The SCIOTO RIVER (/saɪˈoʊtoʊ/ sy-OH-toh or /saɪˈoʊtə/
sy-OH-tə ) is a river in central and southern
* 1 Geography and geology * 2 History * 3 Pollution * 4 Dams and reservoirs * 5 Cities and towns along the Scioto River * 6 Variant names * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links
GEOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY
In western Hardin County , within one mile (1.6 km) of its source
The lower Scioto River valley is large compared to the width of the river and is extensively farmed. Meltwaters from retreating glaciers carved the valley exceptionally wide. Valley bottoms are smooth, and flood deposits created during and since the most recent Glacial period cause floodplain soils to be very productive. As a result, farms line much of the lower Scioto where it flows through low, rolling hills covered in hardwood trees.
The geologic history of the
Scioto River is tied to the destruction
Scioto River valley was home to many Native American cultures.
The best known group is the Mound Builders of the
Hopewell tradition .
Numerous burial mounds can be seen near Chillicothe at the Hopewell
Culture National Historic Park . The former strength of these cultures
is demonstrated in settler accounts from as far east as
During the antebellum years, the
Scioto River provided a route to
freedom for many slaves escaping from the South , as they continued
north after crossing the
A traditional fiddle tune in the Appalachian repertoire, “Big Scioty”, takes its name from the river. The melody is attributed to the Hammons family of West Virginia.
In 2012, the river dropped to record- or near-record-low water levels as a result of the acute effects of the 2012 North American drought in Ohio.
Threats facing the river include agricultural pollutants from upstream and urban-generated pollutants such as contaminated street runoff and waterborne litter. Rapid residential and commercial development in the watershed is increasing stormwater runoff.
DAMS AND RESERVOIRS
There are two major dams on the river.
The removal of the Main Street Dam in downtown Columbus, which was
built in 1921, began in November 2013. The removal was initially
proposed in the 2010 Strategic Plan for downtown Columbus; the $35.5
million project is being funded by a coalition of public and private
entities, including the City of Columbus, Mid-
Prior to its demolition, the Main Street Dam impounded roughly 2.3 miles (3.7 km) of the Scioto River, artificially enlarging its width to an average of 500 feet (150 m) in downtown Columbus. Once completed, the Scioto Greenways project will reduce the width by nearly half, and expose 33 acres (13 ha) of land which will be reclaimed as parkland by the city. Riffles and pools will be restored to the river channel, returning it to its natural riparian state. Experts believe the restoration project will result in a healthier river and better habitat for native plant, fish, and mussel species.
CITIES AND TOWNS ALONG THE SCIOTO RIVER
The Scioto River near South Bloomfield
Cities and towns, listed from upstream to downstream:
* Kenton * LaRue * Green Camp * Prospect * Shawnee Hills * Dublin * Upper Arlington * Grandview Heights * Columbus * Circleville * Chillicothe * Waverly * Piketon * Portsmouth
According to the
Geographic Names Information System
* Big Sciota River * Big Scioto River * Chianotho River * Great Siota River * Menkwi Siipunk * Riviere Chianouske * Sci-ou-to * Sciodoe Creek * Sciota River * Seeyotah River * Sinhioto River * Siothai River * Sioto River
* ^ "Map of