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Sarazm
Sarazm
is an ancient town and also a jamoat in north-western Tajikistan. It dates back to the 4th millennium BCE and is today a UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage site. It is located in Panjakent District
Panjakent District
in Sughd
Sughd
province.[1] The archaeological site of the ancient city of Sarazm
Sarazm
is located near Durman, a town situated in the Zarafshan Valley of north-west Tajikistan
Tajikistan
in the Sughd
Sughd
province near the border with Uzbekistan.

Contents

1 Site description 2 World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
status 3 References

3.1 Bibliography

Site description[edit] The site indicates an early steppe presence in the Zarafshan Valley. Around 3000 BC, it was the largest exporting metallurgical center of Central Asia.[2] It was abandoned after the arrival of the Andronovo settlers, around 2000 BC. The city is believed to have been revived as a mining point to collect from nearby sources of turquoise.[3] Established no later than 1500 BC, the city also served as an important regional agricultural and copper production center.[4] Wheat
Wheat
(free-threshing hexaploid) and barley (both naked and hulled) were discovered at the site, while evidence for broomcorn millet and pulses were not found. The naked barley found at Sarazm
Sarazm
is similar in morphology to the barley found in sites in Pakistan such as Mehrgarh and Nausharo, and also similar to the barley found in the earliest sites in China where barley was first found.[5] The town was discovered in 1976 by a veteran of the Great Patriotic War named Ashurali Tailonov who found a copper dagger protruding from a nearby construction site.[6] It was excavated by Abdullo Isakov and French archaeologists beginning in 1977. World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
status[edit] The proto-urban site of Sarazm
Sarazm
was inscribed on the World Heritage List in July 2010 as "an archaeological site bearing testimony to the development of human settlements in Central Asia, from the 4th millennium BCE to the end of the 3rd millennium BCE".[7] It is the first World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site
in Tajikistan.

References[edit]

^ "List of Jamoats". UN Coordination, Tajikistan. Retrieved April 4, 2009.  ^ Kuz╩╣mina, E. E. (2007). The origin of the Indo-Iranians. Leiden, the Netherlands Boston: Brill. p. 212. ISBN 9789004160545.  ^ Anthony, D.W. (2008) p 419 ^ Anthony, D.W. (2008) p 419 ^ Spengler, Robert N.; et al. (2013). "Archaeobotanical results from Sarazm, Tajikistan, an Early Bronze Age Settlement on the edge: Agriculture and exchange". Journal of Environmental Archaeology. 18 (3). doi:10.1179/1749631413Y.0000000008.  ^ Central Asian river PRI's The World ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1141/

Bibliography[edit]

Neolithic Settlement Sarazm
Sarazm
- UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Centre Retrieved 2009-03-04. Anthony, D.W. (2008), The Horse, the Wheel, and Language: How Bronze-Age Riders from the Eurasian Steppes Shaped the Modern World, Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-05887-3 Central Asian river PRI's The World Retrieved 2009-03-04.

v t e

Sughd
Sughd
Province

Capital: Khujand

Aini District

Aini Urmetan Dardar Fondaryo Rarz Shamtuch Anzob Zarafshan

Asht
Asht
District

Asht Jarbulak Kamish Kurgan Kirkuduk Oshoba Pongaz Punuk Shodoba Shaidan

Ghafurov
Ghafurov
District

Ghafurov Utkansoy Yova Pakhtakor Haidar Usmonov Goziyon Unji Ismoil Isfisior Katagan Ovchi
Ovchi
Kalacha Kistakuz Chkalovsk

Ghonchi
Ghonchi
District

Ghonchi Yakhtan Gazantarak Mujum Ovchi Dalyoni Bolo Kalininabad Rosrovut

Isfara
Isfara
District

Isfara Navgilem Khonabad Kulkand Shahrak Chilgazi Lakkon Surkh Chorku Vorukh

Istaravshan
Istaravshan
District

Istaravshan Nijoni Frunze Kommunizm Guli surkh Poshkent Pravda Javkandak Leninobod Qalaibaland Nofaroj

Konibodom
Konibodom
District

Konibodom Lohuti Sharipov Hamrabaev Ortikov Pulatan Patar

Kuhistoni Mastchoh District

Mehron Langar Ivan Tajik

Mastchoh
Mastchoh
District

Buston Avzikent Mastchoh Obburdon Paldorak Takeli Kuruksoi

Panjakent
Panjakent
District

Panjakent Sarazm Khurmi Amondara Khalifa Hassan Sujina Yori Farob Mughiyon Kosatarosh Kolkhozchiyon Rudaki Chinor Shing Voru Changal (village)

Jabbor Rasulov District

Proletarsk Dehmoy Gulkhona Gulakandoz Uzbekqishloq Yangihayot

Shahriston
Shahriston
District

Shahriston Yangiqurghon

Spitamen District

Nau Kurkat Kushtegirmon Oqteppa Tagoyak Farmonkurgon Shahraki Nov

Zafarobod
Zafarobod
District

Zafarobod Jomi Ravshan Khamid Alie

.