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Scalloway
Scalloway
(Old Norse:Skálavágr – "bay with the large house(s)") is the largest settlement on the North Atlantic
North Atlantic
coast of Mainland, the largest island of the Shetland
Shetland
Islands, Scotland. It had a population of approximately 812, at the 2001 census. Until 1708 it was the capital of the Shetland
Shetland
Islands (now Lerwick, on the east coast of the Shetland
Shetland
Mainland). Scalloway
Scalloway
is the location of the North Atlantic
North Atlantic
Fisheries College (part of the University of the Highlands and Islands), which offers courses and supports research programmes in fisheries sciences, aquaculture, marine engineering and coastal management. It is also home to the Centre for Nordic Studies. Nearby are the Scalloway Islands, which derive their name from the town. The village has a swimming pool and a school, Scalloway
Scalloway
Junior High School, the secondary department of which was closed in July 2011 by the Shetland
Shetland
Islands Council.

Contents

1 History 2 Primary source 3 References 4 Other sources 5 External links

History[edit] Scalloway Castle
Scalloway Castle
was built in 1600 by Patrick Stewart, 2nd Earl of Orkney. The remains of the castle are the most notable feature of the village, located near the quay. (The castle is usually locked, but a key can be borrowed from the nearby Scalloway
Scalloway
Hotel or from the adjacent Scalloway
Scalloway
Museum.) Norwegian boatbuilders from Hordaland, around the Bergen
Bergen
areas of Os and Tysnes, built yoals from about the 16th century. Oselvar, the traditional small wooden boat of Os, were taken apart and then 'flat packed' for shipping to Scalloway. Instead of sending complicated assembly instructions, they sent boatbuilders to rebuild them. Many of these stayed for years in Shetland, and some married there. To the Hanseatic merchants from Bremen
Bremen
and Hamburg, Scalloway
Scalloway
was known as Schaldewage, and as a good sheltered harbour on the route to Hillswick. Barbara Tulloch[1] and her daughter Ellen – the last witches to be burned in Shetland
Shetland
– were executed on Gallow Hill, overlooking the village. During World War II, Scalloway
Scalloway
was the home base for, and housed for some time the headquarters of The Shetland
Shetland
Bus, part of the Norwegian resistance against the occupation of Norway
Norway
by Nazi Germany. The Norway
Norway
House and the Prince Olav Pier / slipway, which formed major parts of the base are still existing. Details of the history of The Shetland
Shetland
Bus are on display at the Scalloway
Scalloway
Museum.[2] In 1996, Kåre Emil Iversen published his wartime memoirs,I Shetland Bus Man. It was reprinted in 2004, with a new introduction and the title Shetland
Shetland
Bus Man. Another Shetland
Shetland
author Willie Smith discusses this period extensively in his 2003 memoir Willie's War and Other Stories as does David J. Howarth in The Shetland
Shetland
Bus published in 1998. Other notable Scalloway
Scalloway
authors include the prolific James R. Nicolson and the photographer/writer C.J. (Clement) Williamson. After the war Scalloway
Scalloway
served as harbour of the Shetland-Orkney ferry service (MV Orcadia) on the Scalloway–Stromness route. After the opening of the Schiehallion Oil Field off the west coast of Shetland, Scalloway
Scalloway
took over some functions as a service base for the oil business. Primary source[edit] This article incorporates text from the article Scalloway
Scalloway
on Shetlopedia, which was licensed under the GNU Free Documentation Licence until September 14, 2007. References[edit]

^ "SCT-SHETLAND-L Archives". Rootsweb. Retrieved 2 January 2015.  ^ " Scalloway
Scalloway
Museum". Culture24. Retrieved 16 December 2009. 

Other sources[edit]

Howarth, David (1950) The Shetland
Shetland
Bus: A WWII Epic of Escape, Survival, and Adventure (Lyons Press) ISBN 978-1-59921-321-7 Iversen, Kaare (2000) Shetland
Shetland
Bus Man (Pentland Press Ltd) ISBN 978-1-85821-816-8 Sorvaag, Trygve (2005) Shetland
Shetland
Bus: Faces and Places 60 Years on ( Shetland
Shetland
Times Ltd) ISBN 978-1-898852-88-9 Smith, Willie (2003) Willie's War and Other Stories ( Shetland
Shetland
Times Ltd) ISBN 978-1-898852-97-1

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Scalloway.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Scalloway.

Shetlopedia.com Scalloway, with extra pictures, at Shetlopedia.com Shetland
Shetland
Bus Memorial at Scalloway Shetland
Shetland
Museum

v t e

Shetland

Inhabited islands

Mainland Bressay Burra

East Burra West Burra

Fair Isle Fetlar Foula Muckle Roe North Isles Out Skerries Papa Stour Trondra Unst Vaila Whalsay Yell

Other islands

Balta Bigga Brother Isle Colsay Hascosay Hildasay Lamba Linga, Muckle Roe Linga, Yell Mousa Noss Oxna Papa Papa Little Samphrey South Havra Uyea, Northmavine Uyea, Unst Vementry West Linga

Towns and villages

Lerwick Aith Baltasound Brae Grutness Gutcher Haroldswick Mossbank Quarff Scalloway Symbister Toft Ulsta Uyeasound Vidlin Voe Walls

Mainland Parishes

Delting Dunrossness Lerwick Nesting Northmavine Sandsting Tingwall Walls and Sandness

Insular Parishes

Bressay Fetlar Unst Yell

Maritime features

Balta Sound Bluemull Sound Burra Voe Busta Voe Calder's Geo St Magnus Bay Sullom Voe West Voe of Sumburgh Yell Sound

Extreme points

(N S E W)

Out Stack The Skerry, off Fair Isle Bound Skerry Waster Hoevda, Foula

Topics

Animal breeds Etymology History Prehistory

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIA

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