Saorview (/ˈsɛərvjuː/ SAIR-vew) is the national[1] digital terrestrial television (DTT) service in Ireland. It is owned by RTÉ and operated by 2RN (RTÉ Networks).[2]

The service began operation on 29 October 2010 on a trial basis with full launch on 26 May 2011.[3] By legislation it was required to be available to approximately 90% of the population by end of October 2010 in a public testing capacity and nationwide by December 2011. The national public launch was preceded by a public information campaign, which began on 15 March 2011, with a television and radio advertising beginning 17 March 2011.[4]

Saorview was officially launched on 26 May 2011 by Communications Minister Pat Rabbitte TD [5][6] and the service became the primary source of broadcast television in Ireland following the ending of analogue transmissions on 24 October 2012.


Saorview is Ireland's national DTT service. The Irish word Saor [sˠiːɾˠ] means free, thereby mirroring Freeview which is available in the United Kingdom, through a mix of the English and Irish languages.

Saorview is available from 64 DTT transmitters covering 98% of the population as of the end of Q3 2012. The previous analogue terrestrial television (ATT) network was available to 98% of the population from 150 ATT transmitters, however TV3 and TG4 were not available on all transmitters.[7][8]

The service is a DVB-T/MPEG-4 HD broadcast that is received via set top box (STB) receiver or iDTV and UHF aerial is required. MHEG-5 is the middleware standard for digital teletext. Programme information is displayed through the receiver's own inbuilt EPG. Either DVB or Teletext subtitling can be displayed when broadcast.

Mary Curtis became Director of Digital Switchover (DSO) in September 2010 and reported to the Director General. She oversaw the transition from Analogue to Digital TV broadcast, which was completed in October 2012[9]


The service was launched in 2011 with ASO campaign phase beginning Dec 2011. Two campaigns were launched. The first campaign was marketing Saorview and was paid for by RTÉ, this cost RTÉ over €3million, meanwhile a second campaign featuring Gay Byrne was also launched by the Department of Communications, it also cost in the region of €3million. Both campaigns used social media such as Facebook and Twitter alongside their own websites www.goingdigital.ie (now defunct) and www.saorview.ie.

Initially only one multiplex was available on the service, the second public service Mux was launched with the introduction of RTÉ One HD on 16 December 2013.

Saorview on launch carried just one High Definition (HD) service, a second HD service was launched for RTÉ One on 16 December 2013, to date they are the only HD channels available on Saorview. It is expected that TG4 and TV3 will eventually become high definition services. TV3 have already launched their HD definition studios in association with Sony, while TG4 launched a trial HD service on the UPC cable network (it launched on Sky Ireland later). TG4 received €1.4million in aid from the Department of Communications, Energy and Natural Resources in 2011 for the roll out of their HD service.

UTV Ireland joined Saorview for its launch on January 1, 2015.

July 2016 saw Irish TV announce that it is to join the Saorview platform.[10]

Saorview Multiplexes

RTÉ operates two DVB-T PSB multiplexes for transmission of Saorview television and radio channels. Both multiplexes are free-to-air, and feature MPEG-4 encoding.

Commercial Muxes

A further four multiplexes are available for commercial pay DTT.

2RN has the capacity to provide commercial DTT capacity on its network for pay TV services that can agree terms with it and the BAI.[11] However the option to launch commercial muxes was not pursued in the aftermath of the 2008 licence process. The BAI said "the Authority now considers that it will not be feasible to introduce commercial DTT as originally intended until after Analogue Switch Off (ASO) at the earliest. The position will be reviewed towards the end of 2011 and the Authority may seek expressions of interest in the provision of commercial DTT at that point. A competition could potentially be held during 2012 with a view to commercial DTT being operational in 2013". It continued "it is the considered view of the Authority that as part of the preparation for the successful launch of commercial DTT in the future, legislative change will be necessary to enable the Authority to have formal relationships with the applicants, as obtains at present, and with RTÉNL".[12]

To date the BAI have not announced any plans for a competition for a commercial DTT service. In August 2013, the BAI confirmed that it would launch another attempt of finding a service provider for the commercial DTT service.[13]

This was to allow the PSB side to proceed with an ASO transition to DSO, a stabilized economic backdrop by that time (3 years time) to emerge and changes in the Broadcasting Act 2009 to allow it have statutory mediation powers in dealing with RTÉNL (now 2RN) that it currently has with the broadcasters and interested parties but not with 2RN. 2RN is currently regulated by ComReg.

In August 2013 a report into Commercial DTT by Oliver & Ohlbaum was given to the BAI, the report outlined the main problems associated with DTT in Ireland including the lack of free-to-air services on Saorview. Based on this report the BAI have decided not to proceed with a licence competition for pay-DTT. The report was published on the BAI website in January 2014.[14] On its publication Bob Collins, Chairperson of the BAI said “The contents of the report raise a number of policy implications for consideration by Government and also for the BAI, having regard to its statutory obligations and its enduring objectives in respect of diversity and plurality. In submitting copies of the review to the Minister for Communications, Energy and Natural Resources, the BAI would now welcome the opportunity to discuss the findings of the report and the policy implications arising at an early date.” [15]

Main transmitters[16]

Site Mux 1 Mux 2 Pol* ERP* Approximate area served
Cairn Hill, County Longford 47 44 H 160 Kw North Midlands
Clermont Carn, County Louth 52 56 V 160 Kw North East / Belfast
Holywell Hill, County Donegal 30 33 H 20 Kw North East Donegal / Derry
Kippure, County Wicklow 54 58 H 60 Kw East
Maghera, County Clare 48 55 H 160 Kw West
Mount Leinster, County Carlow 23 26 H 160 Kw South East
Mullaghanish, County Cork 21 24 H 200 Kw South West
Spur Hill, County Cork 45 49 H 50 Kw Cork City and environs
Three Rock, County Dublin 30 33 H 63 Kw Dublin City and environs
Truskmore, County Sligo 53 57 H 160 Kw North West

Saorview Connect

On 20 January 2016 RTÉ announced that it had partnered with Freesat, the UK free-to-air television company, to develop a new product for Saorview, Ireland’s free digital television service and the largest television platform in Ireland.[17] This follows a previously announced intention to develop a new hybrid offering for Saorview[18] The Saorview Connect offering was launched in November 2017. The service allows customers to connect a new type of receiver to their home broadband. The service features advanced functionality including online services, a backwards EPG, access to content recommendations, a newly designed remote control and a mobile app.



LCN Channel Saorview Multiplex Resolution Notes
1 RTÉ One HD 2RN Mux 2 HD (1440x1080i) Full-time
2 RTÉ2 HD 2RN Mux 1 HD (1440x1080i) Full-time
3 TV3 2RN Mux 1 SD (544x576i) Commercial
4 TG4 2RN Mux 1 SD (544x576i) Irish-language
5 3e 2RN Mux 1 SD (544x576i) Commercial
6 be3 2RN Mux 2 SD (544x576i) Commercial
7 RTÉjr 2RN Mux 2 SD (544x576i) Part Time (Children's)
11 RTÉ One +1 2RN Mux 2 SD (576i) Part Time (Timeshift)
21 RTÉ News Now 2RN Mux 1 SD (576i) Rolling news (20% live content/80% repeats)[citation needed]
22 Tithe an Oireachtais 2RN Mux 1 SD (576i) Oireachtas and European Parliament proceedings
27 Saorview Information 2RN Mux 2 SD (576i) Saorview platform rolling information
Test service (no LCN) "AG Tástáil Innealtóireachta" 2RN Mux 2 HD (1080i)
Test service (no LCN) RTENL "Tástáil Innealtóireachta" 2RN Mux 2 SD (576i) Test Card (captions "2RN" and "Eireann")
Test service (no LCN) RTENL "Tástáil Innealtóireachta" 2RN Mux 2 SD (576i) Test Card (captions "2RN" "Eireann" and 24h digital clock)


  • 8-10, 12-20, 23-26 and 28-199: currently blank
  • 200-209: radio services
  • 901 Upwards reserved for legacy analogue tuners (where applicable): blank
  • Channels with no LCN are test services which are not visible on many receivers. There are also a large number of blank audio and data channels (again invisible on most receivers) which are presumably reserved for future services.


LCN Service Saorview Multiplex Audio Bitrate Notes
200 RTÉ Radio 1 2RN Mux 1 128 kbit/s
201 RTÉ Radio 1 Extra 2RN Mux 1 128 kbit/s
202 RTÉ 2FM 2RN Mux 1 128 kbit/s
203 RTÉ Lyric FM 2RN Mux 1 160 kbit/s
204 RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta 2RN Mux 1 128 kbit/s Programmes in Irish
205 RTÉ Pulse 2RN Mux 1 112 kbit/s
206 RTÉ 2XM 2RN Mux 1 112 kbit/s
207 RTÉjr Radio 2RN Mux 1 112 kbit/s
208 RTÉ Gold 2RN Mux 1 112 kbit/s
  • 209 - 999: blank

Analogue switchoff (ASO)

At 10 am on 24 October 2012 all analogue television transmitters in Ireland were switched off and Saorview became the primary source of Irish terrestrial television. The process was televised live on RTÉ One and RTÉ News Now, with the kill-switch being thrown by television personality Miriam O'Callaghan.[20]

Saorsat - Saorview service via satellite

Following the failure of the commercial DTT process RTÉ submitted a revised DTT plan including a FTA satellite option to the Department of Communications in mid June 2010 for approval.[21] RTÉ publicly announced at an Oireachtas Joint Committee on Communications discussion in mid July 2010 that a satellite service, called Saorsat, would be offered to complement the terrestrial DTT service. Saorsat will enable Irish public service channels to be made available, unencrypted, for the first time, as a means of covering the last 2% of the population who will be unable to receive the Saorview terrestrial service.

RTÉ said the combined offering was designed to be the most cost-effective solution for viewers and broadcasters; to offer for the first time 100% coverage of public service television services in Ireland; and to provide full national back-up coverage on satellite in the event of an emergency or catastrophic failure of the DTT system[dubious ].

Approval for the revised National DTT plan and the new Saorsat satellite service was announced by the Minister for Communications at the end of July 2010.[22]

Test loop transmissions detected from the end of May 2011 and received on generic DVB-S2 HD set-boxes.[23]

Additional information

  • The service is operated by 2RN (an RTÉ Subsidiary), who can also accommodate a commercial pay TV operator.
  • Integrated digital televisions (iDTVs) and set-top boxes which comply with the RTÉ free-to-air DTT receiver - Minimum Requirements[24] will be eligible to display the Saorview logo. Receiver testing and approval will be carried out by Teracom.
  • DTT launch was completed on target insofar as the FTA multiplex, following direction from the Minister for Communications, Energy & Natural Resources to RTÉ and signing of Statutory Instrument 85 of 2010 RTÉ (National Television Multiplex) Order 2010 on 26 February 2010.[25]
  • The FTA DTT had to be operational by 31 October 2010 to 90% of the country but launch could be any time before 31 December 2011 leaving just over a year for actual launch date to be decided. The planned DTT information campaign was between Summer 2010 and Autumn 2011, regardless of the outcome of BAI commercial DTT negotiations.[26] This also tallies with RTÉNL proceeding with Irish DTT receiver certification announced in January 2010, following the selection of Teracom to conduct the tests and expansion of the network engineering tests during 2009.[27] Commercial DTT launch was determined by the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland after Easy TV declined negotiations on the Commercial DTT licence offer, following the BAI's closure of negotiations with OneVision in April 2010.[28]
  • Freeview, Britain's terrestrial digital service, is not available throughout most of the Republic of Ireland. For decades Irish analog television viewers in the right location could also receive BBC One Wales, BBC Two Wales, HTV/ITV Wales, S4C and Channel 5, as the Welsh transmitters were close enough to Ireland and used PAL System I, as does Ireland. This stopped[dubious ] just after midnight on 1 April 2010 when digital switchover was completed in Wales. Irish viewers around the border region were still able to receive UK channels due to the analogue signal overspill from Northern Ireland but this ended in line with Northern Ireland's switchover to digital on 24 October 2012.
  • As of late 2010, only one television manufacturer (Walker) was "Saorview Approved" but now all of the Samsung TV range are "Saorview Approved".[29][30] In 2016, the majority of Saorview TV sets available for sale in Irish TV retailers are Saorview Approved. A listing of Saorview Approved receivers is found within the Saorview website.[31]
  • Although Freeview HD and Saorview both encode using MPEG4, Saorview uses, DVB-T, whilst Freeview HD uses DVB-T2. This, coupled with the fact that most standard definition Freeview broadcasts are DVB-T MPEG2 means that Saorview boxes can receive Freeview SD, but not HD, whilst Freeview HD boxes can receive all SD and HD channels receivable in both countries. Differences in country coding and middleware mean that Freeview HD receivers will not correctly display the Saorview EPG or work with Series Link.
  • On 29 May 2012 the UK Government confirmed TV viewers in Northern Ireland will be able to watch TG4 and RTÉ One and Two on Freeview from some Northern Ireland-based transmitters following digital TV switchover, through a special agreement in which RTÉ and TG4 arranged a not-for-profit venture which will be responsible for the installation of the new infrastructure known as "Northern Ireland Mini Multiplex"). Freeview delivery of these channels will be supplemented by overspill coverage from Saorview transmitters in the Republic of Ireland. Although broadcasts are in standard definition, only Freeview HD (not normal Freeview or Saorview) boxes will receive them. Also some programming is blocked on the NIMM for copyright reasons.

See also


  1. ^ http://www.saorview.ie Official Irish DTT web site
  2. ^ RTÉ NL. "Saorview". RTÉ NL. Retrieved 2012-11-18. 
  3. ^ http://www.rte.ie/news/2010/0601/dtt.html RTÉ News
  4. ^ http://www.saorview.ie/news/saorview-launches-public-information-campaign/
  5. ^ "Saorveiw Officially Launched". IFTN. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "Saorview free-to-air digital television launch". RTÉ News. 26 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Minister confirms RTÉ's €70m DTT service". RTÉ News. 30 July 2010. 
  8. ^ http://www.techtir.ie/tv-radio/Irish-DTT-Sites
  9. ^ "RTÉ Appoints Director of Digital Switchover (DSO)". RTÉ Press Office. 1 July 2010. Archived from the original on 5 July 2010. Retrieved 1 July 2010. 
  10. ^ Big boost for mayo based Irish TV station as Saorview deal extends its reach by Michael Brennan and Colette Sexton, Business Post, Jul 3rd, 2016.
  11. ^ "Digital TV switch by 2012, says Ryan". Irish Independent. 21 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-01-13. 
  13. ^ http://www.broadbandtvnews.com/2013/08/19/bai-revives-irish-commercial-dtt/
  14. ^ http://www.bai.ie/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/20131204_OOCommDTTRpt_v.Final_MT.pdf
  15. ^ http://www.bai.ie/?p=4236
  16. ^ 2RN. "Saorview frequencies" (PDF). 2RN. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  17. ^ Saorview. "Saorview News RTÉ and Saorview partner with Freesat to deliver a next-generation product for Irish audiences". www.saorview.ie. Retrieved 2016-01-25. 
  18. ^ http://static.rasset.ie/documents/about/rte-strategic-plan-long-version-2013.pdf
  19. ^ "DIGITAL TELEVISION SCANNING". digitalbitrate.com. Retrieved 6 April 2016. 
  20. ^ "Analogue TV switched off amid last-minute rush". Irish Independent. 24 October 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2012. 
  21. ^ McDonald, Brian (28 June 2010). "West the loser as RTÉ cuts digital TV coverage". Irish Independent. 
  22. ^ http://www.dcenr.gov.ie/Press+Releases/New+%e2%82%ac70+million+digital+network+to+be+built+by+RT%c3%89+including+new+satellite+service.htm
  23. ^ "Saorsat testing on KA-Sat". What Satellite & Digital TV. 31 May 2011. 
  24. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-02-15. Retrieved 2010-01-20. 
  25. ^ http://www.irisoifigiuil.ie/currentissues/Ir020310.PDF[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ http://debates.oireachtas.ie/DDebate.aspx?F=DAL20100302.xml&Node=H3-3#H3-3
  27. ^ http://www.rtenl.ie/dtt.htm#Free-to-Air Archived 2009-04-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2010-09-02. 
  29. ^ The Irish Times, 18 December 2010, page 5
  30. ^ http://www.rte.ie/saorview/receiving.html Saorview website; viewed 18 Dec 2010
  31. ^ Saorview. "Saorview Saorview Approved". www.saorview.ie. Retrieved 2016-01-28. 

External links