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Schizachyrium is a widespread genus of plants in the grass family.[4] The name is derived from the Greek words σχίζειν (schizein), meaning "to split," and ἄχυρον (achyron), meaning "chaff." It refers to either the glume or the toothed lemmas.[5][6][7] In the United States, members of the genus are commonly known as bluestems.[8]

Species[2][9]

Schizachyrium beckii Killeen - Bolivia Schizachyrium bemarivense A.Camus - Madagascar Schizachyrium brevifolium (Sw.) Nees ex Buse – Serillo dulce - widespread in tropics Schizachyrium cirratum (Hack.) Wooton & Standl. - USA (AZ NM TX), Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador Schizachyrium claudopus (Chiov.) Chiov - Tanzania, Zaïre, Zambia Schizachyrium condensatum (Kunth) Nees – Colombian bluestem - West Indies, Latin America from central Mexico to Uruguay Schizachyrium crinizonatum S.T.Blake - Australia Schizachyrium cubense (Hack.) Nash - Cuba Schizachyrium delavayi (Hack.) Bor - China, Himalayas Schizachyrium delicatum Stapf - tropical Africa Schizachyrium djalonicum Jacq.-Fél. - Guinea to Sierra Leone Schizachyrium dolosum S.T.Blake - Northern Territory, Queensland Schizachyrium exile (Hochst.) Pilg. - tropical + southern Africa; Indian Subcontinent, Myanmar Schizachyrium fragile (R.Br.) A.Camus - southern China, Vietnam, Java, New Guinea, New Caledonia, Micronesia Schizachyrium gaumeri Nash - Yucatán Peninsula, Chiapas Schizachyrium gracile (Spreng.) Nash - West Indies, Guatemala, Chiapas, Florida Schizachyrium gracilipes (Hack.) A.Camus - southern Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, northeastern Argentina Schizachyrium gresicola Jacq.-Fél - Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Nigeria Schizachyrium hatschbachii Peichoto - Brazil, northern Argentina Schizachyrium impressum (Hack.) A.Camus - Jammu & Kashmir Schizachyrium jeffreysii (Hack.) Stapf - Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, Botswana, Namibia, Limpopo, Mpumalanga Schizachyrium kwiluense Vanderyst ex Robyns - Zaïre, Congo Republic Schizachyrium lomaense A.Camus - Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast Schizachyrium lopollense (Rendle) Sales- Angola, Zambia, Mozambique Schizachyrium maclaudii (Jacq.-Fél.) S.T.Blake - West Africa Schizachyrium malacostachyum (J.Presl) Nash - Mesoamerica, Colombia, West Indies Schizachyrium maritimum (Chapm.) Nash – Gulf bluestem - USA (LA MS AL FL) Schizachyrium mexicanum (Hitchc.) A.Camus - Mexico Schizachyrium mitchellianum B.K.Simon - Western Australia Schizachyrium muelleri Nash - Veracruz Schizachyrium mukuluense Vanderyst - Zaïre Schizachyrium multinervosum Nash - Cuba Schizachyrium niveum (Swallen) Gould – Pinescrub bluestem - Florida, Georgia Schizachyrium nodulosum (Hack.) Stapf - western + central Africa Schizachyrium occultum S.T.Blake - Northern Territory, Queensland Schizachyrium pachyarthron C.A.Gardner - Australia Schizachyrium parvifolium (Hitchc.) Borhidi & Catasús - Cuba Schizachyrium penicillatum Jacq.-Fél - Burkina Faso, Guinea, Sierra Leone Schizachyrium perplexum S.T.Blake - Northern Territory, Queensland Schizachyrium platyphyllum (Franch.) Stapf - Africa, Madagascar Schizachyrium pseudeulalia (Hosok.) S.T.Blake - Flores, Maluku, Sulawesi, Philippines, New Guinea, northern Australia, Caroline Is Schizachyrium pulchellum (D.Don ex Benth.) Stapf - tropical Africa Schizachyrium radicosum Jacq.-Fél - Guinea Schizachyrium reedii (Hitchc. & Ekman) Borhidi & Catasús - Cuba Schizachyrium rhizomatum (Swallen) Gould – Florida little bluestem - Florida Schizachyrium ruderale Clayton - western Africa Schizachyrium rupestre (K.Schum.) Stapf - tropical Africa, KwaZulu-Natal Schizachyrium salzmannii (Trin. ex Steud.) Nash - Mexico, Honduras, Lesser Antilles, South America Schizachyrium sanguineum (Retz.) Alston – Crimson bluestem - tropical Africa, tropical Asia, New Guinea, Latin America, West Indies, USA (AZ NM TX FL GA AL) Schizachyrium scabriflorum (Rupr. ex Hack.) A.Camus - Bolivia, Paraguay, northern Argentina, southern Brazil Schizachyrium schweinfurthii (Hack.) Stapf - tropical Africa Schizachyrium scintillans Stapf - tropical Africa Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash – Little bluestem - widespread in Canada + USA + Mexico Schizachyrium semitectum (Swallen) Reeder - Mexico, Guatemala Schizachyrium spicatum (Spreng.) Herter - Uruguay, Paraguay, northern Argentina, southern Brazil Schizachyrium stoloniferum Nash - USA (MS AL GA FL NC SC) Schizachyrium sulcatum (Ekman) S.T.Blake - Colombia, Bolivia, western Brazil Schizachyrium tenerum Nees – Slender bluestem - USA (OK TX LA MS AL FL GA NC) Schizachyrium thollonii (Franch.) Stapf - tropical Africa Schizachyrium urceolatum (Hack.) Stapf - tropical Africa Schizachyrium yangambiense Germ. - Zaïre

formerly included[2]

now considered better suited to other genera: Andropogon Dichanthium Rottboellia Sehima Sphaerocaryum References[edit]

^ "Genus: Schizachyrium Nees". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-09. Retrieved 2011-09-25.  ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families ^ Tropicos, Schizachyrium Nees ^ Nees von Esenbeck, Christian Gottfried Daniel. 1829. Flora Brasiliensis seu Enumeratio Plantarum 2(1): 331–339 in Latin ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (2006). CRC World Dictionary of Grasses. Volume III P-Z. CRC Press. p. 1977. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5.  ^ Flora of China Vol. 22 Page 621 裂稃草属 lie fu cao shu Schizachyrium Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 2: 331. 1829. ^ Flora of Pakistan ^ "Schizachyrium". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2011-09-25.  ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution maps

External links[edit] Media related to Schizachyrium at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Schizachyrium at Wikispecies

Grassbase - The World Online Grass Flora

Taxon identifiers

Wd: Q2708217 APDB: 194683 EoL: 108208 EPPO: 1SZYG FloraBase: 21075 FoC: 129508 GBIF: 2704427 GrassBase: gen00565 GRIN: 10855 iNaturalist: 118748 ITIS: 42069 NCBI: 79854 PLANTS: SCHIZ4 POWO: urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:328294-2 Tropicos: 40031614 VASCAN:

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