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The SARAJEVO CANTON, officially the CANTON OF SARAJEVO (Bosnian : Kanton Sarajevo, Croatian : Sarajevska županija, Serbian Cyrillic : Сарајевски кантон) is one of 10 cantons of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Bosnia and Herzegovina . Its cantonal capital is Sarajevo
Sarajevo
, also the capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The Canton represents the metro area of the country's capital city, Sarajevo
Sarajevo
together with the City of East Sarajevo. It contains 97% of the city's population, but a much smaller percentage of the official land area. The majority of the population is Bosniak
Bosniak
(83,8%).

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Government * 3 Geography * 4 Economy * 5 Demographics * 6 Municipalities * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

HISTORY

See also: History of Sarajevo
Sarajevo

The history of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
dates back to Neolithic times, when the Butmir culture made its mountains and hills their home. In ancient times, the Sarajevo
Sarajevo
area (Canton) was occupied by the Illyrians . The local tribe, the Daesitates, controlled most of the area. They were a warlike bunch and the last Illyrian tribe to resist Roman rule, which finally came in AD 9. Under Roman rule, many roads were constructed in the region, as well as a city on top of modern-day Ilidža . During the Middle Ages, the area of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton was a key part of the Bosnian Kingdom. The toponym Vrhbosna existed somewhere in the region and was one of the notable settlements at the time.

True development of the region came after the Ottoman conquest when local Muslim
Muslim
noble Isa-Beg Isaković established the roots of the modern city of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
, between 1461 and 1463. The region grew along with the city, which quickly, after Istanbul, became the most important in the Balkans. Later rule by Austria-Hungary modernized and westernized the region. Under Yugoslavia, the Yugoslavian government further developed the area, which more than tripled in size. Much of this progress was offset however by the Yugoslav Wars in the early 1990s.

The ( Sarajevo
Sarajevo
canton), was a result of this warfare, created by the Washington Accords in 1994, and its boundaries defined by the Dayton Accords in 1995.

GOVERNMENT

Like all Cantons of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina , the head of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton is called the Premier. The current premier is Elmedin Dino Kifla Konaković (since 23.3.15). Like many other heads of executive branches of government in the world, the Premier has a cabinet which helps him go about his duties. The Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton also has ministries, services, and agencies to help in the running of the region.

The Canton is split into 9 municipalities. They are all based on the major settlements in their region, except for Sarajevo, whose size and status as capital city gives it four separate municipalities and its own separate city government. Major cities are in municipalities of the same name in Bosnia and Herzegovina (i.e. Ilidža is part of Ilidža Municipality) whose governments are the de facto city government as their jurisdiction covers the city and all major suburbs.

* Agencies of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton

* Agency for Cantonal Development * Agency for Reserves of Goods * Agency for Cantonal Information and Statistics * Agency for the Planning of Cantonal Growth * Professional Fire-Extinguishing Brigade

GEOGRAPHY

The Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton has a typical Bosnian geography. It is located close to the geometric center of the country, and contains numerous mountains, including Bjelašnica , Igman
Igman
, Jahorina, Trebević , and Treskavica . The cities of the Canton are built predominantly on the hills at the foot of these mountains, and the fields in between them. The most significant of these is the Sarajevo
Sarajevo
field, a small depression upon which the bulk of the city is built upon. The Miljacka river passes through the Canton. Vrelo Bosne , the source of the Bosna River , is found in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton and is the source of water for most residents of Sarajevo.

ECONOMY

Sarajevo
Sarajevo
is economically strongest region in the whole of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The city and canton generate more than 37% of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian GDP. The economy of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton is slowly growing better, although it has been severely weakened by the Siege of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
and is still drastically weaker than it used to be. The employment rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 45.5% officially; however, grey economy may reduce actual unemployment to between 25 and 30%, while in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
the official unemployment rate is around 15% of the labour force.

Major industries in the region include tourism, food processing, and manufacturing. Several major Bosnian companies are based in the Canton such as Bosnalijek and Bosna Bank International . The area also holds the country footholds of numerous foreign corporations, such as Coca-Cola , Raiffeisen Bank
Raiffeisen Bank
, Ziraat Bank , Al Jazeera , Apple , Volkswagen
Volkswagen
, among many others.

DEMOGRAPHICS

The Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton contains Sarajevo
Sarajevo
and its metro areas. Since the city is the largest in Bosnia and Herzegovina , it is also one of the most populous Cantons of Bosnia
Cantons of Bosnia
and Herzegovina . According to the government statistics for 2013, the overall population of Sarajevo Canton is estimated to be 442.669.

The population density of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
Canton is some 350 people per km². 15.8% of the Canton's population are youth up to 14 years of age, 67.8% are between 15 and 64 years of age, and some 16.4% are over 65 years of age.

Of the nine municipalities, the biggest population belongs to Novi Grad , with some 125.626 residents, and the smallest population was in Trnovo , which has a mere 2.850 residents.

* View on Bosmal City Center Towers * View on Novi Grad, Sarajevo
Sarajevo
* View towards BHRT Sarajevo
Sarajevo

∗ 1961-1981 CENSUSES

*

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1961 *

Share of Serbs in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1961 *

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1971 *

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1981

∗ 1991 CENSUS

*

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1991 *

Ethnic structure of Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1991 *

Share of Muslims in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1991 *

Share of Serbs in Sarajevo
Sarajevo
by settlements 1991 *

Share of Croats in