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The Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton, officially the Canton of Sarajevo[1] (Bosnian: Kanton Sarajevo,[1] Croatian: Sarajevska županija, Serbian Cyrillic: Сарајевски кантон) is one of 10 cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Its cantonal capital is Sarajevo, also the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Canton represents the metro area of the country's capital city, Sarajevo
Sarajevo
together with the City of East Sarajevo. It contains 97% of the city's population, but a much smaller percentage of the official land area. The majority of the population is Bosniak
Bosniak
(83,8%).[4]

Contents

1 History 2 Government 3 Geography 4 Economy 5 Demographics 6 Municipalities 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] See also: History of Sarajevo The history of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
dates back to Neolithic times, when the Butmir culture made its mountains and hills their home. In ancient times, the Sarajevo
Sarajevo
area (Canton) was occupied by the Illyrians. The local tribe, the Daesitates, controlled most of the area. They were a warlike bunch and the last Illyrian tribe to resist Roman rule, which finally came in AD 9. Under Roman rule, many roads were constructed in the region, as well as a city on top of modern-day Ilidža. During the Middle Ages, the area of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton was a key part of the Bosnian Kingdom. The toponym Vrhbosna
Vrhbosna
existed somewhere in the region and was one of the notable settlements at the time. True development of the region came after the Ottoman conquest when local Muslim
Muslim
noble Isa-Beg Isaković established the roots of the modern city of Sarajevo, between 1461 and 1463. The region grew along with the city, which quickly, after Istanbul, became the most important in the Balkans. Later rule by Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
modernized and westernized the region. Under Yugoslavia, the Yugoslavian government further developed the area, which more than tripled in size. Much of this progress was offset however by the Yugoslav Wars
Yugoslav Wars
in the early 1990s. The ( Sarajevo
Sarajevo
canton), was a result of this warfare, created by the Washington Accords in 1994, and its boundaries defined by the Dayton Accords in 1995. Government[edit] Like all Cantons of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the head of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton is called the Premier. The current premier is Elmedin Dino Kifla Konaković (since 23.3.15).[5] Like many other heads of executive branches of government in the world, the Premier has a cabinet which helps him go about his duties. The Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton also has ministries, services, and agencies to help in the running of the region. The Canton is split into 9 municipalities. They are all based on the major settlements in their region, except for Sarajevo, whose size and status as capital city gives it four separate municipalities and its own separate city government. Major cities are in municipalities of the same name in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(i.e. Ilidža
Ilidža
is part of Ilidža
Ilidža
Municipality) whose governments are the de facto city government as their jurisdiction covers the city and all major suburbs.

Agencies of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton

Agency for Cantonal Development Agency for Reserves of Goods Agency for Cantonal Information and Statistics Agency for the Planning of Cantonal Growth Professional Fire-Extinguishing Brigade

Geography[edit] The Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton has a typical Bosnian geography. It is located close to the geometric center of the country, and contains numerous mountains, including Bjelašnica, Igman, Jahorina, Trebević, and Treskavica. The cities of the Canton are built predominantly on the hills at the foot of these mountains, and the fields in between them. The most significant of these is the Sarajevo
Sarajevo
field, a small depression upon which the bulk of the city is built upon. The Miljacka river passes through the Canton. Vrelo Bosne, the source of the Bosna River, is found in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton and is the source of water for most residents of Sarajevo[citation needed]. Economy[edit] Sarajevo
Sarajevo
is economically strongest region in the whole of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The city and canton generate more than 37% of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian GDP. The economy of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton is slowly growing better, although it has been severely weakened by the Siege of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
and is still drastically weaker than it used to be. The employment rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina
is 45.5% officially; however, grey economy may reduce actual unemployment to between 25 and 30%, while in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
the official unemployment rate is around 15% of the labour force. Major industries in the region include tourism, food processing, and manufacturing. Several major Bosnian companies are based in the Canton such as Bosnalijek
Bosnalijek
and Bosna Bank International. The area also holds the country footholds of numerous foreign corporations, such as Coca-Cola, Raiffeisen Bank, Ziraat Bank, Al Jazeera, Apple, Volkswagen, among many others. Demographics[edit] The Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton contains Sarajevo
Sarajevo
and its metro areas. Since the city is the largest in Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is also one of the most populous Cantons of Bosnia
Cantons of Bosnia
and Herzegovina. According to the government statistics for 2013, the overall population of Sarajevo Canton is estimated to be 442.669. The population density of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton is some 350 people per km². 15.8% of the Canton's population are youth up to 14 years of age, 67.8% are between 15 and 64 years of age, and some 16.4% are over 65 years of age.[6] Of the nine municipalities, the biggest population belongs to Novi Grad, with some 125.626 residents, and the smallest population was in Trnovo, which has a mere 2.850 residents.[6]

View on Bosmal City Center
Bosmal City Center
Towers

View on Novi Grad, Sarajevo

View towards BHRT Sarajevo

∗ 1961-1981 censuses

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1961

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1971

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1981

∗ 1991 census

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1991

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1991

Share of Muslims in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1991

Share of Serbs in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1991

Share of Croats in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1991

∗ 2013 census

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 2013

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 2013

Share of Bosniaks in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 2013

Share of Serbs in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 2013

Share of Croats in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 2013

Municipalities[edit]

Map showing the municipalities within Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton

Canton consists of 9 municipalities:

Centar[7] Hadžići Ilidža Ilijaš Novi Grad[7] Novo Sarajevo[7] Stari Grad[7] Trnovo Vogošća

See also[edit]

List of heads of the Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton

References[edit]

^ a b c The Constitution of the Canton of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Official name of canton is Canton of Sarajevo ^ http://www.fzs.ba/Podaci/ustroj11.htm ^ http://www.popis2013.ba/popis2013/doc/Popis2013prvoIzdanje.pdf ^ http://lexglobal.org/files/Sanja%20Kutnjak%20Ivkovich-ICTY-VICTIMS-ASSOCIATION.pdf ^ http://vlada.ks.gov.ba/vlada/premijer ^ a b "The estimate of the present population by age and sex, June 30, 2013" (PDF). Federal Office of Statistics, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. September 20, 2013.  ^ a b c d Municipalities 1, 5, 6, and 7 are considered part of the city of Sarajevo.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton.

Official Web Site Regional Representation to the EU in Brussels Tourism Association of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton

v t e

Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

   

 Una-Sana  Central Bosnia

 Posavina  Herzegovina-Neretva

 Tuzla  West Herzegovina

 Zenica-Doboj  Sarajevo

 Bosnian Podrinje  Canton 10

v t e

Political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina

v t e

Entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina Republika Srpska

v t e

Cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

   

 Una-Sana  Central Bosnia

 Posavina  Herzegovina-Neretva

 Tuzla  West Herzegovina

 Zenica-Doboj  Sarajevo

 Bosnian Podrinje  Canton 10

v t e

Districts of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Brčko
Brčko
distrikt

v t e

Municipalities and cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina

Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Cities

Bihać Mostar Sarajevo
Sarajevo
(capital) Široki Brijeg Tuzla Zenica

Municipalities

Banovići Bosanska Krupa Bosanski Petrovac Bosansko Grahovo Breza Brčko Bugojno Busovača Bužim Čapljina Cazin Čelić Čitluk Drvar Doboj
Doboj
East Doboj
Doboj
South Dobretići Domaljevac-Šamac Donji Vakuf Foča-Ustikolina Fojnica Glamoč Goražde Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje Gračanica Gradačac Grude Hadžići Ilidža Ilijaš Jablanica Jajce Kakanj Kalesija Kiseljak Kladanj Ključ Konjic Kreševo Kupres Livno Ljubuški Lukavac Maglaj Neum Novi Travnik Odžak Olovo Orašje Pale-Prača Posušje Prozor-Rama Ravno Sanski Most Sapna Sarajevo

Centar Novi Grad Novo Sarajevo Stari Grad

Srebrenik Stolac Teočak Tešanj Tomislavgrad Travnik Trnovo Usora Vareš Velika Kladuša Visoko Vitez Vogošća Zavidovići Žepče Živinice

Republika Srpska

Cities

Banja Luka Bijeljina Doboj Istočno Sarajevo Prijedor Trebinje

Municipalities

Berkovići Bileća Brod Bratunac Brčko Čajniče Čelinac Derventa Donji Žabar Foča Gacko Gradiška Han Pijesak Istočni Drvar Istočni Mostar Istočno Sarajevo

Istočna Ilidža Istočno Novo Sarajevo Istočni Stari Grad Pale Sokolac Trnovo

Jezero Kalinovik Kneževo Kostajnica Kozarska Dubica Kotor Varoš Krupa na Uni Kupres Laktaši Ljubinje Lopare Milići Modriča Mrkonjić Grad Nevesinje Novi Grad Novo Goražde Osmaci Oštra Luka Pelagićevo Petrovac Petrovo Prnjavor Ribnik Rogatica Rudo Stanari Šamac Šekovići Šipovo Srbac Srebrenica Teslić Ugljevik Višegrad Vlasenica Vukosavlje Zvornik

Coordinates: 43°51′N 18°15′E / 43.850°N 18.250°E / 43.850; 18.250

v t e

Sarajevo

History of Sarajevo

Ancient times Middle Ages Early Ottoman Late Ottoman Austria-Hungary
Austria-Hungary
(Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand) Yugoslav era (1984 Winter Olympics) Modern era (Siege of Sarajevo) Mayors Timeline

Municipalities

City proper: Centar Novi Grad Novo Sarajevo Stari Grad

Urban area: Ilidža Vogošća Istočna Ilidža Istočno Novo Sarajevo Istočni Stari Grad

Metro area: Hadžići Ilijaš Trnovo FBiH Pale Sokolac Trnovo RS Breza Visoko Kiseljak Kreševo Olovo

Neighborhoods

Alipašino polje, Babića bašća, Baščaršija, Čengić vila, Dobrinja, Grbavica, Džidžikovac, Hrasno, Koševo, Mejtaš, Marijin dvor, Otoka, Višnjik

Buildings and landmarks

Avaz Twist Tower BBI Centar Bijela Tabija Bosmal City Center Despić House Eternal flame Goat's Bridge Greek-Bosnian Friendship Building Latin Bridge Morića Han Presidency Building Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Rose Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Tunnel Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Zoo Šeher-Ćehaja Bridge Skakavac Waterfall Svrzo's House UNIS Towers Vraca Memorial Park Vrbanja bridge Vrelo Bosne

Places of worship

Muslim: Ali Pasha's Emperor's Ferhat-Pasha's Gazi Husrev-Bey's Istiqlal King Fahd's Catholic: Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Cathedral St. Anthony's St. Joseph's Orthodox: Serbian Orthodox Cathedral Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Old Orthodox Church Church of the Holy Transfiguration Jewish: Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Synagogue

Culture

Sarajevo
Sarajevo
National Theatre Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Philharmonic Orchestra Vijećnica Gazi Husrev-beg Library

Galleries and museums

Ars Aevi Museum of Contemporary Art Historical Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina National Museum National Gallery Sarajevo
Sarajevo
City Museum War Childhood Museum

Education

Public: University of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
(Academy of Performing Arts, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Political Science, Law School, Music Academy) Private: American University in Bosnia and Herzegovina International University of Sarajevo Sarajevo
Sarajevo
School of Science and Technology

Sports venues

Stadiums: Koševo Stadium Grbavica Stadium Otoka Stadium Indoor arenas: Skenderija Hall Zetra Hall

Transport

Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Airport Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Tramway

Events

Baščaršija
Baščaršija
Nights Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Winter Festival Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Jazz Festival Sara

.