Egypt (known in
Middle Persian sources as Agiptus) refers to
the brief rule of Roman
Egypt and parts of
Libya by the Sasanian
It lasted from 619 to 629, until the Sasanian king
Shahrbaraz made an
alliance with the
Heraclius to have control over
Egypt returned to him.
2 See also
Egypt was conquered in 619 by the prominent Sasanian military leader
Shahrbaraz, who governed the province briefly until he appointed
Sahralanyozan as the new governor.
Sahralanyozan held the title of
karframan-idar ("steward of the court") and was the most powerful
Iranian in Egypt. Besides being governor of Egypt, he was also the
tax-collector of the province, and most likely resided in Faiyum.
Egypt suffered much damage during its invasion by the
Sasanians, after the conquest was complete, peace, toleration and
rehabilitation followed. Furthermore, the Sasanians retained the same
administrative structure as the
Shahrbaraz quarrelled with the Sasanian king
Khosrow II (r.
590-628) and mutinied against him. It is not known whom Sahralanzoyan
supported, since he is not mentioned in any source thereafter and
Shahrbaraz is described as the ruler of the province. Following the
end of the Byzantine–Sasanian war in 628, by 630/1,
History of Achaemenid Egypt
^ a b c Jalalipour 2014.
^ a b Howard-Johnston 2006, p. 124.
Altheim-Stiehl, Ruth (1998). "EGYPT iv. Relations in the Sasanian
period". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VIII, Fasc. 3.
Jalalipour, Saeid (2014). Persian Occupation of
Politics and Administration of Sasanians (PDF). Sasanika.
Howard-Johnston, James (2006). East Rome, Sasanian Persia And the End
of Antiquity: Historiographical And Historical Studies. Ashgate
Publishing. ISBN 0-86078-992-6.
Dodgeon, Michael H.; Greatrex, Geoffrey; Lieu, Samuel N. C. (2002).
The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (Part I, 226–363
AD). Routledge. pp. 196–97. ISBN 0-415-00342-3.
Frye, R. N. (1993). "The Political History of Iran under the
Sassanids". In Yarshater, Ehsan; Bailey, Harold. The Cambridge History
of Iran. Cambridge University Press.
Middle Persian Papyri from the Sasanian Occupation of
Egypt in the Seventh Century CE (I) (PDF). Sasanika.
Weber, Dieter (2005). "PAHLAVI PAPYRI". Encyclopaedia Iranica.
Provinces of the Sasanian Empire
Garamig ud Nodardashiragan
* indicates shor