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SCHWABACH (German pronunciation: ) is a German town of about 40,000 inhabitants near Nuremberg
Nuremberg
in the centre of the region of Franconia
Franconia
in the North of Bavaria . The city is an autonomous administrative district (kreisfreie Stadt). Schwabach
Schwabach
is also the name of a river, which runs through the city prior joining the Rednitz
Rednitz
.

Schwabach
Schwabach
is famous for its crafts made of gold , particularly gold foil . In 2004, Schwabach
Schwabach
celebrated this tradition with an anniversary festival, marking "500 years gold foil in Schwabach".

Around 1500, a local typesetter developed the " Schwabacher
Schwabacher
" font. This font was used for printing the first Bible in German, which had been worked out by Martin Luther .

Schwabach
Schwabach
is also the birthplace of composer Adolf von Henselt
Adolf von Henselt
, the botanist Johann Gottfried Zinn
Johann Gottfried Zinn
, the biologist Ralf Baumeister and one of the developers of MP3
MP3
, Bernhard Grill . It was often visited by Albrecht Dürer
Albrecht Dürer
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Timeline

* 3 Sons and daughters of the town

* 3.1 Politicians * 3.2 Athletes * 3.3 Scientists * 3.4 Artists

* 4 Twin towns * 5 Companies * 6 References

ETYMOLOGY

The name derives from the old Franconian name Suapaha (later Suabaha, then Villa Suabach) which translates as "Schwaben-Bach" in modern German , which means "Swabian stream ", the first part of the name was given by the Franconians who came to the area about a millennium after the Hallstatt culture to the people living on the banks of that stream, which were perceived as "Swabians " by them, while the second part of the name is a reference to the stream which flows through town.

TIMELINE

The gold roof of the Schwabach
Schwabach
town hall

* 750 BC–AD 500: Archaeological evidence of settlement. * 600–700: Name Schwabach
Schwabach
first used to refer to the settlement and the river. * 1346: City wall built. * 1371: Municipal law established. * 1469: Town church built (still in use). * 1500: (ca.) Schwabacher
Schwabacher
font invented. * 1528: City hall built (still in use). * 1633: First needle factory established in Schwabach. * 1723: Schwabach
Schwabach
river flooded to highest point ever. Markings of the flood are still visible. * 1768: The landmark Old Linden Tree planted (still there). * 1792: Schwabach
Schwabach
became part of Prussia
Prussia
. * 1797: Goethe
Goethe
stayed overnight in Schwabach. * 1806: Schwabach
Schwabach
became part of Bavaria. * 1849: Railway station built. * 1941: Schwabach
Schwabach
bombed in World War II
World War II
* 1945: American military base established in Schwabach. * 1953: City coat-of-arms introduced. * 1972: Schwabach
Schwabach
became an autonomous administrative district. * 1975: Partner-city relationship with Les Sables d\'Olonne established. * 1980: Schwabach
Schwabach
receives the European Union prize for cultural heritage. * 1992: US Army to be withdrawn from Schwabach
Schwabach
and surrounding areas. * 2004: 500-year anniversary celebration of the gold foil industry.

SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF THE TOWN

POLITICIANS

* Hans Schuberth (born April 5, 1897, died September 2, 1976 in Munich), politician (CSU), Federal Minister for affairs of telecommunication * Karl Freller (born March 2, 1956), Member of the Bavarian Parliament (CSU)

ATHLETES

* Matthias Volz (born 4 May 1910 in Schwabach; died 26 August 2004 in Spalt), Turner, artistic gymnast Olympic champion (team) and bronze medalist in Berlin in 1936, TV 1848 Schwabach * Manfred Ritschel (born June 7, 1946), football player

SCIENTISTS

* Bernhard Grill (born January 5, 1961), involved in the development of mp3 - format

ARTISTS

* Walter Zimmermann (born April 15, 1949), composer

TWIN TOWNS

Les Sables-d\'Olonne , France
France
Kemer , Turkey
Turkey
Kalambaka , Greece
Greece

COMPANIES

* Apollo-Optik
Apollo-Optik
, optics company

REFERENCES

* ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). June 2016.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to SCHWABACH .

* v * t * e

Urban and rural districts in the Free State of Bavaria in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

* Amberg * Ansbach
Ansbach
* Aschaffenburg * Augsburg
Augsburg
* Bamberg
Bamberg
* Bayreuth
Bayreuth
* Coburg
Coburg
* Erlangen
Erlangen
* Fürth
Fürth
* Hof * Ingolstadt
Ingolstadt
* Kaufbeuren * Kempten
Kempten
* Landshut
Landshut
* Memmingen * München (Munich) * Nürnberg (Nuremberg) * Passau * Regensburg
Regensburg
* Rosenheim
Rosenheim
* Schwabach * Schweinfurt
Schweinfurt
* Straubing * Weiden * Würzburg
Würzburg

Rural districts

* Aichach-Friedberg * Altötting * Amberg-Sulzbach * Ansbach
Ansbach
* Aschaffenburg * Augsburg
Augsburg
* Bad Kissingen * Bad Tölz-Wolfratshausen * Bamberg
Bamberg
* Bayreuth
Bayreuth
* Berchtesgadener Land * Cham * Coburg
Coburg
* Dachau * Deggendorf * Dillingen * Dingolfing-Landau * Donau-Ries * Ebersberg * Eichstätt * Erding * Erlangen-Höchstadt
Erlangen-Höchstadt
* Forchheim * Freising * Freyung-Grafenau * Fürstenfeldbruck * Fürth
Fürth
* Garmisch-Partenkirchen * Günzburg * Haßberge * Hof * Kelheim * Kitzingen * Kronach * Kulmbach * Landsberg * Landshut
Landshut
* Lichtenfels * Lindau * Main-Spessart
Main-Spessart
* Miesbach * Miltenberg * Mühldorf * München (Munich) * Neuburg-Schrobenhausen * Neumarkt * Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim
Neustadt (Aisch)-Bad Windsheim
* Neustadt an der Waldnaab * Neu-Ulm * Nürnberger Land * Oberallgäu * Ostallgäu * Passau * Pfaffenhofen * Regen * Regensburg
Regensburg
* Rhön-Grabfeld * Rosenheim