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A Scandinavian defence union
Scandinavian defence union
between Sweden, Norway, Finland
Finland
and Denmark
Denmark
was planned (but never formed) after the end of World War II. Finland
Finland
had fought two wars against the Soviet Union, Denmark
Denmark
and Norway
Norway
had been occupied by Germany
Germany
between 1940 and 1945, and Sweden, having been a neutral state throughout the war, had still felt its effects. The four governments agreed that integration in the area of defence was needed, although specific arrangements and the nature of a defence union would be subject to later negotiations.[citation needed]

Contents

1 Position of Finland 2 Norway
Norway
and Denmark
Denmark
join NATO 3 Basis of Swedish neutrality 4 Nordic Battlegroup 5 See also 6 References

Position of Finland[edit] Finland
Finland
had fought two wars, the Winter War
Winter War
and the Continuation War, against the Soviet Union; and also one minor war, the Lapland War, against Nazi Germany. Before these wars Finland
Finland
had close relations with the Scandinavian countries. After the Continuation War
Continuation War
where the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
forced Finland
Finland
to sue for peace, but failed in its goal[citation needed] of conquering and annexing the country (in a manner similar to the Baltic States), Finland
Finland
became neutral and retained a democratic government and a market economy. However, as the country shared 1,300 kilometres of border with the USSR, the position of the Soviet Union
Soviet Union
could not be ignored in Finnish politics. Regarding the Finnish membership in the Scandinavian defence union, far reaching discussions at state-level were made with the other candidate countries. These discussions were abruptly ended, when Sweden
Sweden
made a specific requirement, that approval from the Soviet Union must be received if Finland
Finland
was to join. The Soviet answer was bluntly negative and Finland
Finland
stayed neutral. In 1948, Finland
Finland
had signed the YYA Treaty
YYA Treaty
with the Soviet Union, and according to the Soviet point of view, this agreement prohibited Finland's membership in any alliances that it could consider being of military nature, even in those created for defensive reasons. Norway
Norway
and Denmark
Denmark
join NATO[edit] The other three Scandinavian countries would, if they had entered into an alliance, have remained separate sovereign countries but acted as a single bloc in foreign policy and security issues. The proposed union was discussed by a joint Scandinavian committee during the winter of 1948-1949, but the Cold War tensions between the United States
United States
and the Soviet Union, and preparations for a western alliance that would result in the North Atlantic Treaty
North Atlantic Treaty
proved that the efforts were in vain. When it became known that the western alliance would not be able to supply the Scandinavian countries with armaments before meeting their own pressing needs, this issue ultimately proved to be the turning point for Norway, which resigned from the talks. Denmark
Denmark
was still willing to enter into an alliance with Sweden, but the Swedes saw few advantages in this and the proposal failed. Norway
Norway
and Denmark subsequently became signatory parties of the North Atlantic Treaty
North Atlantic Treaty
and members of NATO. Basis of Swedish neutrality[edit]

History of Scandinavia

Prehistory

Stone Age Bronze Age Iron Age

Migration Period Viking Age Christianization Kalmar Union Great Northern War Monetary Union Defence Union Nordic Council

v t e

Sweden
Sweden
chose not to join NATO, despite a fierce debate on the issue. One of the strongest proponents was Herbert Tingsten, editor-in-chief of Dagens Nyheter, the largest newspaper in Sweden, who used editorials to argue why Sweden
Sweden
should join. He found a great opponent in the foreign minister of the time Östen Undén, who argued that Sweden
Sweden
should stay non-aligned and remain neutral in case of war. The position of Sweden
Sweden
as a member of the western world was not in doubt, but it could not, based on the choices it had made on foreign policy, join the western military alliance. Nordic Battlegroup[edit] Main article: Nordic Battlegroup Whilst not a defence union, the Nordic Battlegroup
Nordic Battlegroup
is a multi-national military unit. It is one of eighteen European Union Battlegroups
European Union Battlegroups
that support European Union
European Union
defence and security objectives. It consists of around 2,500 troops from Sweden, Finland, Norway, Ireland, Estonia, Latvia
Latvia
and Lithuania.[1] See also[edit]

Military of Denmark Military of Finland Military of Norway Military of Sweden Scandinavism Swedish neutrality

References[edit]

^ http://www.forsvarsmakten.se/en/about/our-mission-in-sweden-and-abroad/international-activities-and-operations/nordic-b

.