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The Info List - Scirpus


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About 120; see text

Synonyms[1]

Chamaeschoenus Ehrh. Leiophyllum Ehrh. Dichismus Raf. Diplarinus Raf. Seidlia Opiz Actaeogeton Steud. Blepharolepis Nees Nemocharis Beurl. Taphrogiton Montandon Maximoviczia A.P.Khokhr. Maximowicziella A.P.Khokhr.

Scirpus
Scirpus
is a genus of aquatic, grass-like species in the family Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
(the sedges), many with the common names club-rush or bulrush (see also bulrush for other plant genera so-named). Other common names are deergrass or grassweed. They have grass-like leaves, and clusters of small spikelets, often brown. Some species (e.g. S. lacustris) can reach a height of 3 m, while others (e.g. S. supinus) are much smaller, only reaching 20–30 cm tall. The genus has a nearly cosmopolitan distribution, found on every continent except Africa
Africa
and Antarctica.[1] Many species are common in wetlands and can produce dense stands of vegetation, along rivers,[2][3] in coastal deltas[4] and in ponds and potholes.[5] Although flooding is the most important factor affecting its distribution, drought, ice scour, grazing, fire and salinity also affect its abundance.[6] It can survive unfavourable conditions like prolonged flooding, or drought, as buried seeds[7] Scirpus
Scirpus
species are often planted to inhibit soil erosion and provide habitat for other wildlife. They are also used in some herbal remedies; the plant's rhizomes are collected in the autumn and winter and dried in the sun before use. The taxonomy of the genus is complex, and under review by botanists. Recent studies by taxonomists of the Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
have resulted in the creation of several new genera, including the genera Schoenoplectus and Bolboschoenus; others (including Blysmus, Isolepis, Nomochloa, and Scirpoides) have also been used. At one point this genus held almost 300 species, but many of the species once assigned to it have now been reassigned, and it now holds an estimated 120 species. Scirpus
Scirpus
species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera
Lepidoptera
species, including Batrachedra cuniculata.

Selected species (This list is incomplete, and may include some species now assigned to other genera.)

Scirpus ancistrochaetus
Scirpus ancistrochaetus
northeastern bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
atrocinctus black-girdle bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
atrovirens woolgrass bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
bicolor Scirpus
Scirpus
campestris salt marsh bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
cespitosus deergrass Scirpus congdonii
Scirpus congdonii
Congdon's bulrush Scirpus cyperinus
Scirpus cyperinus
- cottongrass bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
diffusus Scirpus
Scirpus
divaricatus spreading bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
expansus Woodland beakrush Scirpus flaccidifolius reclining bulrush Scirpus fluitans
Scirpus fluitans
floating club-rush Scirpus fluviatilis
Scirpus fluviatilis
- river bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
georgianus Georgia bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
grossus Greater club-rush, Giant bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
hattorianus bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
lineatus drooping bulrush Scirpus longii
Scirpus longii
Long's bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
mariqueter Scirpus microcarpus
Scirpus microcarpus
small-fruit bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
mucronatus Scirpus
Scirpus
nevadensis Nevada bulrush Scirpus olneyi
Scirpus olneyi
Olney bulrush = Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
americanus Scirpus
Scirpus
pacificus Pacific Coast bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
pallidus pale bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
paludosus salt marsh bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
pedicellatus stalked bulrush Scirpus pendulus
Scirpus pendulus
pendulous bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
polyphyllus leafy bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
pumilus dwarf deergrass Scirpus pungens
Scirpus pungens
sharp club-rush Scirpus
Scirpus
radicans Scirpus robustus salt marsh bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
supinus dwarf club-rush Scirpus
Scirpus
sylvaticus wood club-rush Scirpus
Scirpus
triqueter triangular club-rush

Selected species in a broader view of the genus

Bolboschoenus
Bolboschoenus
maritimus sea club-rush Isolepis
Isolepis
cernua slender club-rush Isolepis
Isolepis
setacea bristle club-rush Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
acutus tule Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
hudsonianus alpine deergrass Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
lacustris common club-rush Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
tabernaemontani Scirpoides holoschoenus round-headed club-rush

References[edit]

^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families ^ Auclair, A. N. D., Bouchard, A. and Pajaczkowski, J. (1976a). Plant standing crop and productivity relations in a Scirpus–Equisetum wetland. Ecology 57: 941–52. ^ Day, R. T., Keddy, P. A., McNeill, J., and Carleton, T. (1988). Fertility and disturbance gradients: a summary model for riverine marsh vegetation. Ecology 69: 1044–54. ^ Gough, L. G., Grace, J. B., and Taylor, K. L. (1994). The relationship between species richness and community biomass: the importance of environmental variables. Oikos 70: 271–9. ^ van der Valk, A. G. (1989). Northern Prairie Wetlands. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. ^ Keddy, P.A. (2010). Wetland Ecology: Principles and Conservation (2nd edition). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ^ van der Valk, A. G. and Davis, C. B. (1976). The seed banks of prairie glacial marshes. Canadian Journal of Botany 54: 1832–8.

External links[edit]

Genus Scirpus Genus Scirpus Scirpus
Scirpus
(Cyperaceae) "What Is ' Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
americanus'?" and "Should We Reject The Name ' Scirpus
Scirpus
americanus'?" Edibility of Scirpus: Edible parts and identification of Scirpus

Sources[edit]

Muntz, Philip A. A California Flora. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1973, copyright 1959 Muntz, Philip A. A California Flora: Supplement’’. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1976 ( Scirpus
Scirpus
lacutris, validus, glaucus, p. 183))

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2008)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Scirpus.

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q159220 APDB: 194748 EoL: 29127 EPPO: 1SCPG FNA: 129748 FoC: 129748 GBIF: 2720078 GRIN: 10951 iNaturalist: 49371 IPNI: 326725-2 ITIS: 40225 NCBI: 46334 PLANTS: SCIRP Tropicos: 40033372 VASCAN:

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The Info List - Scirpus


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About 120; see text

Synonyms[1]

Chamaeschoenus Ehrh. Leiophyllum Ehrh. Dichismus Raf. Diplarinus Raf. Seidlia Opiz Actaeogeton Steud. Blepharolepis Nees Nemocharis Beurl. Taphrogiton Montandon Maximoviczia A.P.Khokhr. Maximowicziella A.P.Khokhr.

Scirpus
Scirpus
is a genus of aquatic, grass-like species in the family Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
(the sedges), many with the common names club-rush or bulrush (see also bulrush for other plant genera so-named). Other common names are deergrass or grassweed. They have grass-like leaves, and clusters of small spikelets, often brown. Some species (e.g. S. lacustris) can reach a height of 3 m, while others (e.g. S. supinus) are much smaller, only reaching 20–30 cm tall. The genus has a nearly cosmopolitan distribution, found on every continent except Africa
Africa
and Antarctica.[1] Many species are common in wetlands and can produce dense stands of vegetation, along rivers,[2][3] in coastal deltas[4] and in ponds and potholes.[5] Although flooding is the most important factor affecting its distribution, drought, ice scour, grazing, fire and salinity also affect its abundance.[6] It can survive unfavourable conditions like prolonged flooding, or drought, as buried seeds[7] Scirpus
Scirpus
species are often planted to inhibit soil erosion and provide habitat for other wildlife. They are also used in some herbal remedies; the plant's rhizomes are collected in the autumn and winter and dried in the sun before use. The taxonomy of the genus is complex, and under review by botanists. Recent studies by taxonomists of the Cyperaceae
Cyperaceae
have resulted in the creation of several new genera, including the genera Schoenoplectus and Bolboschoenus; others (including Blysmus, Isolepis, Nomochloa, and Scirpoides) have also been used. At one point this genus held almost 300 species, but many of the species once assigned to it have now been reassigned, and it now holds an estimated 120 species. Scirpus
Scirpus
species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera
Lepidoptera
species, including Batrachedra cuniculata.

Selected species (This list is incomplete, and may include some species now assigned to other genera.)

Scirpus ancistrochaetus
Scirpus ancistrochaetus
northeastern bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
atrocinctus black-girdle bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
atrovirens woolgrass bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
bicolor Scirpus
Scirpus
campestris salt marsh bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
cespitosus deergrass Scirpus congdonii
Scirpus congdonii
Congdon's bulrush Scirpus cyperinus
Scirpus cyperinus
- cottongrass bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
diffusus Scirpus
Scirpus
divaricatus spreading bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
expansus Woodland beakrush Scirpus flaccidifolius reclining bulrush Scirpus fluitans
Scirpus fluitans
floating club-rush Scirpus fluviatilis
Scirpus fluviatilis
- river bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
georgianus Georgia bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
grossus Greater club-rush, Giant bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
hattorianus bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
lineatus drooping bulrush Scirpus longii
Scirpus longii
Long's bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
mariqueter Scirpus microcarpus
Scirpus microcarpus
small-fruit bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
mucronatus Scirpus
Scirpus
nevadensis Nevada bulrush Scirpus olneyi
Scirpus olneyi
Olney bulrush = Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
americanus Scirpus
Scirpus
pacificus Pacific Coast bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
pallidus pale bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
paludosus salt marsh bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
pedicellatus stalked bulrush Scirpus pendulus
Scirpus pendulus
pendulous bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
polyphyllus leafy bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
pumilus dwarf deergrass Scirpus pungens
Scirpus pungens
sharp club-rush Scirpus
Scirpus
radicans Scirpus robustus salt marsh bulrush Scirpus
Scirpus
supinus dwarf club-rush Scirpus
Scirpus
sylvaticus wood club-rush Scirpus
Scirpus
triqueter triangular club-rush

Selected species in a broader view of the genus

Bolboschoenus
Bolboschoenus
maritimus sea club-rush Isolepis
Isolepis
cernua slender club-rush Isolepis
Isolepis
setacea bristle club-rush Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
acutus tule Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
hudsonianus alpine deergrass Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
lacustris common club-rush Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
tabernaemontani Scirpoides holoschoenus round-headed club-rush

References[edit]

^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families ^ Auclair, A. N. D., Bouchard, A. and Pajaczkowski, J. (1976a). Plant standing crop and productivity relations in a Scirpus–Equisetum wetland. Ecology 57: 941–52. ^ Day, R. T., Keddy, P. A., McNeill, J., and Carleton, T. (1988). Fertility and disturbance gradients: a summary model for riverine marsh vegetation. Ecology 69: 1044–54. ^ Gough, L. G., Grace, J. B., and Taylor, K. L. (1994). The relationship between species richness and community biomass: the importance of environmental variables. Oikos 70: 271–9. ^ van der Valk, A. G. (1989). Northern Prairie Wetlands. Ames, IA: Iowa State University Press. ^ Keddy, P.A. (2010). Wetland Ecology: Principles and Conservation (2nd edition). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK. ^ van der Valk, A. G. and Davis, C. B. (1976). The seed banks of prairie glacial marshes. Canadian Journal of Botany 54: 1832–8.

External links[edit]

Genus Scirpus Genus Scirpus Scirpus
Scirpus
(Cyperaceae) "What Is ' Schoenoplectus
Schoenoplectus
americanus'?" and "Should We Reject The Name ' Scirpus
Scirpus
americanus'?" Edibility of Scirpus: Edible parts and identification of Scirpus

Sources[edit]

Muntz, Philip A. A California Flora. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1973, copyright 1959 Muntz, Philip A. A California Flora: Supplement’’. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1976 ( Scirpus
Scirpus
lacutris, validus, glaucus, p. 183))

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2008)

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Scirpus.

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q159220 APDB: 194748 EoL: 29127 EPPO: 1SCPG FNA: 129748 FoC: 129748 GBIF: 2720078 GRIN: 10951 iNaturalist: 49371 IPNI: 326725-2 ITIS: 40225 NCBI: 46334 PLANTS: SCIRP Tropicos: 40033372 VASCAN:

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