SCICLI is a town and municipality in the
Province of Ragusa
Province of Ragusa in the
south east of
Italy . It is 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Ragusa
, and 308 kilometres (191 mi) from
Palermo , and has a population
(2011 census) of 25,922. Alongside seven other cities in the Val di
Noto , it has been listed as one of
UNESCO 's World Heritage Sites .
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Main sights
* 5 Culture
* 6 Economy
* 7 Sport
* 8 Transport
* 9 Gallery
* 10 Personalities
* 11 References
* 12 External links
Settlements of the area of
Scicli dates back to the Copper and Early
Bronze Ages (3rd millennium BCE to the 15th century BCE).
Scicli was founded by the
Sicels (whence probably the name) around
In 864 CE,
Scicli was conquered by the Arabs , as part of the Muslim
Sicily . Under their rule it flourished as an
agricultural and trade center. According to geographer Muhammad
al-Idrisi , "shipping reached
Sicily from Calabria, Africa,
Malta and many other places."
In 1091, it was conquered from the Arabs by the Normans , under Roger
I of Hauteville , after a fierce battle.
Scicli was one of the
garrison which rebelled against the Angevine domination in the
Sicilian Vespers (April 5, 1282). Following the various dynasties
ruling the Kingdom of Sicily, it was an Aragonese -Spanish possession
before being united in the Kingdom of
Italy in the mid 19th century.
Following a catastrophic earthquake in 1693 , much of the town was
rebuilt in the
Sicilian baroque style, which today gives the town the
elegant appearance which draws many tourists to visit it.
The municipality borders with
Modica and Ragusa . It conuts the
hamlets (frazioni ) of Arizza, Bruca, Cava d'Aliga,
Playa Grande and
See also: Category:Churches in
* San Matteo : this church was the local Mother Church until 1874.
It is located on the eponymous hill in the Old City, where there is
also the ruin of an Arab/Norman castle.
* The church of Santa Marìa la Nova, with a huge Neoclassicist
façade. The interior houses a cypresse-wood statue of Madonna della
Pietà, probably of Byzantine origin.
* San Bartolomeo baroque church
* Sant\'Ignazio (Mother Church of St. Ignatz), housing the highly
venerated image of Madonna dei Milìci (see Culture section).
* San Michele Arcangelo
* Santa Maria la Nova
* Palazzo Fava, one of the first and largest Baroque palaces in the
town. Notable are the late-Baroque decorations of the portal and the
balconies, especially the one on the Via San Bartolomeo.
* The Town Hall, the Palazzo Spadaro and the Palazzo Beneventano,
all boasting Baroque decorations.
Scicli is frequently used as a film set , most recently for Marco
Bellocchio 's Il regista dei matrimoni and is popular in
Italy as the
home of Il Commissario Montalbano , the popular television series
The town is also notable for its religious processions which includes
"Presepe" (nativity scenes) enacted in the caves surrounding the city
Christmas time. These caves, known as the Chiarafura caves , were
dug out in the tuff cliffs, and some were inhabited by the local poor
as recently as 1958.
Easter , the town celebrates with the "Uomo Vivo" parade which
involves a long religious procession through the city. A decorated
horse parade takes place in March, from
Scicli to the neighbouring
Donnalucata . The most spectacular religious festival, the A
Maronna i Milici occurs in May, commemorating the appearance of the
Madonna on a white horse holding aloft a sword, described as
"probably...the only armed Holy Virgin in the world." This encouraged
the Christian Normans to defeat the Saracens in 1091. However, the
story itself is believed to have been first promoted no earlier than
the 15th century.
Fornace Penna ", an industrial archaeology monument in
The economy of
Scicli is mostly agricultural, and the area is
renowned for its many greenhouses producing the primizie ("early
fruits") that are exported all over Italy.
The local association football club is the U.P.D.
Scicli ; and the
futsal club is the Pro
Scicli , that also played in Serie A . The town
plays host to an annual road running race,
Memorial Peppe Greco ,
which traces its route through the city centre.
Scicli has a railway station on the
-Syracuse line. Another station serves the frazione of
The town will be served by the planned extension, to Ragusa and Gela,
of the A18 motorway .
San Bartolomeo Church
Santa Maria La Nova Church
San Guglielmo Church
San Matteo Church
Madonna del Carmine Church
Giuseppe Drago (1955–2016), physician and politician, President
Sicily in 1998
Severino Santiapichi (1926–2016), magistrate and writer
* ^ A B (in Italian) Source: Istat 2011
Alexander Mikaberidze (22 Jul 2011). Conflict and Conquest in
the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia . ABC-CLIO. p. 831. ISBN
* ^ Lorenza De Maria; Rita Turchetti (2004). Rotte e porti del
Mediterraneo dopo la caduta dell'Impero romano d'Occidente:
continuità e innovazioni tecnologiche e funzionali : IV seminario :
Genova, 18-19 giugno 2004. Rubbettino Editore. p. 125. ISBN
* ^ Authentic
Sicily (illustrated ed.). Touring Editore. 2005. p.
73. ISBN 9788836534036 .
* ^ 39161 (x a j h)
* ^ Peter Amann (1 Jan 2001).
Sicily (illustrated ed.). Hunter
Publishing, Inc. p. 42. ISBN 9781856911580 .
* ^ Marcella Croce (20 Oct 2014). The Chivalric Folk Tradition in
Sicily: A History of Storytelling, Puppetry, Painted Carts and Other
Arts. McFarland. p. 48. ISBN 9780786494156 .
* ^ Amy G. Remensnyder (2014). La Conquistadora: The Virgin Mary at
War and Peace in the Old and New Worlds (illustrated ed.). Oxford
University Press. p. 395. ISBN 9780199893003 .