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Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
is a small, mainly residential, town and also a civil parish in Hertfordshire, England, close to the border with Essex.

Contents

1 Location 2 Geology 3 History 4 Politics and local government 5 Education 6 Sport and Recreation 7 Local groups 8 Transport 9 See also

9.1 Nearby villages

10 References 11 External links

Location[edit] Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
borders Harlow
Harlow
and is four miles south of Bishop's Stortford, twelve miles east of Hertford
Hertford
and nine miles north of Epping. It lies on the A1184 and has a railway station that links to Liverpool Street station
Liverpool Street station
in London. The River Stort flows through the east of the town, past the Maltings. Geology[edit] Underlying the town at some depth is the London Clay
London Clay
stratum, with a thick layer of Boulder clay
Boulder clay
laid down during the ice ages, including the Anglian. The soil on top of this is a loam, with erratics of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
puddingstone conglomerate found around the town. History[edit] Prior to the Norman conquest, most of the area was owned by the Saxon Angmar the Staller.[citation needed] The Manor of "Sabrixteworde" (one of the many spellings previously associated with the town) was recorded in the Domesday Book. After the Battle of Hastings
Battle of Hastings
it was granted to Geoffrey de Mandeville I by William the Conqueror. Local notables have included John Leventhorpe, an executor of both King Henry IV and King Henry Vs' wills and Anne Boleyn, who was given the Pishiobury/ Pishobury
Pishobury
estate, located to the south of the town.

Entrance to Great Hyde Hall; it was known simply as Hyde Hall when it was held by the Jocelyn family in the 16th and 17th centuries

Print of Hyde Hall (1818) by J. P. Neale

The mansion and surrounding land was acquired by Sir Walter Lawrence, the master builder, in the 1920s. In 1934, he instituted the Walter Lawrence Trophy for the fastest century in county cricket.[2] He built a cricket ground and pavilion in the grounds where the great and the good of the cricket world came to play against Sir Walter's home team, which often included his three sons: Jim, Guy and Pat. Sir Walter also had two daughters: Molly and Gipsy. Great Hyde Hall was sold in 1945 and became a school. It is a Grade II* listed building and has now been divided into housing.[3] Much of the town centre is a conservation area; many of the buildings date from the Tudor, Stuart and Georgian periods. Great St Mary's Church is a Grade I listed building; "of special interest as a substantially unaltered large medieval parish church, typical of the Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
type, and with an outstanding collection of memorials of the highest artistic quality".[4] It was originally built in the 13th century (although a church on the site existed in Saxon times) and includes a Tudor tower containing a clock bell (1664) and eight ringing bells, the oldest of which dates from 1749.[5] It is unclear why it is "Great" St Mary's. Ralph Jocelyn of Hyde Hall, who was twice Lord Mayor of London, in 1464 and 1476, is buried here; images of many of his family and other locals have been engraved on brass, and hence the church is popular for enthusiasts of brass rubbing. The ghost of Sir John Jocelyn, known for his love of horses, is reputed to appear riding a white horse on the old carriage drive every 1 November.[6] The town's prosperity came from the maltings, some of which now house antiques centres. Among the maltsters were George Fawbert and John Barnard; in 1839 they set up the Fawbert and Barnard charity to fund local children and their education, funding a local infant school that still exists today. By the time of the Norman conquest, or soon after, Sawbridgeworth's rich farming land was fully developed for cultivation as was possible with the means available at the time: it was the richest village community in the county. It is, then, hardly surprising that many important medieval families had estates here. The land was divided among them, into a number of manors or distinct estates; the Lord of each manor had rights not only over this land but also over the people who farmed it. The number of manors increased during the Middle Ages, by a process of subinfeudation, that is the granting out of a part of an existing manor to a new owner so that the new manor was created. Many manors sprang from the original Domesday Book
Domesday Book
holding of the de Mandeville family. The first came to be called Sayesbury manor, from the de Say family who inherited it from the de Mandeville's in 1189. The many important people who held these manors built themselves houses with hunting parks around them; when they died their tombs enriched the parish church, so that today St Mary's has one of the finest collections of church monuments in the country. During the Second World War
Second World War
RAF Sawbridgeworth, which is not in the civil parish, operated Supermarine Spitfires, Westland Lysanders, North American Mustangs and de Havilland Mosquito, among other types - for a complete history of the airfield, see the book Where the Lysanders were ....., by Paul Doyle, published in 1995 by Forward Airfield Research Publishing.[7] The Walter Lawrence & Son Ltd joinery works, located between the canal and the railway, built over 1,000[citation needed] Mosquito fuselage shells and wing skins for de Havilland during the Second World War.[8] Subsequently, it reverted to making joinery and doors for the building trade. The joinery works was closed in about 1982 and houses were built on the site. Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
was the birthplace of composer Bernard Rose (1916–1996) and the actor Stephen Greif
Stephen Greif
(1944–). Politics and local government[edit] Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
is administered by East Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
District Council. The local Town Council currently has 12 councillors, covering both Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
and Spellbrook. Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
has its own on-call fire station, situated in Station Road. It is part of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Fire and Rescue Service.[9] Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
has been twinned with Bry-sur-Marne
Bry-sur-Marne
in France since 1973. In Parliament, it is in the Hertford
Hertford
and Stortford constituency. Since the election of May 2005 Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
is represented by Mark Prisk, a Conservative. The village of Lower Sheering in Essex adjoins Sawbridgeworth, east of the railway station and the River Stort, along the Hertfordshire–Essex border. It shares the same postal code as Sawbridgeworth, but for local government purposes it comes under the Epping Forest
Epping Forest
district of Essex, with the Member of Parliament being Robert Halfon
Robert Halfon
(Conservative). Education[edit] Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
has a secondary school, the Leventhorpe Academy, which also offers a public swimming pool and gym. There is also one primary school, one junior school and one infant school in Sawbridgeworth. Sport and Recreation[edit] Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
Town F.C., a non-league football club, plays at Crofters End. Sawbridgeworth Cricket Club
Sawbridgeworth Cricket Club
field five senior sides on a Saturday and seven colts sides, from ages nine to fifteen. The 1st XI plays in the Home Counties Premier Cricket League, and the other league sides play in the Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Cricket League. The main ground is Town Fields, situated behind Bell Street. The second ground is at Leventhorpe Academy. Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
has tennis and bowls clubs. Local groups[edit] Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
is home to 309 Squadron of the Air Training Corps.[10] Transport[edit] Sawbridgeworth railway station
Sawbridgeworth railway station
is situated on the London to Cambridge/ Stansted Airport
Stansted Airport
line. There are bus services to Harlow, Bishops Stortford, and Stansted Airport. See also[edit]

Sawbridgeworth Marsh
Sawbridgeworth Marsh
SSSI The Hundred Parishes

Nearby villages[edit]

High Wych Spellbrook Much Hadham

References[edit]

^ Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 Census Sawbridgeworth, Retrieved 3 September 2013 ^ " Walter Lawrence Trophy History". Retrieved 22 November 2017.  ^ Historic England. "Great Hyde Hall  (Grade II*) (1347838)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 November 2017.  ^ Historic England. "Parish Church of Great St Mary's, Sawbridgeworth  (Grade I) (1101668)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 November 2017.  ^ Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
Church bells ^ Ash, Russell (1973). Folklore, Myths and Legends of Britain. Reader's Digest Association Limited. p. 278. ISBN 9780340165973.  ^ http://merlinsroared.tripod.com/id3.html ^ " De Havilland
De Havilland
Aircraft: DH 98 Mosquito: Suppliers". Grace's Guide. Retrieved 22 November 2017.  ^ " Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
Fire Station". Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Fire and Rescue. Retrieved 22 November 2017.  ^ http://www.air-cadets-squadron-finder.org/air-cadets-squadron-details.php?sqn=0309--sawbridgeworth-air-training-corps-atc

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sawbridgeworth.

External links[edit]

Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
Town Council Great St Mary's church Leventhorpe Academy Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
Cricket Club www.geograph.co.uk: Photos of Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
and surrounding area History of the Fire Brigade & photos of Sawbridgeworth
Sawbridgeworth
and surrounding area

v t e

Ceremonial county of Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Portal

Boroughs or districts

Borough of Broxbourne Borough of Dacorum District of East Hertfordshire Borough of Hertsmere District of North Hertfordshire City and District of St Albans Borough of Stevenage District of Three Rivers Borough of Watford Borough of Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Major settlements

Baldock Berkhamsted Bishop's Stortford Borehamwood Broxbourne Buntingford Bushey Cheshunt Harpenden Hatfield Hemel Hempstead Hertford Hitchin Hoddesdon Letchworth Potters Bar Rickmansworth Royston Sawbridgeworth St Albans Stevenage Tring Waltham Cross Ware Watford Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City See also: List of civil parishes in Hertfordshire

Topics

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
County Council

Elections

Flag Parliamentary constituencies European Parliament constituency Boundary changes Places Settlements by population Lost settlements SSSIs Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Schools Museums Windmills King George V Playing Fields

v t e

Civil parishes of Hertfordshire

Broxbourne

Unparished areas

Cheshunt Hoddesdon

Dacorum

Parishes

Aldbury Berkhamsted Bovingdon Chipperfield Flamstead Flaunden Great Gaddesden Kings Langley Little Gaddesden Markyate Nash Mills Nettleden
Nettleden
with Potten End Northchurch Tring Tring
Tring
Rural Wigginton

Unparished areas

Hemel Hempstead

East Hertfordshire

Albury Anstey Ardeley Aspenden Aston Bayford Bengeo Rural Benington Bishop's Stortford Bramfield Braughing Brent Pelham
Brent Pelham
and Meesden Brickendon
Brickendon
Liberty Buckland and Chipping Buntingford Cottered Datchworth Eastwick and Gilston Furneux Pelham Great Amwell Great Munden Hertford Hertford
Hertford
Heath Hertingfordbury High Wych Hormead Hunsdon Little Berkhamsted Little Hadham Little Munden Much Hadham Sawbridgeworth Standon Stanstead Abbots Stanstead St Margarets Stapleford Stocking Pelham Tewin Thorley Thundridge Walkern Ware Wareside Watton-at-Stone Westmill Widford Wyddial

Hertsmere

Parishes

Aldenham Elstree and Borehamwood Ridge Shenley South Mimms

Unparished areas

Bushey Potters Bar

North Hertfordshire

Parishes

Ashwell Barkway Barley Bygrave Caldecote and Newnham Clothall
Clothall
and Luffenhall Codicote Graveley Great Ashby Hexton Hinxworth Holwell Ickleford Kelshall Kimpton King's Walden Knebworth Langley Lilley Nuthampstead Offley Pirton Preston Radwell Reed Royston Rushden and Wallington Sandon St Ippolyts St Paul's Walden Therfield Weston Wymondley

Unparished areas

Baldock Hitchin Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City

St Albans

Parishes

Colney Heath Harpenden Harpenden
Harpenden
Rural London Colney Redbourn Sandridge St Michael St Stephen Wheathampstead

Unparished areas

St Albans

Three Rivers

Parishes

Abbots Langley Chorleywood Croxley Green Sarratt Watford
Watford
Rural

Unparished areas

Rickmansworth

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Parishes

Ayot St Lawrence Ayot St Peter Essendon Hatfield North Mymms Northaw and Cuffley Welwyn Woolmer Green

Unparished areas

Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City

Unparished boroughs

Stevenage Watford

See also

List of place

.