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Scicli
Scicli
is a town and municipality in the Province of Ragusa
Province of Ragusa
in the south east of Sicily, Italy. It is 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Ragusa, and 308 kilometres (191 mi) from Palermo, and has a population (2017) of 27,101.[1] Alongside seven other cities in the Val di Noto, it has been listed as one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites. The municipality borders with Modica
Modica
and Ragusa.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Main sights 3 Culture 4 Economy 5 Sport 6 Transport 7 Gallery 8 Personalities 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] Settlements of the area of Scicli
Scicli
dates back to the Copper and Early Bronze Ages (3rd millennium BCE to the 15th century BCE). Scicli
Scicli
was founded by the Sicels
Sicels
(whence probably the name) around 300 BCE. In 864 CE, Scicli
Scicli
was conquered by the Arabs, as part of the Muslim conquest of Sicily.[3] Under their rule it flourished as an agricultural and trade center. According to geographer Muhammad al-Idrisi, "shipping reached Scicli
Scicli
in Sicily
Sicily
from Calabria, Africa, Malta and many other places."[4] In 1091, it was conquered from the Arabs by the Normans, under Roger I of Hauteville, after a fierce battle.[5] Scicli
Scicli
was one of the garrison which rebelled against the Angevine domination in the Sicilian Vespers
Sicilian Vespers
(April 5, 1282). Following the various dynasties ruling the Kingdom of Sicily, it was an Aragonese-Spanish possession before being united in the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
in the mid 19th century. Following a catastrophic earthquake in 1693, much of the town was rebuilt in the Sicilian baroque
Sicilian baroque
style, which today gives the town the elegant appearance which draws many tourists to visit it. Main sights[edit] See also: Category:Churches in Scicli.

San Matteo: this church was the local Mother Church until 1874. It is located on the eponymous hill in the Old City, where there is also the ruin of an Arab/Norman castle.[6] The church of Santa Marìa la Nova, with a huge Neoclassicist façade. The interior houses a cypresse-wood statue of Madonna della Pietà, probably of Byzantine origin. San Bartolomeo baroque church Sant'Ignazio (Mother Church of St. Ignatz), housing the highly venerated image of Madonna dei Milìci (see Culture section). San Michele Arcangelo Santa Maria la Nova Palazzo Fava, one of the first and largest Baroque palaces in the town. Notable are the late-Baroque decorations of the portal and the balconies, especially the one on the Via San Bartolomeo. The Town Hall, the Palazzo Spadaro and the Palazzo Beneventano, all boasting Baroque decorations.

Culture[edit] Scicli
Scicli
is frequently used as a film set, most recently for Marco Bellocchio's Il regista dei matrimoni and is popular in Italy
Italy
as the home of Il Commissario Montalbano, the popular television series broadcast by RAI. The town is also notable for its religious processions which includes "Presepe" (nativity scenes) enacted in the caves surrounding the city at Christmas
Christmas
time. These caves, known as the Chiarafura caves, were dug out in the tuff cliffs, and some were inhabited by the local poor as recently as 1958. At Easter, the town celebrates with the "Uomo Vivo" parade which involves a long religious procession through the city. A decorated horse parade takes place in March, from Scicli
Scicli
to the neighbouring town of Donnalucata. The most spectacular religious festival, the A Maronna i Milici occurs in May, commemorating the appearance of the Madonna on a white horse holding aloft a sword, described as "probably...the only armed Holy Virgin in the world."[7] This encouraged the Christian Normans to defeat the Saracens in 1091. However, the story itself is believed to have been first promoted no earlier than the 15th century.[8] Economy[edit]

The "Fornace Penna", an industrial archaeology monument in Sampieri

The economy of Scicli
Scicli
is mostly agricultural, and the area is renowned for its many greenhouses producing the primizie ("early fruits") that are exported all over Italy. Sport[edit] The local association football club is the U.P.D. Scicli; and the futsal club is the Pro Scicli, that also played in Serie A. The town plays host to an annual road running race, Memorial Peppe Greco, which traces its route through the city centre. Transport[edit] Scicli
Scicli
has a railway station on the Canicattì-Gela-Ragusa-Syracuse line. Another station serves the frazione of Sampieri. The town will be served by the planned extension, to Ragusa and Gela, of the A18 motorway. Gallery[edit]

San Bartolomeo Church 

Santa Maria La Nova Church 

San Guglielmo Church 

San Matteo Church 

Madonna del Carmine Church 

Consolazione Church 

Personalities[edit]

Giuseppe Drago (1955–2016), physician and politician, President of Sicily
Sicily
in 1998 Severino Santiapichi (1926–2016), magistrate and writer

References[edit]

^ a b (in Italian) Source: Istat 2011 ^ 39161 (x a j h) Scicli
Scicli
on OpenStreetMap ^ Alexander Mikaberidze (22 Jul 2011). Conflict and Conquest in the Islamic World: A Historical Encyclopedia [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 831. ISBN 9781598843378.  ^ Lorenza De Maria; Rita Turchetti (2004). Rotte e porti del Mediterraneo dopo la caduta dell'Impero romano d'Occidente: continuità e innovazioni tecnologiche e funzionali : IV seminario : Genova, 18-19 giugno 2004. Rubbettino Editore. p. 125. ISBN 9788849811179.  ^ Authentic Sicily
Sicily
(illustrated ed.). Touring Editore. 2005. p. 73. ISBN 9788836534036.  ^ Peter Amann (1 Jan 2001). Sicily
Sicily
(illustrated ed.). Hunter Publishing, Inc. p. 42. ISBN 9781856911580.  ^ Marcella Croce (20 Oct 2014). The Chivalric Folk Tradition in Sicily: A History of Storytelling, Puppetry, Painted Carts and Other Arts. McFarland. p. 48. ISBN 9780786494156.  ^ Amy G. Remensnyder (2014). La Conquistadora: The Virgin Mary at War and Peace in the Old and New Worlds (illustrated ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 395. ISBN 9780199893003. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Scicli
Scicli
(category)

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Scicli.

(in Italian) Scicli
Scicli
official website (in English) Scili Information Cartoon map of Scicli

v t e

Sicily
Sicily
· Comuni of the Province of Ragusa

Acate Chiaramonte Gulfi Comiso Giarratana Ispica Modica Monterosso Almo Pozzallo Ragusa Santa Croce Camerina Scicli Vittoria

v t e

World Heritage Sites in Italy

Northwest

Crespi d'Adda Genoa Mantua
Mantua
and Sabbioneta Monte San Giorgio1 Porto Venere, Palmaria, Tino and Tinetto, Cinque Terre

Corniglia Manarola Monterosso al Mare Riomaggiore Vernazza

Residences of the Royal House of Savoy

Castle of Moncalieri Castle of Racconigi Castle of Rivoli Castello del Valentino Royal Palace of Turin Palazzo Carignano Palazzo Madama, Turin Palace of Venaria Palazzina di caccia of Stupinigi Villa della Regina

Rhaetian Railway
Rhaetian Railway
in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes1 Rock Drawings in Valcamonica Sacri Monti of Piedmont and Lombardy Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan Vineyard Landscape of Piedmont: Langhe- Roero
Roero
and Monferrato

Northeast

Aquileia The Dolomites Ferrara Modena Cathedral, Torre della Ghirlandina
Torre della Ghirlandina
and Piazza Grande, Modena Orto botanico di Padova Ravenna Venice Verona City of Vicenza and the Palladian Villas of the Veneto

Central

Assisi Basilica of Saint Francis of Assisi Etruscan Necropolises of Cerveteri
Cerveteri
and Tarquinia Florence Hadrian's Villa Medici villas Piazza del Duomo, Pisa Pienza Rome2 San Gimignano Siena Urbino Val d'Orcia Villa d'Este

South

Alberobello Amalfi Coast Castel del Monte, Apulia Cilento
Cilento
and Vallo di Diano
Vallo di Diano
National Park, Paestum
Paestum
and Velia, Certosa di Padula Herculaneum Oplontis
Oplontis
and Villa Poppaea Naples Palace of Caserta, Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
Aqueduct of Vanvitelli
and San Leucio
San Leucio
Complex Pompeii Sassi di Matera

Islands

Aeolian Islands Arab-Norman Palermo
Palermo
and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale Archaeological Area of Agrigento Barumini nuraghes Mount Etna Syracuse and Necropolis of Pantalica Val di Noto

Caltagirone Catania Militello in Val di Catania Modica Noto Palazzolo Acreide Ragusa Scicli

Villa Romana del Casale

Countrywide

Longobards in Italy, Places of Power (568–774 A.D.)

Brescia Cividale del Friuli Castelseprio Spoleto Temple of Clitumnus
Temple of Clitumnus
located at Campello sul Clitunno Santa Sofia located at Benevento Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
Sanctuary of Monte Sant'Angelo
located at Monte Sant'Angelo

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps3 Primeval Beech Forests of Europe4 Venetian Works of Defence between 15th and 17th centuries5

Bergamo Palmanova Peschiera del Garda

1 Shared with Switzerland 2 Shared with the Holy See 3 Shared with Austria, France, Germany, Slovenia, and Switzerland 4 Shared with Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Germany, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain
Spain
and Ukraine 5 Shared with Croatia
Croatia
and Montenegro

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 133518735 LCCN: n93029

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