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Schwabach
Schwabach
(German pronunciation: [ˈʃvaːbax]) is a German town of about 40,000 inhabitants near Nuremberg
Nuremberg
in the centre of the region of Franconia
Franconia
in the North of Bavaria. The city is an autonomous administrative district (kreisfreie Stadt). Schwabach
Schwabach
is also the name of a river, which runs through the city prior joining the Rednitz. Schwabach
Schwabach
is famous for its crafts made of gold, particularly gold foil. In 2004, Schwabach
Schwabach
celebrated this tradition with an anniversary festival, marking "500 years gold foil in Schwabach". Around 1500, a local typesetter developed the "Schwabacher" font. This font was used for printing the first Bible in German, which had been worked out by Martin Luther. Schwabach
Schwabach
is also the birthplace of composer Adolf von Henselt, the botanist Johann Gottfried Zinn, the biologist Ralf Baumeister and one of the developers of MP3, Bernhard Grill. It was often visited by Albrecht Dürer.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 Timeline 3 Sons and daughters of the town

3.1 Politicians 3.2 Athletes 3.3 Scientists 3.4 Artists

4 Twin towns 5 Companies 6 References

Etymology[edit] The name derives from the old Franconian name Suapaha (later Suabaha, then Villa Suabach) which translates as "Schwaben-Bach" in modern German, which means "Swabian stream", the first part of the name was given by the Franconians who came to the area about a millennium after the Hallstatt culture
Hallstatt culture
to the people living on the banks of that stream, which were perceived as "Swabians" by them, while the second part of the name is a reference to the stream which flows through town. Timeline[edit]

The gold roof of the Schwabach
Schwabach
town hall

750 BC–AD 500: Archaeological evidence of settlement. 600–700: Name Schwabach
Schwabach
first used to refer to the settlement and the river. 1346: City wall built. 1371: Municipal law established. 1469: Town church built (still in use). 1500: (ca.) Schwabacher
Schwabacher
font invented. 1528: City hall built (still in use). 1633: First needle factory established in Schwabach. 1723: Schwabach
Schwabach
river flooded to highest point ever. Markings of the flood are still visible. 1768: The landmark Old Linden Tree planted (still there). 1792: Schwabach
Schwabach
became part of Prussia. 1797: Goethe
Goethe
stayed overnight in Schwabach. 1806: Schwabach
Schwabach
became part of Bavaria. 1849: Railway station built. 1941: Schwabach
Schwabach
bombed in World War II 1945: American military base established in Schwabach. 1953: City coat-of-arms introduced. 1972: Schwabach
Schwabach
became an autonomous administrative district. 1975: Partner-city relationship with Les Sables d'Olonne
Les Sables d'Olonne
established. 1980: Schwabach
Schwabach
receives the European Union prize for cultural heritage. 1992: US Army to be withdrawn from Schwabach
Schwabach
and surrounding areas. 2004: 500-year anniversary celebration of the gold foil industry.

Sons and daughters of the town[edit] Politicians[edit]

Hans Schuberth (born April 5, 1897, died September 2, 1976 in Munich), politician (CSU), Federal Minister for affairs of telecommunication Karl Freller
Karl Freller
(born March 2, 1956), Member of the Bavarian Parliament (CSU)

Athletes[edit]

Matthias Volz (born 4 May 1910 in Schwabach; died 26 August 2004 in Spalt), Turner, artistic gymnast Olympic champion (team) and bronze medalist in Berlin in 1936, TV 1848 Schwabach Manfred Ritschel (born June 7, 1946), football player

Scientists[edit]

Bernhard Grill (born January 5, 1961), involved in the development of mp3 - format

Artists[edit]

Walter Zimmermann (born April 15, 1949), composer

Twin towns[edit]

Les Sables-d'Olonne, France Kemer, Turkey Kalambaka, Greece

Companies[edit]

Apollo-Optik, optics company

References[edit]

^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018. 

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Schwabach.

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the Free State of Bavaria
Bavaria
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Amberg Ansbach Aschaffenburg Augsburg Bamberg Bayreuth Coburg Erlangen Fürth Hof Ingolstadt Kaufbeuren Kempten Landshut Memmingen München (Munich) Nürnberg (Nuremberg) Passau Regensburg Rosenheim Schwabach Schweinfurt Straubing Weiden Würzburg

Rural districts

Aichach-Friedberg Altötting Amberg-Sulzbach Ansbach Aschaffenburg Augsburg Bad Kissingen Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen Bamberg Bayreuth Berchtesgadener Land Cham Coburg Dachau Deggendorf Dillingen Dingolfing-Landau Donau-Ries Ebersberg Eichstätt Erding Erlangen-Höchstadt Forchheim Freising Freyung-Grafenau Fürstenfeldbruck Fürth Garmisch-Partenkirchen Günzburg Haßberge Hof Kelheim Kitzingen Kronach Kulmbach Landsberg Landshut Lichtenfels Lindau Main-Spessart Miesbach Miltenberg Mühldorf München (Munich) Neuburg-Schrobenhausen Neumarkt Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim Neustadt an der Waldnaab Neu-Ulm Nürnberger Land Oberallgäu Ostallgäu Passau Pfaffenhofen Regen Regensburg Rhön-Grabfeld Rosenheim Roth Rottal-Inn Schwandorf Schweinfurt Starnberg Straubing-Bogen Tirschenreuth Traunstein Unterallgäu Weilheim-Schongau Weißenburg-Gunzenhausen Wunsiedel Würzburg

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153628

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