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The Scientology cross is one of the principal symbols of Scientology. It is most often used to represent the Church of Scientology. The cross closely resembles the Christian cross, but differs from it with the addition of four diagonal rays between the conventional horizontal and vertical arms. The eight points of the cross represent the eight dynamics in Scientology:

The Self Creativity, sex, and procreation (family) Group, society, community Species survival (humankind) Life forms in general Matter, Energy, Space & Time (physical universe) Spirit (self or others as a spiritual being) Infinity or Supreme being

The Church of Scientology says that "the horizontal bar represents the material universe, and the vertical bar represents the spirit. Thus, the spirit is seen to be rising triumphantly, ultimately transcending the turmoil of the physical universe to achieve salvation."[1] The Scientology cross apparently dates back to the mid-1950s. Scientology's founder L. Ron Hubbard wrote in 1955 that "the model of the cross came from a very ancient Spanish mission in Arizona, a sand casting which [Hubbard] dug up".[2] He also occasionally referred to it as the "sunburst cross".[3] Scholars speculate the Scientology cross may have been inspired by Aleister Crowley's use of the Rosy Cross.[4] The practice of prominently displaying the cross in Scientology centers was instituted in 1969 following hostile press coverage in the United Kingdom and elsewhere, when Scientology's status as a legitimate religion was being questioned. In response, Hubbard ordered that, "Any staff who are trained at any level as auditors (but not in A[dvanced] O[rganization]s) are to be clothed in the traditioned ministerial black suit, black vest white collar silver cross for ordinary org wear."[5] See also[edit]

Christian cross Crucifix Rose Cross Scientology and the occult

References[edit]

^ "Scientology Cross", Church of Scientology International. Accessed 2007-07-03. ^ Ability magazine issue 14, 1955 ^ Hubbard, "Operational Bulletin No. 5", November 1955 ^ Urban, Hugh B. "The Occult Roots of Scientology?: L. Ron Hubbard, Aleister Crowley, and the Origins of a Controversial New Religion". JSTOR 10.1525/nr.2012.15.3.91.  ^ Hubbard, "Religion", HCO Policy Letter of 12 February 1969

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Scientology

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Dianetics

History of Dianetics Auditing Black Dianetics Clear Dianetics: MSMH Engram Reactive mind

History and controversies

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Litigation

Arenz, Röder and Dagmar v. Germany Church of Scientology of California v. Armstrong Church of Scientology International v. Fishman and Geertz Church of Scientology International v. Time Warner, Inc., et al. Church of Scientology Moscow v. Russia Church of Scientology v. Sweden Hernandez v. Commissioner Hill v. Church of Scientology of Toronto Religious Technology Center v. Netcom On-Line Communication Services, Inc. R. v. Church of Scientology of Toronto United States v. Hubbard X. and Church of Scientology v. Sweden

Organizations

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The Hole

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Officials

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Popular culture

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film

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