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SASKATOON (/ˌsæskəˈtuːn/ ( listen )) is the largest city in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
. Straddling a bend in the South Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
River and along the Trans- Canada
Canada
Yellowhead Highway , it has served as the region's cultural and economic hub since it was founded in 1882 as a Temperance colony. At its 2016 census population of 246,376, Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is the largest city in the province , while at a 2016 census population of 295,095, the Saskatoon
Saskatoon
census metropolitan area (CMA ) is the 17th largest CMA in Canada
Canada
. The City of Saskatoon has estimated its population to be 271,000 as of July 2017, while Statistics Canada
Canada
has estimated the CMA's population to have to be 315,200 as of 2016.

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is home to the University of Saskatchewan
University of Saskatchewan
, the Meewasin Valley Authority which protects the South Saskatchewan River
South Saskatchewan River
and provides for the city's popular riverbank park spaces, and Wanuskewin Heritage Park , a National Historic Site of Canada
Canada
representing 6,000 years of First Nations history. The Rural Municipality of Corman Park No. 344 , the most populous rural municipality in Saskatchewan, surrounds the city and contains many of the developments associated with it, including Wanuskewin.

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is named after the berry of the same name, which is native to the region, and is itself derived from the Cree misâskwatômina. The city has a significant Indigenous population and several urban Reserves . It is known for its diverse and vibrant culture and its eight (plus two planned) river crossings that give it the nicknames "Paris of the Prairies" and "Bridge City."

Historic neighbourhoods of Saskatoon
Saskatoon
include Nutana and Riversdale , which were separate towns before amalgamating with the town of Saskatoon
Saskatoon
and incorporating as a city in 1906. Nutana, Riversdale, their historic main streets of Broadway Avenue and 20th Street respectively, the downtown core and other central neighbourhoods are seeing significant reinvestment and redevelopment. Sutherland , the rail town the city annexed in 1956 that lies beyond the University lands, is now another historic neighbourhood.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 History * 3 Economy

* 4 Geography

* 4.1 Climate

* 5 Demographics

* 5.1 First Nations Peoples * 5.2 Health

* 6 Security

* 6.1 Crime

* 7 Attractions

* 8 Transportation

* 8.1 Road * 8.2 Railway * 8.3 Air * 8.4 Buses

* 9 Education

* 10 Arts and culture

* 10.1 Galleries and museums * 10.2 Events and festivals * 10.3 Live theatre * 10.4 Movie theatres * 10.5 Music

* 11 Royal presence * 12 Sports and recreation

* 13 Facilities and services

* 13.1 Local media * 13.2 Shopping centres * 13.3 Law and order

* 13.4 Hospitals

* 13.4.1 Future hospitals

* 14 Notable people

* 15 References

* 15.1 Notes

* 16 External links

ETYMOLOGY

The name Saskatoon
Saskatoon
comes from the Cree inanimate noun misâskwatômina "saskatoon berries ", which refers to the sweet, violet-coloured berry that grows in the area.

HISTORY

Barr Colonists in 1903 Main article: History of Saskatoon

In 1882, the Toronto
Toronto
-based Temperance Colonization Society was granted 21 sections of land straddling the South Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
River, between what is now Warman and Dundurn . The aim of the group was to escape the liquor trade in that city and set up a "dry" community in the Prairie region. The following year settlers, led by John Neilson Lake , arrived on the site of what is now Saskatoon
Saskatoon
and established the first permanent settlement. The settlers travelled by railway from Ontario
Ontario
to Moose Jaw
Moose Jaw
and then completed the final leg via horse-drawn cart as the railway had yet to be completed to Saskatoon.

In 1885 the Northwest Rebellion affected the tiny community in a variety of ways. Chief Whitecap and Charles Trottier passed through the present day University campus on their way to join Louis Riel
Louis Riel
's armed forces at Batoche, Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
. Following the fighting at the Battle of Fish Creek
Battle of Fish Creek
, and the Battle of Batoche , wounded Canadian soldiers convalesced at the Marr Residence which is today a historic site. A few died in care and were buried in the Pioneer Cemetery near the Exhibition Grounds.

A town charter for the west side of the river was obtained in 1903 ( Nutana became a village in that year). In 1906 Saskatoon
Saskatoon
became a city with a population of 4,500, which included the communities of Saskatoon, Riversdale and Nutana . In 1955 Montgomery Place and in 1956 the neighbouring town of Sutherland were annexed by the fast-growing City of Saskatoon.

ECONOMY

This section needs to be UPDATED. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (April 2010)

Main article: Economy of Saskatoon Innovation Place with the Canadian Light Source
Canadian Light Source
synchrotron in the foreground.

The economy of Saskatoon
Saskatoon
has been associated with potash , oil and agriculture (specifically wheat ), resulting in the moniker "POW City". Various grains, livestock, oil and gas, potash, uranium, gold, diamond, coal and their spin off industries fuel the economy. The world's largest publicly traded uranium company, Cameco , and the world's largest potash producer, PotashCorp , have corporate headquarters in Saskatoon. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is also the new home of BHP Billiton's Diamonds and Specialty Products business unit. Nearly two-thirds of the world's recoverable potash reserves are in the Saskatoon
Saskatoon
region. Innovation Place founded in 1980 brings together almost 150 agriculture, information technology, and environmental, life sciences and agricultural biotechnology industries in a science park or technology park setting. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is also home to the Canadian Light Source
Canadian Light Source
, Canada's national synchrotron facility.

Saskatoon’s digital media scene is growing with start-up tech companies such as Noodlecake, Point2, Vendasta Technologies, and Zu.

One of Saskatoon's nicknames, "Hub City", refers to its ideal central location within Canada
Canada
for distribution and logistics. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
John G. Diefenbaker International Airport with 105,620 aircraft movements in 2008 was listed as the 19th busiest airport in Canada, 12th busiest in passenger traffic .

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is developing the South Central Business District, or block 146, which is called the River Landing Project . Long range planning is underway for an expected city population of 325,000 by 2028 (2011 MXD report).

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
was expected to see a 4.2 percent growth in gross domestic product for the year 2012. The city saw a 3.4% growth in 2004, 5.1% increase in 2005 and a 2.8% increase in 2006. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
held Canada's No. 1 economic growth spot for Canada
Canada
in 2005 according to the Conference Board of Canada. The Conference Board again predicted the city would rate first for economic increase in 2012, showing a growth rate of 4.2%. The Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Regional Economic Development Authority (SREDA) has also been ranked amongst Canada's top ten economic development organizations by Site Selection magazine.

GEOGRAPHY

Main article: List of neighbourhoods in Saskatoon
List of neighbourhoods in Saskatoon
Patches of aspen trees surrounded by wheat fields in the summer.

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
lies on a long belt of rich, potassic chernozem in middle-southern Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
and is found in the aspen parkland biome. The lack of surrounding mountainous topography gives the city a relatively flat grid, though the city does sprawl over a few hills and into a few valleys. The lowest point in the city is the river, while the highest point is disputed between the suburb of Sutherland in the east side and the Silverwood-River Heights areas in the city's north end. Saskatoon, on a cross-section from west to east, has a general decline in elevation above sea level heading towards the river, and on the east bank of the river, the terrain is mostly level until outside the city, where it begins to decrease in elevation again.

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is divided into east and west sides by the South Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
River . It is then divided into Suburban Development Areas (SDA) which are composed of neighbourhoods. Street addresses are demarcated into north and south (for avenues aligned in those directions) and similar east and west (for streets aligned in those directions). West of the river the demarcation line for north and south addresses is 22nd Street, while east and west are divided by Idylwyld Drive (north of 20th Street) and Avenue A (south of 20th). On the east side, Lorne Avenue demarcates east and west while Aird Street marks the north/south boundary, except in the Sutherland community where a separate east/west demarcation takes place with Central Avenue as the boundary (there is, however, no separate north/south divide).

Pike Lake and Blackstrap Provincial Parks are 40 km (25 mi) south of the city. Blackstrap Park is often used for school field trips. Batoche is 90 km (56 mi) north of the city. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
skyline and the South Saskatchewan River
South Saskatchewan River

CLIMATE

SASKATOON

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

15 −9 −19 9.1 −7 −16 15 0 −10 22 12 −1 37 19 5 64 23 10 54 26 12 44 25 11 38 18 6 19 10 −1 12 −1 −10 13 −8 −17

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source:

IMPERIAL CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

0.6 16 −2 0.4 20 3 0.6 32 15 0.9 53 30 1.4 65 41 2.5 73 49 2.1 78 54 1.7 77 52 1.5 65 42 0.7 51 29 0.5 31 15 0.5 19 1

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
experiences a borderline cold semi-arid /humid continental climate ( Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
BSk /Dfb ). Climate data from University of Saskatchewan
University of Saskatchewan
, in the inner city meets semi-arid criteria. This is due to slightly higher average annual temperature and slightly lower average annual precipitation than the Airport, on the city's northwest periphery.

The city has four distinct seasons and is in plant hardiness zone 3b. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
has a dry climate and sees 340.4 mm (13.40 in) of precipitation per year on average, with the summer being the wettest season. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is sunnier than average in Canada
Canada
as a result, averaging 2,268 hours of bright sunshine annually. The extreme temperatures are typically accompanied by below average levels of humidity. Thunderstorms are common in the summer months and can be severe with torrential rain, hail, high winds, intense lightning and, on rare occasion, tornadoes . The frost-free growing season lasts from 21 May to 15 September, but due to Saskatoon's northerly location, damaging frosts have occurred as late as June 14 and again as early as August. The average daytime high temperature peaks at 25.8 °C (78.4 °F) from July 31 to August 8.

The "Blizzard of 2007 " was described by many residents as the worst they had seen and paralyzed the city with its low visibility, extreme cold and large volume of snow. Winds rose to over 90 km/h (56 mph) and an estimated 25 cm (9.8 in) of snow fell throughout the day. Many area residents took refuge overnight at area work places, shopping centres, hospitals and the university.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Saskatoon
Saskatoon
was 41.5 °C (107 °F) on 6 June 1988. The lowest temperature ever recorded was −50.0 °C (−58 °F) on 1 February 1893.

CLIMATE DATA FOR SASKATOON SRC (UNIVERSITY OF SASKATCHEWAN ), 1981–2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1915–PRESENT

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 8.9 (48) 12.8 (55) 20.0 (68) 33.3 (91.9) 36.7 (98.1) 41.0 (105.8) 40.0 (104) 39.7 (103.5) 35.6 (96.1) 32.2 (90) 20.0 (68) 13.3 (55.9) 41.0 (105.8)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) −8.8 (16.2) −6.5 (20.3) −0.1 (31.8) 11.5 (52.7) 18.5 (65.3) 22.6 (72.7) 25.7 (78.3) 25.2 (77.4) 18.4 (65.1) 10.3 (50.5) −0.8 (30.6) −7.5 (18.5) 9.0 (48.2)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −13.9 (7) −11.4 (11.5) −4.9 (23.2) 5.2 (41.4) 11.8 (53.2) 16.1 (61) 19.0 (66.2) 18.2 (64.8) 12.0 (53.6) 4.4 (39.9) −5.2 (22.6) −12.4 (9.7) 3.3 (37.9)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −18.9 (−2) −16.3 (2.7) −9.7 (14.5) −1.2 (29.8) 5.1 (41.2) 9.6 (49.3) 12.3 (54.1) 11.1 (52) 5.5 (41.9) −1.4 (29.5) −9.5 (14.9) −17.1 (1.2) −2.5 (27.5)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −46.1 (−51) −45.0 (−49) −38.9 (−38) −27.8 (−18) −10.0 (14) −3.9 (25) 0.0 (32) −2.8 (27) −10.6 (12.9) −25.6 (−14.1) −33.9 (−29) −42.2 (−44) −46.1 (−51)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 14.6 (0.575) 9.1 (0.358) 14.5 (0.571) 21.8 (0.858) 36.5 (1.437) 63.6 (2.504) 53.8 (2.118) 44.4 (1.748) 38.1 (1.5) 18.8 (0.74) 12.4 (0.488) 12.8 (0.504) 340.4 (13.402)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 0.4 (0.016) 0.2 (0.008) 2.4 (0.094) 16.2 (0.638) 34.4 (1.354) 63.6 (2.504) 53.8 (2.118) 44.4 (1.748) 36.8 (1.449) 9.7 (0.382) 1.1 (0.043) 0.9 (0.035) 263.8 (10.386)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL CM (INCHES) 14.2 (5.59) 8.9 (3.5) 12.1 (4.76) 5.6 (2.2) 2.1 (0.83) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.3 (0.51) 9.1 (3.58) 11.3 (4.45) 11.9 (4.69) 76.6 (30.16)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.2 MM) 9.4 7.3 8.5 8.2 9.7 12.2 10.5 9.5 9.0 7.8 7.1 9.6 108.7

AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 0.2 MM) 0.5 0.2 1.9 5.7 9.5 12.2 10.5 9.5 8.8 5.3 1.1 0.4 65.5

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.2 CM) 9.1 7.1 6.9 2.6 0.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 2.9 6.2 9.3 44.9

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 106.2 131.1 173.1 222.0 263.0 266.8 308.8 269.6 192.5 157.0 91.3 86.5 2,267.8

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 41.2 46.9 47.1 53.3 54.1 53.4 61.4 59.3 50.5 47.4 34.4 35.6 48.7

Source: Environment Canada
Canada
, Extremes 1915–1966, Extremes 1966–present

CLIMATE DATA FOR SASKATOON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT , 1981–2010 NORMALS, EXTREMES 1892–PRESENT

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH HUMIDEX 5.9 7.6 19.2 30.6 36.0 42.7 43.9 42.0 38.7 30.0 18.6 10.7 43.9

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 10.0 (50) 12.8 (55) 22.8 (73) 33.3 (91.9) 37.2 (99) 40.6 (105.1) 40.0 (104) 38.6 (101.5) 35.3 (95.5) 32.2 (90) 21.7 (71.1) 14.4 (57.9) 40.6 (105.1)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) −10.1 (13.8) −7.2 (19) −0.3 (31.5) 11.2 (52.2) 18.2 (64.8) 22.4 (72.3) 25.3 (77.5) 24.9 (76.8) 18.3 (64.9) 10.2 (50.4) −1.2 (29.8) −8 (18) 8.6 (47.5)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) −15.5 (4.1) −12.5 (9.5) −5.4 (22.3) 4.7 (40.5) 11.2 (52.2) 15.8 (60.4) 18.5 (65.3) 17.6 (63.7) 11.4 (52.5) 4.0 (39.2) −6 (21) −13.2 (8.2) 2.6 (36.7)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) −20.7 (−5.3) −17.8 (0) −10.5 (13.1) −1.9 (28.6) 4.1 (39.4) 9.2 (48.6) 11.6 (52.9) 10.3 (50.5) 4.5 (40.1) −2.3 (27.9) −10.7 (12.7) −18.3 (−0.9) −3.5 (25.7)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −48.9 (−56) −50 (−58) −43.3 (−45.9) −28.3 (−18.9) −12.8 (9) −3.3 (26.1) −0.6 (30.9) −2.8 (27) −11.1 (12) −25.6 (−14.1) −39.4 (−38.9) −43.9 (−47) −50 (−58)

RECORD LOW WIND CHILL −60.9 −59.0 −50.1 −38.3 −16.2 −7.7 0.0 −4.8 −14.5 −33.4 −46.4 −57.6 −60.9

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 14.8 (0.583) 8.8 (0.346) 15.6 (0.614) 22.7 (0.894) 43.0 (1.693) 65.8 (2.591) 60.3 (2.374) 42.6 (1.677) 35.4 (1.394) 18.8 (0.74) 13.0 (0.512) 12.9 (0.508) 353.7 (13.925)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 0.9 (0.035) 0.6 (0.024) 3.3 (0.13) 15.5 (0.61) 40.2 (1.583) 65.8 (2.591) 60.3 (2.374) 42.6 (1.677) 34.1 (1.343) 10.6 (0.417) 1.7 (0.067) 1.1 (0.043) 276.7 (10.894)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL CM (INCHES) 17.5 (6.89) 10.2 (4.02) 14.6 (5.75) 8.0 (3.15) 2.3 (0.91) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.2 (0.47) 8.3 (3.27) 13.4 (5.28) 15.9 (6.26) 91.3 (35.94)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.2 MM) 10.3 7.1 8.2 8.3 9.5 12.1 11.2 9.4 8.4 7.4 8.0 9.7 109.7

AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 0.2 MM) 0.74 0.56 1.9 5.9 9.2 12.1 11.2 9.4 8.1 5.3 1.3 1.0 66.7

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS (≥ 0.2 CM) 11.7 8.4 8.0 3.7 0.78 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.56 3.0 8.5 10.9 55.4

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) (AT 1500 LST) 73.7 73.8 68.4 47.0 42.3 48.9 50.6 47.0 48.0 53.6 69.5 73.7 58.0

Source: Environment Canada
Canada

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATIONS

YEAR POP. ±%

1901 113 —

1911 12,004 +10523.0%

1921 25,739 +114.4%

1931 43,291 +68.2%

1941 42,320 −2.2%

1951 53,268 +25.9%

1961 95,526 +79.3%

1971 126,449 +32.4%

1981 154,210 +22.0%

1991 186,058 +20.7%

1996 193,653 +4.1%

2001 196,811 +1.6%

2006 202,340 +2.8%

2011 222,246 +9.8%

2016 246,376 +10.9%

CANADA 2006 CENSUS POPULATION % OF TOTAL POPULATION

Visible Minority group Source: European 164,970 82.8

First Nations 10,855 5.4

Métis 8,605 4.3

Chinese 4,185 2.1

Other visible minority 2,470 1.3

South Asian 2,210 1.1

Filipino 1,855 0.9

Black 1,825 0.9

Latin American 1,045 0.5

Southeast Asian 1,005 0.5

Inuit
Inuit
60 0.0

TOTAL POPULATION 199,385 100

The 2016 census listed Saskatoon's population at 246,376, a 10.6 per cent increase over 2011. A civic estimate at the end of 2016 had Saskatoon's population at 265,300. and Saskatoon\'s CMA population as 305,000

According to the 2006 census, 18% of the population consists of youths under the age of 15, while those over 65 constitute 13% of the population. The median age of Saskatoon
Saskatoon
residents is 35.5 years of age, four years younger than Canada
Canada
as a whole.

CANADA CENSUS – SASKATOON COMMUNITY PROFILE

2016 2011 2006

POPULATION: 246,376 (10.6% from 2011) 222,189 (9.8% from 2006) 202,340 (2.8% from 2001)

LAND AREA: 228.13 km2 (88.08 sq mi) 209.56 km2 (80.91 sq mi) 170.83 km2 (65.96 sq mi)

POPULATION DENSITY: 1,080.0/km2 (2,797/sq mi) 1,060.3/km2 (2,746/sq mi) 1,184.4/km2 (3,068/sq mi)

MEDIAN AGE:

35.6 (M: 34.2, F: 37.0) 35.9 (M: 34.2, F: 37.4)

TOTAL PRIVATE DWELLINGS: 107,098 96,257 89,646

MEDIAN HOUSEHOLD INCOME:

$49,313

References: 2016 2011 2006 earlier

The above land area figure was provided by the City of Saskatoon
Saskatoon
in January 2006 and takes into account recent annexations up to that point. It does not include the two large annexations of land that occurred in the summer of 2010. These portions of land have been zoned under the provincial land management acts. Ethno-cultural Groups in Metropolitan Saskatoon, out of 222,635 (number is greater than 222,635 because many reported more than one ethnicity) A Saskatoon
Saskatoon
neighbourhood ( Nutana )

In terms of race, according to the 2001 census, 190,120 or 85.4% of the city's population were white Canadians, 19,900 or 8.9% were Aboriginals, with less than 5% belonging to other visible minority Canadians such as Han Chinese, South Asians , etc. combined.

Some 78.5% of Saskatoon's inhabitants profess to be Christian
Christian
, mostly Protestant (40.1%) and Roman Catholic (32.5%). Another 19.6% of Saskatoon's inhabitants do not profess a religious faith at all. Minority faiths include Sikhism , Buddhism (0.7%), Judaism , Hinduism , and Islam (0.6%).

FIRST NATIONS PEOPLES

The Saskatoon
Saskatoon
area was inhabited long before any permanent settlement was established, to which the ongoing archaeological work at Wanuskewin Heritage Park
Wanuskewin Heritage Park
and other locations bears witness. Canada's First Nations population has been increasingly urbanized, and nowhere is that more apparent than in Saskatoon, where the First Nations population increased by 382% from 1981 to 2001; however, a portion of this increase, possibly as much as half, is believed to be due to more people identifying themselves as Aboriginal in the census rather than migration or birth rate. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
has the second highest percentage of First Nations population among major Canadian cities at nearly 9%, behind Winnipeg
Winnipeg
at 10.2% and Regina close by with 8%; in certain neighbourhoods such as Pleasant Hill , this percentage exceeds 40%. Most First Nations residents are of Cree or Dakota cultural background although to a lesser extent Saulteaux
Saulteaux
, Assiniboine , and Dene communities also exist.

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
also has a substantial Métis population and is close to the historically significant Southbranch Settlements to the north, as well as the Prairie Ronde settlement near Dundurn, Saskatchewan.

HEALTH

The Saskatoon Health Region
Saskatoon Health Region
is responsible for health care delivery in the region. The health region operates three hospitals within the city boundaries, these include Royal University Hospital , Saskatoon City Hospital , and St. Paul\'s Hospital (Saskatoon) . Royal University Hospital is a teaching and research hospital that operates in partnership with the University of Saskatchewan. The health region also operates hospitals in smaller neighbouring communities. In addition to hospitals the health region operates long-term care facilities, clinics and other health care services.

SECURITY

The Saskatoon Police Service is the primary police service for the city of Saskatoon
Saskatoon
and holds both Municipal and Provincial Jurisdiction. The following services also have jurisdiction in Saskatoon: Corman Park Police Service, Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
, Canadian National Railway Police Service and the Canadian Pacific Railway Police Service . As of December 31, 2012, the SPS had 442 sworn members, 59 Special
Special
Constables, and 136 civilian positions.

CRIME

The 2006 census crime data, released July 18, 2007, showed Saskatoon leading Canada
Canada
in violent crime , with 1,606 violent crimes per 100,000 residents annually. However, crime statistics produced by the Saskatoon Police Service shows that crime is on the decline. In 2010, total crimes against people went up 1.28% and total crimes against property fell by 11.75%.

There were accusations in the early 1990s that the Saskatoon
Saskatoon
police were engaging in starlight tours , where officers would arrest Aboriginal men and drive them out of the city in the dead of winter to abandon them. The majority of the accusations turned out to be false; however, several starlight tours did take place.

ATTRACTIONS

The Bessborough

One of the city's landmarks is the Delta Bessborough
Delta Bessborough
Hotel, known to locals as the Bez. Built by the Canadian National Railway , it was among the last railway hotels to be started before the Great Depression of the 1930s brought their era to a close. Although the building was completed in 1932, it did not open its doors until 1935 due to the Depression. The Bessborough and the Mendel Art Gallery are the only major structures on the river side of Spadina Crescent. One of the most frequently circulated photographs of Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is of the hotel framed in one of the arches of the Broadway Bridge .

The Meewasin Valley Trail follows the South Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
River through Saskatoon. Summer activities include cycling, jogging and walking through parks and natural areas. Cross-country skiing is popular during the winter months, along with skating in Kiwanis Memorial Park. Access points are found throughout the city with interpretive signage and washrooms along the route. There are parks throughout the Meewasin Valley, with washrooms, picnic facilities, and lookout points along the river bank.

In the winter the Meewasin Skating Rink is open free to the public; it is in Kiwanis Memorial Park beside the Delta Bessborough
Delta Bessborough
hotel. The outdoor rink has been open since 1980.

For years, a parcel of land west of the Traffic Bridge
Traffic Bridge
, south of 19th Street, and east of Avenue C has been the subject of on-again, off-again redevelopment plans. The site formerly held the Saskatoon Arena, a power plant, a branch of the Royal Canadian Legion
Royal Canadian Legion
, and the head offices of the Saskatoon Public School Division ; all these structures have been demolished to make way for redevelopment, with plans for same dating back to the 1980s. The most recent version of the plan called River Landing is ongoing. Calgary developer Lake Placid has proposed a 200 million dollar mega hotel/condo project to be built on the site although Lake Placid had difficulty securing financing and missed an October 30, 2009, deadline to submit a 4.5 million dollar payment for the parcel of land which seemingly killed the deal. On November 16, 2009, it was revealed by Lake Placid that the financing should be secure within a week. In April 2010, Saskatoon City Council voted in favour of entering new negotiations with Lake Placid over the site.

As of May 2010, landscaping and the development of the Frank "> University Bridge in Saskatoon.

The following bridges cross the South Saskatchewan River
South Saskatchewan River
in Saskatoon (in order from upstream):

* Grand Trunk Bridge (rail) * Gordie Howe Bridge * Senator Sid Buckwold Bridge * Traffic Bridge
Traffic Bridge
(closed in 2010, demolished; as of 2017 a similar bridge is under construction) * Broadway Bridge * University Bridge * CPR Bridge (rail) * Circle Drive Bridge

The Via Rail station, front entrance.

Construction of Saskatoon's ring road , Circle Drive , began in the mid-1960s (after first being proposed in 1913), and was completed on July 31, 2013 with the opening of the $300-million South Circle Drive project.

RAILWAY

The Canadian Pacific Railway and the Canadian National Railway have connections to Saskatoon. Both railways operate intermodal facilities and trans-load centers; while Canadian National Railway also operates an automotive transfer facility. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is a stop on The Canadian passenger transcontinental rail route operated by Via Rail . The Saskatoon railway station is in the city's west end; it opened in the late 1960s as a replacement for Saskatoon's original main station which was on 1st Avenue downtown—the relocation of the station sparked a major redevelopment of the downtown that included the construction of the Midtown Plaza , TCU Place (aka Centennial Auditorium) and other developments. The many provincial transportation connections and geographic location of Saskatoon
Saskatoon
give it one of its nicknames The Hub City. The Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Railway Museum is just outside the city. Recent debates about moving all the railways out of the city are raising questions about a future LRT system, but the city's Mayor says the population is too small. A pathway in the River Landing Central Business District.

AIR

Saskatoon/John G. Diefenbaker International Airport provides scheduled and charter airline service for the city, and is a significant hub for mining and remote locations in Northern Saskatchewan. Non-stop scheduled destinations include Calgary, Edmonton, Las Vegas, Minneapolis, Ottawa, Prince Albert, Regina, Toronto, Vancouver, and Winnipeg. Seasonal and Charter service is provided to Mexico, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Phoenix and Churchill, MB. Air Canada
Canada
, Westjet and Purolator Courier
Purolator Courier
all have cargo facilities at the airport. Saskatoon/Corman Air Park is a general aviation airport 15 km south-east of Saskatoon.

BUSES

Transit services in Saskatoon
Saskatoon
are provided by Saskatoon Transit
Saskatoon Transit
. The route system was revamped on July 2, 2006, creating increased access to most parts of the city. An up-to-date schedule is posted at Saskatoon Transit
Saskatoon Transit
Route "> Entrance to Thorvaldson Building on the Main campus of the University of Saskatchewan
University of Saskatchewan
Kelsey campus of SIAST . Central Industrial Area

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
has a number of higher education institutions:

* University of Saskatchewan
University of Saskatchewan
* St. Thomas More College is a Catholic
Catholic
federated college of the University of Saskatchewan. Affiliated with the University of Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
are the Lutheran Theological Seminary , College of Emmanuel and St. Chad (Anglican Church of Canada
Canada
), and St. Andrew's College (United Church of Canada
Canada
). All three are on the university campus. * The First Nations University of Canada
Canada
Saskatoon
Saskatoon
campus. * Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Polytechnic * Gabriel Dumont Institute * Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Indian Institute of Technologies

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
has 78 elementary schools and 14 high schools, serving about 37,000 students. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
has three main school boards, the Saskatoon Public School Division , the Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Catholic
Catholic
School Division and the Conseil des Ecoles Fransaskoises .

The western annexation of what is now called the Blairmore SDA also brought the Yarrow Youth Farm within the city limits; operated by the Province of Saskatchewan, this is a correction facility for at-risk youth. The City's current Projected Growth Map indicates that the farm is expected to be incorporated within planned development of the region.

ARTS AND CULTURE

GALLERIES AND MUSEUMS

Mendel Art Gallery and Civic Conservatory

The Mendel Art Gallery was situated on the bank of the South Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
River. Its permanent collection exceeded 5,000 works of art. In 2005, it began a major renovation project that was to expand the size of the gallery by seventy percent. In September 2005, however, the City of Saskatoon
Saskatoon
announced it had entered discussions with the Mendel to the end of having the Mendel abandon its renovation/expansion project in favor of instead relocating the facility to a new arts and culture centre that is planned for the south downtown area.

The Remai Modern Art Gallery of Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
constructed at River Landing, South "> Shakespeare on the Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
festival tents south of the Mendel Art Gallery. Prairieland Park .

EVENTS AND FESTIVALS

Saskatoon's major arts venue is TCU Place , which is next to Midtown Plaza downtown. Since opening in 1967, it has hosted scores of concerts, theatrical performances, live events such as the Telemiracle telethon , high school graduation and university convocation ceremonies, and conventions. It is also home to the Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Symphony Orchestra . It recently underwent a multimillion-dollar renovation to its main theatre (named in honor of former mayor and senator Sidney Buckwold ).

For rock concerts and major shows, SaskTel Centre
SaskTel Centre
is the main venue. It is Saskatchewan's largest arena, with a capacity of 15,195 for sporting events and 14,000 for concerts. Musical acts from Saskatoon include Joni Mitchell , Kyle Riabko , Wide Mouth Mason
Wide Mouth Mason
, The Northern Pikes , The Sheepdogs
The Sheepdogs
, and The Deep Dark Woods , as well as countless others popular at both local and regional levels.

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
hosts many festivals and events in the summer, including the Shakespeare on the Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Festival , The Great Plains Comedy Festival , the Jazz
Jazz
Festival , the Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Children\'s Festival , the Saskatoon Fringe Theatre Festival (a showcase of alternative theatre), Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Folkfest (a cultural festival), Doors Open Saskatoon
Saskatoon
and the Canada
Canada
Remembers Airshow.

For over 25 years, Saskatoon
Saskatoon
has hosted a gathering of antique automobiles, (mainly from the 1960s) that has grown into an event called "Cruise Weekend". The event is usually held on the last weekend (Friday, Saturday and Sunday) in August. Activities include a poker derby, dances, and a show 'N' shine with over 800 cars from all over western Canada. No admission is charged and everyone is free to walk around and enjoy the atmosphere.

The city's annual exhibition (now called the Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Exhibition but also known in previous years as Pioneer Days and "The Ex") is held every August at Prairieland Park . In the late 1990s, the Saskatoon Exhibition was rescheduled to August so that it no longer was in direct competition with the Calgary Stampede , which frequently overlapped the event.

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
was the 2007 host city for the Juno Awards , Canada's foremost music industry honours.

LIVE THEATRE

The Persephone Theatre during Earth Hour 2009

Live theatre is a central, vibrant part of Saskatoon's culture. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is host to a number of live theatre venues such as the Persephone Theatre , which is in the Remai Arts Centre at River Landing in downtown Saskatoon, The Refinery and the Saskatchewan Native Theatre Company. Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is also home to performance groups such as: Shakespeare on the Saskatchewan, Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Opera Association, Live Five, Skit Skit, Troup du Jour, Wide Open Children's Theatre, and Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Summer Players. Local improv groups such as The No-No\'s and Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Soaps have weekly and monthly performances respectively at various venues around the city. Laff Trax Comedy Theatre is Saskatoon's live comedy club performing several shows a week at different venues throughout the city.

Saskatoon, along with Regina's Burlesque club, boasts one of the only burlesque groups in the Prairies, the Rosebud Burlesque.

MOVIE THEATRES

Cineplex Entertainment Galaxy Theatre

The Broadway Theatre primarily shows arthouse films – while the two-screen Roxy Theatre is an "atmospheric-style" second-run theatre that reopened in 2005 after sitting unused for over a decade. The remainder of the city's theatres are multiplexes . The only movie theatre in the downtown core is the Scotia Bank VIP Theatre ; the Capitol 4 shut down on April 3, 2008. The city's other movie theatres are the Rainbow Cinemas (a second-run cinema) and the Centre Cinemas in The Centre mall on the city's east side.

Among the many movie theatres of the past that have come and gone was the Capitol Theatre, which opened in 1929 with a showing of the first talkie to be exhibited in Saskatoon. The Capitol closed in the early 1980s to make way for the Scotia Centre office tower; its name was transferred to the aforementioned Capitol 4 a block away.

MUSIC

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is recognized nationally as one of the top college towns for a live music lover (with Montreal
Montreal
and Toronto
Toronto
).

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is home to a large blues /jazz community that frequents many bars and clubs known for their blues- and jazz-related acts, including Amigo's, Buds on Broadway, Village Guitar ">.

As for women's hockey, there is a strong youth female hockey presence in Saskatoon
Saskatoon
with a Midget AAA team and several youth teams in the city.

Starting in 2016 , the Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Rush played in the National Lacrosse League after moving from Edmonton . The Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
Rush won the league Championship against the Buffalo Bandits
Buffalo Bandits
that same year.

Canadian football
Canadian football
is one of the most successful on field sports in Saskatoon. The University of Saskatchewan
University of Saskatchewan
Huskies are one of the top University football programs in Canada, with three Vanier Cup
Vanier Cup
national championships and 19 Hardy Trophy Canada
Canada
West championships. The Huskies have made nine Vanier Cup
Vanier Cup
appearances since 1990, and were the first team from outside of Ontario
Ontario
to host the Vanier Cup, hosting the game in 2006. As well, the Saskatoon Hilltops of the Canadian Junior Football League host their games at Gordie Howe Bowl . The Hilltops have won 19 national junior championships throughout their history.

There are currently no baseball teams in Saskatoon. In the past there have been various teams including the Saskatoon Yellow Jackets , Saskatoon Riot , Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Smokin\' Guns , Saskatoon Stallions , and the Saskatoon Legends
Saskatoon Legends
.

The University of Saskatchewan
University of Saskatchewan
Huskies play Canadian Interuniversity Sport league games at the University Campus. Their facilities include 6,171 seat Griffiths Stadium , 700 seat Rutherford Arena , and the state-of-the-art Physical Activity Complex , opened August 2003 in conjunction with the new College of Kinesiology Building. The Huskies participate in twelve sports at the CIS level and have been most successful in football (Conference champions 18 times/National champions 3 times), men's volleyball (Conference champions 11 times/National champions 4 times) women's basketball National Champions once and men's and women's Track and Field(Conference champions 37 times/ National champions 12 times).

In 2007, two new sports teams came into being in Saskatoon, the Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
SWAT of the Rocky Mountain Lacrosse League
Rocky Mountain Lacrosse League
and the Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Accelerators in the Canadian Major Indoor Soccer League
Canadian Major Indoor Soccer League
. The Accelerators play at the Kinsmen/Henk Ruys Soccer Centre, while the SWAT play at the Gordie Howe Kinsmen Arena. A drag race at the Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan
International Raceway

Motor racing is a popular sport in Saskatoon. Saskatchewan International Raceway has been in operation for over 40 years; SIR is home to 1/4 mile NHRA drag racing and holds racing events from May to September. As well, just north of the city lies Wyant Group Raceway; the track is home to local stock car racing, as well as races for several different Western Canadian series. In 2009, the NASCAR Canadian Tire Series make its inaugural stop at Wyant Group Raceway, Formerly known as Auto Clearing Motor Speedway, signaling a move to a larger profile track in Saskatoon.

For horse racing fans, Marquis Downs at Prairieland Park offers live horse racing from May to October.

Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is home to two full size soccer facilities under the control of the non-profit Saskatoon Soccer Centre organization. The Kinsmen/Henk Ruys Soccer Centre is composed of four sport court indoor fields and the SaskTel Sports Centre hosts two full sized outdoor turf fields, one indoor full sized turf field, one indoor half sized turf field, and one sport court field.

On the recreation side, Lions Skatepark was built in the Riversdale area in 2003. As well Saskatoon
Saskatoon
is home to several golf courses and various parks which include tennis courts, ball diamonds and soccer pitches for spring, summer and fall use and outdoor rinks for winter use. Blackstrap Ski Hill
Blackstrap Ski Hill
is also 30 minutes south of the city, however, has been closed since 2006 due to financial difficulty.

FACILITIES AND SERVICES

Frances Morrison Library (the city's main library), across 23rd Street from City Hall.

LOCAL MEDIA

Main article: Media in Saskatoon

SHOPPING CENTRES

Main article: List of shopping malls in Saskatoon
List of shopping malls in Saskatoon

* Midtown Plaza * Market Mall * The Centre * The Mall at Lawson Heights * Confederation Mall * Preston Crossing
Preston Crossing
* Stonegate Shopping Centre (in Stonebridge ) * Scotia Centre Mall * River City Mall * Erindale Centre/University Heights Mall * Blairmore Shopping Centre

LAW AND ORDER

* Saskatoon Police Service (primary) * Saskatoon Correctional Centre * Corman Park Police Service (in partnership with SPS) * Royal Canadian Mounted Police
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
(in partnership with SPS) * Regional Psychiatric Centre

HOSPITALS

* Royal University Hospital * Saskatoon City Hospital
Saskatoon City Hospital
* St. Paul\'s Hospital

Future Hospitals

* Jim Pattison Children’s Hospital – construction to begin in 2014 and is expected to open in 2019 under the Saskatoon
Saskatoon
Health Region

NOTABLE PEOPLE

Main article: List of people from Saskatoon

REFERENCES

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Saskatchewan
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Saskatoon
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NOTES

* ^ Climate data was recorded on the University of Saskatchewan campus from 1915 to 1966. In 1966 the station was moved 4km northeast to the current location, near Attridge and Circle Dr.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to SASKATOON .

Look up SASKATOON in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for SASKATOON .

Coordinates : 52°08′N 106°41′W / 52.133°N 106.683°W / 52.133; -106.683

* Official website

ADJACENT PLACES OF SASKATOON

Langham Dalmeny