The SCIOTO RIVER (/saɪˈoʊtoʊ/ _sy-OH-toh_ or /saɪˈoʊtə/
_sy-OH-tə_ ) is a river in central and southern
Ohio more than 231
miles (372 km) in length. It rises in
Auglaize County in west central
Ohio, flows through Columbus,
Ohio , where it collects its largest
tributary , the
Olentangy River , and meets the
Ohio River at
Portsmouth . Too small for modern commercial shipping , its primary
economic importance is for recreation and drinking water .
* 1 Geography and geology
* 2 History
* 3 Pollution
* 4 Dams and reservoirs
* 5 Cities and towns along the
* 6 Variant names
* 7 See also
* 8 References
* 9 External links
GEOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY
In western Hardin County , within one mile (1.6 km) of its
Scioto River valley is large compared to the width of the
river and is extensively farmed. Meltwaters from retreating glaciers
carved the valley exceptionally wide. Valley bottoms are smooth, and
flood deposits created during and since the most recent Glacial period
cause floodplain soils to be very productive. As a result, farms line
much of the lower Scioto where it flows through low, rolling hills
covered in hardwood trees.
The geologic history of the
Scioto River is tied to the destruction
Teays River network during the Ice Ages and consequent creation
Ohio River . The north flowing
Teays River was dammed by
glaciers, and damming of other rivers led to a series of floods as
lakes overflowed into adjacent valleys.
Glacial Lake Tight is
estimated to have been two-thirds the size of modern
Lake Erie .
Valleys beyond the reach of glaciers were reorganized to create the
Ohio River, and the
Scioto River replaced the Teays River. The Scioto
River flows through segments of the
Teays River valley but opposite
the direction the
Teays River flowed. In the cities of Columbus and
Dublin, the river has cut a gorge in fossil-bearing Devonian
limestone, and many tributary streams have waterfalls, such as Hayden
Scioto River in Columbus,
Scioto River valley was home to many Native American cultures.
The best known group is the Mound Builders of the
Hopewell tradition .
Numerous burial mounds can be seen near Chillicothe at the Hopewell
Culture National Historic Park . The former strength of these cultures
is demonstrated in settler accounts from as far east as
Virginia . The
name _Scioto_ is derived from the Wyandot word _skɛnǫ·tǫ’_
'deer' (compare _Shenandoah _, derived from the word for deer in
Iroquoian language .
During the antebellum years, the
Scioto River provided a route to
freedom for many slaves escaping from the South , as they continued
north after crossing the
Ohio River . Towns such as Chillicothe became
important stops on the
Underground Railroad .
A traditional fiddle tune in the Appalachian repertoire, “Big
Scioty”, takes its name from the river. The melody is attributed to
the Hammons family of West Virginia.
In 2012, the river dropped to record- or near-record-low water levels
as a result of the acute effects of the