Sawbridgeworth is a small, mainly residential, town and also a civil
parish in Hertfordshire, England, close to the border with Essex.
4 Politics and local government
6 Sport and Recreation
7 Local groups
9 See also
9.1 Nearby villages
11 External links
Harlow and is four miles south of Bishop's
Stortford, twelve miles east of
Hertford and nine miles north of
Epping. It lies on the A1184 and has a railway station that links to
Liverpool Street station
Liverpool Street station in London. The River Stort flows through the
east of the town, past the Maltings.
Underlying the town at some depth is the
London Clay stratum, with a
thick layer of
Boulder clay laid down during the ice ages, including
the Anglian. The soil on top of this is a loam, with erratics of
Hertfordshire puddingstone conglomerate found around the town.
Prior to the Norman conquest, most of the area was owned by the Saxon
Angmar the Staller.
The Manor of "Sabrixteworde" (one of the many spellings previously
associated with the town) was recorded in the Domesday Book. After the
Battle of Hastings
Battle of Hastings it was granted to Geoffrey de Mandeville I by
William the Conqueror. Local notables have included John Leventhorpe,
an executor of both King Henry IV and King Henry Vs' wills and Anne
Boleyn, who was given the Pishiobury/
Pishobury estate, located to the
south of the town.
Entrance to Great Hyde Hall; it was known simply as Hyde Hall when it
was held by the Jocelyn family in the 16th and 17th centuries
Print of Hyde Hall (1818) by J. P. Neale
The mansion and surrounding land was acquired by Sir Walter Lawrence,
the master builder, in the 1920s. In 1934, he instituted the Walter
Lawrence Trophy for the fastest century in county cricket. He built
a cricket ground and pavilion in the grounds where the great and the
good of the cricket world came to play against Sir Walter's home team,
which often included his three sons: Jim, Guy and Pat. Sir Walter also
had two daughters: Molly and Gipsy. Great Hyde Hall was sold in 1945
and became a school. It is a Grade II* listed building and has now
been divided into housing.
Much of the town centre is a conservation area; many of the buildings
date from the Tudor, Stuart and Georgian periods.
Great St Mary's Church is a Grade I listed building; "of special
interest as a substantially unaltered large medieval parish church,
typical of the
Hertfordshire type, and with an outstanding collection
of memorials of the highest artistic quality". It was originally
built in the 13th century (although a church on the site existed in
Saxon times) and includes a Tudor tower containing a clock bell (1664)
and eight ringing bells, the oldest of which dates from 1749. It is
unclear why it is "Great" St Mary's. Ralph Jocelyn of Hyde Hall, who
was twice Lord Mayor of London, in 1464 and 1476, is buried here;
images of many of his family and other locals have been engraved on
brass, and hence the church is popular for enthusiasts of brass
rubbing. The ghost of Sir John Jocelyn, known for his love of horses,
is reputed to appear riding a white horse on the old carriage drive
every 1 November.
The town's prosperity came from the maltings, some of which now house
antiques centres. Among the maltsters were George Fawbert and John
Barnard; in 1839 they set up the Fawbert and Barnard charity to fund
local children and their education, funding a local infant school that
still exists today.
By the time of the Norman conquest, or soon after, Sawbridgeworth's
rich farming land was fully developed for cultivation as was possible
with the means available at the time: it was the richest village
community in the county. It is, then, hardly surprising that many
important medieval families had estates here. The land was divided
among them, into a number of manors or distinct estates; the Lord of
each manor had rights not only over this land but also over the people
who farmed it. The number of manors increased during the Middle Ages,
by a process of subinfeudation, that is the granting out of a part of
an existing manor to a new owner so that the new manor was created.
Many manors sprang from the original
Domesday Book holding of the de
Mandeville family. The first came to be called Sayesbury manor, from
the de Say family who inherited it from the de Mandeville's in 1189.
The many important people who held these manors built themselves
houses with hunting parks around them; when they died their tombs
enriched the parish church, so that today St Mary's has one of the
finest collections of church monuments in the country.
Second World War
Second World War RAF Sawbridgeworth, which is not in the
civil parish, operated Supermarine Spitfires, Westland Lysanders,
North American Mustangs and de Havilland Mosquito, among other types -
for a complete history of the airfield, see the book Where the
Lysanders were ....., by Paul Doyle, published in 1995 by Forward
Airfield Research Publishing. The Walter Lawrence & Son Ltd
joinery works, located between the canal and the railway, built over
1,000 Mosquito fuselage shells and wing skins for de
Havilland during the Second World War. Subsequently, it reverted to
making joinery and doors for the building trade. The joinery works was
closed in about 1982 and houses were built on the site.
Sawbridgeworth was the birthplace of composer Bernard Rose
(1916–1996) and the actor
Stephen Greif (1944–).
Politics and local government
Sawbridgeworth is administered by East
Hertfordshire District Council.
The local Town Council currently has 12 councillors, covering both
Sawbridgeworth and Spellbrook.
Sawbridgeworth has its own on-call fire station, situated in Station
Road. It is part of
Hertfordshire Fire and Rescue Service.
Sawbridgeworth has been twinned with
Bry-sur-Marne in France since
In Parliament, it is in the
Hertford and Stortford constituency. Since
the election of May 2005
Sawbridgeworth is represented by Mark Prisk,
The village of
Lower Sheering in Essex adjoins Sawbridgeworth, east of
the railway station and the River Stort, along the
Hertfordshire–Essex border. It shares the same postal code as
Sawbridgeworth, but for local government purposes it comes under the
Epping Forest district of Essex, with the Member of Parliament being
Robert Halfon (Conservative).
Sawbridgeworth has a secondary school, the Leventhorpe Academy, which
also offers a public swimming pool and gym. There is also one primary
school, one junior school and one infant school in Sawbridgeworth.
Sport and Recreation
Sawbridgeworth Town F.C., a non-league football club, plays at
Sawbridgeworth Cricket Club
Sawbridgeworth Cricket Club field five senior sides on a Saturday and
seven colts sides, from ages nine to fifteen. The 1st XI plays in the
Home Counties Premier Cricket League, and the other league sides play
Hertfordshire Cricket League. The main ground is Town Fields,
situated behind Bell Street. The second ground is at Leventhorpe
Sawbridgeworth has tennis and bowls clubs.
Sawbridgeworth is home to 309 Squadron of the Air Training Corps.
Sawbridgeworth railway station
Sawbridgeworth railway station is situated on the London to
Stansted Airport line. There are bus services to Harlow,
Bishops Stortford, and Stansted Airport.
Sawbridgeworth Marsh SSSI
The Hundred Parishes
^ Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 Census Sawbridgeworth, Retrieved 3
Walter Lawrence Trophy History". Retrieved 22 November 2017.
^ Historic England. "Great Hyde Hall (Grade II*) (1347838)".
National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
^ Historic England. "Parish Church of Great St Mary's, Sawbridgeworth
(Grade I) (1101668)". National Heritage List for England.
Retrieved 23 November 2017.
Sawbridgeworth Church bells
^ Ash, Russell (1973). Folklore, Myths and Legends of Britain.
Reader's Digest Association Limited. p. 278.
De Havilland Aircraft: DH 98 Mosquito: Suppliers". Grace's Guide.
Retrieved 22 November 2017.
Sawbridgeworth Fire Station".
Hertfordshire Fire and Rescue.
Retrieved 22 November 2017.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sawbridgeworth.
Sawbridgeworth Town Council
Great St Mary's church
Sawbridgeworth Cricket Club
www.geograph.co.uk: Photos of
Sawbridgeworth and surrounding area
History of the Fire Brigade & photos of
Ceremonial county of Hertfordshire
Boroughs or districts
Borough of Broxbourne
Borough of Dacorum
District of East Hertfordshire
Borough of Hertsmere
District of North Hertfordshire
City and District of St Albans
Borough of Stevenage
District of Three Rivers
Borough of Watford
Welwyn Garden City
See also: List of civil parishes in Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire County Council
European Parliament constituency
Settlements by population
Grade I listed buildings
Grade II* listed buildings
King George V Playing Fields
Civil parishes of Hertfordshire
Nettleden with Potten End
Brent Pelham and Meesden
Buckland and Chipping
Eastwick and Gilston
Stanstead St Margarets
Elstree and Borehamwood
Caldecote and Newnham
Clothall and Luffenhall
Rushden and Wallington
St Paul's Walden
Letchworth Garden City
Ayot St Lawrence
Ayot St Peter
Northaw and Cuffley
Welwyn Garden City
List of place