Saraighat (Pron: ˌʃəraɪˈgɑ:t) is a neighborhood in the Indian
city of Guwahati, on the north bank of the river Brahmaputra. Sarai
was a small village where the old abandoned N.F. Railway station of
Amingaon was located. The famous
Battle of Saraighat
Battle of Saraighat was fought near
this place on the river.
There is a road-cum-rail bridge over the river
Brahmaputra joining the
north & the south banks at Saraighat. This bridge is the first
bridge on river
Brahmaputra in Assam.
Saraighat Bridge is the first rail-cum-road bridge constructed over
Brahmaputra River in Guwahati. It was opened to traffic in April
1962 by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Mr. B.C. Ganguli was the
Engineer of this Bridge. The Lachit Borphukan Park is situated on the
south end and Chilarai Park situated on the north end of the
bridge. The bridge was built for the North Frontier Railway.
Saraighat Bridge was started on January 1958. It was
opened to goods traffic in October, 1962 and opened for passenger
traffic on 7 June 1963. A companion three lane concrete road bridge
was inaugurated in 2017.
Saraighat is a historical place where fight between the Mughals and
the Ahoms(rulers of assam from the 12th century for about 600 years)
took place where the Ahoms triumphed.
Saraighat Bridge over the river Brahmaputra, which is the vital
link between North East region and the rest of the country, has
completed 50 years of its existence and according to the experts of
the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Guwahati, the bridge is
still fit enough to serve the region for the days to come. The idea of
construction of a bridge over the river
Brahmaputra was first mooted
in 1910 and the thought gathered momentum during the Second World War.
But there were doubts over the stability of the Railway line between
Amingaon following devastating floods in 1942-43.
However, the then Railway Minister announced the decision to construct
the bridge in the Budget session of the Parliament in 1958 and the
construction work formally started in January, 1959. The bridge was
completed in September, 1962 by The Braithwaite Burn and Jessop
Construction Company Limited and the first engine plied over the
Saraighat Bridge on 23 September 1962, followed by Goods Train service
from 31 October that year.
Saraighat bridge was put into use in 1962, the then Prime
Jawaharlal Nehru formally inaugurated the Bridge on 7 June
Giving details of the construction of the historic Bridge, Railway
sources said that the total cost of construction was around Rs 10.65
crore and the total length of it is 4258 feet. The road is 24 feet
wide with six feet wide foot path on both sides.
Sources revealed that the Bridge has 12 spans and 14000 tonnes of
steel, 4.2 cubic feet concrete, 40,000 tonne of cement, 100 million
cubic feet of earthwork were used to construct the bridge, the first
of its kind in this part of the country. A 40 feet clearance is kept
from the normal high flood level to ensure free navigation under the
bridge, sources added.
April 2012, the Railways entrusted the IIT
Guwahati with the
responsibility of studying the effect of age on the bridge. The
experts gave the opinion that the structure and all the pillars of the
bridge are in sound condition and the bridge would be able to serve
the North East region of the country for years to come.
Saraighat Bridge on 06-11-2012 During 50 years celebrations
List of longest bridges in the world
List of longest bridges above water in India
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saraighat.
Saraighat Bridge of
Assam - bridging the gap India-north-east.com
^ "Assam: A reason to cheer! After 10 years of waiting, 2nd Saraighat
Bridge finally inaugurated". The North East Today. 2017-01-29.