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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Saverne
Saverne
(French: Saverne, pronounced [savɛʁn]; Alsatian: Zàwere [ˈd̥sɐːvəʁə]; (German:  Zabern (help·info))) is a commune in the Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
department in Grand Est
Grand Est
in north-eastern France. It is situated on the Rhine-Marne canal
Rhine-Marne canal
at the foot of a pass over the Vosges Mountains, and 45 km (27 mi) N.W. of Strasbourg. In 2006, Saverne
Saverne
had a total population of 11,907,[1] and its metropolitan area, of 17,482.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Sights 3 Notable people 4 Geography 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] Saverne
Saverne
(Tres Tabernae Cesaris (Caesar's three taverns, so called because in the older days there were three taverns on the way to the Lorraine plateau where they would change oxen due to the steep incline) was an important place in the time of the Roman Empire, and, after being destroyed by the Alamanni, was rebuilt by the emperor Julian.[3] During the German Peasants' War
German Peasants' War
the town was occupied, in 1525, by the insurgents, who were driven out in their turn by Duke Anton of Lorraine. It suffered much from the ravages of the Thirty Years' War, but the episcopal palace, then destroyed, was subsequently rebuilt, and in 1852 was converted by Louis Napoleon
Louis Napoleon
into a place of residence for widows of knights of the Legion of Honour. Saverne
Saverne
was conquered by Imperial Germany
Imperial Germany
after the Franco-Prussian War. It was returned to French control after World War I. In 1913, the city was the theater of the infamous " Saverne
Saverne
Affair". This event gave rise to the term Zabernism (from the German name of the town), meaning abuse of military authority, or unwarranted aggression. Sights[edit] The emblem of the town is a unicorn. Legend has it that a unicorn's horn was found in one of the nearby castles in ruins. It is more likely that a narwhal's tooth was discovered and mistaken for a unicorn's horn. However, it gave its name to the local beer (fr: Bière de la Licorne) and to the Karlsbräu
Karlsbräu
brewery (f: Brasserie la Licorne) making it. Its principal building, the Rohan Castle
Rohan Castle
(Château des Rohan), is the former residence of the bishops of Strasbourg, rebuilt by Cardinal de Rohan in 1779, it was used by the Germans as barracks. It now houses the city museum with its large archeological collection of Roman and Celtic artifacts, a hostel, a small arts and crafts museum as well as the collection of 20th century and ethnological art donated by feminist journalist and politician Louise Weiss. Other sights include the 15th century former castle (Château vieux) and the adjacent 15th century Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
parish church of Notre-Dame-de-la-Nativité with fine stained glass and sculptures; a Gothic former Franciscan, then Récollets, monastery with a church and a cloister ornated by 17th-century frescoes; as well as several old houses, among which the heavily decorated Maison Katz stands out. In the vicinity are the ruined castles of Haut-Barr, Grand Geroldseck, Ochsenstein and Greifenstein. Hence a beautiful road, immortalized by Goethe in Dichtung und Wahrheit, leads across the Vosges to Pfalzburg. The mountain pass (Col de Saverne) contains a vast botanical garden, the Jardin botanique du col de Saverne. Saverne
Saverne
is also known for its famous Rose Garden, locally known as La roseraie. It is also the host of the International Contest of New Roses every year. The Garden itself blesses visitors with over 550 varieties of roses.[1]

The Chappe semaphore tower near Saverne, France

An old semaphore tower, relief of the former Landau
Landau
(and later Strasbourg) to Paris
Paris
semaphore line, can be seen in the vicinity. It was one of the 50 stations built by the first French Empire on this line which was the second of this kind in France. Notable people[edit]

Paul Acker (1874–1916), writer, author of popular novels Émile Blessig (1947)-politician Jacques-Frédéric (1775–1833) and François Joseph Français (1768–1810), engineers and mathematicians of the revolutionary era Robert Heitz (1895–1984), politician, writer and art critic, painter and French resistance Louis François Marie Auguste Knoepffler (1864–1918), timber merchant, Mayor of Saverne
Saverne
and a member of the Landtag Loïc Lambour (1986), artist photographer Venerable
Venerable
Francis Libermann
Francis Libermann
(1802–1852), the son of the Chief Rabbi of Saverne. He converted to Catholicism
Catholicism
in 1826 and later became known as "The Second Founder of The Holy Ghost Fathers". Erich Mercker (1891–1973), painter and speed skater Franz Xaver Murschhauser (1663–1738), Composer and organist Gérard Oberlé (born 1945), writer and bibliographer Georges Reeb
Georges Reeb
(1920–1993), mathematician Dieprand von Richthofen (1875–1946), President of the Senate to the Court of the Reich and anti-Semitic policy (DSP) Adrien Zeller
Adrien Zeller
(1940–2009), French politician (UMP)

Geography[edit] Neighboring communes: Altenheim
Altenheim
- Dettwiller
Dettwiller
- Eckartswiller
Eckartswiller
- Ernolsheim-lès-Saverne
Ernolsheim-lès-Saverne
- Friedolsheim
Friedolsheim
Furchhausen
Furchhausen
– Gottenhouse – Gottesheim
Gottesheim
Haegen
Haegen
Hattmatt
Hattmatt
Landersheim
Landersheim
– Lupstein– Maennolsheim
Maennolsheim
Monswiller
Monswiller
Ottersthal
Ottersthal
Otterswiller
Otterswiller
Printzheim
Printzheim
Reinhardsmunster
Reinhardsmunster
Saessolsheim
Saessolsheim
Saint-Jean-Saverne
Saint-Jean-Saverne
Steinbourg
Steinbourg
Thal-Marmoutier
Thal-Marmoutier
Waldolwisheim
Waldolwisheim
Westhouse-Marmoutier
Westhouse-Marmoutier
Wolschheim
Wolschheim
- Marmoutier See also[edit]

Communes of the Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
department

References[edit]

^ Commune : Saverne
Saverne
(67437) on INSEE ^ Aire urbaine 1999 : Saverne
Saverne
(297) on INSEE ^ Ammianus Marcellinus, Res Gestae XVI.11.11

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saverne.

Official website (in French)

v t e

Communes of the Bas-Rhin
Bas-Rhin
department

Achenheim Adamswiller Albé Alteckendorf Altenheim Altorf Altwiller Andlau Artolsheim Aschbach Asswiller Auenheim Avolsheim Baerendorf Balbronn Baldenheim Barembach Barr Bassemberg Batzendorf Beinheim Bellefosse Belmont Benfeld Berg Bergbieten Bernardswiller Bernardvillé Bernolsheim Berstett Berstheim Betschdorf Bettwiller Biblisheim Bietlenheim Bilwisheim Bindernheim Bischheim Bischholtz Bischoffsheim Bischwiller Bissert Bitschhoffen Blaesheim Blancherupt Blienschwiller Bœrsch Bœsenbiesen Bolsenheim Boofzheim Bootzheim Bosselshausen Bossendorf Bourg-Bruche Bourgheim Bouxwiller Breitenau Breitenbach Breuschwickersheim La Broque Brumath Buhl Burbach Bust Buswiller Butten Châtenois Cleebourg Climbach Colroy-la-Roche Cosswiller Crastatt Crœttwiller Dachstein Dahlenheim Dalhunden Dambach Dambach-la-Ville Dangolsheim Daubensand Dauendorf Dehlingen Dettwiller Diebolsheim Diedendorf Dieffenbach-au-Val Dieffenbach-lès-Wœrth Dieffenthal Diemeringen Dimbsthal Dingsheim Dinsheim-sur-Bruche Domfessel Donnenheim Dorlisheim Dossenheim-Kochersberg Dossenheim-sur-Zinsel Drachenbronn-Birlenbach Drulingen Drusenheim Duntzenheim Duppigheim Durningen Durrenbach Durstel Duttlenheim Eberbach-Seltz Ebersheim Ebersmunster Eckartswiller Eckbolsheim Eckwersheim Eichhoffen Elsenheim Engwiller Entzheim Epfig Erckartswiller Ergersheim Ernolsheim-Bruche Ernolsheim-lès-Saverne Erstein Eschau Eschbach Eschbourg Eschwiller Ettendorf Eywiller Fegersheim Fessenheim-le-Bas Flexbourg Forstfeld Forstheim Fort-Louis Fouchy Fouday Friedolsheim Friesenheim Frœschwiller Frohmuhl Furchhausen Furdenheim Gambsheim Geispolsheim Geiswiller Gerstheim Gertwiller Geudertheim Gingsheim Gœrlingen Gœrsdorf Gottenhouse Gottesheim Gougenheim Goxwiller Grandfontaine Grassendorf Grendelbruch Gresswiller Gries Griesheim-près-Molsheim Griesheim-sur-Souffel Gumbrechtshoffen Gundershoffen Gungwiller Gunstett Haegen Haguenau Handschuheim Hangenbieten Harskirchen Hatten Hattmatt Hegeney Heidolsheim Heiligenberg Heiligenstein Hengwiller Herbitzheim Herbsheim Herrlisheim Hessenheim Hilsenheim Hindisheim Hinsbourg Hinsingen Hipsheim Hirschland Hochfelden Hochstett Hœnheim Hœrdt Hoffen Hohatzenheim Hohengœft Hohfrankenheim Le Hohwald Holtzheim Hunspach Hurtigheim Huttendorf Huttenheim Ichtratzheim Illkirch-Graffenstaden Ingenheim Ingolsheim Ingwiller Innenheim Issenhausen Ittenheim Itterswiller Jetterswiller Kaltenhouse Kauffenheim Keffenach Kertzfeld Keskastel Kesseldorf Kienheim Kilstett Kindwiller Kintzheim Kirchheim Kirrberg Kirrwiller Kleingœft Knœrsheim Kogenheim Kolbsheim Krautergersheim Krautwiller Kriegsheim Kurtzenhouse Kuttolsheim Kutzenhausen Lalaye Lampertheim Lampertsloch Landersheim Langensoultzbach Laubach Lauterbourg Lembach Leutenheim Lichtenberg Limersheim Lingolsheim Lipsheim Littenheim Lixhausen Lobsann Lochwiller Lohr Lorentzen Lupstein Lutzelhouse Mackenheim Mackwiller Maennolsheim Maisonsgoutte Marckolsheim Marlenheim Marmoutier Matzenheim Meistratzheim Melsheim Memmelshoffen Menchhoffen Merkwiller-Pechelbronn Mertzwiller Mietesheim Minversheim Mittelbergheim Mittelhausbergen Mittelhausen Mittelschaeffolsheim Mollkirch Molsheim Mommenheim Monswiller Morsbronn-les-Bains Morschwiller Mothern Muhlbach-sur-Bruche Mulhausen Munchhausen Mundolsheim Mussig Muttersholtz Mutzenhouse Mutzig Natzwiller Neewiller-près-Lauterbourg Neubois Neugartheim-Ittlenheim Neuhaeusel Neuve-Église Neuviller-la-Roche Neuwiller-lès-Saverne Niederbronn-les-Bains Niederhaslach Niederhausbergen Niederlauterbach Niedermodern Niedernai Niederrœdern Niederschaeffolsheim Niedersoultzbach Niedersteinbach Nordheim Nordhouse Nothalten Obenheim Oberbronn Oberdorf-Spachbach Oberhaslach Oberhausbergen Oberhoffen-lès-Wissembourg Oberhoffen-sur-Moder Oberlauterbach Obermodern-Zutzendorf Obernai Oberrœdern Oberschaeffolsheim Obersoultzbach Obersteinbach Odratzheim Oermingen Offendorf Offwiller Ohlungen Ohnenheim Olwisheim Orschwiller Osthoffen Osthouse Ostwald Ottersthal Otterswiller Ottrott Ottwiller Petersbach La Petite-Pierre Pfalzweyer Pfulgriesheim Plaine Plobsheim Preuschdorf Printzheim Puberg Quatzenheim Rangen Ranrupt Ratzwiller Rauwiller Reichsfeld Reichshoffen Reichstett Reinhardsmunster Reipertswiller Retschwiller Reutenbourg Rexingen Rhinau Richtolsheim Riedseltz Rimsdorf Ringeldorf Ringendorf Rittershoffen Rœschwoog Rohr Rohrwiller Romanswiller Roppenheim Rosenwiller Rosheim Rossfeld Rosteig Rothau Rothbach Rott Rottelsheim Rountzenheim Russ Saales Saasenheim Saessolsheim Saint-Blaise-la-Roche Saint-Jean-Saverne Saint-Martin Saint-Maurice Saint-Nabor Saint-Pierre Saint-Pierre-Bois Salmbach Sand Sarre-Union Sarrewerden Saulxures Saverne Schaeffersheim Schaffhouse-près-Seltz Schalkendorf Scharrachbergheim-Irmstett Scheibenhard Scherlenheim Scherwiller Schillersdorf Schiltigheim Schirmeck Schirrhein Schirrhoffen Schleithal Schnersheim Schœnau Schœnbourg Schœnenbourg Schopperten Schweighouse-sur-Moder Schwenheim Schwindratzheim Schwobsheim Seebach Sélestat Seltz Sermersheim Sessenheim Siegen Siewiller Siltzheim Solbach Sommerau Souffelweyersheim Soufflenheim Soultz-les-Bains Soultz-sous-Forêts Sparsbach Stattmatten Steige Steinbourg Steinseltz Still Stotzheim Strasbourg Struth Stundwiller Stutzheim-Offenheim Sundhouse Surbourg Thal-Drulingen Thal-Marmoutier Thanvillé Tieffenbach Traenheim Triembach-au-Val Trimbach Truchtersheim Uhlwiller Uhrwiller Urbeis Urmatt Uttenheim Uttenhoffen Uttwiller Val-de-Moder Valff La Vancelle Vendenheim Villé Vœllerdingen Volksberg Wahlenheim Walbourg Waldersbach Waldhambach Waldolwisheim Waltenheim-sur-Zorn Wangen Wangenbourg-Engenthal La Wantzenau Wasselonne Weinbourg Weislingen Weitbruch Weiterswiller Westhoffen Westhouse Westhouse-Marmoutier Weyer Weyersheim Wickersheim-Wilshausen Wildersbach Willgottheim Wilwisheim Wimmenau Windstein Wingen Wingen-sur-Moder Wingersheim Wintershouse Wintzenbach Wintzenheim-Kochersberg Wisches Wissembourg Witternheim Wittersheim Wittisheim Wiwersheim Wœrth Wolfisheim Wolfskirchen Wolschheim Wolxheim Zehnacker Zeinheim Zellwiller Zinswiller Zittersheim Zœbersdorf

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 152458273 GND: 4067247-5 BNF: cb1527

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