Scholarly databases


The scholarly method or scholarship is the body of
principle A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified wh ...

s and practices used by scholars and Academy#Academic personnel, academics to make their claims about the subject as valid and trustworthy as possible, and to make them known to the scholarly public. It is the methods that systemically advance the teaching, research, and wikt:practice, practice of a given scholarly or academic field of study through Rigour, rigorous inquiry. Scholarship is noted by its significance to its particular profession, and is creative, can be documented, can be replicated or elaborated, and can be and is peer-reviewed through various methods. The scholarly method includes the subcategories of the scientific method, in which scientists prove their claims, and the historical method, in which historians verify their claims.


Originally begun in order to reconcile the philosophy of the ancient Classical philosophy, classical philosophers with medieval Christian theology, theology, scholasticism is not a philosophy or theology in itself, but a tool and method for learning which places emphasis on dialectical reasoning. The primary purpose of scholasticism is to find the answer to a question or to resolve a contradiction. It was once well-known for its application in medieval theology but was eventually applied to classical philosophy and many other fields of study. The historical method comprises the techniques and guidelines by which historians use primary sources and other evidence to research and then to historiography, write history. The question of the nature, and indeed the possibility, of sound historical method is raised in the philosophy of history, as a question of epistemology. History guidelines commonly used by historians in their work require external criticism, internal criticism, and Thesis, antithesis, synthesis, synthesis. The empirical method is generally taken to mean the collection of data on which to base a hypothesis or derive a conclusion in science. It is part of the scientific method, but is often mistakenly assumed to be synonymous with other methods. The empirical method is not sharply defined and is often contrasted with the precision of experiments, where data is derived from the systematic manipulation of variables. The experimental method investigates Causality, causal relationships among Variable (mathematics), variables. An experiment is a cornerstone of the Empiricism, empirical approach to acquiring data about the world and is used in both natural sciences and social sciences. An experiment can be used to help solve practical problems and to support or negate Theory, theoretical assumptions. The scientific method refers to a body of techniques for investigating Phenomenon, phenomena, acquiring new knowledge, or correcting and integrating previous knowledge. To be termed scientific, a method of inquiry must be based on gathering observable, empirical and measurable evidence subject to specific principles of reasoning. A scientific method consists of the collection of data through observation and experimentation, and the formulation and testing of Hypothesis, hypotheses.Merriam-Webster, Merriam-Webster Dictionary

See also

*Academia *Academic authorship *Academic publishing *Discipline (academia) *Doctor (title) *Historical revisionism *History of scholarship *Manual of style *Professor *Source criticism *Urtext edition * ''Wissenschaft''


{{DEFAULTSORT:Scholarly Method Academia Scholars, Methodology Criticism