Santo Domingo (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈsanto ðoˈmiŋɡo]
meaning "Saint Dominic"), officially
Santo Domingo de Guzmán, is the
capital and largest city in the
Dominican Republic and the largest
metropolitan area in the
Caribbean by population. In 2010, its
population was counted as 965,040, rising to 2,908,607 when its
surrounding metropolitan area was included. The city is coterminous
with the boundaries of the
Distrito Nacional ("D.N.", "National
District"), itself bordered on three sides by
Santo Domingo Province.
Bartholomew Columbus in 1496, on the east bank of the Ozama
River and then moved by
Nicolás de Ovando
Nicolás de Ovando in 1502 to the west bank of
the river, the city is the oldest continuously inhabited European
settlement in the Americas, and was the first seat of the Spanish
colonial rule in the New World.
Santo Domingo is the site of the first
university, cathedral, castle, monastery, and fortress in the New
World. The city's Colonial Zone was declared as a World Heritage Site
Santo Domingo was called Ciudad Trujillo (Spanish
pronunciation: [sjuˈðað tɾuˈxiʝo]), from 1936 to 1961,
after the Dominican Republic's dictator, Rafael Trujillo, named the
capital after himself. Following his assassination, the city resumed
its original designation.
Santo Domingo is the cultural, financial, political, commercial and
industrial center of the Dominican Republic, with the country's most
important industries being located within the city.
Santo Domingo also
serves as the chief seaport of the country. The city's harbor at the
mouth of the
Ozama River accommodates the largest vessels, and the
port handles both heavy passenger and freight traffic. Temperatures
are high year round, with a cool breeze around winter time.
5 Government and politics
6.1 Commercial centers
8 Parks and recreational areas
11.1 Roads and highways
11.2 Main avenues
11.3 Public transportation
12.3 Sports clubs
14 International relations
14.1 Twin towns – Sister cities
16 People from Santo Domingo
17 See also
20 External links
Timeline of Santo Domingo
Timeline of Santo Domingo and History of the Dominican
Arrival of Christopher Columbus.
Prior to the arrival of
Christopher Columbus in 1492, the native
Taíno people populated the island which they called Quisqueya (mother
of all lands) and Ayiti (land of high mountains), and which Columbus
later named Hispaniola, including the territory of today's Republic of
Haiti. At the time, the island's territory consisted of five
chiefdoms: Marién, Maguá, Maguana, Jaragua, and Higüey. These
were ruled respectively by caciques (chiefs) Guacanagarix, Guarionex,
Caonabo, Bohechío, and Cayacoa.
Dating from 1496, when the Spanish settled on the island, and
officially from 5 August 1498,
Santo Domingo became the oldest
European city in the Americas.
Bartholomew Columbus founded the
settlement and named it La Nueva Isabela, after an earlier settlement
in the north named after the Queen of
Spain Isabella I. In 1495 it
was renamed "Santo Domingo", in honor of Saint Dominic. Santo Domingo
came to be known as the "Gateway to the Caribbean" and the chief town
Hispaniola from then on. Expeditions which led to Ponce de
León's colonization of Puerto Rico, Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar's
colonization of Cuba, Hernando Cortes' conquest of Mexico, and Vasco
Núñez de Balboa's sighting of the Pacific Ocean were all launched
from Santo Domingo.
In June 1502,
Santo Domingo was destroyed by a major hurricane,
and the new Governor
Nicolás de Ovando
Nicolás de Ovando had it rebuilt on a different
site on the other side of the Ozama River. The original layout
of the city and a large portion of its defensive wall can still be
appreciated today throughout the Colonial Zone, declared a World
Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Diego Colon arrived in 1509, assuming the powers of Viceroy and
admiral. In 1512, Ferdinand established a
Real Audiencia with Juan
Ortiz de Matienzo, Marcelo de Villalobos, and Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon
appointed as judges of appeal. In 1514, Pedro Ibanez de Ibarra arrived
with the Laws of Burgos. Rodrigo de Alburquerque was named repartidor
de indios and soon named visitadores to enforce the
Francis Drake captured the city and held it for ransom.
Drake's invasion signaled the decline of Spanish dominion over
Hispaniola, which was accentuated in the early 17th century by
policies that resulted in the depopulation of most of the island
outside of the capital. An expedition sent by
Oliver Cromwell in 1655
attacked the city of Santo Domingo, but was defeated. The English
troops withdrew and took the less guarded colony of Jamaica,
instead. In 1697, the
Treaty of Ryswick
Treaty of Ryswick included the
Spain of France's dominion over the Western third
of the island, now Haiti.
French and British ships fighting at the battle of Santo Domingo
From 1795 to 1822 the city changed hands several times along with the
colony it headed. The city was ceded to
France in 1795 after years of
struggles, it was briefly captured by Haitian rebels in 1801,
France in 1802, and was once again reclaimed by
1809. In 1821
Santo Domingo became the capital of an independent
nation after the Criollo bourgeois within the country, led by José
Núñez de Cáceres, overthrew the Spanish crown. The nation was
Haiti just two months later. The city and the colony lost
much of their Spanish-born peninsular population as a result of these
events which caused a great deal of instability and
Juan Pablo Duarte.
On 27 February 1844
Santo Domingo was again the capital of a free
nation, when it gained its independence from Haiti, led by Dominican
nationalist Juan Pablo Duarte. The city was a prize fought over by
various political factions over the succeeding decades of instability.
In addition, the country had to fight multiple battles with Haiti; the
Battle of 19 March, Battle of 30 March, Battle of Las Carreras, and
Battle of Beler, are a few of the most prominent encounters, mentioned
in the national anthem and with city streets named after them. In
Spain returned to the country, having struck a bargain with
Pedro Santana whereby the latter was granted
several honorific titles and privileges, in exchange for annexing the
young nation back to Spanish rule. The
Dominican Restoration War
Dominican Restoration War began
in 1863 however, and in 1865 the country was free again after Spain
Over the next two-thirds of a century
Santo Domingo and the Dominican
Republic went through many revolutions, power changes, and occupation
by the United States, 1916–24. The city was struck by hurricane San
Zenón in 1930, which caused major damage. After its rebuilding,
Santo Domingo was known officially as Ciudad Trujillo in honor of
dictator Rafael Leónidas Trujillo, who governed from 1930. Following
his assassination in 1961 the city was renamed back to Santo Domingo.
It was the scene of street fighting during the 1965 United States
occupation of the Dominican Republic.
The year 1992 marked the 500th anniversary, El Quinto Centenario, of
Christopher Columbus' Discovery of America. The Columbus
Lighthouse – Faro a Colón – was erected in Santo
Domingo in honor of this occasion, with an approximate cost of 400
million Dominican pesos.
Santo Domingo from space, 2010.
The Ozama river flows 148 kilometres (92 miles) before emptying into
Caribbean Sea. Santo Domingo's position on its banks was of great
importance to the city's economic development and the growth of trade
during colonial times. The
Ozama River is where the country's busiest
port is located.
The average temperature in
Santo Domingo varies little, because the
tropical trade winds help mitigate the heat and humidity throughout
the year. Thanks to these trade winds,
Santo Domingo has a tropical
climate but seldom experiences the heat that one may expect to find.
December through March are the coolest months with hot days with less
humidity and fresh nights (temperatures of 17 to 19 °C (63 to
66 °F)). July through September are the warmest. Santo Domingo
averages 1,445 millimetres (56.9 in) of rain annually. Its driest
months are from November through April, however, due to the trade
winds and mountains to the southwest, rain is seen even during these
months. Because its driest month is just below 60 millimetres
Santo Domingo falls under the tropical monsoon climate
category under the Köppen climate classification. Like many other
cities in the Caribbean,
Santo Domingo is very susceptible to
Hurricane Georges caused severe destruction in September
1998. The lowest recorded temperature has been 11.0 °C
(51.8 °F) on 5 February 1951 and 7 January 1957 and the highest
is 39.5 °C (103.1 °F) on 29 May 2002.
Climate data for Santo Domingo,
Dominican Republic (1961–1990,
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average rainfall mm (inches)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: NOAA
Source #2: Diario Libre (May record high, and record lows for January
and February), Meteo Climat (record highs and lows)
Panoramic view of Downtown
Santo Domingo overviewing the Botanical
View of sky scrapers in the Financial District at the Winston
Churchill Avenue from Multi Centro. (2014).
Panoramic view of
Santo Domingo viewed from the south (Malecon Center)
Panoramic view of
Santo Domingo viewed from midtown (Novo Centro)
See also: Ciudad Colonial (Santo Domingo)
Many of Santo Domingo's most notable landmarks are located within the
Zona Colonial district of the city, a
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site since
1990. The Colonial Zone, bordered by the Río Ozama, also has an
impressive collection of early 16th century buildings, including
palatial houses and majestic churches that reflect the architectural
style of the late Middle Ages.
The city's most important historical buildings include the Catedral
Santa María La Menor, called La Catedral Primada de América,
America's First Cathedral, which states its distinction; the Alcázar
de Colón, America's first castle, once the residence of Viceroy of
the Indies Don Diego Colón, a son of Christopher Columbus; the
Monasterio de San Francisco, the ruins of the first monastery in the
Americas; the Museo de las Casas Reales, in a monumental complex that
includes the former Palace of the Governors and the building of the
former Royal Audiencia of Santo Domingo; the Fortaleza Ozama, the
oldest fortress in the Americas; the Pantéon Nacional, a former
Jesuit edifice now hosting the remains of various renowned Dominicans;
and the Dominican Convent, the first convent in the Americas.
Plaza de España.
On the north end of Calle Las Damas, the restored and expanded Plaza
de España is bordered by Las Atarazanas (former naval yard, now a
museum) and a number of small shops and restaurants. This area was the
first European commercial center in the Americas, and is still a hub
of activity today. The Alcázar de Colón, having once been the
colonial palace of the Columbus family—beginning with his son Diego
– is now a museum displaying period furniture and decorations. The
building was originally built in 1510, and restored to its current
appearance in 1952.
A 700 million US dollar investment was made in the Port of the Ozama
river adjacent to the Ciudad Colonial aiming to turn Santo Domingo
into a port of call for luxury cruise ships and including a privately
owned marina. The project is being completed by Sans Soucí Ports S.A.
See also: Distrito Nacional
Panoramic view of the National District.
Neighborhoods of Santo Domingo.
The city proper of
Santo Domingo is subdivided into incorporated areas
(neighbourhoods) called sectores which could be considered as small
urban towns. All sectores are serviced directly by the municipal
Ciudad (city) – applies to the original older parts of town, many of
which date back to the colonial times.
Ensanche (lit. "widening") – usually, but not always, applied to the
more "modern" parts of the city.
Villa (village) – the urban outskirts of both the old city of Santo
Domingo and the current (smaller) National District; originally they
were separate villages, hence their names.
Young boys playing association football in the Santo Domingo
neighborhood of Altos de Arroyo Hondo
The demographics of
Santo Domingo are similar to other metropolitan
areas of the country, except that the population of immigrants (mainly
Haitians) is larger in the city because of the relative ease of
finding work and the economic dynamism compared to other provinces.
Santo Domingo, like most of the country, is made up of native-born
Dominican mulattos, though there are large numbers of Afro-Dominicans
and Euro-Dominicans, as well as a large immigrant community. In fact,
over 20% of the city's population is immigrants, mainly Haitians.
However, there are also recent immigrants from Europe, Asia, as well
as other Latin American nations present in the city. The city of Santo
Domingo has a significant community of Asians (mainly Chinese), Arabs
(mostly Lebanese), and Europeans (mostly Spanish and Italian people)
are also present in the city. There are also significant numbers of
Venezuelans and Puerto Ricans, in the city, as well as US born
Dominicans returning to their parents' home country. The northeast
quadrant of the city is the poorest while the southwest is wealthier.
Santo Domingo is also considered one of the epicenters of the growing
Dominican middle-class. The city is one of the most economically
developed cities in Latin America. Santo Domingo's population in 2010
was 3.8 million in the metropolitan area.
Government and politics
The National Palace, in Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo is the center of the national government of the
Dominican Republic. The President's office and ministries, National
Congress, Supreme Court of Justice, and other main government
institutions are located in the metropolitan area.
The city is administered by the Ayuntamiento del Distrito Nacional
(City Hall), which is responsible for municipal functions. The
current mayor of
Santo Domingo is David Collado.
The "Policía Nacional" (National Police) and "Policia Turística"
(Tourist Police) (POLITUR) are tasked with enforcing city safety.
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The city is the center of economic activity in the Dominican Republic.
It is where most of the country's wealth is concentrated and the seat
of the national legislature, judicial, and executive government. Many
national and international firms have their headquarters or regional
offices in Santo Domingo. The city attracts many international firms
and franchises such as Ikea, Goldcorp and Barrick due to its location
and economic stability.
Silver Sun Gallery mall and hotel, 2012.
The infrastructure is suitable for most business operations. A key
element that has helped the city grow and compete globally is the
Santo Domingo and the Dominican
Republic as whole enjoy a modern and extensive telecommunications
system liberalized in the late 1990s which has benefited from
extensive foreign investment. This has attracted numerous call centers
in recent years.
Santo Domingo not only has an excellent
telecommunications infrastructure but also a sizeable bilingual
population that speaks English.
The city's economic growth can be witnessed in the extensive vertical
growth experienced across many of its neighborhoods. The construction
boom is reflected in the many high density residential towers,
shopping malls, elevated highways, the metro expansion and overall
increase in commercial activity.
Santo Domingo has a thriving middle class contrasting with the
significant pockets of poverty that remain as challenges for the
future. Marginalized slum conditions exist mostly in the northeast
quadrant of the city with smaller pockets extending across the city.
Areas of extensive development include the Poligono Central, which is
bordered by the Avenida
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy northward 27 February Avenue
Winston Churchill to the west and Avenida Máximo
Gómez to the east, and is characterized by its mixed development and
its very active nightlife.
Santo Domingo has areas of high development, among them Serralles,
Naco, Arroyo Hondo, Piantini, Urb Fernandez, Ens. Julieta, Paraiso,
Los Prados, Bella Vista, Sarasota and other sectors, where most of the
middle class can be found.
Bella Vista and
La Esperilla are currently the fastest growing sectors
with large mega -projects.
Gazcue belongs to the more traditional
southeastern area of the city and is known for its buildings dating
from the 1930s to the 1960s.
Bella Vista Mall
Silver Sun Gallery
Plaza Las Américas
Sambil Santo Domingo
The performing arts are very important in Santo Domingo. The city has
its own symphonic orchestra, chamber orchestra, opera company, ballet
company, folkloric company, and national theater, including a number
of smaller groups. The Plaza of culture is the center of activity, but
there are concerts, ballet, folklore, and other performances
throughout the city. Casa de Teatro is the gathering place of avant
garde artists, actors, and musicians. It stages art and literature
exhibitions and offers painting, drama, and dancing courses and
monthly contests for poetry, short stories, and other forms of
Museo de las Casas Reales
Alcázar de Colón.
Santo Domingo is the location of numerous museums, many of which are
located in the
Zona Colonial district. In the
Zona Colonial is the
Museum of Alcázar, in Diego Colon's restored palace, the Museum
of the Casas Reales, with artefacts of the colonial period and a
collection of ancient weapons donated by Trujillo, the Naval
Museum of the Atarazanas, in the former naval yards, Museo de la
Catedral, Museo Memorial de la Resistencia Dominicana, documenting the
struggle for freedom during the regimes of Trujillo and Balaguer,
Museo Duarte, dedicated to the hero of Dominican independence, and the
World of Ambar Museum.
Museo del Ámbar
Plaza de la Cultura also houses the city's most important cultural
venues, including the Teatro Nacional (National Theater) and various
museums; the Palacio Nacional, which houses the Presidency of the
Dominican Republic; the Palacio de Bellas Artes (Palace of Fine Arts),
a neoclassical building that is the permanent home of the country's
National Symphony Orchestra; and the Boulevard 27 de Febrero, a
pedestrian promenade located on the busy Avenida 27 de Febrero, which
displays works of art from prominent Dominican artists and sculptors.
Another attraction is the Centro Olímpico Juan Pablo Duarte, a sports
complex in the center of Santo Domingo. This complex was used during
the 2003 Pan American Games.
In the Plaza de la Cultura are the Museum of the Dominican Man, with
artifacts from the pre-Columbian
Taíno civilization, the National
Museum of History and Geography, the Museum of Natural History and the
Museum of Modern Art. Other museums include the Museo Bellapart, a
prominent private collection of 19th- and 20th-Century Dominican
painting and sculpture and the Museo Prehispanico, a major private
collection of pre-Columbian
Parks and recreational areas
The city has various parks, many of which are relatively large. Santo
Domingo (D.N) is surrounded by the
Santo Domingo Greenbelt. Mirador
Norte Park lies in the north of the city, close to Villa Mella and
Mirador Sur Park is located in the southwest section of the city.
Mirador del Este is located on the East bank of the Ozama river and it
is the seat of the Columbus Lighthouse. Independencia Park and Colón
Park are located in Zona Colonial.
National Botanical Garden.
Other notable parks include:
Parque Metropolitano Las Praderas
Jardín Botánico Nacional
Parque Zoológico Nacional
Barrio Chino de Santo Domingo
Parque Núñez de Cáceres
Diagnostic Center, Advanced Medicine and Telemedicine (CEDIMAT)
Center for Advanced Medicine Dr. Abel González
Advanced Ophthalmology Center and Laser Surgery
Medical Center Gonzalez Alcantara
West Indian Medical Center
Medical Center Corominas Pepin
Caribbean Medical Center
Dominican Medical Center
Medical Center Dominican- Cuban
Medical Center Dr. Seaton
Medical Center Gazcue
Modern Medical Center
Real Medical Center
Cross Medical Centre Richardson
UCE Medical Center
Odont Medical Center . Amer . Centrodom -Don Bosco
Odont Medical Center . Amer . Centrodom — Paradise
United Hearts Clinic
Patiño Gómez Clinic
Rodríguez Santos Clinic
San Rafael Clinic
San Martin Medical Group
Health services Dominicans
Central Hospital Armed Forces
Billini Father Teaching Hospital
Dr. Francisco Moscoso Puello Hospital
Hospital Dr. Luis E. Aybar (Morgan)
Hospital Infantil Dr. Robert Reid Cabral
Vargas jimenez dental center
Hospital Dario Contreras
Centro de Ortopedia y Especialidades CURE International
Dr. Cruz Jiminián Clinic
General Hospital Health Plaza
Dermatology Institute and Skin Surgery Dr. Hubert Bogaert Díaz
Dominican Institute of Cardiology
Institute of Oncology Dr. Heriberto Pieter
There are eighteen universities in Santo Domingo, the highest number
of any city in the Dominican Republic. Established in 1538, the
Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo
Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo (UASD) is the oldest university
in the Americas and is also the only public university in the
Santo Domingo holds the nation's highest percentage of
residents with a higher education degree.
Entrance of the
Autonomous University of Santo Domingo
Autonomous University of Santo Domingo (UASD)
Other universities include:
Universidad Adventista Dominicana
Universidad Adventista Dominicana (UNAD)
Universidad APEC (UNAPEC)
Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo
Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo (INTEC)
Universidad del Caribe (UNICARIBE)
Universidad Iberoamericana (UNIBE) (UNIBE)
Universidad Católica Santo Domingo (UCSD)
Universidad de la Tercera Edad (UTE)
Universidad Tecnológica de Santiago (UTESA)
Universidad Nacional Pedro Henríquez Ureña
Universidad Nacional Pedro Henríquez Ureña (UNPHU)
Instituto de Ciencias Exactas (INCE)
Universidad Organización y Método
Universidad Organización y Método (O&M)
Universidad Interamericana (UNICA)
Universidad Eugenio María de Hostos (UNIREMOS)
Universidad Francisco Henríquez y Carvajal (UFHEC)
Universidad Instituto Cultural Domínico Americano (UNICDA)
Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra
Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra (PUCMM)
Universidad de Psicologia Industrial Dominicana (UPID)
Roads and highways
Santo Domingo is the terminus for four of the five national highways.
The city is connected to the southwest of the country by the national
George Washington and Autopista 30 de Mayo), and
with the cities of the country's northwest by
DR-1 (Expreso Kennedy,
Corredor Duarte), which serves as a direct link to the city of
Santiago de los Caballeros.
DR-3 (Expreso 27 de Febrero/Autopista de
Las Américas) connects
Santo Domingo directly to the east of the
country, including the cities of San Pedro de Macorís, La Romana, and
major tourist sites such as
Punta Cana and Bávaro, and to the Samaná
Province (in the northeast) via the Samana Highway. In the city,
motoconchos (motorcycle taxis), guaguas/voladoras (low quality public
buses), and carros públicos/conchos (shared taxis) are common modes
Expreso John F. Kennedy: This expressway crosses the National District
from east to west in the north-central part. The Avenue consists of a
total of ten lanes, five on each side. The two center lanes of the
road are express lanes to facilitate transit. It also has several
bypasses and elevated crossings.
Avenida 27 de Febrero: It is the main avenue to cross the National
District from east to west in the central part of Santo Domingo. It
starts at the Juan Bosch bridge and crosses the entire city until the
roundabout at the Plaza de la Bandera, which extends into the town of
Santo Domingo West and ends on the Duarte Highway. The thoroughfare is
composed of a total of ten lanes. Five on each side. The four lanes in
the center of the avenue are express that facilitate transit in the
city from east to west, with several elevated cross streets,
overpasses and tunnels. It also has exclusive bus lanes.
Avenida Simón Bolívar: It extends from Independence Park to the
junction with the Avenue Winston Churchill. In its entirety, this
avenue is composed of two local lanes one-way east- west.
Avenida Independencia: It extends from the intersection with Avenida
Gregorio Luperón to Independence Park. The avenue consists of a total
of four lanes (two eastbound and two westbound ) from crossing with Av
G. Luperon to the intersection of Avenida Italia . From the junction
with Av Italy until Independence Park Avenue becomes one-way eastbound
and contains only two lanes.
George Washington av.
Avenida George Washington: It is colloquially referred as "El
Malecón" This is Santo Domingo's Maritime Boulevard, running
Caribbean sea's waterfront. It extends from Palo Hincado
Street to the intersection with
Abraham Lincoln Avenue; from that
point to the Haina River Highway 30 May extends also includes
President Billini Walk, which starts in Palo Hincado street and joins
the Avenida del Puerto along the western bank of the Ozama River.
Throughout its entire length it is composed of four lanes (two on each
side). On this Boulevard you will find the most exclusive hotels in
the city, several casinos, the mixed business and residential high
rise complex Malecón Center, the Obelisk and Eugenio María de
Hostos' Park. This is also the Boulevard where the Santo Domingo
Carnival parade takes place.
Avenida Winston Churchill: It extends from Kennedy Avenue to Avenida
27 de Febrero, from there on, it continues as Avenida Jimenez Moya to
reach the Centro de los Heroes and finally the boardwalk. This
thoroughfare is distinguished by its date palms that are planted on
the sidewalks . Throughout its length the road is composed of six
lanes (three on each side) and a large wooded median popularly known
as Boulevard de la Churchill ("Churchill's Boulevard") and within this
lies the Boulevard of the Stars.
Avenida Abraham Lincoln: extends from Avenida Kennedy to the seawall.
The route consists of six lanes (three on each side) and a median
suitable for jogging laid with palm trees. It traverses the city's
commercial and leisure city centre.
Avenida José Ortega y Gasset: It extends from the Paseo de los Reyes
Católicos Avenue until 27 de Febrero. The avenue consists of four
lanes, two on each side. Along this avenue lies the Centro Olímpico
Juan Pablo Duarte
Juan Pablo Duarte athletic complex and the Hospital General de la
Plaza de la Salud medical complex.
Avenida Tiradentes: It extends from the jetty in the south, through
the state's university Universidad Autónoma de Santo Domingo. It
extends to the north along Avenida 27 de Febrero, John F. Kennedy, and
continuing north past the city's baseball stadium Estadio Quisqueya
until it reaches the Parque Zoológico Nacional National Zoo.
Avenida Gregorio Luperón: It extends from Kennedy Avenue to Highway
30 May on the western edge of Santo Domingo. The thoroughfare consists
of eight lanes, four on each side and a landscaped median. Local
attractions located on this strip includes Gallístico Center Herrera
Industrial Zone, and the Plaza de la Bandera.
Avenida Máximo Gómez y Báez: The city's main south-north avenue, it
extends from the Malecón to the Presidente Peynado bridge. The
boulevard consists of four lanes, two on each side. Major buildings
and points of interest along this boulevard are: the National
Cemetery, Plaza de la Cultura which houses the National Theatre and
the Palace of Fine Arts. There are also two universities (UNAPEC and
UTESA), as well as the headquarters of the People's Bank and five star
hotel "Hotel Barceló Santo Domingo".
Avenida Juan Pablo Duarte: It extends from the intersection of Avenida
Paseo and Martyrs of the Catholic Monarchs to Calle Padre Billini in
the Colonial Zone . The avenue consists of three lanes on a road
north-south direction becomes one lane to enter the Colonial Zone .
This avenue is the main commerce route for low-income people
throughout the metropolitan area with department stores, restaurants,
and shops that offer goods and services at modest prices . In "Duarte"
(as popularly known) you can find the New Market, the Enriquillo Park,
Duarte Commercial Square and Santo Domingo's Chinatown.
Nicolás de Ovando
Nicolás de Ovando y Cáceres: Is located on the northern part
Santo Domingo starting at the roundabout Cristo Rey sector and
corner with Ortega y Gasset, Máximo Gómez, Arbert Duarte and Thomas
avenues, among others; culminating in the sector of
Simón Bolívar .
This avenue is characterized by many businesses that sell auto parts .
Santo Domingo Metro.
Santo Domingo has an underground and elevated rapid transit metro
system. It is the most extensive metro in the
Caribbean and Central
American region by total length and number of stations. The Santo
Domingo Metro is part of a major "National Master Plan" to improve
transportation in the city as well as the rest of the nation. The
first line was planned to relieve traffic congestion in the Máximo
Gómez and Hermanas Mirabal Avenue. The second line, which opened in
April 2013, is meant to relieve the congestion along the
Duarte-Kennedy-Centenario Corridor in the city from west to east. As
of August 2013, the metro consists of these two lines. Four more lines
are planned to be constructed in the near future, for a total of six.
Before the opening of the second line, 30,856,515 passengers rode the
Santo Domingo Metro
Santo Domingo Metro in 2012. According to government figures more than
250,000 people ride the 28 kilometer system on a daily basis. 
Santo Domingo is served by two airports. Aeropuerto Internacional La
Isabela a newly constructed airport located in the northern section of
the city, within kilometres of the city center. It serves mostly
domestic and charter flights. The major international airport that
serves the city is
Santo Domingo Las Americas, which serves North and
South America and also Europe.
Don Diego terminal.
Port of Santo Domingo
Port of Santo Domingo is located on the Ozama River. Its location
at the center of the
Caribbean is well suited for flexible itinerary
planning and has excellent support, road and airport infrastructure
Santo Domingo region, which facilitate access and
transfers. The port is suitable for both turnaround and transit calls.
The port's renovation is part of a major redevelopment project, aimed
at integrating the port area and the
Zona Colonial and foster a
cruise, yacht, and high-end tourism destination. Supported by
legislation approved in 2005, the project, developed by the Sans Souci
Group, also includes the development of a new sports marina and a
122-acre (0.49 km2) mixed-leisure real estate development
adjacent to the port.
Logo of Tigres del Licey
Baseball is the most popular sport in the country.
Santo Domingo is
home to two of the six teams in the Dominican Professional Baseball
Tigres del Licey, founded in 1907, have won 22 national championships
since 1951. It is the most senior national team, winning 10 Caribbean
Series titles as well.
Leones del Escogido, founded in 1921, are winners of 15 national
championships since 1951. It is the third team with the most
championships won. The team has 4 titles won in the
These two teams are based in the
Estadio Quisqueya Juan Marichal
located in Ensanche La Fe.
Santo Domingo's Basketball Tournament Superior is held in the National
District each year, with several teams participating and representing
several sectors and social clubs of the city.
Some of the teams participating in the tournament include:
Mejoramiento social (BAMESO)
Huellas del Siglo
Club Arroyo Hondo
Club Casa de España
Club de Villa Francisca
Club Los Prados
Club Mauricio Báez
Club San Carlos
Club San Lázaro
Club Santo Domingo
Club Libanés Sirio Palestino
There are 15 television stations (both
UHF and VHF) in Santo Domingo.
Santo Domingo has the greatest number of television signals in the
country, followed by Santiago. Additional cable television channels
are provided by companies like Aster, Cable TV Dominicana, SKY
Dominicana, and Telecable. In
Santo Domingo there are 100 different
stations in AM frequency and 44 in FM frequency.
Tele Antillas (canal 2)
CERTV (canal 4)
Telemicro (canal 5)
Canal del Sol (canal 6)
Antena Latina (canal 7)
Color Visión (canal 9)
Telesistema (canal 11)
Telecentro (canal 13)
Digital 15 (canal 15)
Quisqueya TV (canal 17)
Teleglobo (canal 19)
Antena 21 (canal 21)
Telefuturo canal 23 (canal 23)
Telemedios dominicanos, S.A. (canal 25)
RNN (canal 27)
Teleuniverso (canal 29)
Supercanal (canal 33)
NCDN (canal 37)
Coral 39 (canal 39)
Televida canal 41 (canal 41)
Teleradio América (canal 45)
Amé47 (canal 47)
Isla Visión (canal 53)
Mango TV (canal 59)
Santo Domingo TV (canal 69)
Fuego 90 (90.1)
Estrella 90 (90.5)
La Rocka (91.7)
CDN La radio (92.5)
Pura Vida (92.9)
Radio Enriquillo (93.7)
Radio educativa dominicana (95.3)
La nota diferente (95.7)
Ritmo 96 (96.5)
Espacio fm (96.9)
Radio Disney (97.3)
Dominicana FM (98.9)
Sonido suave (99.3)
Radio listín (99.7)
La 100.1 FM (100.1)
Cima 100 (100.5)
La X 102 (102.1)
La dura (102.5)
Power 103 (103.7)
ESPN Deportes Radio
ESPN Deportes Radio (104.5)
Fiesta FM (105.7)
Disco 106 (106.1)
La voz de las Fuerzas Armadas (106.9)
Radio abc (540)
Radio cristal (570)
Radio televisión dominicana (620)
Radio universal (650)
Radio guarachita (690)
Radio cordillera (760)
La voz del trópico (790)
HIJB AM (830)
Radio clarín (860)
Radio continental (890)
Radio 920 AM (920)
Radio popular (Circuito Corporán) (950)
Radioemisora La Voz Cultural de las Fuerzas Armadas (980)
Radio comercial (1010)
Radio central (1040)
Radio Ambar (Cadena Sur, Radio R.P.Q.) (1080)
Radio Metro (Politiro) (1120)
Onda Musical HIAS AM (1150)
Radio mil (1180)
Radio Ven Voz Evangelizadora (1210)
Radio Bemba (1220)
Radio Visión (1260)
Cadena Espacial (1280)
Radio Radio (1300)
Radio Visión Cristiana Internacional (1330)
Radio Listín (1360)
Radio Renuevo (1440)
Radio villa (1480)
Radio pueblo (1510)
Radio recuerdo (1540)
Radio amanecer (1570)
Radio Revelación en América (1600)
This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help
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See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in the Dominican
Twin towns – Sister cities
Santo Domingo is twinned with:
Buenos Aires, Argentina
La Muela, Spain
Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain
Santo Domingo has four sister cities designated by Sister Cities
St. Augustine, Florida, United States
Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States
Miami, United States
New York City, United States
Santo Domingo's modern architecture
Statue of Antonio de Montesino
John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy Avenue, Santo Domingo
Santo Domingo at night
Anacaona Avenue in Santo Domingo. Mirador del Sur park
Alcázar de Colón
People from Santo Domingo
See also: Category:People from Santo Domingo
Dominican Republic portal
Captaincy General of Santo Domingo
Ciudad Colonial (Santo Domingo)
Culture of the Dominican Republic
History of the Dominican Republic
Index of Dominican Republic-related articles
List of cities in the Caribbean
List of cities in the Dominican Republic
List of colonial governors of Santo Domingo
Spanish colonization of the Americas
^ a b IX Census
^ (in Spanish) Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de
Estadística Archived 17 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
^ De la Fuente,
Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish).
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
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2015. ISBN 978-9945-8984-3-9. Archived from the original on 14
July 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
^ City Mayors: Local government in the Caribbean
^ Colonial City of
Santo Domingo –
UNESCO World Heritage Centre
^ Comisiones Nacionales: UNESCO
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North America 1492 to 1783. Kessinger Publishing.
p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7661-9438-0. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
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the Conquest of the Americas. John Wiley & Sons. p. 19.
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^ Meining 1986:9
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1492-1526. Albuquerque: University of New
Mexico Press. pp. 55,
^ a b "
Dominican Republic – THE FIRST COLONY". Library of Congress.
^ Marley, David (1998). Wars of the Americas. ABC-CLIO.
pp. 148–149. ISBN 9780874368376.
^ "Elections and Events 1791–1849". University of California-San
Diego. Retrieved 2009-03-18.
^ Mary Louise Pratt, Imperial Eyes, 2007, p. 70
^ "City street map of
Santo Domingo at www.colonialzone-dr.com" (PDF).
^ Derby, Lauren (26 June 2009). The Dictator's Seduction: Politics and
the Popular Imagination in the Era of Trujillo. Duke University Press.
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^ a b "Secretaría de Estado de Cultura". Retrieved 2009-03-18.
^ a b Mejía, Mariela (7 January 2011). "Frío extremo, calor
agobiante" (in Spanish). Diario Libre. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
Santo Domingo Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
^ "Station Santo Domingo" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved 2 May
^ Moré, Gustavo Luis; Bergdoll, Barry (30 June 2010). Caribbean
Modernist Architecture. The Museum of Modern Art. p. 8.
ISBN 978-0-87070-775-9. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
^ Clammer, Paul; Grosberg, Michael; Porup, Jens (1 October 2008).
Dominican Republic and Haiti. Lonely Planet. p. 79.
ISBN 978-1-74104-292-4. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
^ DK TRAVEL GUIDES (1 September 2011). DK Eyewitness Top 10 Travel
Guide: Dominican Republic. Dorling Kindersley Limited. p. 77.
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Dominican Republic. Rough Guides. p. 90.
ISBN 978-1-85828-811-6. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
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of Florida. Marshall Cavendish. p. 19.
ISBN 978-0-7614-1610-4. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
^ Gray, Dulce María (2001). High Literacy and Ethnic Identity:
Dominican American Schooling in Transition. Rowman & Littlefield.
p. 38. ISBN 978-0-7425-0005-1. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
^ See List of metro systems
^ "Estadísticas de peaje y tiempo de recorrido al 2013" [Statistics
of tolls and times of route 2013] (PDF). opret.gob.do (via:
http://opret.gob.do/Estadisticas.aspx) (in Spanish). Oficina para el
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2013-09-17. External link in website= (help)
^ a b c d "Memoria Anual, Agosto 2002-Agosto 2003" (PDF). Ayuntamiento
del Distrito Nacional. pp. 66–67. Archived from the original
(PDF) on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-23.
^ "Sister Cities, Public Relations".
Guadalajara municipal government.
Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 12 March
^ "Mapa Mundi de las ciudades hermanadas". Ayuntamiento de Madrid.
^ "Universidade norte-americana fará parceria com a Câmara Municipal
de Manaus". Jusbrasil.com. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011.
Retrieved 4 June 2012.
^ La Guardia y Santo Domingo, dos ciudades hermanas (Spanish) Archived
20 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Town Twinning Agreements". Municipalidad de Rosario – Buenos
Aires 711. Retrieved 2014-10-14.
^ a b c d Online Directory: Dominican Republic,
Cities International, Inc. (SCI) Archived 17 September 2008 at the
^ "NYC's Partner Cities". The City of New York. Archived from the
original on 14 August 2013. Retrieved 2012-12-16.
Meinig, D.W. (1986). The Shaping of America: a Geographic Perspective
on 500 Years of History. Volume I – Atlantic America, 1492–1800.
New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-03882-8
Santo Domingo; Fragmentos De Patria by Banreservas
See also: Bibliography of the history of Santo Domingo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Santo Domingo.
Wikisource has the text of a 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article
about Santo Domingo.
Santo Domingo travel guide from Wikivoyage
La Capital: Ciudad Trujillo in the 1940s[permanent dead link]
Distrito Nacional - Santo Domingo
24 de Abril
30 de Mayo
Altos de Arroyo Hondo
Buenos Aires (Independencia)
Centro de Los Heroes
Centro Olímpico Duarte
Cerros de Arroyo Hondo
Ensanche La Fé
Ensanche Simón Bolívar
General Antonio Duvergé
Honduras del Norte
Honduras del Oeste
Jardínes del Sur
Nuestra Señora de la Paz
Nuevo Arroyo Hondo
Paseo de los Indíos
San Juan Bosco
Viejo Arroyo Hondo
Provincial capitals of the Dominican Republic
San Francisco de Macorís
San José de Ocoa
San Juan de la Maguana
San Pedro de Macorís
Santiago de los Caballeros
Santo Domingo Este
Capitals of North America
Dependent territories are in italics
Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
Castries, St. Lucia
Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands
Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands (US)
Cockburn Town, Turks and Caicos (UK)
George Town, Cayman Islands
George Town, Cayman Islands (UK)
Guatemala City, Guatemala
Gustavia, St. Barthélemy (France)
Hamilton, Bermuda (UK)
Kingstown, St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Marigot, St. Martin (France)
Mexico City, Mexico
Nassau, The Bahamas
Oranjestad, Aruba (Netherlands)
Oranjestad, Sint Eustatius
Oranjestad, Sint Eustatius (Netherlands)
Panama City, Panama
Philipsburg, Sint Maarten
Philipsburg, Sint Maarten (Netherlands)
Plymouth (de jure) •
Brades (de facto),
Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago
British Virgin Islands
British Virgin Islands (UK)
Saint-Pierre, St. Pierre and Miquelon (France)
San José, Costa Rica
Puerto Rico (US)
San Salvador, El Salvador
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
St. George's, Grenada
St. John's, Antigua and Barbuda
The Valley, Anguilla
The Valley, Anguilla (UK)
Washington, D.C., United States
Pan American Games
Pan American Games host cities
1951: Buenos Aires
1963: São Paulo
Santiago de Cali
1979: San Juan
1995: Mar del Plata
2003: Santo Domingo
2007: Rio de Janeiro
1990: Las Leñas
American Capitals of Culture