^ Gray 1939, p. 140 ^ Confession of Faith
Confession of Faith
Ratification Act 1560. ^ Cochrane 2003, p. 160 ^ Confession of Faith
Confession of Faith
Ratification Act 1560.

References[edit]

Cochrane, Arthur (2003), "The Scottish Confesion of Faith", Reformed Confessions of the Sixteenth Century, Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, ISBN 978-0-664-22694-7, retrieved 5 February 2013  González, Justo (1984), "The Reformation in Great Britain", The Story of Christianity, 2, Peabody: Prince Press, ISBN 978-1-56563-522-7, retrieved 30 January 2013  Gray, John (June 1939), "The Political Theory of John Knox", Church History, Cambridge University Press, 8 (2): 132–147, doi:10.2307/3160651, ISSN 0009-6407, JSTOR 3160651  Horton, Michael (21 December 2011), "Glossary", The Christian Faith: A Systematic Theology for Pilgrims on the Way, Grand Rapids: Zondervan, p. 1000, ISBN 978-0-310-40918-2, retrieved 2012-11-26 

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Continental Reformed

Tetrapolitan Confession Helvetic Confessions Consensus Tigurinus French Confession of Faith Three Forms of Unity

Heidelberg Catechism Belgic Confession Canons of Dort

Harmony of the Confessions of Faith Helvetic Consensus Conclusions of Utrecht Barmen Declaration Belhar Confession

British and American

Presbyterian

Scots Confession Westminster Standards

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Confession of 1967 Book of Confessions

Anglican

Thirty-nine Articles Lambeth Articles

Baptist

1644 Baptist Confession of Faith Keach's Catechism 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith New Hampshire Confession of Faith Baptist Affirmation of Faith 1966

Congregationalist

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