SANNATI or SANNATHI is a small village, located on the banks of the
Bhima River in
Chitapur taluk of
Gulbarga District of Northern
Karnataka . It is famous for the Chandrala Parameshwari Temple and the
excavations by the Archaeological Survey of
India in the 1986.
* 1 Excavations
* 2 Mythological references
* 3 Visitors\' attractions
* 4 Transport
* 6 Chandrala Parameshwari Temple
* 7 See also
* 8 Further reading
* 9 References
* 10 External links
In 1986, when the roof of the
Kali temple in Chandralamba temple
complex collapsed, it destroyed the idol. However it revealed four
Ashokan edicts on the floor and foundation stone of the temple. These
edicts were written in the
Prakrit language and
Brahmi script and one
of them was used as foundation of the pedestal for the
During subsequent excavations by Archaeological Survey of
and the State Archaeology Department, tablets, sculptures, and other
terracotta items were found, and most importantly numerous limestone
panels of sculptures of the ruined 'Maha
Stupa ' or Adholoka Maha
Chaitya (the Great
Stupa of the Netherworld) were found.
Archaeologists believe that Ranamandal was a fortified area, spread
over 86 hectares (210 acres ; 0.33 sq mi ), out of which only 2 acres
had been excavated by 2009. Clay pendants , black polished pottery,
Satavahana and pre-
Satavahana coins, ornaments made of copper, ivory
and iron, a township with paved pathways, houses, and limestone
flooring have been found. Many excavated items were later shifted to
The government has asked the Archaeological Survey of
India to take
up further exploration of the Ranamandal area to know the history of
the region and its connection with
One of the stones - the only known example of its type - is of
Emperor Asoka (r. 274–232 BC) seated on his throne. It is probably
the only surviving image of the emperor.
In 2010, ASI along with Sannati Development Authority deputed Manipal
Institute of Technology to prepare a blueprint for restoration and
reconstruction of the stupas
Sannati is the place where the Paduka of Goddess Chandrala
Parmeshwari - Incarnation of Goddess
Lakshmi - was brought. The
Goddess came up to the banks of River
Bhima at Hongunti, to save her
devotee Chandravadani, wife of a rishi, held captive by the local king
Setu Raya. Hingulambika temple is situated at Hongunti near Shabad
town. The Goddess sent her Paduka from which emerged 5 bumblebees,
which killed the evil king Setu Raya by drowning him in the Bhima
River. Sannati Chandrala Parmeshwari and Hongunti Hingulambika are
family deity of many Brahmin and Hindus families of Karnataka,
Maharasta, AP etc.
Sannati is also the place where Rishi
Markandeya meditated and
composed parts of
Markandeya Upanishad. A small temple has been
renovated at the place where he is believed to have sat in meditation.
It is said that Rishi
Markandeya predates the arrival of Paduka of
Other places worth visiting nearby are: Yergol - where Tikacharya
eloborated (key book) on works of Madwacharya, Malkhed- Brundavan of
Sri Jayatheertharu (Tikachryaru); Hongunti; Konchur Hanuman Temple;
Balavadagi yallamma (Renuka) temple; Halakatti Veerabhadreshwara
temple; Martur - the place where Vignaneshwar edited and condensed
Yagnavyalka Smriti, which was named Mitakshara - now known as Hindu
Sannati can be reached by rail via Nalwar Station or Wadi Junction.
Some trains do not stop at Nalwar. All trains stop at Wadi Junction.
Wadi to Nalwar fare by bus is Rs.15/- Nalwar to Sannati is about
Rs.20/- by bus, and Rs.25 by sharing autos. Whole auto can be hired at
Rs.300/- max. Sannati can also be reached via Shahapur by car. About
10 rooms are presently available at Sannati. BSNL and Airtel Mobile
networks work well, and two small canteens meet the needs of visitors.
Carry mosquito repellent creams - electricity is erratic and rooms are
not well ventilated.
Kanaganahalli is 3 km from Sannati, which is also on the banks of the
As this is an important
Buddhist site, Govt of
Karnataka and ASI are
planning to develop it as an international
It is the place where an ancient
Buddhist Mahastupa site was found.
CHANDRALA PARAMESHWARI TEMPLE
Additionally, Sannati has a famous temple of Chandrala Parameshwari.
* Tourism in North
Buddhism in North
* Interim report on the excavations at Sannati, 1993-95, by D.V.
Devaraj, H.T. Talwar. Directorate of Archaeology and Museums in
* ^ "Authority set up to develop Sannati
* ^ "Facelift for Sannati monuments at Rs 5 crore (US$ 1.23 mil)".
* ^ A B "When I met Emperor
Ashoka in Sannathi". Yahoo.
* ^ A B "
Buddhist sites at Sannati lie neglected, says report". The
Hindu . Jan 20, 2009.
* ^ "Stupas of Sannati to be renovated". The Hindu. January 29,
* ^ "Kanaganalli to be developed as International
The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2008-12-22. Retrieved 2008-12-22.
* ^ "GULBARGA DISTRICT". Retrieved 2008-11-13.