SCHWäBISCH HALL (German pronunciation: ), or HALL for short is a
town in the German state of
Hall was a Free Imperial City for five centuries until it was annexed by Württemberg in 1802.
* 1 Etymology
* 2 History
* 2.1 Early history
* 2.2 Middle ages
* 2.3 17th century to early 20th century
* 2.4 Nazi
* 3 Demographics * 4 Architecture * 5 Culture * 6 Education
* 7 Politics
* 7.1 Next scheduled elections for citizens of
* 8 Economy
* 8.1 Transport
* 8.1.1 Roads * 8.1.2 Railways
* 9 Health * 10 Sports
* 11 People from
* 11.1 Twin towns – Sister cities
* 12 References * 13 External links
"Schwäbisch" refers to the Swabian League (German: Schwäbischer Bund). The origin of the second part of the name, "Hall", is unclear. It might be derived from a West Germanic word family that means "drying something by heating it", possibly referring to the open-pan salt making method used there until the saltworks closed down in 1925.
Imperial City of Hall
CAPITAL Schwäbisch Hall
HISTORICAL ERA Middle Ages
• Founded Uncertain
• Gained Reichsfreiheit 1280
• Erste Zwietracht 1340
• Zweite Zwietracht 1510–12
• End of Swedish occupation 1650
• Mediatised to Württemberg 1802 1802
PRECEDED BY SUCCEEDED BY
St Michael's Church,
Salt was produced from brine by the Celts at the site of Schwäbisch Hall as early as the fifth century. The town was first mentioned in a document called Öhringer Stiftungsbrief dating from 1063. The village probably belonged first to the Counts of Comburg-Rothenburg and went from them to the Imperial house of Hohenstaufen (ca 1116). It was probably Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa who founded the imperial mint and started the coining of the so-called Heller . Hall flourished through the production of salt and coins. Since 1204 it has been called a town.
After the fall of the house of Hohenstaufen, Hall defended itself
successfully against the claims of a noble family in the neighbourhood
(the Schenken von Limpurg). The conflict was finally settled in 1280
Rudolph I of Habsburg ; this allowed the undisturbed development
Free Imperial City (Reichsstadt) of the
Holy Roman Empire .
Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian granted a constitution that settled
internal conflicts (Erste Zwietracht) in 1340. After this, the city
was governed by the inner council (Innerer Rat) which was composed by
twelve noblemen, six "middle burghers" and eight craftsmen. The head
of the council was the Stättmeister (mayor). A second phase of
internal conflicts 1510–12 (Zweite Zwietracht) brought the
dominating role of the nobility to an end. The confrontation with the
noble families was started by Stättmeister Hermann Büschler, whose
daughter Anna Büschler is the subject of a popular book by Harvard
From the 14th to the 16th centuries, Hall systematically acquired a
large territory in the surrounding area, mostly from noble families
Comburg monastery. The wealth of this era can still be seen in
some gothic buildings like St. Michael's Church (rebuilt 1427–1526)
with its impressive stairway (1507). The town joined the Protestant
Reformation very early.
Johannes Brenz , a follower of
Hall suffered severely during the Thirty Years\' War , though it was never besieged or scene of a battle . However, it was forced to pay enormous sums to the armies of the various parties, especially to the imperial , Swedish and French troops, who also committed numerous atrocities and plundered the town and the surrounding area. Between 1634 and 1638 every fifth inhabitant died of hunger and diseases, especially from the bubonic plague . The war left the town an impoverished and economically ruined place. But with the help of reorganizations of salt production and trade and a growing wine trade, there was an astonishingly fast recovery.
17TH CENTURY TO EARLY 20TH CENTURY
Fires were a constant threat to the mostly wooden houses of the town. The great fires of 1680 and especially of 1728 destroyed much of the city, which led to new buildings in the Baroque style, such as the city hall. The 1802 mediatization of Hall in contemporary imagery
Napoleonic wars brought the history of Hall as a Free Imperial
City to an end. Following the
Treaty of Lunéville
In 1827, a health spa was established on one of the islands in the Kocher river. Especially after the building of the railway (1862) it became a considerable economical factor. The well-preserved old town also brought a rising number of tourists. Since the beginning of the 20th century, Hall has developed many festivities. Especially well known are the theatre productions which are performed every year in the centre of the city on the steps of St. Michael.
NAZI GERMANY AND WORLD WAR II
In 1934, Hall was officially named Schwäbisch Hall. During the Third
Luftwaffe air base was built at Hessental. During
Kristallnacht on 9 November 1938, local Nazis burned the synagogue in
Steinbach and devastated shops and houses of Jewish citizens.
Approximately 40 Jewish citizens of
POST WORLD WAR II
As of December 31, 2009,
City hall by night.
There is an outdoor summer theater which performs on the open-air
staircase at St. Michael's Church and at the Globe Theatre. The
Hällisch-Frankische Museum and the Hohenloher Freilandmuseum shows
the history of the region starting from the Middle Ages. The
Kunsthalle Würth, a modern art gallery, can be explored to see
paintings, graphic art, and sculptures dating from the 19th century
Due to the location of a branch of the Goethe-Institut at Schwäbisch Hall, the town attracts up to 2,000 students from countries around the world every year to study the German language. The programs are especially popular during the summer, as college students attend the program over their break to earn credits and advance their German.
There is The City Archives Hall which is a documentation centre which allows for historical research and memory management. The duties of the City Archives Hall is the ordering, preparing, evaluating and deploying its archives and collections, care and support historical research, collaborating in exhibitions and publishing their own or other authors authored publications on the history of Schwäbisch Hall.
The archive keeps official records and files of the present city
administration and its predecessor, and collection items of different
type and origin, which refers to the city, such as photographs,
posters, graphics, paintings, maps and plans, or a newspaper clipping
collection. There are also offer extensive library collections in the
literature on the history of
Hermann-Josef Pelgrim is the current
NEXT SCHEDULED ELECTIONS FOR CITIZENS OF SCHWäBISCH HALL
ELECTION TIMEFRAME LENGTH OF TERM SOURCE
Mayor Spring 2013 8 Years
Federal Autumn 2013 4 years
Ortschaftsrat Summer 2014 5 years
Council Summer 2014 5 years
District Council Summer 2014 5 years
European Parliament Summer 2014 5 years
State Spring 2016 5 years
Annually, there are up to 600 overnight stays in Schwäbisch Hall hotels by Goethe-Institut students.
By foreigners 41,600
TAX RATES RATE SOURCE
Land tax A 400 v.H.
Land tax B 400 v.H.
Trade tax 280 v.H.
Catchment area 160,000 people
Town SHA 305.1 Mio. Euro
Per capita 8,320 Euro
Purchasing power of town 100.2
People employed and subjected to social insurance 20,563
producing trade 5,188
trade, restaurants and traffic 3,424
service sector 11,951
Incoming commuters 12,119
Outgoing commuters 4,809
Unemployment rate 4.5%
Schwäbisch Hall-Hessental station is at the junction of the
Waiblingen–Schwäbisch Hall railway and the Crailsheim–Heilbronn
Schwäbisch Hall station (the town station) is on the
The sports played in
PEOPLE FROM SCHWäBISCH HALL
Melchior Hofmann 1600
Melchior Hofmann (around 1500–1543), Baptist leader
Johann Ulrich Steigleder (1593–1635), composer and organist
* Louis Brown (1836–1916), professor of art and important history
painter in Munich
Otto Ruff (1871–1939), chemist
TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in
* Rasht , Iran, 2016
* ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und
Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016".
Statistisches Bundesamt (in German).
* ^ A B C D E F G The city of Schwäbisch Hall,
retrieved March 22, 2011
* ^ Kuno Ulshöfer, Herta Beutter (ed.): Hall und das Salz.
Beiträge zur hällischen Stadt- und Salinengeschichte, Sigmaringen
1982, p. 8.
* ^ "Schwäbisch Hall". castleroad.de. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
* ^ A B C D E F G H I J The history of
* ^ "Walter Haeussermann". stimme.de. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
* ^ "Tobias Weis".
TSG 1899 Hoffenheim . Retrieved March 24, 2011.
* ^ A B C D E F G "
Wikimedia Commons has media related to SCHWäBISCH HALL .
* Official website (in English) * "Hall, a town of Germany, in the kingdom of