The Info List - Sasanian Egypt

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Sasanian Egypt
(known in Middle Persian
Middle Persian
sources as Agiptus) refers to the brief rule of Roman Egypt
and parts of Libya
by the Sasanian Empire. It lasted from 619 to 629, until the Sasanian king Shahrbaraz
made an alliance with the Byzantine
emperor Heraclius
to have control over Greco-Roman Egypt
returned to him.


1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 Sources

History[edit] Egypt
was conquered in 619 by the prominent Sasanian military leader Shahrbaraz, who governed the province briefly until he appointed Sahralanyozan as the new governor. Sahralanyozan held the title of karframan-idar ("steward of the court") and was the most powerful Iranian in Egypt. Besides being governor of Egypt, he was also the tax-collector of the province, and most likely resided in Faiyum.[1] Although Egypt
suffered much damage during its invasion by the Sasanians, after the conquest was complete, peace, toleration and rehabilitation followed. Furthermore, the Sasanians retained the same administrative structure as the Byzantine
Empire.[1] In 626, Shahrbaraz
quarrelled with the Sasanian king Khosrow II
Khosrow II
(r. 590-628) and mutinied against him. It is not known whom Sahralanzoyan supported, since he is not mentioned in any source thereafter and Shahrbaraz
is described as the ruler of the province.[2] Following the end of the Byzantine–Sasanian war in 628, by 630/1, Egypt
had returned to Byzantine
hands.[1][2] See also[edit]

History of Achaemenid Egypt


^ a b c Jalalipour 2014. ^ a b Howard-Johnston 2006, p. 124.


Altheim-Stiehl, Ruth (1998). "EGYPT iv. Relations in the Sasanian period". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VIII, Fasc. 3. pp. 252–254.  Jalalipour, Saeid (2014). Persian Occupation of Egypt
619-629: Politics and Administration of Sasanians (PDF). Sasanika.  Howard-Johnston, James (2006). East Rome, Sasanian Persia And the End of Antiquity: Historiographical And Historical Studies. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 0-86078-992-6.  Dodgeon, Michael H.; Greatrex, Geoffrey; Lieu, Samuel N. C. (2002). The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (Part I, 226–363 AD). Routledge. pp. 196–97. ISBN 0-415-00342-3.  Frye, R. N. (1993). "The Political History of Iran under the Sassanids". In Yarshater, Ehsan; Bailey, Harold. The Cambridge History of Iran. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-20092-9.  Daryaee, Touraj. Middle Persian
Middle Persian
Papyri from the Sasanian Occupation of Egypt
in the Seventh Century CE (I) (PDF). Sasanika.  Weber, Dieter (2005). "PAHLAVI PAPYRI". Encyclopaedia Iranica. pp. 325–326. 

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Provinces of the Sasanian Empire

Abarshahr Adurbadagan Albania Arbayistan Armenia Asoristan Balasagan Dihistan Egypt* Eran-Khwarrah-Yazdegerd* Garamig Garamig ud Nodardashiragan Gurgan Harev Iberia India Khuzestan Kirman Kushanshahr Khwarazm Lazica Machelonia Makuran Marw Mazun Media Meshan Nodardashiragan Paradan Padishkhwargar Pars Sakastan Sogdia Spahan Turgistan

* indicates shor