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SASANIAN EGYPT (known in Middle Persian
Middle Persian
sources as Agiptus) refers to the brief rule of Roman Egypt
Egypt
and parts of Libya
Libya
by the Sasanian Empire .

It lasted from 619 to 629, until the Sasanian king Shahrbaraz made an alliance with the Byzantine
Byzantine
emperor Heraclius to have control over Greco-Roman Egypt
Egypt
returned to him.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 Sources

HISTORY

Egypt
Egypt
was conquered in 619 by the prominent Sasanian military leader Shahrbaraz , who governed the province briefly until he appointed Sahralanyozan as the new governor. Sahralanyozan held the title of karframan-idar ("steward of the court") and was the most powerful Iranian in Egypt. Besides being governor of Egypt, he was also the tax-collector of the province, and most likely resided in Faiyum
Faiyum
. Although Egypt
Egypt
suffered much damage during its invasion by the Sasanians, after the conquest was complete, peace, toleration and rehabilitation followed. Furthermore, the Sasanians retained the same administrative structure as the Byzantine
Byzantine
Empire .

In 626, Shahrbaraz quarrelled with the Sasanian king Khosrow II
Khosrow II
(r. 590-628) and mutinied against him. It is not known whom Sahralanzoyan supported, since he is not mentioned in any source thereafter and Shahrbaraz is described as the ruler of the province. Following the end of the Byzantine–Sasanian war in 628, by 630/1, Egypt
Egypt
had returned to Byzantine
Byzantine
hands.

SEE ALSO

* History of Achaemenid Egypt
Egypt

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C Jalalipour 2014 . * ^ A B Howard-Johnston 2006 , p. 124.

SOURCES

* Altheim-Stiehl, Ruth (1998). "EGYPT iv. Relations in the Sasanian period". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. VIII, Fasc. 3. pp. 252–254. * Jalalipour, Saeid (2014). Persian Occupation of Egypt
Egypt
619-629: Politics and Administration of Sasanians (PDF). Sasanika. * Howard-Johnston, James (2006). East Rome, Sasanian Persia And the End of Antiquity: Historiographical And Historical Studies. Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 0-86078-992-6 . * Dodgeon, Michael H.; Greatrex, Geoffrey; Lieu, Samuel N. C. (2002). The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars (Part I, 226–363 AD). Routledge. pp. 196–97. ISBN 0-415-00342-3 . * Frye, R. N. (1993). "The Political History of Iran under the Sassanids". In Yarshater, Ehsan; Bailey, Harold. The Cambridge History of Iran. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-20092-9 . * Daryaee, Touraj . Middle Persian
Middle Persian
Papyri from the Sasanian Occupation of Egypt
Egypt
in the Seventh Century CE (I) (PDF). Sasanika. * Weber, Dieter (2005). "PAHLAVI PAPYRI". Encyclopaedia Iranica. pp. 325–326.

* v * t * e

Provinces of the Sasanian Empire
Sasanian Empire

* Abarshahr * Adurbadagan
Adurbadagan
* Albania * Arbayistan * Armenia * Asoristan * Balasagan * Dihistan * Egypt* * Eran-Khwarrah-Yazdegerd* * Garamig * Garamig ud Nodardashiragan * Gurgan * Harev * Iberia * India * Khuzestan
Khuzestan
* Kirman * Kushanshahr * Khwarazm * Lazica
Lazica
* Machelonia * Makuran * Marw * Mazun * Media * Meshan * Nodardashir