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Santa Marta
Santa Marta
(Spanish pronunciation: [ˌsanta ˈmaɾta]), officially Distrito Turístico, Cultural e Histórico de Santa Marta ("Touristic, Cultural and Historic District of Santa Marta"), is a city in Colombia. It is the capital of the department of Magdalena and the fourth largest urban city of the Caribbean Region of Colombia, after Barranquilla, Cartagena, and Soledad. Founded on July 29, 1525, by the Spanish conquistador Rodrigo de Bastidas, it was the first Spanish settlement in Colombia, and is the oldest surviving city in that country, and second oldest in South America.[3][citation needed] This city is situated on a bay of the same name and as such, is a prime tourist destination.[4]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Pre-Columbian times

2 Flag 3 Geography 4 Economy

4.1 Infrastructure

5 Twin towns 6 Climate 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 10 External links

History[edit] Pre-Columbian times[edit] Further information: Pre-Columbian era Before the arrival of Europeans, the South American continent was inhabited by a number of indigenous groups. Due to a combination of tropical weather, significant rainfall, and the destruction and misrepresentation of many records by Spanish conquistadors, our understanding of the peoples of this region is limited. The Tairona
Tairona
formed mid- to large-size population centers, consisting of stone pathways, terraces, protected waterways, and spaces dedicated to agricultural produce. Their economy was primarily agricultural, cultivating corn, pineapple, yucca, and other local foodstuffs. The Tayrona are considered quite advanced for their time period. Surviving archaeological sites consisted of formed terraces and small scale underground stone channels. They also were known to actively collect and process salt, which was a significant trading commodity. We know that they traded with other indigenous groups along the coast and interior. Archaeological excavations have recovered significant works in pottery, stonework and gold. Flag[edit] Santa Marta’s flag consists of two colors: white and blue. White symbolises peace, in that all are united without restriction. Blue symbolises the sky, the sea, the magic found in the horizon, and the snow-capped Sierra Nevada mountains. Geography[edit]

Vista satelital de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.

Santa Marta
Santa Marta
is located on Santa Marta
Santa Marta
Bay of the Caribbean Sea in the province of Magdalena. It is 992 km from Bogotá and 93 km from Barranquilla. It is bordered to the north and west by the Caribbean and to the south by the municipalities of Aracataca
Aracataca
and Ciénaga.

Economy[edit] Santa Marta's economy is based on tourism, trade, port activities, fishing and agriculture, in that order.[citation needed] The main agricultural products are: bananas, coffee, cocoa and cassava.[citation needed] Infrastructure[edit] Santa Marta
Santa Marta
is a major port. Simon Bolivar
Simon Bolivar
International Airport (IATA: SMR ) is 16 km (10 mi) from the city centre. Historic figure Simon Bolivar
Simon Bolivar
died here, a significant event for South America as a whole. His villa known as La Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino
La Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino
is located just outside the city centre. As the main city centre is located close to the coast, the city itself has had difficulty controlling expansion. Although, technically a separate locality, Rodadero is often considered part of Santa Marta
Santa Marta
itself.

Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino
Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino
in Santa Marta

Casa de la Aduana

Statue of Rodrigo de Bastidas

Rodadero, Santa Marta

Rodadero aquarium

Sunset seen from Irotama Resort

Lighthouse
Lighthouse
in the bay of Santa Marta

El Morro island off the coast of Santa Marta

Harbor of Santa Marta

Tayrona National Natural Park

Twin towns[edit] Santa Marta
Santa Marta
has one sister city: Miami Beach, Florida.[5] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Santa Marta
Santa Marta
(Simón Bolívar International Airport) 1981–2010

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 37.0 (98.6) 38.2 (100.8) 37.0 (98.6) 37.6 (99.7) 37.4 (99.3) 37.4 (99.3) 37.8 (100) 37.4 (99.3) 37.2 (99) 36.2 (97.2) 38.2 (100.8) 37.6 (99.7) 38.2 (100.8)

Average high °C (°F) 33.0 (91.4) 33.6 (92.5) 33.8 (92.8) 33.6 (92.5) 32.9 (91.2) 33.0 (91.4) 33.0 (91.4) 32.8 (91) 32.5 (90.5) 32.1 (89.8) 32.1 (89.8) 32.4 (90.3) 32.9 (91.2)

Daily mean °C (°F) 27.4 (81.3) 27.9 (82.2) 28.4 (83.1) 28.9 (84) 29.1 (84.4) 29.1 (84.4) 28.8 (83.8) 28.6 (83.5) 28.3 (82.9) 27.9 (82.2) 27.8 (82) 27.5 (81.5) 28.3 (82.9)

Average low °C (°F) 22.3 (72.1) 23.2 (73.8) 24.2 (75.6) 25.3 (77.5) 25.5 (77.9) 25.1 (77.2) 24.6 (76.3) 24.5 (76.1) 24.3 (75.7) 24.2 (75.6) 23.8 (74.8) 22.7 (72.9) 24.1 (75.4)

Record low °C (°F) 17.4 (63.3) 18.3 (64.9) 20.0 (68) 19.0 (66.2) 18.0 (64.4) 19.0 (66.2) 18.0 (64.4) 18.0 (64.4) 17.0 (62.6) 17.0 (62.6) 17.0 (62.6) 18.0 (64.4) 17.0 (62.6)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 3.1 (0.122) 2.0 (0.079) 2.3 (0.091) 14.1 (0.555) 55.4 (2.181) 60.7 (2.39) 59.6 (2.346) 70.0 (2.756) 88.3 (3.476) 111.0 (4.37) 63.5 (2.5) 15.2 (0.598) 545.3 (21.469)

Average rainy days 0 1 1 3 7 9 10 13 13 13 8 2 80

Average relative humidity (%) 74 72 72 74 76 76 77 78 79 80 79 76 76

Mean monthly sunshine hours 285.2 248.6 251.1 228.0 223.2 228.0 232.5 220.1 201.0 204.6 219.0 269.7 2,811

Mean daily sunshine hours 9.2 8.8 8.1 7.6 7.2 7.6 7.5 7.1 6.7 6.6 7.3 8.7 7.7

Source: Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales[6][7][8]

See also[edit]

Barranquilla Cartagena de Indias Taganga

References[edit]

^ "Boletín Censo General 2005 - Perfil Santa Marta" (PDF). DANE. Retrieved 27 Nov 2012.  ^ " Santa Marta
Santa Marta
Postal Codes". Retrieved 2017-08-31.  ^ " Santa Marta
Santa Marta
historia y tradición" (in Spanish). Ministerio de Educación Nacional. Retrieved 2009.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ "Colombia" (in Spanish). Decameron. Retrieved 28 May 2009.  ^ Miami Beach
Miami Beach
Sister Cities Program ^ "Promedios Climatológicos 1981–2010" (in Spanish). Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales. Archived from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.  ^ "Promedios Climatológicos 1971–2000" (in Spanish). Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales. Archived from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.  ^ "Tiempo y Clima" (in Spanish). Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales. Archived from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016. 

External links[edit]

(in Spanish) Santa Marta
Santa Marta
at analitica.com (in Spanish) UNIMAGDALENA (in Spanish) Bank of the Republic, economic history of Santa Marta

External links[edit] Guía Turística de Santa Marta, Colombia

Media related to Santa Marta
Santa Marta
at Wikimedia Commons Santa Marta
Santa Marta
travel guide from Wikivoyage  "Santa Marta". New International Encyclopedia. 1905. 

v t e

Municipalities in the Magdalena Department

Algarrobo Aracataca Ariguaní Cerro San Antonio Chibolo Ciénaga Concordia El Banco El Piñón El Retén Fundación Guamal Nueva Granada Pedraza Pinto Pijiño Pivijay Plato Pueblo Viejo Remolino Sabanas de San Ángel Salamina San Sebastián de Buenavista San Zenón Santa Ana Santa Marta Sitionuevo Tenerife Zapa

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